All Star Comics
All Star Comics is an American comic book series from All-American Publications, one of three companies that merged with National Periodical Publications to form the modern-day DC Comics. While the series' cover-logo trademark reads All Star Comics, its copyrighted title as indicated by postal indicia is All-Star Comics, with a hyphen. With the exception of the first two issues, All Star Comics told stories about the adventures of the Justice Society of America, the first team of superheroes, introduced Wonder Woman; the original concept for All Star Comics was an anthology title containing the most popular series from the other anthology titles published by both All-American Publications and National Comics. All Star Comics #1 contained superhero stories that included All-American's Golden Age Flash, Ultra-Man, as well as National's Hour-Man and Sandman; the adventure strip "Biff Bronson" and the comedy-adventure "Red and Blue" premiered with the Summer 1940 cover date. Issue #3 depicted the first meeting of the Justice Society of America, with its members swapping stories of their exploits which were subsequently illustrated in the comic's array of solo adventures.
In addition to the Flash, Hour-Man, the Spectre, the Sandman were Doctor Fate from National's More Fun Comics. The Justice Society of America was a frame story used to present an anthology of solo stories about the individual characters, with each story handled by a different artist. Comic historian Les Daniels noted, "this was a great notion, since it offered readers a lot of headliners for a dime, the fun of watching fan favorites interact." The anthology format was dropped in 1947 and replaced with full issue stories featuring the heroes teaming up to fight crime. All Star Comics #8 featured the first appearance of Wonder Woman in an eight-page story written by William Moulton Marston, under the pen name of "Charles Moulton" with art by H. G. Peter; the insert story was included to test reader interest in the Wonder Woman concept. It generated enough positive fan response that Wonder Woman would be awarded the lead feature in the Sensation Comics anthology title starting from issue #1; that same issue saw the induction of Doctor Mid-Nite and Starman as members of the Justice Society as well.
Starting with issue #11, Wonder Woman would appear in All Star Comics as a member of the Justice Society as their secretary. With issue # 34, Gardner Fox left a new super-villain, the Wizard, was introduced; the Injustice Society first battled the JSA in issue #37 in a tale written by Robert Kanigher. The Black Canary guest starred in issue #38 and joined the team three issues in #41. All Star Comics increased its frequency from a quarterly to a bimonthly publication schedule, the JSA lasted through March 1951 with issue #57 in a story titled "The Mystery of the Vanishing Detectives". Superhero comics slumped in the early 1950s, All Star Comics was renamed All-Star Western in 1951 with issue #58. In this issue, the "Justice Society of America" feature was replaced by Western heroes. Artwork from an unpublished All Star Comics story titled "The Will of William Wilson" survived and was reprinted in various publications from TwoMorrows Publishing. In 1976, the name All Star Comics was resurrected for a series portraying the modern-day adventures of the JSA.
The new series dismissed the numbering from All-Star Western and continued the original numbering, premiering with All-Star Comics #58. Starting with issue #66, a hyphen was added to the title and the words "All-Star Comics" became a much smaller part of the cover; the 1970s series introduced the new characters Power Girl and the Helena Wayne version of the Huntress. This series ran for seventeen issues before it was abruptly canceled with issue #74 as part of the DC Implosion and the JSA's adventures were folded into Adventure Comics. After 23-year-old Gerry Conway became an editor at DC Comics, long-time JSA-fan Roy Thomas suggested to Conway that the JSA be given their own title again. Conway offered Thomas a chance to ghostwrite an issue of the revived All-Star Comics, but he declined as Thomas was under an exclusive contract with Marvel Comics at the time. However, in 1981 Thomas was able to work with the characters. A two-issue All-Star Comics series was published as a part of the "Justice Society Returns" storyline in May 1999.
