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Matthew Shepard

Matthew Wayne Shepard was a gay American student at the University of Wyoming, beaten and left to die near Laramie on the night of October 6, 1998. He was taken by rescuers to Poudre Valley Hospital in Fort Collins, where he died six days from severe head injuries. Suspects Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson were arrested shortly after the attack and charged with first-degree murder following Shepard's death. Significant media coverage was given to the murder and to what role Shepard's sexual orientation played as a motive in the commission of the crime; the prosecutor argued that McKinney's murder of Shepard was driven by greed. McKinney's defense counsel countered that he had intended only to rob Shepard but had killed him in a rage when Shepard made a sexual advance toward him. McKinney's girlfriend told police that he had been motivated by anti-gay sentiment but recanted her statement, saying that she had lied because she thought it would help him. Both McKinney and Henderson were convicted of the murder, each received two consecutive life sentences.

Shepard's murder brought national and international attention to hate crime legislation at the state and federal levels. In October 2009, the United States Congress passed the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, on October 28, 2009, President Barack Obama signed the legislation into law. Following her son's murder, Judy Shepard became a prominent LGBT rights activist and established the Matthew Shepard Foundation. Shepard's death inspired films, plays and other works. Matthew Shepard was born in 1976 in Wyoming, his younger brother, was born in 1981. The two brothers had a close relationship. Shepard attended Crest Hill Elementary School, Dean Morgan Junior High School, Natrona County High School for his freshman through junior years; as a child, he was "friendly with all his classmates", but was targeted for teasing due to his small stature and lack of athleticism. He developed an interest in politics at an early age. Saudi Aramco hired his father in the summer of 1994, Shepard's parents subsequently resided at the Saudi Aramco Residential Camp in Dhahran.

During that time, Shepard attended the American School in Switzerland, from which he graduated in May 1995. There, he participated in theater, took German and Italian courses, he attended Catawba College in North Carolina and Casper College in Wyoming, before settling in Denver, Colorado. Shepard became a first-year political science major at the University of Wyoming in Laramie with a minor in languages, was chosen as the student representative for the Wyoming Environmental Council. Shepard was Episcopalian, he was described by his father as "an optimistic and accepting young man who had a special gift of relating to everyone. He was the type of person, approachable and always looked to new challenges. Matthew had a great passion for equality and always stood up for the acceptance of people's differences." Michele Josue, Shepard's friend and created a documentary about him, Matt Shepard is A Friend of Mine, described him as "a tenderhearted and kind person."In 1995, Shepard was beaten and raped during a high school trip to Morocco.

This caused him according to his mother. One of Shepard's friends feared that his depression had driven him to become involved with drugs during his time at college. Multiple times, Shepard was hospitalized due to his clinical suicidal ideation. On the night of October 6, 1998, Shepard was approached by Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson at the Fireside Lounge in Laramie. McKinney and Henderson decided to give Shepard a ride home, they subsequently drove to a remote, rural area, proceeded to rob, pistol-whip, torture Shepard, tie him to a fence and left him to die. Many media reports contained the graphic account of his fractured skull. Reports described how Shepard was beaten so brutally that his face was covered in blood, except where it had been cleansed by his tears; the assailants' girlfriends testified that neither McKinney nor Henderson was under the influence of alcohol or other drugs at the time of the attack. McKinney and Henderson testified that they learned of Shepard's address and intended to steal from his home as well.

After attacking Shepard and leaving him tied to the fence in near-freezing temperatures, McKinney and Henderson returned to town. McKinney proceeded to pick a fight with Emiliano Morales and Jeremy Herrara; the fight resulted in head wounds for both McKinney. Police officer Flint Waters arrived at the scene of the fight, he arrested Henderson, searched McKinney's truck, found a blood-smeared gun along with Shepard's shoes and credit card. Henderson and McKinney tried to persuade their girlfriends to provide alibis for them and help them dispose of evidence. Still tied to the fence, Shepard was in a coma eighteen hours after the attack when he was discovered by Aaron Kreifels, a cyclist who mistook Shepard for a scarecrow. Reggie Fluty, the first police officer to arrive at the scene, found Shepard alive but covered in blood; the medical gloves issued by the Albany County Sheriff's Department were faulty, Fluty's supply ran out. She decided to use her bare hands to clear an airway in Shepard's bloody mouth.

