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Maury County, Tennessee

Maury County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee, in the Middle Tennessee region. As of the 2010 census, the population was 80,956, its county seat is Columbia. Maury County is part of the Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county was formed in 1807 from Indian lands. Maury County was named in honor of Major Abram Poindexter Maury of Williamson County, a member of the Tennessee legislature, an uncle of Commodore Matthew Fontaine Maury; the rich soil of Maury County led starting in the 19th century. The county was part of a 41-county region that became known and defined as Middle Tennessee. Planters in Maury County relied on the labor of African-American slaves to raise and process cotton and livestock. Racial violence was less than in some areas, but the county had five documented lynchings in the period from 1877 to 1950, of which three took place in the early 20th century. With the mechanization of agriculture from the 1930s, the need for farm labor in the county was reduced.

Many African Americans moved to northern and midwestern industrial cities in the 20th century for the employment opportunities during the Great Migration. This movement out of the county continued after World War II. Other changes have led to increased population since the late 20th century, the county has led the state in beef cattle production. On the night of February 26–27, 1946, a disturbance known as the "Columbia Race Riot" took place in Columbia, the county seat, it was the first time in Tennessee that black Americans had fought together to defend themselves from a white mob. The national press called it the first "major racial confrontation" after the Second World War, it marked a new spirit of resistance by African-American veterans and others following their participation in World War II, which they believed had earned them their full rights as citizens, despite the Jim Crow laws. It began when James Stephenson, an African-American Navy veteran, was in a store with his mother, who complained when she learned that a radio she had left for repair had been sold.

A white repair apprentice, Billy Fleming, struck her. Stephenson sent Fleming through a glass window. Both Stephenson and his mother were arrested, Fleming's father convinced the sheriff to charge them with attempted murder; when they learned that Fleming had gone to a hospital, a white mob gathered and it was feared the Stephensons would be lynched. Julius Blair, a 76-year-old store owner in the black community, arranged to have the Stephensons released to his custody, he drove them out of town for their protection. The mob did not disperse, so about one hundred African American men patrolled their neighborhood south of the courthouse square, determined to resist. Four police officers were shot and wounded when they entered "Mink Slide", the name given to the African-American business district known as "The Bottom". Following the attack on the police, the city government requested state troopers, who were sent and soon outnumbered the black patrollers. Unbelievably, the state troopers began ransacking black businesses and rounding up African Americans.

They cut the phone service to Mink Slide, but the owner of a funeral home managed to call Nashville and ask for help from the NAACP. The county jail was soon overcrowded with black "suspects", who were questioned for days without counsel. Two black men were killed and one wounded while "trying to escape." About 25 black men were charged with rioting and attempted murder. The NAACP sent Thurgood Marshall as the lead attorney to defend the other prisoners, he gained a change of venue to a nearby town, where trials took place throughout the summer of 1946. Marshall was assisted by two local attorneys, Zephaniah Alexander Looby from the British West Indies, Maurice Weaver, a white activist from Nashville. Marshall was preparing litigation for education and voting rights cases. Marshall gained acquittals for 23 of the black defendants with an all-white jury. At the last murder trials in November 1946, Marshall won acquittal for Rooster Bill Pillow, a reduction in the sentence of Papa Kennedy, allowing him to go free on bail.

In 1954 Marshall would gain a ruling by the United States Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education that segregation of public schools was unconstitutional, he was was appointed as the first black United States Supreme Court justice. Zephania Looby was elected to the Nashville City Council. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 616 square miles, of which 613 square miles is land and 2.4 square miles is water. Williamson County Marshall County Giles County Lawrence County Lewis County Hickman County Natchez Trace Parkway Duck River Complex State Natural Area James K. Polk Home Stillhouse Hollow Falls State Natural Area Williamsport Wildlife Management Area Yanahli Wildlife Management Area As of the census of 2010, there were 80,932 people and 33,332 households residing in the county; the population density was 132 people per square mile. There were 37,470 housing units at an average density of 61 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 84.4% White, 11.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races.

