Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter
The Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter is a traditionalist Catholic society of apostolic life for priests and seminarians, in communion with the Holy See. The society was founded in 1988 under the leadership of 12 priests who were members of the Society of Saint Pius X, another traditionalist organization, but were unwilling to remain part of it following the Écône consecrations, which resulted in its bishops being excommunicated by the Holy See. Headquartered in Switzerland, the society maintains two international seminaries: the International Seminary of St. Peter in Wigratzbad-Opfenbach and Our Lady of Guadalupe Seminary in Denton, Nebraska; the society is recognized by the Holy See and its priests celebrate Mass in locations in 124 worldwide dioceses. According to canon law, the FSSP is a "Clerical Society of Apostolic Life of Pontifical Right", it is not, therefore, an Institute of Consecrated Life and members take no religious vows, but are instead bound by the same general laws of celibacy and obedience as diocesan clergy and, in addition, swear an oath as members of the society.
The fraternity's pontifical-right status means that it has been established by the Pope and is answerable only to him in terms of its operation, rather than to local bishops. A local bishop still governs the fraternity's work within his respective diocese. In this sense its organization and administrative reporting status are similar to those of religious orders of pontifical right; the FSSP consists of priests and seminarians who intend to pursue the goal of Christian perfection according to a specific charism, to offer the Mass and other sacraments according to the Roman Rite as it existed before the liturgical reforms that followed the Second Vatican Council. Thus, the fraternity uses the Roman Missal, the Roman Breviary, the Pontifical, the Roman Ritual in use in 1962, the last editions before the revisions that followed the Council; the 2007 motu proprio Summorum pontificum has authorized this older form of the Mass, known as the Tridentine Mass, not only for the fraternity, but for all Latin Rite priests as an extraordinary form of the Roman Rite, when celebrating Mass "without a congregation".
Its use for Mass with a congregation is allowed with the permission of the priest in charge of a church for stable groups attached to this earlier form of the Roman Rite, provided that the priest using it is "qualified to do so and not juridically impeded". Following from its charism, the fraternity's mission is twofold: to sanctify each priest through the exercise of his priestly function, to deploy these priests to parishes; as such, they are to celebrate the sacraments, preach retreats, organize pilgrimages, provide a full sacramental and cultural life for lay Catholics who are drawn to the rituals of the 1962 missal. In order to help complete its mission, the fraternity has built its own seminaries with the goal of forming men to serve the fraternity. For the honour and glory of the holy Catholic Church, for the consolation of the much troubled faithful, for the peace of their conscience, the undersigned, members until now of the Fraternity of Saint Pius X, declare with profound regret over the illicit consecration of bishops on 30 June that they have remained within the Catholic Church as pars sanior of this same Fraternity, that they have but one desire: to be able to live as a religious society in this Church and place themselves at her service under the authority, of course, of the Roman Pontiff, her supreme head.
The FSSP was established on July 18, 1988, at the Abbey of Hauterive, Switzerland, by twelve priests and twenty seminarians, led by Josef Bisig, all of whom had belonged to Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre's Society of Saint Pius X. Josef Bisig became the fraternity's first superior general; as of November 2018, the fraternity included 460 members: 304 priests, 14 deacons, 142 non-deacon seminarians in 129 dioceses spread among Australia, Benin, Colombia, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Nigeria, Poland and the United States. The fraternity's membership represents 35 nationalities, the average age of its members is 38; the lay Confraternity of Saint Peter enrolls 5,859 members who spiritually support the fraternity's charism. The FSSP's current superior general is Andrzej Komorowski; the Vicar General and Assistant is Patrick du Faÿ. Josef Bisig Arnaud Devillers John Berg Andrzej Komorowski The fraternity is divided into three districts and two regions: German-speaking District, Superior: Bernhard Gerstle French District, Superior: Benoît Paul-Joseph North American District, Superior: Michael Stinson Belgium-Netherlands Region, Superior: Hervé Hygonnet Southern Cross Region, Superior: Christopher Blust The fraternity has two seminaries: The International Seminary of St. Peter in Wigratzbad-Opfenbach, in the German state of Bavaria, was established in 1988.
