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Matteo Ricci

Matteo Ricci, was an Italian Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China missions. His 1602 map of the world in Chinese characters introduced the findings of European exploration to East Asia, he is considered a Servant of God by the Roman Catholic Church. Ricci arrived at the Portuguese settlement of Macau in 1582 where he began his missionary work in China, he became the first European to enter the Forbidden City of Beijing in 1601 when invited by the Wanli Emperor, who sought his services in matters such as court astronomy and calendrical science. He converted several prominent Chinese officials to Catholicism, such as Xu Guangqi, who aided in translating Euclid's Elements into Chinese as well as the Confucian classics into Latin for the first time. Ricci was born 6 October 1552, in Macerata, part of the Papal States, today a city in the Italian region of Marche, he studied law at Rome for two years. He entered the Society of Jesus in April 1571 at the Roman College. While there, in addition to philosophy and theology, he studied mathematics and astronomy under the direction of Christopher Clavius.

In 1577, he applied for a missionary expedition to the Far East. He sailed from Lisbon, Portugal in March 1578 and arrived in Goa, a Portuguese colony, the following September. Ricci remained employed in teaching and the ministry there until the end of Lent 1582, when he was summoned to Macau to prepare to enter China. Ricci arrived at Macau in the early part of August. In August 1582, Ricci arrived at a Portuguese trading post on the South China Sea. At the time, Christian missionary activity in China was completely limited to Macau, where some of the local Chinese people had converted to Christianity and lived in the Portuguese manner. No Christian missionary had attempted to learn the Chinese language until 1579, when Michele Ruggieri was invited from Portuguese India expressly to study Chinese, by Alessandro Valignano, founder of St. Paul Jesuit College, to prepare for the Jesuits' mission from Macau into Mainland China. Once in Macau, Ricci studied customs, it was the beginning of a long project that made him one of the first Western scholars to master Chinese script and Classical Chinese.

With Ruggieri, he traveled to Guangdong's major cities and Zhaoqing, seeking to establish a permanent Jesuit mission outside Macau. In 1583, Ricci and Ruggieri settled in Zhaoqing, at the invitation of the governor of Zhaoqing, Wang Pan, who had heard of Ricci's skill as a mathematician and cartographer. Ricci stayed in Zhaoqing from 1583 to 1589, it was in Zhaoqing, in 1584, that Ricci composed the first European-style world map in Chinese, called "Da Ying Quan Tu". No prints of the 1584 map are known to exist, but, of the much improved and expanded Kunyu Wanguo Quantu of 1602, six recopied, rice-paper versions survive, it is thought that, during their time in Zhaoqing and Ruggieri compiled a Portuguese-Chinese dictionary, the first in any European language, for which they developed a system for transcribing Chinese words in the Latin alphabet. The manuscript was misplaced in the Jesuit Archives in Rome, rediscovered only in 1934, published only in 2001. There is now a memorial plaque in Zhaoqing to commemorate Ricci's six-year stay there, as well as a "Ricci Memorial Centre" in a building dating from the 1860s.

Expelled from Zhaoqing in 1588, Ricci obtained permission to relocate to Shaoguan in the north of the province, reestablish his mission there. Further travels saw Ricci reach Nanjing and Nanchang in 1595. In August 1597, Alessandro Valignano, his superior, appointed him Major Superior of the mission in China, with the rank and powers of a Provincial, a charge that he fulfilled until his death, he moved to Tongzhou in 1598, first reached the capital Beijing itself on 7 September 1598. However, because of a Chinese intervention against Japanese invasion of Korea at the time, Ricci could not reach the Imperial Palace. After waiting for two months, he left Beijing. During the winter of 1598, with the help of his Jesuit colleague Lazzaro Cattaneo, compiled another Chinese-Portuguese dictionary, in which tones in Chinese syllables were indicated in Roman text with diacritical marks. Unlike Ricci's and Ruggieri's earlier Portuguese-Chinese dictionary, this work has not been found. In 1601, Ricci was invited to become an adviser to the imperial court of the Wanli Emperor, the first Westerner to be invited into the Forbidden City.