5.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 26,444 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 livi

Raymond Bellour

Raymond Bellour is a French scholar, writer. Best known to Anglophone readers for his publications on film analysis, his work is dispersed across a wide range of articles and books, few of which are available in English, in which he addresses a broad spectrum of topics in the areas of cinema and moving-image art, he is Director of Research, Emeritus, at the CNRS, the Centre national de la recherche scientifique, which he entered in 1964. In the course of his career he has taught at the Université de Paris I, at IDHEC, the Université de Paris III, the Centre américain d'études cinématographiques renamed the Centre parisien d'études critiques, in a range of international institutions as a guest lecturer. In 1990 with Christine Van Assche and Catherine David he co-curated the Passages de l'image exhibition at the Centre Georges Pompidou, he helped found the journal Trafic in 1991, with Serge Daney, Jean-Claude Biette, Le Livre des autres: entretiens avec M. Foucault, C. Lévi-Strauss, R. Barthes, P. Francastel...

L’Herne, 1971'Segmenting/Analysing', Quarterly Review of Film Studies, Vol. 1, No. 3, August 1976, pp. 331–353 L'Analyse du film, 1979. Translated as The Analysis of Film'Psychosis, Perversion', Camera Obscura, nos 3–4, 1979, pp. 104–34. Reprinted in Marshall Deutelbaum, Leland A. Poague, eds. A Hitchcock Reader, 2nd ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, pp. 341 ff. Henri Michaux, 1986 Mademoiselle Guillotine, 1989 Eye for I: Video Self-Portraits, New York: Independent Curators Inc. 1989 L'Entre-Images: Photo, Cinéma, Vidéo, 1990 Jean-Luc Godard: Son + Image 1974-1991, 1992 Oubli, 1992 L'Entre-Images 2, 1999 Partages de l'ombre, 2002 Le Corps du cinéma, 2009 La Querelle des dispositifs: Cinéma - installations, expositions, 2012 L'Enfant, 2013 Pensées du cinéma, 2016 Catherine Grant, Film Theory Unstilled: Raymond Bellour, Film Studies for Free, 10 October 2009 Works by or about Bellour, Raymond in libraries

Carlstrom Field

Carlstrom Field is a former military airfield, located 6.4 miles southeast of Arcadia, Florida. The airfield was one of thirty-two Air Service training camps established in 1917 after the United States entry into World War I. Carlstrom Field was named after 1st Lieutenant Victor Carlstrom. In 1917 the Army announced its intention of establishing a series of camps to train prospective pilots after the United States entry into World War I. An Army survey crew was sent to Southwest Florida looking for suitable sites to build airfields, one selected was a site about 6 miles to the southeast of Arcadia, Florida. An agreement to lease the land for the Army was concluded, the construction of some 90 buildings began in January 1918, it covered over 700 acres which included fourteen hangars that housed four to eight planes each, a hospital, six barracks that held 175 men each. Dozens of wooden buildings served as headquarters and officers’ quarters. Enlisted men had to bivouac in tents. In March, 1918 the 107th and 108th Aero Squadrons was transferred from Rich Field, Waco and assigned to the new Carlstrom Field.

In April the 76th and 109th Aero Squadrons arrived from Rich Field, but were subsequently transferred over to Dorr Field. Only a few Air Service aircraft arrived from Waco. Carlstrom Field served as an advanced school for pursuit pilots, it offered a six-week course. It had a student capacity of 400. Squadrons assigned to Carlstrom Field were: Post Headquarters, Carlstrom Field, March–September 1919 107th Aero Squadron, March 1918Re-designated: Squadron "A", July–November 1918108th Aero SquadronII), March 1918Re-designated: Squadron "B", July–November 1918111th Aero Squadron, May 1918 Re-designated: Squadron "C", July–November 1918205th Aero Squadron, April 1918Re-designated: Squadron "D", July–November 1918284th Aero Squadron, February 1918Re-designated: Squadron "E", July–November 1918302d Aero Squadron, June 1918Re-designated: Squadron "F", July–November 1918Flying School Detachment, November 1918 – September 1919In addition to the training at Carlstrom Field, the pursuit pilot school operated a sub-field, Valentine Field, located at Labelle, Lee County, Florida.