A day she was informed that Shepard was HIV-positive and that she might have been exposed to the virus due to cuts on her hands. After taking an AZT re

Ch√Ęteau de Castries

The Château de Castries is a château in Castries, Hérault, France. The estate has belonged to the House of Castries since 1465. In 1565, Jacques de Castries undertook the building of a new château; the garden was laid out by André Le Nôtre in 1666. The aqueduct, to water the garden, was built by Pierre-Paul Riquet; the main house was looted and damaged during the French Revolution of 1789 and was restored in 1828. In 1935, it was bought back by René de La Croix de Castries. In 1985, he donated the house to the Académie française, it is open to the public

2010 Grand National

The 2010 Grand National was the 163rd renewal of the world-famous Grand National horse race that took place at the Aintree Racecourse near Liverpool, England, on 10 April 2010. The main race was held at 16:15 BST and was won by Don't Push It, ridden by Tony McCoy, five lengths ahead of Black Apalachi in second, twenty ahead of State of Play in third, it was McCoy's first win in the Grand National at his fifteenth attempt. Don't Push It started the race as 10–1 joint-favourite, having been backed down from 20–1 in the hours prior to the race. In the process of winning, McCoy avoided equalling the record for most rides in the National without winning, held by Jeff King; the main race was seen by the largest attendance at Aintree since 2005, with a crowd of 70,341 on the day, a total of 150,426 attending over the course of the three-day meeting. 1: Madison Du BerlaisWeight: 11–10. Jockey: Tom Scudamore. Colours: purple with hoop of yellow diamonds, yellow sleeves with red armband and cap.2: Mon MomeWeight: 11–7.

Jockey: Aidan Coleman. Colours: green jacket and cap, blue armbands on sleeves.3: Vic VenturiWeight: 11–6. Jockey: Roger Loughran. Colours: black, yellow diamond on body and cap, diamonds on sleeves.4: Black ApalachiWeight: 11–6. Jockey: Denis O'Regan. Colours: green, blue chevrons on sleeves, blue star on cap.5: Joe LivelyWeight: 11–6. Jockey: Joe Tizzard. Colours: yellow with red diamond, quartered cap.6: Don't Push ItWeight: 11–5. Jockey: Tony McCoy. Colours: green and yellow hoops, white cap.7: Comply or DieWeight: 11–5. Jockey: Timmy Murphy. Colours: blue, green sleeves, white cap with blue spots.8: Niche MarketWeight: 11–4. Jockey: Harry Skelton. Colours: orange and blue quarters, hooped sleeves, quartered cap.9: Tricky TricksterWeight: 11–4. Jockey: Richard Johnson. Colours: pink with purple spotted sash, hooped sleeves. Note: Johnson replaced Barry Geraghty as the jockey of Tricky Trickster following an injury to Ruby Walsh. Geraghty switched to ride joint-favourite Big Fella Thanks.10: Made in TaipanWeight: 11–4.

Jockey: Niall Madden. Colours: orange with black star, diablo sleeves and black hooped cap.11: Dream AllianceWeight: 11–3. Jockey: Tom O'Brien. Colours: grey with white epaulettes and armbands, hooped cap.12: Cloudy LaneWeight: 11–3. Jockey: Jason Maguire. Jockey: Liam Treadwell. Colours: blue, white disc, stars on sleeves and star on cap.14: My WillWeight: 11–2. Jockey: Nick Scholfield. Colours: black and white halves, red sleeves and cap.15: Pablo Du CharmilWeight: 11–2. Jockey: Danny Cook. Colours: blue, yellow chevron, diablo sleeves.16: BallyhollandWeight: 11–0. Jockey: Andrew McNamara. Colours: white, yellow stripe, quartered cap.17: BackstageWeight: 11–0. Jockey: Davy Condon. Colours: sky, orange epaulettes and purple checked cap.18: Beat the BoysWeight: 11–0. Jockey: Brian Hughes. Colours: pink, blue diamond, diablo sleeves, pink star on blue cap.19: Priests LeapWeight: 11–0. Jockey: Philip Enright. Colours: blue, yellow star, stars on sleeves, star on cap.20: Snowy MorningWeight: 10–13. Jockey: David Casey.

