Javier Ángel Encinas Bardem is a Spanish actor. Bardem won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the psychopathic assassin Anton Chigurh in the 2007 Coen Brothers film No Country for Old Men, he has received critical acclaim for roles in films such as Jamón, jamón, Carne trémula, Vicky Cristina Barcelona, Boca a boca, Los lunes al sol, Mar adentro, Skyfall, for which he received both a BAFTA and a SAG nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Bardem has won a Screen Actors Guild Award, a BAFTA, five Goya Awards, two European Film Awards, a Prize for Best Actor at Cannes and two Volpi Cups at Venice for his work, he is the first Spanish actor to be nominated for an Oscar, as well as the first Spaniard to win one, for Best Supporting Actor in No Country for Old Men, 2008. He received his third Academy Award nomination, second Best Actor nomination, for the film Biutiful. Bardem was born in the Canary Islands, Spain, his mother, Pilar Bardem, is an actress, his father, José Carlos Encinas Doussinague, was a businessman involved in environmental work.
The two separated shortly after his birth and his mother raised him alone. Bardem comes from a long line of filmmakers and actors dating back to the earliest days of Spanish cinema. Both his older brother and sister, Carlos and Mónica, are actors, he comes from a political background, as his uncle Juan Antonio was imprisoned by Franco for his anti-fascist films. Bardem was brought up in the Roman Catholic faith by his grandmother; as a child, he spent time on film sets. At age six, he made his first film appearance, in Fernando Fernán Gómez's El Pícaro, he played rugby for the junior Spanish National Team. Though he grew up in a family full of actors, Bardem did not see himself going into the family business. Painting was his first love, he went on to study painting for four years at Madrid's Escuela de Artes y Oficios. In need of money he took acting jobs to support his painting, but he says he was a bad painter and abandoned that career pursuit. In 1989, for the Spanish comedy show El Día Por Delante, he had to wear a Superman costume for a comedic sketch, a job that made him question whether he wanted to be an actor at all.
Bardem has confessed to having worked as a stripper during his struggling acting career. Bardem came to notice in a small role in his first major motion picture, The Ages of Lulu, when he was 20, in which he appeared along with his mother, Pilar Bardem. Bigas Luna, the director of Lulu, was sufficiently impressed to give him the leading male role in his next film, Jamón Jamón in 1992, in which Bardem played a would-be underwear model and bullfighter; the film, which starred a teenaged Penélope Cruz, was a major international success. He starred again in Luna's next film Golden Balls. Bardem's talent did not go unnoticed in the English-speaking world. In 1997, John Malkovich was the first to approach him a 27-year-old, for a role in English, but the Spanish actor turned down the offer because his English was still poor, his first English-speaking role came that same year, in with director Álex de la Iglesia's Perdita Durango, playing a santería-practicing bank robber. After starring in about two dozen films in his native country, he gained international recognition in Julian Schnabel's Before Night Falls in 2000, portraying Cuban poet Reinaldo Arenas.
He received praise from his idol Al Pacino. For that role, he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor, the first for a Spaniard. After, he turned down the role of Danny Witwer in Minority Report which went to Colin Farrell. Instead, in 2002, Bardem starred in The Dancer Upstairs. Malkovich had Bardem in mind for the role of the detective's assistant, but the movie's taking so long to obtain financing gave Bardem time to learn English and take on the lead role of the detective. "I will always be grateful to him because he gave me my first chance to work in English", has said Bardem of Malkovich. Bardem won Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival for his role in Mar Adentro, released in the United States as The Sea Inside, in which he portrayed the quadriplegic turned assisted suicide activist Ramón Sampedro, he made his Hollywood debut in a brief appearance as a crime lord who summons Tom Cruise's hitman to do the dirty work of dispatching witnesses in the crime drama Collateral.
He stars in Miloš Forman's 2006 film Goya's Ghosts opposite Natalie Portman, where he plays a twisted monk during the Spanish Inquisition. In 2007, Bardem acted in two film adaptations: the Coen Brothers' No Country for Old Men, the adaptation of the Colombian novel Love in the Time of Cholera with Giovanna Mezzogiorno by Gabriel García Márquez. In No Country for Old Men, he played Anton Chigurh. For that role, he became the first Spaniard to win an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, he won a Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Supporting Actor, the Critics' Choice Award for Best Supporting Actor, the 2008 British Academy of Film and Television Arts Award for Best Supporting Actor. Bardem's rendition of Chigurh's trademark word, "What business is it of yours where I'm from, friendo?" (in respo
Our Lady of Fatima (film)
Our Lady of Fatima is a 1951 Spanish drama film directed by Rafael Gil and starring Ines Orsini, Fernando Rey and Tito Junco. Ines Orsini as Lucía Abóbora Fernando Rey as Lorenzo Duarte Tito Junco as Oliveira José María Lado as Antonio Abóbora María Dulce as Jacinta Eugenio Domingo as Francisco Antonia Plana as María Rosa Julia Caba Alba as Olimpia Félix Fernández as Marto Rafael Bardem as Padre Manuel Fernando Sancho as Comunista 1 Juan Espantaleón as Governor Mario Berriatúa as Manuel Antonio Riquelme as Carballo Milagros Leal Erico Braga Camino Garrigó Julia Delgado Caro Francisco Bernal Adriano Domínguez Ramón Elías Salvador Soler Marí Adela Carboné Matilde Muñoz Sampedro as Andrea Concha López Silva Dolores Bremón María Rosa Salgado as Helena José Nieto as Pilgrim Pepito Maturana as Child José Prada Luis Pérez de León Ángel Álvarez Bentley, Bernard. A Companion to Spanish Cinema. Boydell & Brewer 2008. Our Lady of Fatima on IMDb
Guadalupe Muñoz Sampedro
Guadalupe Muñoz Sampedro was a Spanish film actress. She was the mother of the actress Luchy Soto, her sisters Matilde Muñoz Sampedro and Mercedes Muñoz Sampedro were both actors. Heart of Gold Stowaway on Board Intrigue Eloisa Is Under an Almond Tree Radio Stories Miracles of Thursday The Last Torch Song The Showgirl Queen of the Tabarin Club Maribel and the Strange Family Television Stories A Decent Adultery The Green Envelope Zorrita Martinez D'Lugo, Marvin. Guide to the Cinema of Spain. Greenwood Publishing, 1997. Guadalupe Muñoz Sampedro on IMDb
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin, its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris; the municipality covers 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the Community of Madrid; as the capital city of Spain, seat of government, residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid; the Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influence in politics, entertainment, media, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, market size, Madrid is considered the leading economic hub of the Iberian Peninsula and of Southern Europe.
It hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Public Interest Oversight Board, it hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish. Madrid organises fairs such as ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets, its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city.
مجريط Majrīṭ is the first documented reference to the city. It is recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period; the name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins. According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria", because of the many bears that were to be found in the nearby forests, together with the strawberry tree, have been the emblem of the city since the Middle Ages, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river; the name of this first village was "Matrice". Following the invasions carried out by the Germanic Sueves and Vandals, as well as the Sarmatic Alans during the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire no longer had the military presence required to defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, as a consequence, these territories were soon occupied by the Vandals, who were in turn dispelled by the Visigoths, who ruled Hispania in the name of the Roman emperor taking control of "Matrice".
In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra and the Ibero-Roman suffix it that means'place'. The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", still in the Madrilenian gentilic. Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, there are archaeological remains of Carpetani settlement, Roman villas, a Visigoth basilica near the church of Santa María de la Almudena and three Visigoth necropoleis near Casa de Campo, Tetúan and Vicálvaro, the first historical document about the existence of an established settlement in Madrid dates from the Muslim age. At the second half of the 9th century, Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba built a fortress on a headland near the river Manzanares, as one of the many fortresses he ordered to be built on the border between Al-Andalus and the kingdoms of León and Castile, with the objective of protecting Toledo from the Christian invasions and as a starting point for Muslim offensives.
After the disintegration of t
Miracle of the White Suit
Miracle of the White Suit is a 1956 Italian-Spanish drama film directed by Rafael Gil and starring Miguel Gil, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez and Julia Martínez. Miguel Gil as Marcos as Polonio Julia Martínez as Rosa Julio Núñez as José José Isbert as Alcalde Luis Induni as Andrés Carlos Miguel Solá Rafael Bardem as Damián Margarita Robles as Doña Antonia Nicolás D. Perchicot as Ramírez Matilde Muñoz Sampedro as Madre José Ramón Giner as Maestro Julio Goróstegui as Antonio José Manuel Martín as Jugador Ángel de Echenique as Director del periódico Julio F. Alymán José Calvo as Ramón Daja-Tarto as Himself Dolores Villaespesa José María Rodríguez Rafael Calvo Revilla Mario Morales Julio Marqués Ángel Álvarez as Tabernero Mario Moreno Pedro Carrión María Teresa Arburu Antonio Martínez José Cuenca José Luis Trigo Bentley, Bernard. A Companion to Spanish Cinema. Boydell & Brewer 2008. Miracle of the White Suit on IMDb
Sonatas is a 1959 Mexican-Spanish historical drama film directed by Juan Antonio Bardem and starring María Félix, Francisco Rabal and Aurora Bautista. It premiered at the Venice Film Festival, it is based on novels written by the Spanish author Ramón del Valle-Inclán. The film's sets were designed by the art directors Francisco Gunther Gerszo; some location shooting took place in Galicia as well as various locations around Mexico. The film was shot in Eastmancolor. María Félix as La Niña Chole Francisco Rabal as Marqués Javier de Bradomín Aurora Bautista as Concha Fernando Rey as Capitán Casares Carlos Rivas as Juan Guzmán Ignacio López Tarso as Jefe de guerrilleros Carlos Casaravilla as Conde de Brandeso David Reynoso as Teniente Elizondo Nela Conjiu as Joven loca Manuel Alexandre as Teniente Andrade Ada Carrasco as Nana José Torvay as Segundo sargento Matilde Muñoz Sampedro as Candelaria Rafael Bardem as Juan Manuel Montenegro Enrique Lucero as Militar prisionero José María Prada as Molinero Micaela Castejón as Madre abadesa Manuel Dondé as Campesino Noé Murayama as Teniente Gaviño Xan das Bolas as Tercer centinela José Chávez as Primer sargento Manuel Peiró as Estudiante Manuel Arbó as Coronel Josefina Serratosa as Molinera Edmundo Barbero as Hermano Lope Porfiria Sanchíz as Bruja Roberto Meyer as Macario Salas, viejo prisionero Mario Berriatúa as El Rubio Rogelio'Frijolitos' Jiménez Pons Rufino Inglés as Doctor Agustín Fernández as Guerrillero José Manuel Martín as Primer centinela Scott L. Baugh.
Latino American Cinema: An Encyclopedia of Movies, Stars and Trends. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Sonatas on IMDb
Rafael Bardem Solé was a Spanish film actor whose career stretched from the 1940s through the 1960s. Born in Barcelona, he was the grandfather of Javier Bardem and father of Juan Antonio Bardem and actress Pilar Bardem, his wife was actress Matilde Muñoz Sampedro. Rafael Bardem died in Madrid in 1972, aged 83. Rafael Bardem on IMDb