Sutton, New Hampshire
Sutton is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,837 at the 2010 census. Sutton includes the villages of North Sutton, South Sutton and East Sutton. North Sutton is home to Wadleigh State Park on Kezar Lake; the town was granted in 1749 by the Masonian Proprietors to inhabitants of Haverhill and Bradford, Massachusetts, as well as Kingston, New Hampshire. It was called Perrystown after one of the proprietors, but the French and Indian War delayed settlement until 1767. Many proprietors forfeited their claims with an extension in 1773, so the town was regranted in 1784; the second group of settlers were from Sutton, source of the town's current name. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.1 square miles, of which 42.3 sq mi is land and 0.8 sq mi is water. The highest point in Sutton is the summit of Kings Hill, at 1,930 feet above sea level, in the northwest corner of the town; the town is drained by tributaries of the Warner River, which flows to the Contoocook River and the Merrimack River.
The Lane River, a tributary of the Warner, drains a large portion of the center of town. The northern portion of town is drained by tributaries of the Blackwater River, another tributary of the Contoocook; the extreme northwest corner of town is part of the Lake Sunapee watershed, draining via the Sugar River of western New Hampshire into the Connecticut River. Blaisdell Lake is in the southwest part of the town. Sutton is served by Interstate 89 and New Hampshire Route 114; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,837 people, 757 households, 556 families residing in the town. The population density was 43.4 people per square mile. There were 985 housing units at an average density of 23.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.5% White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 0.3% some other race, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 757 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.7% were headed by married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families.
20.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 6.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43, the average family size was 2.78. In the town, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 35.2% from 45 to 64, 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males. At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the town was $50,924, the median income for a family was $56,685. Males had a median income of $34,250 versus $30,658 for females; the per capita income for the town was $24,432. About 2.8% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. There are three public schools in the town: Sutton Central School, Kearsarge Regional Middle School, Kearsarge Regional High School.
John Eaton and commissioner of education Jonathan Harvey, US congressman Matthew Harvey, US congressman, 13th governor of New Hampshire and United States federal judge John S. Pillsbury and the 8th governor of Minnesota Lydia Fowler Wadleigh, American educator Charles D. Wells, Wisconsin assemblyman Augusta Harvey Worthen, author Town of Sutton official website Sutton Free Library Wadleigh State Park Sutton RidgeRunners Snowmobile Club New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile Sunapee-Ragged-Kearsarge Greenway Coalition
17th United States Congress
The Seventeenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. While its term was March 4, 1821, to March 4, 1823, during the fifth and sixth years of James Monroe's presidency, its first session began on December 3, 1821, ending on May 8, 1822, its second session began on December 2, 1822, to March 3, 1823; the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority. March 5, 1821: Second inauguration of James Monroe as President of the United States. July 10, 1821: The United States took possession of its newly-bought Florida Territory from Spain. August 10, 1821: Missouri was admitted as the 24th U. S. state March 30, 1822: Florida Territory was formed from lands ceded by Spain The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress.
Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. During this congress, two Senate seats were added for the new state of Missouri. For the beginning of this congress, six seats from Massachusetts were reapportioned to the new state of Maine, 3 Stat. 555. During this congress, one House seat was added for the new state of Missouri, 3 Stat. 547. President: Daniel D. Tompkins President pro tempore: John Gaillard, elected December 3, 1821 Speaker: Philip P. Barbour, elected December 4, 1821 This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class, Representatives are listed by district. Skip to House of Representatives, below Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1826.