Colours: yellow, black braces and white quartered cap.21: Can't Buy TimeWeight: 10–13. Jockey: Richie McLernon. Colours: green and yellow hoops, white star on green cap.22: Big Fella ThanksWeight: 10–12. Jockey: Barry Geraghty. Colours: purple with grey hooped sleeves. Note: Twice-winning jockey Ruby Walsh was scheduled to ride Big Fella Thanks but was ruled out when he was injured in a heavy fall on Celestial Halo in the 2:50 pm race earlier in the day.23: State of PlayWeight: 10–11. Jockey: Paul Moloney. Colours: blue with pink hoop.24: Character BuildingWeight: 10–11. Jockey: Nina Carberry. Colours: cerise with purple crossbelts, hooped sleeves and cap.25: Ellerslie GeorgeWeight: 10–10. Jockey: Christian Williams. Colours: blue with green hoop and cap, red sleeves.26: Eric's CharmWeight: 10–9. Jockey: Wayne Hutchinson. Colours: yellow with pink diamond chequered body.27: King Johns CastleWeight: 10–9. Jockey: Paul Carberry. Colours: green and yellow hoops, red cap.28: Conna CastleWeight: 10–9. Jockey: Sean Flanagan.

Colours: orange with sky diamond chequered body and stars on cap.29: BallyfitzWeight: 10–9. Jockey: David England. Colours: sky and claret diablo and quartered cap, sky sleeves.30: Ollie MagernWeight: 10–9. Jockey: Tom Molloy. Colours: sky, claret stars and sleeves.31: Arbor SupremeWeight: 10–8. Jockey: Paul Townend. Colours: green and yellow hoops, blue cap.32: MaljimarWeight: 10–8. Jockey: Daryl Jacob. Colours: orange with black star on body and cap.33: The PackageWeight: 10–7. Jockey: Graham Lee. Colours: green, blue sleeves, red cap.34: PirayaWeight: 10–7. Jockey: Johnny Farrelly. Colours: white, red spotted sash and quartered cap.35: Irish RaptorWeight: 10–7. Jockey: Paddy Brennan. Colours: green, yellow

Pudhu Kudithanam

Pudhu Kudithanam is a 1999 Tamil comedy film directed by R. Raghuvasan, who directed Thilakam; the film features Vignesh and Raasi in lead roles, with Latha, Senthil, Kovai Sarala and Shanmugasundari playing supporting roles. The low-budget film, produced by P. N. V. Thiruvenkadam, had musical score by Deva and was released on 7 November 1999. Seethalakshmi is the owner of a clothing company, she is a strict woman, her husband Gokulakrishnan is unemployed, while her son Ashok works as a labourer in another company. Both of them are obedient to Seethalakshmi. Seethalakshmi would like an submissive daughter-in-law so that she will not influence her son, but Gokulakrishnan has another plan: he wants his son to marry a woman that he loves. Gokulakrishnan incites his son to fall in love; as his wish, Ashok falls in love with Nila who works in his mother's company and Nila reciprocates his feelings. Nila has no parents and she was brought up by her grandmother, they secretly get married with the blessing of Gokulakrishnan.