This honor was in recognition of Ricci's scientific abilities, chiefly his predictions of solar eclipses, which were significant events in the Chinese world. He established the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Beijing, the oldest Catholic church in the city. Ricci was given free access to the Forbidden City but never met the reclusive Wanli Emperor, however, granted him patronage, with a generous stipend and supported Ricci's completion of the Zhifang Waiji, China's first global atlas. Once established in Beijing, Ricci was able to meet important officials and leading members of the Beijing cultural scene and convert a number of them to Christianity. One conversion, which he called "extraordinary", occurred in 1602, when Li Yingshi, a decorated veteran of the Japanese/Korean War and a well-known astrologer and feng shui expert, bec

Abderrahmane Far├Ęs

Abderrahmane Farès was the Chairman of the Provisional Executive of Algeria from 3 July 1962 to 20 September 1962. Farès, born in Amalou, Béjaïa Province, was a lawyer by profession. After the Second World War, Farès was elected to municipal council and the general council of Algiers. In the 1945 French Constituent Assembly election, Farès was the fourth candidate of the Union and Social Progress List for the Muslim non-citizen constituency of Algiers; the list won three of the four seats. When the elected Constituent Assembly member Bachir Abdelouahab resigned, Farès overtook his seat in the Assembly on March 14, 1946, he sat in the French Section of the Workers' International parliamentary group. In the Constituent Assembly he was included in the Interior and General Administration Commission, he took part to the Algerian Assembly election in 1948 and 1951, became its President in 1953

Akua Donkor

Akua Donkor is a Ghanaian politician and leader of Ghana Freedom Party. Donkor was born on February 1952, hails from Afigya Kwabre District in the Ashanti Region of Ghana, she is a cocoa farmer by profession. She is not known to have had any formal education. Madam Donkor was elected assembly woman for Herman, a step towards achieving her ambition of being the president of Ghana, her ambition to be president is evident in the 2012 polls where she applied to contest as an independent candidate. However she was barred by the electoral commission. Madam Donkor on the other hand does not agree with decision. In her view she should be addressed as Her Excellency, her party, Ghana Freedom Party has its headquarters situated in Kabu in the Eastern Region of Ghana. However this was gutted by fire on the 22, January 2016; this does not deter her ambition to become president. In her view, the start of a political party is a stepping stone to becoming a president. Madam donkor is in the process of opening regional offices for her party in all the ten region of Ghana.

When elected as President, Madam Donkor promises to make free education from primary to secondary level. She seeks to raise import on taxes to enable people import more she would establish a free zone at the port of Tema to attract more businesses; this can all be achieved through the use of Ghana's resources such as Gold, shea butter and salt. Buying of the finished product of oil is just absurd when Ghana is an oil producing country and exports its oil in an unfinished form. Muammar Gaddafi, being her political icon, was of the view that Ghana should be able to rub shoulders with Libya in the production and sale of oil. Madam Donkor appealed to Ghanaians to elect a woman as president since a woman has the capacity to transform the developmental process of this country. On October 10, 2016, the Ghana Electoral Commission announced it has disqualified Akua Donkor together with 12 other presidential candidates from contesting in the December 7, 2016 election, she admitted that her nomination form was freight with errors as pointed out by the EC.

She called on members and executives of the party not to lose hope as the party bounces back in 2020 to contest in the presidential race

Kempegowda Bus Station

Kempegowda Bus Station, more known as Majestic Bus Station, is a large bus station in central Bangalore, India. It is located opposite the Bangalore City Railway Station, it is bordered by Seshadri Road to the north, Danavanthri Road to the east, Tank Bund Road to the south and Gubbi Thotadappa Road to the west. This bus station provides connectivity to all the areas of Bangalore. One side of the bus station is used for intra-city buses by the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation while the other side is used by out-station buses operated by various state road transport corporations; the KSRTC side of the bus station houses the Nadaprabhu Kempegowda metro station on the Namma Metro. Former chief minister of Karnataka R. Gundu Rao is credited with building the station; the bus station not only eased congestion with buses and helped streamline the transport system but helped the local area grow economically and was a major landmark of the city for many years. The station acquired the name Majestic Bus Station or "Majestic" from a popular cinema theatre of the same name located nearby.