The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers. The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Replacements: 5 Democratic-Republicans: no net change Federalists: no net change Deaths: 2 Resignations: 6 Seats of newly admitted states: 2 Vacancies: 3 Total seats with changes: 12 replacements: 13 Democratic-Republicans: 1 seat net gain Federalists: 1 seat net loss deaths: 5 resignations: 15 contested election: 2 seats of newly admitted states: 1 Total seats with changes: 23 Lists of committees and their party leaders. Amendments to the Constitution Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Claims Commerce and Manufactures Debt Imprisonment Abolition District of Columbia Finance Foreign Relations Indian Affairs Judiciary Military Affairs Militia National Road from Cumberland to Wheeling Naval Affairs Pensions Post Office and Post Roads Public Lands Roads and Canals Tariff Regulation Whole Accountability of Public Moneys Accounts Agriculture Arkansas Territorial Limits Claims Commerce District of Columbia Elections Expenditures in the Navy Department Expenditures in the Post Office Department Expenditures in the State Department Expenditures in the Treasury Department Expenditures in the War Department Expenditures on Public Buildings Foreign Affairs Indian Affairs Manufactures Military Affairs Naval Affairs Pensions and Revolutionary War Claims Post Office and Post Roads Public Expenditures Public Lands Revisal and Unfinished Business Rules Standards of Official Conduct Ways and Means Whole Enrolled Bills Architect of the Capitol: Charles Bulfinch Librarian of Congress: George Watterston Chaplain: William Ryland elected November 17, 1820 Charles P. McIlvaine elected December 9, 1822 Secretary: Charles Cutts Sergeant at Arms: Mountjoy Bayly of New Hampshire Chaplain: Jared Sparks, elected December 3, 1821 John Brackenridge, elected December 2, 1822 Clerk: Thomas Dougherty of Kentucky Matthew St. Clair Clarke of Pennsylvania, elected December 3, 1822 Doorkeeper: Benjamin Birch of Maryland, elected December 4, 1821 Reading Clerks: Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn of Maryland United States elections, 1820 United States presidential election, 1820 United States Senate elections, 1820 and 1821 United States House of Representatives elections, 1820 United States elections, 1822 United States Senate elections, 1822 and 1823 United States House of Representatives elections, 1822 Martis, Kenneth C..
The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Statutes at Large, 1789-1875 Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress Biographical Directory of the U. S. Congress U. S. House of Representatives: House History U. S. Senate: Statistics and Lists Congressional Directory for the 17th Congress, 2nd Session
United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States; the composition of the House is established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The House is composed of Representatives who sit in congressional districts that are allocated to each of the 50 states on a basis of population as measured by the U. S. Census, with each district entitled to one representative. Since its inception in 1789, all Representatives have been directly elected; the total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435. As of the 2010 Census, the largest delegation is that of California, with fifty-three representatives. Seven states have only one representative: Alaska, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming; the House is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President for consideration.
In addition to this basic power, the House has certain exclusive powers, among them the power to initiate all bills related to revenue. The House meets in the south wing of the United States Capitol; the presiding officer is the Speaker of the House, elected by the members thereof. The Speaker and other floor leaders are chosen by the Democratic Caucus or the Republican Conference, depending on whichever party has more voting members. Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress of the Confederation was a unicameral body in which each state was represented, in which each state had a veto over most action. After eight years of a more limited confederal government under the Articles, numerous political leaders such as James Madison and Alexander Hamilton initiated the Constitutional Convention in 1787, which received the Confederation Congress's sanction to "amend the Articles of Confederation". All states except Rhode Island agreed to send delegates; the issue of how to structure Congress was one of the most divisive among the founders during the Convention.
Edmund Randolph's Virginia Plan called for a bicameral Congress: the lower house would be "of the people", elected directly by the people of the United States and representing public opinion, a more deliberative upper house, elected by the lower house, that would represent the individual states, would be less susceptible to variations of mass sentiment. The House is referred to as the lower house, with the Senate being the upper house, although the United States Constitution does not use that terminology. Both houses' approval is necessary for the passage of legislation; the Virginia Plan drew the support of delegates from large states such as Virginia and Pennsylvania, as it called for representation based on population. The smaller states, favored the New Jersey Plan, which called for a unicameral Congress with equal representation for the states; the Convention reached the Connecticut Compromise or Great Compromise, under which one house of Congress would provide representation proportional to each state's population, whereas the other would provide equal representation amongst the states.
The Constitution was ratified by the requisite number of states in 1788, but its implementation was set for March 4, 1789. The House began work on April 1789, when it achieved a quorum for the first time. During the first half of the 19th century, the House was in conflict with the Senate over regionally divisive issues, including slavery; the North was much more populous than the South, therefore dominated the House of Representatives. However, the North held no such advantage in the Senate, where the equal representation of states prevailed. Regional conflict was most pronounced over the issue of slavery. One example of a provision supported by the House but blocked by the Senate was the Wilmot Proviso, which sought to ban slavery in the land gained during the Mexican–American War. Conflict over slavery and other issues persisted until the Civil War, which began soon after several southern states attempted to secede from the Union; the war culminated in the abolition of slavery. All southern senators except Andrew Johnson resigned their seats at the beginning of the war, therefore the Senate did not hold the balance of power between North and South during the war.
