Matvey Fyodorovich Kazakov was a Russian Neoclassical architect. Kazakov was one of the most influential Muscovite architects during the reign of Catherine II, completing numerous private residences, two royal palaces, two hospitals, Moscow University, the Kremlin Senate. Most of his works were destroyed by the Fire of 1812. Kazakov was born in Moscow, his father was a former serf who earned his freedom by serving in the Navy. When Kazakov was twelve years old, he joined the architectural school of Dmitry Ukhtomsky, where he worked and studied until 1760. After a devastating fire in Tver in 1761, Kazakov was assigned to rebuild Tver as a junior architect under P. R. Nikitin, dedicated seven years to this project; the Travel, or Transit, Palace was completed by Kazakov in 1767. In 1768, Kazakov joined Vasili Bazhenov’s Great Kremlin Palace project. Both architects were the same age—30 years old—but had different educations. Bazhenov received a formal European education, while Kazakov learned his trade repairing Kremlin relics and never traveled far from Moscow.
His enormous utopian project dragged until its dissolution in 1774. By this time, Kazakov was working on private orders. Kazakov stepped out of Bazhenov’s shadow, receiving his first personal royal commission to design a temporary Prechistenka palace for Catherine II; this job brought him a a steady flow of private orders. In 1775, Kazakov and Bazhenov worked together again on temporary royal pavilions for the celebration of peace with Turkey; these Gothic structures inspired Catherine II to award the architects two independent commissions in Gothic style—Tsaritsyno Palace to Bazhenov and Petrovsky Palace to Kazakov. Numerous private houses built by Kazakov shaped the city before 1812; these were simple classicist structures consisting of a symmetrical rectangular core with portico and modest exterior decoration. "Kazakov's Moscow" disappeared in the fire of 1812. Kazakov's legacy remains in country palaces and churches. Kazakov's major works, unlike Bazhenov's and the private houses of his own design, are invariably centered on Kazakov's trademark rotunda halls.
Petrovsky Palace or Petroff Palace was begun in 1776 and completed November 3, 1780. This palace was intended to be the last overnight station of royal journeys from St. Petersburg to Moscow. Catherine visited once, in 1785; the palace was restored again in 1874 with minor alterations. The red-brick castle with white detail had two royal apartments on the first floor and plenty of service space on the ground floor, they all converge on a central rotunda hall. The descriptor of "Gothic" is not appropriate here, since Kazakov borrows from Naryshkin Baroque and earlier Russian themes like the oversized bottle-shaped pillars by the main entrance; the building remained a royal hotel until 1918, but housed a variety of non-royal residents. Starting in 1920, the palace housed Zhukovsky Air Force Academy, which vacated the site in the 1990s; as of today, the palace is closed, expecting a massive restoration. City Hall plans to convert it either to a unique luxury hotel or another President's lodge, which may destroy whatever is left by the military.
These plans are not yet authorized. The Kremlin Senate project was started in 1776 by Karl Blank on a large triangular property in the northern corner of the Kremlin, following a 1775 draft by Kazakov. Blank was demoted in 1779, Kazakov took the lead, he envisaged the Governing Senate as the Temple of Law. The triangular structure is centered on the Rotunda Hall, its dome carried a St. George statue a statue of Justice, destroyed by French troops in 1812; the state flag flew from the dome, as seen from Red Square, the dome became a Soviet propaganda icon. In the 1990s, the Senate was converted to house Russian presidential administration. An indiscriminate reconstruction destroyed Kazakov's interiors. Preservation advocate Alexei Komech reported from the site, "crushed walls, ripped air ducts and piles of 200 year old bricks remind me of wandering around ruins of Berlin in 1946". Moscow University was built in three stages, beginning in 1784. A reconstruction by Domenico Giliardi after the fire of 1812 changed the exterior to heavy Late Empire style.
Assembly of the Nobility was built as a clubhouse between 1784 and 1790. Despite numerous exterior alterations, the Pillar Hall inside is close to Kazakov's original; the hall is named after all wood with white faux marble finish. It has always been a prime stage for classical music. In the Soviet era, it housed party congresses and Vladimir Lenin's and Joseph Stalin's funeral services. Golitsyn Hospital was built with a 900,000 rouble private endowment of the late Prince Dmitry Golitsyn, on the condition that the hospital would remain free to all, regardless of wealth or creed. Kazakov was the Golitsyn fam
The Springfield Steam Power Company Block is a historic industrial building at 51-59 Taylor Street in downtown Springfield, Massachusetts. Built in 1881, it is a surviving example of a late 19th-century power distribution component, part of a scheme by the Springfield Steam Power Company to deliver steam power to nearby industrial facilities; the block was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. Its ground floor now houses "The City Church", a local community of Jesus followers; the Springfield Steam Power Company Block is located on the south side of Taylor street in downtown Springfield, opposite its junction with Kaynor Street. It is a utilitarian three-story brick building with a flat roof, its upper-floor bays consist of recessed segmented-arch sections two stories in height, with windows on each level separate by a brick panel. There is some decorative brick corbelling in the eave below the main roof; the ground floor is divided into five bays separated by pilasters, with a retail entrance to their right, an upper-story building entrance at the far right.
The block was built in 1881 for the Springfield Steam Power Company, established by the directors of the Wason Car Manufacturing Company to provide steam power to factory buildings the company offered to build nearby. The business plan was made possible by what was the largest real estate transaction in the city's history to that time, in which entire city blocks changed ownership; this particular building was built by the company for lease to smaller industrial concerns. Wason-Springfield Steam Power Blocks National Register of Historic Places listings in Springfield, Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampden County, Massachusetts
Little River Band is the debut studio album by the Australian rock group Little River Band, released by EMI in November 1975. It peaked at No. 12 on the Australian Kent Music Report Albums Chart. The band's first single, "Curiosity", was released in September ahead of the album and peaked at No. 15 on the Kent Music Report Singles Chart. The following single, "Emma", appeared in January 1976 and peaked at No. 20. In May, the band released "Everyday of My Life" together After Hours. In September, the group left on their first international tour with support dates to Queen in London. Next they toured the US as support to the Average White Band; the third single from Little River Band — a trimmed version of "It's a Long Way There" — was released in November and reached the Australian Top 40. To coincide with the tour, the album was released internationally and reached No. 80 in the United States on the Billboard 200 album chart in 1976. "It's a Long Way There" became the band's first US Top 40 hit.
It charted in Netherlands to reach No. 14. The next single, "I'll Always Call Your Name" charted in the US but had no chart success in Australia. All tracks are written by Little River Band members as shown. Little River Band members Beeb Birtles – lead vocals, backing vocals, guitars Ric Formosa – guitars Graham Goble – lead vocals, backing vocals, vocal arrangements Roger McLachlan – bass guitar Derek Pellicci – drums, percussion Glenn Shorrock – lead vocals, backing vocals, harmonicaAdditional musicians Stephen Cooney – clavinet, mandolin Gary Hyde – percussion Peter Jones – strings, piano Col Laughnan – saxophone Ian Mason – piano Production details Engineering – Ross Cockle, Mark Opitz Producer – Birtles, Glenn Wheatley, Goble Design – Art Sims Album Singles