Matilda of Scotland christened Edith, was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry I. She acted as regent of England in the absence of her spouse on several occasions. Matilda was the daughter of the English princess Saint Margaret and the Scottish king Malcolm III, she was descended from Alfred the Great. At the age of about six Matilda was sent with her sister to be educated in a convent in southern England, where her aunt Cristina was abbess, it is not clear. In 1093, when she was about 13, she was engaged to an English nobleman when her father and brother Edward were killed in a minor raid into England, her mother died soon after. In Scotland a messy succession conflict followed between Matilda's uncle Donald III, her half-brother Duncan II and brother Edgar until 1097. Matilda's whereabouts during this no doubt difficult period are uncertain, but after the suspicious death of William II of England in 1100 and accession of his brother Henry I, Matilda's prospects improved. Henry moved to propose to her.
It is said that he knew and admired her, she may indeed have spent time at the English court. Edgar was now secure on the Scottish throne, offering the prospect of better relations between the two countries, Matilda had the considerable advantage of Anglo-Saxon royal blood, which the Norman dynasty lacked. There was a difficulty about the marriage. Matilda and Henry married in late 1100, they had two children. Matilda led a literary and musical court, but was pious, she was "a women of exceptional holiness, in piety her mother's rival, in her own character exempt from all evil influence." She embarked on building projects for the church, took a role in government when her husband was away. Matilda lived to see her daughter Matilda become Holy Roman Empress but died two years before the drowning of her son William. Henry remarried, but had no further legitimate children, which caused a succession crisis resulting in a civil war. Matilda is buried in Westminster Abbey and was fondly remembered by her subjects as "Matilda the Good Queen" and "Matilda of Blessed Memory".
There was an attempt to have her canonized, not pursued. Matilda was born in 1080 in Dunfermline, the daughter of the Scottish king Malcolm III and the Anglo-Saxon princess Saint Margaret; as such, she was a descendant from both the Scottish and the Anglo-Saxon royal family, since her mother was the granddaughter of Edmund Ironside. Matilda was christened Edith, with the Anglo-Norman prince Robert Curthose standing as godfather at the ceremony; the English queen Matilda of Flanders was present at the baptismal font and served as her godmother. Edith pulled at Queen Matilda's headdress, seen as an omen that the infant would be queen one day; the Life of St Margaret, Queen of Scotland was written for Matilda by Turgot of Durham. It refers to her relationship with her mother. In it, Margaret is loving mother, she did not spare the rod when it came to raising her children in virtue, which the author presupposed was the reason for the good behaviour Matilda and her siblings displayed, Margaret stressed the importance of piety.
When she was about six years old and her sister Mary were sent to Romsey Abbey, near Southampton in southern England, where their maternal aunt Cristina was abbess. During her stay at Romsey and, some time before 1093, at Wilton Abbey, both institutions known for learning, the Scottish princess was much sought-after as a bride. Hériman of Tournai claimed, her education went beyond the standard feminine pursuits. This was not surprising, her daughters learned English and some Latin, were sufficiently literate to read St. Augustine and the Bible. In 1093, her parents betrothed Edith to Lord of Richmond, one of her numerous suitors. However, before the marriage took place, her father entered into a dispute with William Rufus. In response, he marauded the English king's lands where he was surprised by Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumbria and killed along with his son, Edward. Upon hearing of her husband and son's death, Queen Margaret died on 16 November. Edith was now an orphan, she was abandoned by her betrothed who ran off with a daughter of Harold Godwinson, Gunhild of Wessex.
However, he died. Edith had left the monastery by 1093, when Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, wrote to the Bishop of Salisbury ordering that the daughter of the King of Scotland be returned to the monastery that she had left, she did not return to Wilton and until 1100, is unaccounted for in chronicles. After William II's death in the New Forest in August 1100, his brother, Henry seized the royal treasury and crown, his next task was to marry and Henry's choice was Matilda. Because Matilda had spent most of her life in a convent, there was some controversy over whether she was a nun and thus canonically ineligible for marriage. During her time at Romsey Abbey, her maternal aunt Cristina, forced her to wear the veil, as Matilda told later; when archbishop Anselm of Canterbury returned to England after a long exile, Matilda sought him out to convince him that she had never been a nun. In fact, she had not only been forced to wear
Dia De Los Toadies is an annual music festival organized by perennial headlining act Toadies. First held in August 2008 at Possum Kingdom Lake, the festival has subsequently been held in Glen Rose, New Braunfels, at Panther Island Pavilion in Fort Worth; the ninth annual festival will be held on June 2016 in New Braunfels. The annual festival has been described as "the Willie's Picnic of a new generation." The Toadies, a Texas-based alternative rock band, saw nationwide exposure in 1994 with the release of their platinum-selling debut album and multiple singles including the Billboard-charting Possum Kingdom, a reference to Possum Kingdom Lake near Fort Worth, Texas. However, sales of the band's subsequent album were lackluster, the band broke up in 2001. After a seven-year hiatus, the band reunited in 2008 to release a new album, No Deliverance, play a new tour in support of the album. While organizing the new album and tour, the band learned that there was high demand for them to play at Texas music festivals.
Citing Willie Nelson's Fourth of July Picnic as their inspiration, the Toadies chose instead to organize their own festival, staging the "first annual" Dia De Los Toadies on the shore of Possum Kingdom Lake on August 31, 2008. The Toadies chose the name Dia De Los Toadies because it was not location-specific, permitting the band to move the festival to other locations in subsequent years; the festival annually features a number of Texas-based musical acts, featured bands from Texas in its first four years. Toadies frontman Vaden Todd Lewis has commented that "the idea has been to highlight Texas bands." Texas performers featured at Dia De Los Toadies have included Bowling for Soup, The Old 97's, Black Joe Lewis & the Honeybears, The Sword, Secret Machines, Gary Clark, Jr. and Sixteen Deluxe. Dia De Los Toadies had a reported attendance of over 5,000 people in its first year. In its second year, Dia De Los Toadies moved to Rough Creek Lodge in Glen Rose for another one-day event on August 29, 2009.