The years of Reconstruction that followed witnessed large majorities for the Republican Party, which many Americans associated with the Union's victory in the Civil War and the ending of slavery. The Reconstruction period ended in about 1877; the Democratic Party and Republican Party each held majorities in the House at various times. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw a dramatic increase in the power of the Speaker of the House; the rise of the Speaker's influence began in the 1890s, during the tenure of Republican Thomas Brackett Reed. "Czar Reed", as he was nicknamed, attempted to put into effect his view that "The best system is to have one party govern and the other party watch." The leadership structure of the House developed during the same period, with the positions of Majority Leader and Minority Leader being created in 1899. While the Minority Leader
18th United States Congress
The Eighteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1823, to March 4, 1825, during the seventh and eighth years of James Monroe's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority. August 1823: Arikara War fought between the Arikara nation and the United States, the first American military conflict with the Plains Indians. December 2, 1823: Monroe Doctrine: President James Monroe delivered a speech to the Congress, announcing a new policy of forbidding European interference in the Americas and establishing American neutrality in future European conflicts. February 9, 1825:John Quincy Adams elected as President of the United States by the House of Representatives in accordance with the contingent election provision of the Twelfth Amendment, as no candidate had received a majority of the electoral votes cast in the 1824 presidential election.
The House was required to choose between Adams, Andrew Jackson, William Crawford, with the delegation from each of the 24 states having one vote. Adams was elected on the first ballot by 13 to 7 to 4. January 7, 1824: Tariff of 1824, Sess. 1, ch. 4, 4 Stat. 2 March 3, 1825: Crimes Act of 1825, Sess. 2, ch. 65, 4 Stat. 115 The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. President: Daniel D. Tompkins President pro tempore: John Gaillard Speaker: Henry Clay This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class, Representatives are listed by district. Skip to House of Representatives, below Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.
In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1826. The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Deaths: 3 Resignations: 3 Vacancy: 2 Total seats with changes: 8 deaths: 3 resignations: 5 contested election: 2 Total seats with changes: 10 Lists of committees and their party leaders. Amendments to the Constitution Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Banks in Which Deposits Have Been Made Claims Commerce and Manufactures Debt Imprisonment Abolition District of Columbia Finance Foreign Relations Indian Affairs Judiciary Manufactures Marquis de La Fayette Memorial of the Legislature of Arkansas Military Affairs Militia National Road from Cumberland to Wheeling Naval Affairs Peale's Portrait of Washington Pensions Post Office and Post Roads Public Lands Roads and Canals Tariff Regulation Whole Accounts Agriculture Arms Contracts Banking Memorials Claims Commerce District of Columbia Elections Expenditures in the Navy Department Expenditures in the Post Office Department Expenditures in the State Department Expenditures in the Treasury Department Expenditures in the War Department Expenditures on Public Buildings Foreign Affairs Indian Affairs Manufactures Military Affairs Naval Affairs Pensions and Revolutionary War Claims Post Office and Post Roads Public Expenditures Public Lands Revisal and Unfinished Business Standards of Official Conduct Ways and Means Whole Enrolled Bills Architect of the Capitol: Charles Bulfinch Librarian of Congress: George Watterston Chaplain: William Staughton, elected December 10, 1823 Charles P. McIlvaine, elected December 14, 1824 Secretary: Charles Cutts Sergeant at Arms: Mountjoy Bayly Chaplain: Henry B.
Bascom elected December 1, 1823 Reuben Post elected December 6, 1824 Clerk: Matthew St. Clair Clarke Doorkeeper: Benjamin Birch Reading Clerks: Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn, elected December 1, 1823, died John O. Dunn, elected December 6, 1824 United States elections, 1822 United States Senate elections, 1822 and 1823 United States House of Representatives elections, 1822 United States elections, 1824 United States presidential election, 1824 United States Senate elections, 1824 and 1825 United States House of Representatives elections, 1824 Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Statutes at Large, 1789-1875 Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress Biographical Directory of the U. S. Congress U. S. House of Representatives: House History U.