It serves German-speaking seminarians. Its current rector is Abbé Patrick du Faÿ. Our Lady of Guadalupe Seminary, in Denton, United States, was established in 1994 and serves English-speaking seminarians, its current rector is Pater Josef Bisig. Ezekiel House, a house of formation for first-year seminarians, exists in the c
Heskin is a small village and civil parish of the Borough of Chorley in Lancashire, England. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001 it has a population of 883 increasing to 898 at the 2011 Census. Heskin Hall dates back to 1548; the last people to occupy the hall as a residential home were Lady Lilford in the 1960s. Since the hall has been used commercially for antique sales, other uses including Blackburn College who have used it for training and educational purposes; the hall is now registered as a venue for weddings and civil ceremonies and has a restaurant to cater for the visitors to the Antique Centre and Garden Centre which opened in 2010. The hall is said to be haunted by a young Catholic girl, an older man; the pair are thought to be from the time of Oliver Cromwell. The young girl is said to have been sacrificed by a Catholic priest, who hung her as a sign that he had converted from Catholicism to Protestantism. Civil war soldiers where not convinced of his conversion so they hung him from the same spot as the young girl.
Lady Lilford's guests in the 1960s are said to have swiftly departed from the house during a dinner party after experiencing a ghostly appearance of a resident ghost during their stay. Listed buildings in Heskin Bob Gregson, bare-knuckle fighter born in the village Heskin chorley.gov.uk Heskin Hall
Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service
The Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service is the county-wide, statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the Shire county of Lancashire and includes the unitary authorities of Blackpool and Blackburn with Darwen. Lancashire Fire & Rescue Service is made up of 6 Area Commands as follows: Northern, Eastern, Western and Pennine. Within these areas there are 18 wholetime, 17 retained and 4 day crewed stations providing Lancashire with 24hr fire cover. Water Rescue Ladder: P1/P2 Light 4x4 Vehicle: M1 Aerial Ladder Platform: A2 Multi Purpose Vehicle: M1 Multi Purpose Vehicle + Inshore Rescue Boat: T2 Flatbed Vehicle + Softrack Vehicle: T1 Command Support Unit: C1 Prime Mover + Environmental Protection Unit: T9 Prime Mover + Breathing Apparatus Support Unit: T2 Prime Mover + Bulk Foam Unit: T1/T2 Prime Mover + Major Incident Support Unit: T1 Prime Mover + High Volume Pumping: T8 Prime Mover + High Volume Hose Layer: Water Tower CBRN Response: Incident Response Unit: H9 Urban Search and Rescue: Line Rescue Unit: R1/R2 Search & Rescue Dog Unit: R9 Prime Movers: T6/T7/T8USAR Pods: Module 1 - Technical Search Equipment Module 2 - Heavy Transport, Confined Space & Hot Cutting Module 3 - Breaching & Breaking Equipment Module 4 - Multi Purpose Vehicle Module 5 - Shoring Operations Fire service in the United Kingdom Lancashire Constabulary GRIP List of British firefighters killed in the line of duty Official Website
Croston is a village and civil parish in Lancashire, England between Chorley and Southport and is next to the River Yarrow. St. Michael's and All Angels' Church is at the centre of the village; the population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 2,917. At the end of Church Street there is a stone cross, erected in 1953. There is a 15th century cobbled pack horse bridge; the village green is used as a venue for the annual May Day Madness, Bastille Day celebrations and Christmas Fair. Croston began in the 7th century. In the absence of a church, a cross was erected as a place of worship. Croston means'cross-town' and is derived from the two Old English words'cross' and'tūn'; the name is unique as there are no other Crostons in the UK. Centuries ago the parish of Croston was far larger, it included Chorley, Much Hoole, Bretherton, Tarleton, Hesketh Bank, Walmer Bridge and Ulnes Walton. These became independent parishes as a result of a series of separations between 1642 and 1821. A charter granted by Edward I in 1283 permitted an annual medieval fair and market to be held on the village green.