In 2010 the festival grew to a two-day event, from 2010 to 2012 was held at the WhiteWater Amphiteater, a 5,500-person waterfront venue in New Braunfels. In 2013, the festival moved to Panther Island Pavilion in Fort Worth. On January 27, 2016, the Toadies announced that the ninth annual Dia De Los Toadies would be held on June 11, 2016 in New Braunfels, Texas; the Toadies and The Reverend Horton Heat were announced as headlining acts for the 2016 event. The complete lineup will include Texas artists Purple, Emily Wolfe, the Golden Meanies, plus Colorado-based In The Whale, who opened for the Toadies during most stops on the Toadies' 2015 Heretics tour. Dia De Los Toadies, official web site
The Anglo Leasing scandal was a government procurement facilitated corruption scandal in Kenya. The scandal is alleged to have started when the Kenyan Government wanted to replace its passport printing system, in 1997, but came to light after revelation by a government officer, in 2002, it was among the many corrupt deals that were inherited from KANU Government, which had ruled Kenya for 24 years. Though the new NARC Government came to power with a promise to fight corruption, which some effort was put but watered-down by the magnitude of the Anglo-Leasing Scandal; some corrupt civil servants and cabinet ministers inherited graft projects and nurtured them. Former Internal Security Minister Christopher Ndarathi Murungaru and former vice-president Moody Awori were said to have been the biggest beneficiaries of this particular scandal. A sophisticated passport equipment system was sourced from France and forensic science laboratories for the police were sourced from Britain; the transaction was quoted at 6 million euros by a French firm, but was awarded to a British firm, Anglo Leasing Finance, at 30 million euros, who would have sub-contracted the same French firm to do the work.
The tender was not publicly advertised, its details were leaked to the media by a junior civil servant. The Anglo-Leasing sales agent was Sudha Ruparell, a 48-year-old woman, the daughter of Chamanlal Kamani and sister of Rashmikant Chamanlal Kamani and Deepak Kamani; the Kamani family has been involved in various security supplies scandals in the past. In January 2006, the Anglo-Leasing Scandal was given fresh impetus through the publication of John Githongo's report; the new revelations indicate that Anglo Leasing Finance was just one of a plethora of phantom entities, including some UK companies, used to perpetrate fraud on the Kenyan taxpayer through non-delivery of goods and services and massive overpricing. Infotalent Systems was a firm owned by the Kamanis and implicated in John Githongo's report, with a 5.2 million euro back pay for receiving a security contract worth 59.7 million euros. The then-British envoy to Kenya, Sir Edward Clay, publicly raised the issue of Anglo-Leasing at a dinner in Nairobi.
He subsequently came under pressure from Kenyan politicians to make public his evidence, was reported to have provided the President, Mwai Kibaki, with a dossier containing details of corruption in the government. However, no one was punished and the case slipped from the public eye. Kenya's minister in charge of the project, Chris Murungaru, was banned by the UK government from travelling to Britain, on the grounds that it would not be in the public good, it was reported that the ban was due to corruption by Mr Murungaru involving, among others, the Anglo-Leasing scam. On 22 January 2006, John Githongo named Vice-president Moody Awori as one of four top politicians as being involved, he mentioned that Jimmy Wanjigi had sworn to kill him. Public sympathy for Githongo reached its peak when he released audio recordings of an incriminating conversation with Mwiraria on the internet, he claimed that President Kibaki was complicit in the affair. Githongo claimed that the money raised would have funded the government's forthcoming 2005 Constitutional Referendum and 2007 Election campaign.
Githongo's report can be read here. These allegations were denied by Awori and Murungaru and an investigation was promised. In February, in an interview with the BBC, Githongo told of his meeting with Kiraitu, during which the Justice minister tried to blackmail him over a loan his father is said to owe businessman Anura Pereira. "The minister of Justice was telling me that if I eased off my inquiries my father's loan matter would be made to go away," Githongo said. He had an audiotape, played on the BBC. In an interview with Fergal Keane for the BBC's Newsnight programme on 8 February 2006, Githongo revealed what he claims is taped evidence proving that Kiraitu Murungi attempted to impede his inquiries. Murungi suggested that a 30M Shilling loan to his father by a lawyer A. H. Malik had been bought by Anura Pereira, might be forgiven in exchange for'going slow' on the Anglo Leasing investigation, he reveals that at the end of his investigations, he came to the conclusion that the Anglo Leasing scandal went all the way to the top, as a consequence his life was in danger.
Anglo Leasing, many other similar deals, were, in part, back-door financing to pay for NARC's election bid in 2007. On 23 November 2005, President Mwai Kibaki dissolved his cabinet following a humiliating defeat on a referendum on the proposed constitution of Kenya. In the resulting re-shuffle, Murungaru was not re-appointed. On 1 February David Mwiraria became the first of those implicated in the report to resign, doing so live on television, he claimed that he was resigning to clear his name. A day Awori refused to resign, saying he saw no reason to. A day a group of 80 MPs called for the sacking of Awori, threatening street protests if their requests were not met. On 13 February, President Kibaki announced that Kiraitu Murungi had resigned to allow full investigation into the allegations. Murungi's resignation was announced in a television address by President Kibaki, though he too denies any wrongdoing. Travel bans have been imposed on key players, Kenyan authorities would have started freezing the assets of individuals suspected of being involved in corruption in a bid to recover looted state funds The response of Kenyans has been critical of the Government, both from those who voted for it and