Valentine Field was named in honor of 2d Lieutenant Herman W. Valentine, killed in an airplane accident at Carlstrom Field on 4 May 1918. Junius Wallace Jones, who rose to the rank of Major General and was the first Inspector-General of the United States Air Force received his flight training here. With the sudden end of World War I in November 1918, the future operational status of Carlstrom Field was unknown. Many local officials speculated that the U. S. government would keep the field open because of the outstanding combat record established by Carlstrom -trained pilots in Europe. Locals pointed to the optimal weather conditions in the Southwest Florida area for flight training. Cadets in flight training on 11 November 1918 were allowed to complete their training, however no new cadets were assigned to the base; the separate training squadrons were consolidated into a single Flying School detachment, as many of the personnel assigned were being demobilized. Rapid demobilization followed the end of World War I, despite the experience of that conflict, the Army's air arm remained quite small during most of the interwar period.

After the armistice, Carlstrom Field served as a testing area for various aircraft and other aeronautical weapons. In October 1919, final testing of an experimental unmanned aircraft called the "Kettering Bug", one of the earliest examples of a cruise missile, was tested & launched at Carlstrom Field. In January 1920 primary pilot instruction resumed on a small scale at Carlstrom Field with the opening of the Air Service Pilots' School. Training in primary flying took place at both Carlstrom and Dorr Fields. However, the administrative difficulties of the Air Service training about 200 flying cadets concurrently at such separated locations in Texas and Florida prompted a decision in 1923 to centralize all flying training in San Antonio, Texas. Carlstrom was ordered to phase down all activities at the base, the flying training school was subsequently transferred to Brooks Field; the War Department had ordered that a small caretaker force remain to dismantle all remaining structures and to sell them as surplus, by 1926 Carlstrom field was closed.

Throughout the remainder of the 1920s and 1930s, the War Department leased out the vacant land to local farmers and ranchers. With the need for primary pilot training brought on by World War II, Carlstrom re-opened in March 1941 under the operation of Riddle Aeronautical Institute; the 53d Flying Training Detachment was activated under Brigadier-General Junius Wallace Jones, who learned to fly at Carlstrom. The 53d FTD exercised Air Corps oversight of Embry-Riddle. A new facility was built adjacent to the remains of World War I-era facilities and Riddle contracted to train Royal Air Force aviators under the Arnold Scheme and graduated the first class in August 1941. Carlstrom Field had a unusual layout, with a compact group of buildings located inside a circular road, with five hangars located around the southern periphery of the road. No paved runway was built with the flying conducted from the 1-square-mile grass field. Closed after the war, Carlstrom Field became the site of the G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital, a psychiatric hospital, in 1947.

Many of World War II era buildings remained in use by the hospital, with former six-plane

John Ainley

Sir Alfred John Ainley was a British colonial judge. He was born in England and educated at St Bees School and Corpus Christi, Oxford, he became a Magistrate in the Gold Coast in 1935. During the second World War he served as a lieutenant in the Gold Coast Regiment, active in the African theatre, was awarded the Military Cross in 1941 for leading his platoon under fire in an attack against an enemy armoured vehicle, he threw grenades at it forcing its capture. After the war he was appointed a Puisne Judge in Uganda, before spending a term as Chief Justice of the Eastern Region of Nigeria, he was knighted for his services in 1957. In 1959 he was appointed Chief Justice of the United Judiciary of Sarawak, North Borneo and Brunei but transferred back to Africa in 1963 to be Chief Justice of Kenya just prior to Kenyan independence in 1964, thereby becoming the first Chief Justice of the independent country. During his time in Kenya he was notable for sentencing Kisilu Mutua to death for conspiring in the murder of Pio Gama Pinto, a journalist and freedom fighter.