S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
Andrew Jackson was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh president of the United States from 1829 to 1837. Before being elected to the presidency, Jackson gained fame as a general in the United States Army and served in both houses of Congress; as president, Jackson sought to advance the rights of the "common man" against a "corrupt aristocracy" and to preserve the Union. Born in the colonial Carolinas to a Scotch-Irish family in the decade before the American Revolutionary War, Jackson became a frontier lawyer and married Rachel Donelson Robards, he served in the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate, representing Tennessee. After resigning, he served as a justice on the Tennessee Supreme Court from 1798 until 1804. Jackson purchased a property known as The Hermitage, became a wealthy, slaveowning planter. In 1801, he was appointed colonel of the Tennessee militia and was elected its commander the following year, he led troops during the Creek War of 1813–1814, winning the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
The subsequent Treaty of Fort Jackson required the Creek surrender of vast lands in present-day Alabama and Georgia. In the concurrent war against the British, Jackson's victory in 1815 at the Battle of New Orleans made him a national hero. Jackson led U. S. forces in the First Seminole War. Jackson served as Florida's first territorial governor before returning to the Senate, he ran for president in 1824, winning a plurality of the electoral vote. As no candidate won an electoral majority, the House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams in a contingent election. In reaction to the alleged "corrupt bargain" between Adams and Henry Clay and the ambitious agenda of President Adams, Jackson's supporters founded the Democratic Party. Jackson ran again in 1828. Jackson faced the threat of secession by South Carolina over what opponents called the "Tariff of Abominations." The crisis was defused when the tariff was amended, Jackson threatened the use of military force if South Carolina attempted to secede.
In Congress, Henry Clay led the effort to reauthorize the Second Bank of the United States. Jackson, regarding the Bank as a corrupt institution, vetoed the renewal of its charter. After a lengthy struggle and his allies dismantled the Bank. In 1835, Jackson became the only president to pay off the national debt, fulfilling a longtime goal, his presidency marked the beginning of the ascendancy of the party "spoils system" in American politics. In 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which forcibly relocated most members of the Native American tribes in the South to Indian Territory; the relocation process resulted in widespread death and disease. Jackson opposed the abolitionist movement. In foreign affairs, Jackson's administration concluded a "most favored nation" treaty with Great Britain, settled claims of damages against France from the Napoleonic Wars, recognized the Republic of Texas. In January 1835, he survived the first assassination attempt on a sitting president. In his retirement, Jackson remained active in Democratic Party politics, supporting the presidencies of Martin Van Buren and James K. Polk.
Though fearful of its effects on the slavery debate, Jackson advocated the annexation of Texas, accomplished shortly before his death. Jackson has been revered in the United States as an advocate for democracy and the common man. Many of his actions proved divisive, garnering both fervent support and strong opposition from many in the country, his reputation has suffered since the 1970s due to his role in Indian removal. Surveys of historians and scholars have ranked Jackson favorably among U. S. presidents. Andrew Jackson was born on March 1767 in the Waxhaws region of the Carolinas, his parents were Scots-Irish colonists Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Presbyterians who had emigrated from present day Northern Ireland two years earlier. Jackson's father was born in Carrickfergus, County Antrim, in current-day Northern Ireland, around 1738. Jackson's parents lived in the village of Boneybefore in County Antrim, his paternal family line originated in Killingswold Grove, England. When they immigrated to North America in 1765, Jackson's parents landed in Philadelphia.
Most they traveled overland through the Appalachian Mountains to the Scots-Irish community in the Waxhaws, straddling the border between North and South Carolina. They brought two children from Ireland and Robert. Jackson's father died in a logging accident while clearing land in February 1767 at the age of 29, three weeks before his son Andrew was born. Jackson, his mother, his brothers lived with Jackson's aunt and uncle in the Waxhaws region, Jackson received schooling from two nearby priests. Jackson's exact birthplace is unclear because of a lack of knowledge of his mother's actions following her husband's funeral; the area was so remote that the border between North and South Carolina had not been surveyed. In 1824 Jackson wrote a letter saying that he was born on the plantation of his uncle James Crawford in Lancaster County, South Carolina. Jackson may have claimed to be a South Carolinian because the state was considering nullification of the Tariff of 1824, which he opposed. In the mid-1850s, second-hand evidence indicated that he might have been born at a different uncle's home in North Carolina.