Pre 20th Century maps depict a castle, believed to have been of a wooden construction because there is no evidence of a stone structure. Croston used to have a large brick police station, refurbished, it was replaced by a smaller police station in the 1970s. It is similar in style to those in the surrounding areas, notably Bamber Bridge and Leyland police stations, however smaller; this police station has closed. Croston is twinned with the French town of Azay le Rideau, just south west of France. Azay boasts a French Renaissance chateau, one of the famous chateaux of the Loire, is a popular tourist hotspot. Croston Hall was the manor house to the village of Croston; the hall was demolished in the 1960s, but there is a plan for a country house hotel to be built on its site. The family were Roman Catholics, employed Edward Welby Pugin to design a family chapel in the grounds of the house in 1857, it is a small building constructed of rock-faced sandstone, is in eclectic Gothic style. It was left to the people of Croston on the death of the last De Trafford in the 1960s.
The parish church is dedicated to St Michael, is a Grade II* listed building. It appears to be based on a 15th century design, but was reworked in the 16th century, altered in the 17th. A partial rebuilding took place in the 18th century, it was altered in the 19th century, it consists of a nave and chancel with north and south aisles built of red sandstone with stone tiles. Croston Old School is a Grade II listed building which originates from 1660, but was rebuilt in 1827, when the work was funded by subscriptions. Date stones commemorating both the original build and the rebuild are evident in the first floor wall, it is located within the churchyard, in the centre of the village at the end of Church Street and next to the church building. Until 1999 the buildings were used as a school. Croston Old School Community Trust's grant from the National Lottery for £481,062 has funded the majority of a scheme to create a community resource centre for Croston; the building provides: A new home for Croston Pre-school A large community space with meeting rooms An exhibition area for local arts and heritage projects A reference library and a reading room Space for adult education Bishop Rawstorne Church of England Academy is the secondary school based in the village of Croston.
It has between 800 and 900 pupils from the ages of 11 to 16. There are several famous people; the footballer Mark Bonner. Bonner had a stint and some other clubs however has since retired. Andrew Sprake the bassist from the band Failsafe, who featured in an episode of Inbetweeners studied here. Listed buildings in Croston Croston railway station. Liverpool and Preston Railway Croston Main Page Croston Village Festivities website Croston Facebook Page Croston chorley.gov.uk
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Lancashire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the ceremonial county of Lancashire in North West England. The force's headquarters are near the city of Preston; as of October 2018 the force had just under 3,000 officers as well as 2,000 Police Staff - of which 272 are police community support officers. After many complaints over a number of years over the crime ridden state of Lancashire it was decided in 1839 that a combined county police force was required to police the county. In the same year the force was founded and Captain John Woodford was made chief constable with two assistant chief constables, 14 superintendents and 660 constables. Over the next 50 years the police force saw many changes including the introduction of the police helmet and, during the 1860s, the force lost its first officer, PC Jump, who died after being shot by a group of men that he and a colleague were searching. By the end of the century the force had developed a detective department who were allowed to wear plain clothes.
The first detective appointed was John Wallbank. In 1917 the force first allowed female officers although it was only in the 1950s that they were allowed uniforms, not until the 1970s were they paid at the same rate as their male counterparts. In 1948 the force's dog section was established with many differing breeds being used, but by the 1950s it was established that the German shepherd was the most suitable. In 1965, the force had an establishment of 3,784 officers and an actual strength of 3,454, making it the second largest police force and the largest county force in Great Britain; the force went through major changes in the 1970s when the force was reduced to cover the new re-bordered Lancashire with the other areas coming under the jurisdiction of Greater Manchester Police and Merseyside Police. On 10 October 2007 the Home Office announced that Lancashire Constabulary had ranked joint first, with Surrey, out of 43 forces by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabularies. All 43 police forces were assessed on seven areas - tackling crime, serious crime, protecting vulnerable people, neighbourhood policing, local priorities and resources and efficiency.
The Radio Branch or Wireless Workshops pioneered many techniques in the use of radio by the police. In 1925 they had radio communications between constabulary headquarters in Preston and six divisional headquarters. A year a van was equipped with a transmitter. Tests were done with radio communication to cars in the 1930s. In 1939 four fixed stations provided coverage over much of the county. At the start of World War II divisional headquarters were equipped with transmitter-receivers as a back-up to the telephone system; this was used in 1941 when the telephone system in Liverpool was put out of action by bombing, Lancashire Constabulary's radio system was sole means of communications with the city for a time. After the war they were involved in the move to VHF FM by the UK police. In 1961 a personal radio scheme was installed in Chorley with Motorola VHF personal radios imported from the USA after a demonstration in Stretford in 1959; this led in 1963 to the design of the Lancon VHF personal radio manufactured by GEC.