All Star Comics Archives: Volume 0 collects #1–2, 144 pages, March 2006, ISBN 1-4012-0791-X Volume 1 collects #3–6, 272 pages, 1992, ISBN 1-5638-9019-4 Volume 2 collects #7–10, 256 pages, 1993, ISBN 0-9302-8912-9 Volume 3 collects #11–14, 240 pages, November 1997, ISBN 1-5638-9370-3 Volume 4 collects #15–18, 224 pages, December 1998, ISBN 1-5638-9433-5 Volume 5 collects #19–23, 224 pages, December 1999, ISBN 1-5638-9497-1 Volume 6 collects #24–28, 240 pages, October 2000, ISBN 1-5638-9636-2 Volume 7 collects #29–33, 216 pages, July 2001, ISBN 1-5638-9720-2 Volume 8 collects #34–38, 208 pages, August 2002, ISBN 1-5638-9812-8 Volume 9 collects #39–43, 192 pages, August 2003, ISBN 1-4012-0001-X Volume 10 collects #44–49, 216 pages, August 2004, ISBN 1-4012-0159-8 Volume 11 collects #50–57, 276 pages, March 2005, ISBN 1-4012-0403-1 Justice Society Volume 1 collects #58–67 and DC Special #29, 224 pages, August 2006, ISBN 1-4012-0970-X Volume 2 collects #68–74 and Adventure Comics #461–466, 224 pages, February 2007, ISBN 1-4012-1194-1 Showcase Presents: All-Star Comics collects issues #58–74 and Adventure Comics #461–466, 448 pages, September 2011, ISBN 1-4012-3303-1 In 2000 and 2001, DC Comics reprinted se
Harvey Kurtzman was an American cartoonist and editor. His best-known work includes writing and editing the parodic comic book Mad from 1952 until 1956, writing the Little Annie Fanny strips in Playboy from 1962 until 1988, his work is noted for its satire and parody of popular culture, social critique, attention to detail. Kurtzman's working method has been likened to that of an auteur, he expected those who illustrated his stories to follow his layouts strictly. Kurtzman began to work on the New Trend line of comic books at EC Comics' in 1950, he wrote and edited the Two-Fisted Tales and Frontline Combat war comic books, where he drew many of the researched stories, before he created his most-remembered comic book, Mad, in 1952. Kurtzman scripted the stories and had them drawn by top EC cartoonists, most Will Elder, Wally Wood, Jack Davis; the comic book switched to a magazine format in 1955, Kurtzman left it in 1956 over a dispute with EC's owner William Gaines over financial control. Following his departure, he did a variety of cartooning work, including editing the short-lived Trump and the self-published Humbug.
In 1959, he produced the first book-length work of original comics, the adult-oriented, satirical Jungle Book. He edited the low-budget Help! from 1960 to 1965, a humor magazine which featured work by future Monty Python member Terry Gilliam and the earliest work of underground cartoonists such as Robert Crumb and Gilbert Shelton. He brought Help! to an end after the success of the risqué Playboy feature Little Annie Fanny began to take up his time. While Annie Fanny provided much of his income for the rest of his career, he continued to produce an eclectic body of work, including screenwriting the animated Mad Monster Party? in 1967 and directing and designing several shorts for Sesame Street in 1969. From 1973, Kurtzman taught cartooning at the School of Visual Arts in New York, his work gained greater recognition toward the end of his life, he oversaw deluxe reprintings of much of his work. The Harvey Award was named in Kurtzman's honor in 1988, he was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1989, his work earned five positions on The Comics Journal's Top 100 Comics of the 20th Century.
Harvey Kurtzman spoke little of his parents in interviews, not much is known of their pre-American lives. David Kurtzman and Edith née Sherman grew up in Ukraine in Odessa, were literate urbanites, they belonged to the city's large Jewish community, one that suffered generations of antisemitic oppression, the city had fallen into economic hardship following the Russian Revolution. Shortly after World War I David emigrated to New York and Edith soon followed in what she called "a desperate journey" escaping the new Soviet Union. There the non-observant pair married in a civil ceremony; the first of their two sons, was born April 8, 1923. Harvey Kurtzman was born on October 3, 1924, in a tenement building on 428 East Ninety-Eighth Street in Brooklyn in New York City. David joined the Christian Science church, when he suffered a bleeding ulcer he turned to prayer to cure it; the family was in such desperate financial straits that their mother placed the Kurtzman brothers in an orphanage for three months until she secured work as a milliner.
Several months Edith remarried to Russian-Jewish immigrant Abraham Perkes, who worked in the printing industry as a brass engraver. The Kurtzman boys kept their surname; the couple had a son Daniel on February 17, 1931. In 1934, the family moved to the more upscale Bronx. Perkes was not wealthy, but managed to provide for his family during the Great Depression of the 1930s, he was a trade unionist, the couple read the communist newspaper Daily Worker. Perkes brought young Kurtzman to work, encouraged him to help with design and drawing and to think of himself as a professional artist. Though he was a shy boy his teachers recognized Kurtzman's intelligence in grade school and allowed him to skip a grade, he displayed artistic talent early and his sidewalk chalk drawings drew the attention of children and adults, who gathered around to watch him draw. He called these strips "Ikey and Mikey", inspired by Goldberg's comic strip Mike and Ike, his stepfather had an interest in art and took the boys to museums.
His mother enrolled him in art lessons. His parents had him attend the left-leaning Jewish Camp Kinderland, but he did not enjoy its dogmatic atmosphere. Though not ashamed of their Jewish heritage, neither of the Kurtzman brothers agreed to have a Bar Mitzvah. Kurtzman fell in love with the newly emerging comic books in the late 1930s. Unsatisfied with what he found in his parents' newspapers, he searched through garbage cans for the Sunday comics sections of his neighbors' newspapers, he admired a wide variety of strips, including Hamlin's Alley Oop, Caniff's Terry and the Pirates, Gould's Dick Tracy, Foster's Prince Valiant, Raymond's Flash Gordon, Capp's Li'l Abner. He found Will Eisner's comic book The Spirit a "standard by which other comic books would be measured", called Eisner "the greatest... a virtuoso cartoonist of a kind who had never been seen before". Eisner's page layouts had considerable influence on Kurtzman's work. At 14 Kurtzman won a cartooning contest for which he received a dollar and had his cartoon published in Tip Top Comics #36.