It was named as Kempegowda Bus Station in honour of Kempe Gowda I, the founder of Bangalore. However, Majestic continues to be the most used name for the station. Buses terminating at the station display signs that show "Kempegowda Bus Station" or "KBS"; the Kempegowda Bus Station was opened in the 1960s. The semi-circular city bus terminal was built in 1980s; the station is located on the site of the Dharmambudhi Lake, which dried up in the early 20th century. Mysore Road Satellite Bus Station Shantinagar Bus Station

The Armorer (Star Wars)

The Armorer is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise who appears in the Disney+ television series The Mandalorian. Dressed in red body armor and a gold helmet, she is the leader of a tribe of Mandalorian warriors, which includes the show's title character. A mysterious and intelligent character, the Armorer provides spiritual guidance for the clan, forges and repairs their armor. Jon Favreau, the creator and showrunner of The Mandalorian, was among the creators of the Armorer; the character was inspired by the films of Akira Kurosawa, as well as the history and culture of the samurai in the character's deliberately-paced movement and aura of authority. The Armorer is portrayed by Emily Swallow, who provides both the character's voice and live-action performance, while her stunts are performed by Lauren Mary Kim; when Swallow auditioned for the role, she knew little about the character and did not know it was for a Star Wars series. The voice Swallow uses for the Armorer has elements of British and Mid-Atlantic accents, which stemmed from a suggestion made by a casting associate during her audition.

She partially modeled the Armorer's voice after characters from the Lord of the Rings film series. Aspects of The Mandalorian director Deborah Chow's personality influenced Swallow's performance. Kim's combat style in the Armorer's fight scenes was inspired by the Filipino martial art known as Kali; the Armorer's costume took several weeks to make, it proved to be challenging to perform in due to limited visibility and the fact that small movements in the costume could be impactful. Swallow wore the armor costume for up to nine hours at a time during filming; the Armorer has been received positively by fans and reviewers alike, has been described as a fan favorite. The Armorer appeared in three episodes in the first season of The Mandalorian, she is the leader of a tribe of Mandalorian warriors on a secret enclave on the planet Nevarro, where she provides spiritual guidance for the clan, forges and repairs their armor. Little is revealed about her backstory, like other Mandalorians, she wears durable armor and a conceals her face with a helmet that she never publicly removes.

The Mandalorians are in hiding after having suffered persecution by the Galactic Empire, although the Empire has fallen out of power by the time of The Mandalorian, the clan has not yet regained its former status or power. The Armorer made her first appearance in the series premiere "Chapter 1: The Mandalorian"; the show's protagonist, a bounty hunter known as "The Mandalorian", brings her money he received from having collected his most recent bounties, including a bar of Beskar steel, a rare form of metal used to make Mandalorian armor. The Armorer explains that the Empire stole the Beskar from the Mandalorians during an event known as "The Great Purge", she uses the Beskar to make a single shoulder pauldron for the Mandalorian, asks whether he has yet identified his "signet", a symbol used to identify clans of Mandalorians. When he says that he has not, she assures him; the Armorer says the remaining Beskar will be used to assist the "foundlings", a term for children who were not born Mandalorian but rather adopted into their culture.