Under proposals made by the home secretary on 6 February 2006, it was to be merged with Cumbria Constabulary. These were accepted by both forces on 26 February, the merger would have taken place on 1 April 2007. However, in July 2006, both Cumbria and Lancashire constabularies decided not to proceed with the merger because the government failed to remedy issues with the council tax precept which left both forces unable to proceed. Over recent years, Lancashire Constabulary has developed a reputation for leading the way in intelligence analysis and holds an annual intelligence analysis conference in Blackpool attended by a large number of analysts from other UK police forces and law enforcement agencies. Other forces are now looking to Lancashire as a pioneering force in IT support. In particular in 2007 Cumbria police secured their own version of Lancashire's intelligence, police investigation and work management system SLEUTH. At the end of 2017 Lancashire Constabulary formed the Tactical Operations Team, composed of the Roads Policing Unit, Dog Unit, Mounted Branch, Armed Response Unit and Operational Support Unit.
The force is split into three geographical and two based at the force HQ at Hutton. The split is approximate, divisions are deliberately vague, giving a seamless approach to policing in the Lancashire area; the geographical divisions and their headquarters are as follows: Western The headquarters are in Blackpool from where this division is responsible for the Fylde area stretching from Bispham down to Kirkham. Lancaster is assigned with the policing of Morecambe and the Wyre area. A new divisional HQ was opened in 2018. Southern The headquarters are in Lancaster Road, with a secondary base at Chorley Magistrates' Court: it polices the Preston, South Ribble and West Lancashire areas. Eastern Based in Ainsworth Street, this division is assigned to police the Blackburn with Darwen, Ribble Valley and Accrington, Burnley and Rossendale areas. G Division Headquarters. H Division Operations Support and Operations Planning, which encompasses Motorway, Armed Response, Air Support and various other functions.
Lancashire Constabulary partners with the North West Police Underwater Search & Marine Unit and the North West Motorway Police Group. Th
Bispham Green is a village in the West Lancashire district of Lancashire, England. Bispham is the civil parish containing the village; the village has a population of 207, is located 1 mile south of Mawdesley and 5 miles north of Parbold. At the 2011 Census population details are included in Hilldale. Bispham Green is one of over twenty towns and villages which, make up the local government district of West Lancashire. Bispham is the only parish in the West Lancashire district, served by a parish meeting instead of a town or parish council; the surrounding areas was once popular for osier for the basket weaving trade, but since the 1950s the land has reverted to agricultural use. There are no future planning for any extensive development. Bispham is south of Croston and Tarleton, north of Hilldale and Parbold, west of Heskin and Eccleston; the River Douglas travels through Bispham and it is a tributary to the River Ribble and has two tributaries itself, the River Tawd and the River Yarrow. It shares its local parish with Mawdesley.
The land around Bispham abundant with wildlife. Bispham covers an area of 1,000 acres of grade 2 agricultural land. Rising to 80 metres above sea level at its eastern tip, it is bounded on the south side of the River Douglas, on the north side of Bentley Brook, it was known as Bispham Free Grammar School up until 1951. The name was changed to Richard Durning's because Richard Durning himself had funded the building of the school in his will after he died in 1692, he had set aside £100 for the school and the land was purchased for £10. He left money of which "a yearly sum of £4 is to be paid to four or six poor people of Bispham such as by age, lameness, or any other infirmity should have need, £2 for repairing the high lanes of Bispham Green and Grimshaw Green and the house of Peter Travis, the high lanes of Wrightington, £5 for the binding of poor children apprentices in the townships of Bispham, Parbold and Wrightington, £5 to be paid and distributed among two or more of my poor kindred, £2 towards the support of a preaching minister at Douglas Chapel."
Today the Trustees of the Charity administer its assets, the income from, used to provide special benefits to the school and to award grants towards the cost of the education and training of young people under the age of 25 who are pupils or former pupils of the school or who reside in the civil parishes of Bispham, Mawdesley and Croston. Part of the school building dates back to 1693, it is located in Bispham. Richard Durning was a local yeoman, born in 1615 and died in 1692 at the age of 75, he is buried in the Chancel of St Michael an All Angels Parish Church in Croston. Listed buildings in Bispham, West Lancashire