As a young boy, Jackson was offended and was considered something of a bully. He was, said to have taken a group of younger and weaker boys under his wing
Old North Cemetery (Concord, New Hampshire)
Old North Cemetery is a historic cemetery on North State Street in Concord, New Hampshire. Established in 1730, it is the city's oldest cemetery. Franklin Pierce, fourteenth president of the United States, is buried in the cemetery, as are his wife Jane and two of his three sons, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on November 9, 2008. The cemetery continues to accept new burials; the Old North Cemetery is located north of modern downtown Concord, a short way west of Concord's historic early town center. It is a L-shaped property, about 6 acres in size, bounded on the east by North State Street and the west by Bradley Street. Iron fencing lines both of these street-facing boundaries, with a gate flanked by stone piers on North State Street serving as the main pedestrian access point. Vehicular access is through an entrance at the northern end of the North State Street frontage, from which a paved lane extends straight westward to a secondary gate at Bradley Street. Concord was chartered in 1725, settlement began soon afterward.
The eastern portion of the cemetery was laid out in 1730, its oldest dated burial occurred in 1736. Significant enlargements took place with the Minot Enclosure, the combining with an adjacent Quaker cemetery in the early 20th century; the single most notable burial is that of President Franklin Pierce. National Register of Historic Places listings in Merrimack County, New Hampshire
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 10th least populous of the 50 states. Concord is the state capital, it is personal income taxed at either the state or local level. The New Hampshire primary is the first primary in the U. S. presidential election cycle. Its license plates carry the state motto, "Live Free or Die"; the state's nickname, "The Granite State", refers to its extensive granite quarries. In January 1776, it became the first of the British North American colonies to establish a government independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain's authority, it was the first to establish its own state constitution. Six months it became one of the original 13 colonies that signed the United States Declaration of Independence, in June 1788 it was the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect.
New Hampshire was a major center for textile manufacturing and papermaking, with Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester at one time being the largest cotton textile plant in the world. Numerous mills were located along various rivers in the state the Merrimack and Connecticut rivers. Many French Canadians migrated to New Hampshire to work the mills in the late 19th and early 20th century. Manufacturing centers such as Manchester and Berlin were hit hard in the 1930s–1940s, as major manufacturing industries left New England and moved to the southern United States or overseas, reflecting nationwide trends. In the 1950s and 1960s, defense contractors moved into many of the former mills, such as Sanders Associates in Nashua, the population of southern New Hampshire surged beginning in the 1980s as major highways connected the region to Greater Boston and established several bedroom communities in the state. With some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast, New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing and other winter sports and mountaineering, observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway, Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach in Laconia in June.
The White Mountain National Forest links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail, has the Mount Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288-foot Mount Washington. Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, rock musician Ronnie James Dio, author Dan Brown, actor Adam Sandler, inventor Dean Kamen, comedians Sarah Silverman and Seth Meyers, restaurateurs Richard and Maurice McDonald, President of the United States Franklin Pierce; the state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire by Captain John Mason. New Hampshire is part of the six-state New England region, it is bounded by Quebec, Canada, to the northwest. New Hampshire's major regions are the Great North Woods, the White Mountains, the Lakes Region, the Seacoast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock Region, the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area.
New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any U. S. coastal state, with a length of 18 miles, sometimes measured as only 13 miles. New Hampshire was home to the rock formation called the Old Man of the Mountain, a face-like profile in Franconia Notch, until the formation disintegrated in May 2003; the White Mountains range in New Hampshire spans the north-central portion of the state, with Mount Washington the tallest in the northeastern U. S. – site of the second-highest wind speed recorded – and other mountains like Mount Madison and Mount Adams surrounding it. With hurricane-force winds every third day on average, over 100 recorded deaths among visitors, conspicuous krumholtz, the climate on the upper reaches of Mount Washington has inspired the weather observatory on the peak to claim that the area has the "World's Worst Weather". In the flatter southwest corner of New Hampshire, the landmark Mount Monadnock has given its name to a class of earth-forms – a monadnock – signifying, in geomorphology, any isolated resistant peak rising from a less resistant eroded plain.
Major rivers include the 110-mile Merrimack River, which bisects the lower half of the state north–south and ends up in Newburyport, Massachusetts. Its tributaries include the Contoocook River, Pemigewasset River, Winnipesaukee River; the 410-mile Connecticut River, which starts at New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes and flows south to Connecticut, defines the western border with Vermont. The state border is not in the center of that river, as is the case, but at the low-water mark on the Vermont side. Only one town – Pittsburg – shares a land border with the st