The sentence was commuted to 35 years imprisonment. He retired in 1968 and moved to live with his wife Mona Sybil in Watermillock, Cumbria

2017–18 Marshall Thundering Herd men's basketball team

The 2017–18 Marshall Thundering Herd men's basketball team represented the Marshall University during the 2017–18 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The Thundering Herd, led by fourth-year head coach Dan D'Antoni, played their home games at the Cam Henderson Center as members of Conference USA, they finished the season 12 -- 6 in C-USA play to finish in fourth place. They defeated UTSA, Southern Miss, Western Kentucky to become champions of the C-USA Tournament, they received C-USA's automatic bid to the NCAA Tournament where, as a No. 13 seed, they upset No. 4 seed Wichita State in the First Round before losing to No. 5 seed and rival West Virginia in the Second Round. The Thundering Herd finished the 2016 -- 17 season 20 -- 10 -- 8 in C-USA play to finish in sixth place, they defeated Florida Atlantic, Old Dominion, Louisiana Tech to advance to the championship game of the C-USA Tournament. There they lost to top-seeded Middle Tennessee. Despite finishing with 20 wins, they did not participate in a postseason tournament.


Herbie Fields

Herbie Fields was an American jazz musician. He attended New York's famed Juilliard School of Music and served in the U. S. Army from 1941 to 1943. Membership in the Raymond Scott Quintette and other commercial work while based in New York preceded his Army service stateside. By mid-1941, at Fort Dix he—officially Sergeant Herbert Bernfeld—was leader of a 14-piece swing band. Fields's group received some publicity as the first Army unit of its type, though another performing in mid-1941 was the 369th's ensemble of African-American musicians, based in Fort Ontario. Fields's Fort Dix bandmembers were all veterans of swing bands and Broadway, the group—officially the "Fort Dix Reception Center Band"—toured military installations on the eastern seaboard and were featured on the WOR/Mutual radio program This is Fort Dix. Following Fields's military service he made several attempts to mount his own civilian big band. In April 1944 Billboard magazine reported his most recent venture, managed by the William Morris Agency, with arrangements by George Handy.

According to Billboard, "Fields's last fronting attempt flopped two months ago because, it is alleged, of poor bookings." By the end of 1944, had joined Lionel Hampton's outfit. Fields began recording in 1944 with two sides for Bob Thiele's Signature label. Over the next year and a half he recorded for Savoy. Fields replaced Earl Bostic, as alto saxophonist in Lionel Hampton's band. Fields was fluent from clarinet to baritone saxophone. In 1945, he won Esquire magazine's New Star Award on the Alto Sax. In 1946, RCA Victor signed Fields as leader of his own big band, a format, becoming difficult to maintain in the Post-War period. Neal Hefti was one of his sidemen along with Bill Evans, Eddie Bert, Bernie Glow, Manny Albam, Al Klink, Marty Napoleon, Serge Chaloff. "Dardanella" was his biggest hit. The band was a commercial failure --. In 1949-1950, he formed his Septet featuring Frank Rosolino on trombone, Jimmy Nottingham on trumpet, Jim Aton on bass, Bill Evans on piano and Tiny Kahn on drums; the band was based in Chicago and backed numerous stage shows, had Lurlean Hunter on vocals.

In the summer of 1950 Fields' group accompanied Billie Holiday on a successful three-month tour of East Coast venues, including the Apollo Theater in Harlem and the Howard Theater in Washington. Fields gravitated toward an R& B conception in the fifties, was disgruntled about his lack of success. Vibist Terry Gibbs noted: "We played opposite a nine-piece band led by Herbie Fields at Birdland, he was a good tenor player but not in the bebop style. He played what they called rhythm and blues, he did that well but he wasn't a Birdland-style attraction." And pianist Bill Evans recalled: "In some ways he had been a forerunner of roll. He was wiggling. Rock'n' roll came, brought millions of dollars, but nothing for Herbie Fields." His recording activity in the fifties was sporadic, ranged from a few more big band sides, honking jukebox tunes, bop-tinged small groups, a reeds and strings session released after his death by Fraternity. He lived in Miami, had owned a restaurant there, the Rancher, in North Miami.

He had a trio, Skeets McLane and Cookie Norwood that played at the Rancher. Fields ended his life with an overdose of sleeping pills in Miami on September 17, 1958, his suicide note, according to police, included the statement "I have completed my mission in life." Big Bands Database Plus