Ashok and Gokulakrishnan decide to hide the secret marriage from Seethalakshmi. Ashok is now living a double life as an unmarried submissive son and as a happy husband, Ashok goes to his wife's home the night and returns to his parents' home well before dawn. Meanwhile and Seethalakshmi become friends without knowing that they are related to each other. What transpires next forms the rest of the story; the film score and the soundtrack were composed by film composer Deva. The soundtrack, released in 1999, features 5 tracks with lyrics written by Arivumathi, Palani Bharathi, Ponniyin Selvan and the film director R. Raghuvasan

Virgin Media Sport (TV channel)

Virgin Media Sport is an Irish subscription television channel operated by Virgin Media Ireland and owned by Liberty Global. The channel launched on 18 September 2018.. The channel is available on eir cable providers, it is available on Sky via eir. As part of a major rebrand and refocusing of the Virgin Media brand in the Republic of Ireland, the TV3 Group confirmed it planned to launch a sports channel in August 2018. Virgin Media Sport is the fourth channel by Virgin Media Television, Broadcasting Authority of Ireland approved a new Section 71 licence. According to the Irish Independent, the new channel will create 20 to 30 new jobs; the channel will be home to UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League matches from 2018–2021. Virgin Media Sport has done a deal with CAA11, the representatives of UEFA in international football, which gives the broadcaster the rights to all competitive European international football outside of Republic of Ireland matches, such as UEFA Nations League plus qualifiers for the UEFA European Championship and FIFA World Cup.

The channel will broadcast the Six Nations tournament. On 15 August 2019, eir Sport and Virgin Media Sport contracted a deal to show Virgin Media Sport on eir Vision and eir Sport 1 on Virgin Media Ireland. On 12 September 2019, Virgin Media Sport HD launched on Sky on channel 422. Virgin Media Sport Extra 1 - 6 is available on Sky via the red button; the Virgin Media Sport channels on Sky are provided by eir in their eir Sport Pack. List of television channels available in Ireland Virgin Media Sport at

Antonio Ignacio de la Pedrosa y Guerrero

Antonio de la Pedrosa y Guerrero was an attorney in Spain and in Santa Fe de Bogotá, a member of the Council of the Indies, the first viceroy of New Granada, from June 13, 1718 to November 25, 1719. Pedrosa y Guerrero served in several important posts in Spain. In 1684 he became an attorney and protector of the Indians at the Audiencia of Bogotá. Thereafter he was appointed to the Council of the Indies in Spain. While he was still serving as councilor, King Philip V placed him in charge of the newly created Viceroyalty of Nuevo Reino de Granada, in 1717. Up until that year, New Granada had been governed as part of the Viceroyalty of Peru; the new colony included the provinces of Santafé, Santa Marta, Caracas, Antioquia and Popayán, as well as the audiencias of Quito and Panamá. It corresponded to the present-day countries of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador. Pedrosa arrived in Bogotá on June 7, 1717, he received the government from the hands of Archbishop Rincón, serving as interim governor, on the thirteenth.

He was charged with establishing institutions for the new colony. He was instructed to initiate reforms to improve and strengthen Spanish rule. In particular he was to address high-level political corruption and the large amount of smuggling, being carried on. To accomplish this, he was given the authority of a viceroy, but not the title; the titles he did receive were governor and captain general of the colony and president of the Audiencia of Bogotá. Pedrosa exposed a conspiracy involving Governor Gerónimo de Badillo and other high officials to undervalue incoming cargos for tax purposes and collect kickbacks from the merchants, they colluded in undervaluing captured contraband. This was done with little attempt at disguise, Pedrosa had little trouble uncovering it, he reacted firing some treasury officials and fining the other individuals involved in the conspiracy. The corruption was so entrenched, that this had little effect. In addition, Pedrosa received little support from Spain. Many of his punishments were overturned on appeal, many of the officials he took action against were reappointed or promoted.

Besides combating fraud, Pedrosa increased the revenue of the colony, appointed superintendents in the provinces, ordered the elimination of vacant encomiendas, worked on the fortifications of Cartagena. Pedrosa served until late 1719. Pedrosa returned to Spain in 1720. Villalonga did nothing to combat the corruption. Instead he joined with the other corrupt officials to profit from it; the Viceroyalty of New Granada lasted only until 1723, when the territory was returned to the jurisdiction of Lima. It was separated again in 1740, this time permanently. Encarta "Political Corruption and Reform in Cartagena Province, 1700-1740", by Lance Grahn