This pleases the Mandalorian. As the Armorer works on his armor, the Mandalorian has flashbacks to his youth, when his family was killed; the Armorer reappears in the episode "Chapter 3: The Sin", in which the Mandalorian brings her a large amount of Beskar, which he received as a bounty for collecting a young alien known as "The Child" and turning him over a remnant of the fallen Empire. The Armorer uses the steel to make a full cuirass for him, she makes him a set of explosive projectiles called "whistling birds", named for the whistling noises they make as they fly toward their target. Another clan member named Paz Vizla reprimand the Mandalorian for working with the Empire to obtain the Beskar, which leads to a brief fight between the two warriors; the Armorer and diffuses the quarrel, reminding them the Empire no longer exists and that it is good the Beskar has been returned to the tribe. She speaks about cowardice and the "Way of the Mandalore", which serves as the tribe's religion and creed.

Off-screen, the Mandalorians on Nevarro are wiped out by the Imperial remnant after the tribe reveals itself at the conclusion of "Chapter 3: The Sin" to assist the Mandalorian. The Armorer is one of the few members of the clan to survive. In the first-season finale "Chapter 8: Redemption", the Mandalorian and his allies come to the Mandalorian enclave while fleeing from attacking Imperials, only to find it unoccupied except for the Armorer following the elimination of most of the tribe; the Armorer explains that some Mandalorian warriors may have fled off-world. She is melting them down for salvage; when the Mandalorian presents the Child and reveals he has supernatural powers, the Armorer tells him about the Jedi Order, of which most other characters in the show are not aware. She speaks of the history of the Jedi warriors and their and past associations with the Way of the Mandalore, sharing a story from "eons past" about a battle between the Jedi and "Mandalore the Great", a mythological figure in Mandalorian culture.

This marked the first time. The Armorer instructs the Mandalorian to watch over and protect the Child, who she calls a "foundling", like the Mandalorian once was himself, she said honor demands that the Mandalorian seek out and deliver the Child to the others of his kind, that until this occurs, the Mandalorian and the Child are a "clan of two", a

Regge theory

In quantum physics, Regge theory is the study of the analytic properties of scattering as a function of angular momentum, where the angular momentum is not restricted to be an integer multiple of ħ but is allowed to take any complex value. The nonrelativistic theory was developed by Tullio Regge in 1959; the simplest example of Regge poles is provided by the quantum mechanical treatment of the Coulomb potential V = − e 2 / or, phrased differently, by the quantum mechanical treatment of the binding or scattering of an electron of mass m and electric charge − e off a proton of mass M and charge + e. The energy E of the binding of the electron to the proton is negative whereas for scattering the energy is positive; the formula for the binding energy is the well-known expression E → E N = − 2 m ′ π 2 e 4 h 2 N 2 2 = − 13.6 e V N 2, m ′ = m M M + m, where N = 1, 2, 3... H is the Planck constant, ϵ 0 is the permittivity of the vacuum; the principal quantum number N is in quantum mechanics found to be given by N = n + l + 1, where n = 0, 1, 2... is the radial quantum number and l = 0, 1, 2, 3... the quantum number of the orbital angular momentum.

Solving the above equation for l, one obtains the equation l → l = − n + g, g = − 1 + i π e 2 4 π ϵ 0 h 1 / 2. Considered as a complex function of E this expression describes in the complex l -plane a path, called a Regge trajectory, thus in this consideration the orbital momentum can assume complex values. Regge trajectories can be obtained for many other potentials, in particular for the Yukawa potential. Regge trajectories appear as poles of the scattering amplitude or in the related S -matrix. In the case of the Coulomb potential considered above this S -matrix is given by the following expression as can be checked by reference to any textbook on quantum mechanics: S = Γ Γ e − i π l, where Γ is the gamma function, a generalization of factorial!. This gamma function is a meromorphic function of its argument with simple poles at x = − n, n = 0, 1, 2.... Thus the expression for S possesses poles at those points which are given by the above expression for the Regge trajectories; the main result of the theory is that the scattering amplitude for potential scattering grows as a function of the cosine z of the scattering angle as a power that changes as the scattering energy changes: A ∝ z l ( E 2