Future collaborator Jack Davis had won the s
Starman is a name used by several different DC Comics superheroes, most prominently Ted Knight and his sons David and Jack. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Jack Burnley, the original Starman, Ted Knight, first appeared in Adventure Comics #61. An astronomer, Knight invented a "gravity rod" reinvented as a "cosmic rod", allowing him to fly and manipulate energy, donned a red and green costume with a distinctive finned helmet. Like most Golden Age heroes, Starman fell into obscurity in the 1950s. In the ensuing years, several characters, with varying degrees of relation to the original took the mantle of Starman. In Zero Hour: Crisis in Time #1, writer James Robinson and artist Tony Harris introduced Jack Knight, the son of the first Starman. A reluctant non-costumed hero, he inherited his father’s name and mission and used his technology to create a cosmic staff, he starred in a critically acclaimed series, written by Robinson, from 1994 until 2001. The current successor of Starman is Stargirl the second Star-Spangled Kid.
Starman, announcing that he comes "from the past," appears in Justice League #7 and subsequent issues. Below, in chronological order of activity, are the characters to have used the name "Starman": Theodore Henry Knight is a 1940s DC Comics superhero who wore a red costume with a finned helmet and a green cape, wielded a "gravity rod" which enabled him to fly and fire energy bolts, he is a member of the Justice Society of America. The Starman of 1951 is a superhero who operated in the DC Universe in 1951. In pre-Crisis continuity, the Starman of the 1950s was Batman, who took up that mantle in Detective Comics #247, using variants of his usual equipment, but with a star motif instead of a bat, due to him having been hypnotized to be given a fear of bats in the belief that this would render him incapable of being a hero. Post-Crisis, the character was retconned in Starman Secret Files and Origins; the name was first used by Charles McNider. When David Knight, son of the original Starman, is drawn back in time, he takes over the identity from McNider for a brief period.
In Detective Comics #286, a villainous Star-Man appeared to menace Batman and Robin whose super-strength waned in the presence of a Tibetan belt worn by Batwoman. Mikaal Tomas is a DC Comics superhero, introduced in the 1970s. Tomas is an alien who traveled to Earth to help conquer it, but instead turned against his war-like people in defense of the human race, he has blue skin and wore Mister Miracle-style flight-discs on his feet that allowed him to fly, a medallion containing a sonic crystal around his neck. The gem became embedded in his chest and allows him to fire bolts of energy, he first appeared in 1st Issue Special #12. Writer Gerry Conway said he liked the name Starman and created the character as an homage, not to the original 1940s Starman, but the Starman featured in issues of The Brave and the Bold during the mid-1960s. Within the story, Mikaal was given the name Starman not as a means of carrying on Ted Knight's legacy, but rather in reference to the song "Starman" by David Bowie.
The song tells of a benevolent alien who arrives on Earth in order to save the planet from destruction, a situation which parallels Mikaal's backstory. The character suffered amnesia until he turned up in the 1990s Starman series; the 1990s series revealed that Mikaal's homeworld was Talok III, sister planet to Talok VIII, the home of Shadow Lass. The inhabitants of the eighth planet have darker blue skin. Tomas' origins have been noted to bear certain similarities to that of Captain Mar-Vell of Marvel Comics. In James Robinson's 1990s series, Starman was portrayed in a gay relationship. Starman's specific sexual identity was not addressed in print, his long-term relationship with Tony lasted, in DC continuity, twelve years, interrupted by Tony's death. A 2010 Robinson story subsequently clarified. Commenting on the series, Gerry Conway said he "was flattered and amused" that someone would revive a character he had created as a one-off to fill an issue of 1st Issue Special. In 2009, writer James Robinson returned to the character, reintroducing him as a main character in Justice League: Cry for Justice.
In the first issue, his lover from the Starman series, is killed while visiting his parents in New York by unnamed supervillains, prompting Mikaal to seek justice. He meets and befriends Congorilla, a fellow hero, mourning the loss of someone close to him, in this case his partner and close friend, Freedom Beast; the two heroes travel to Paris, where they find the two assassins who murdered their loved ones, in the ensuing fight both villains are killed before they can reveal who hired them. After asking Animal Man for help, the heroes travel to the Justice League Watchtower, only to soon find themselves in the midst of a battle with Prometheus, the villain that hired the assassins to kill Tony and Freedom Beast. Mikaal and his companions are defeated, Prometheus escapes after destroying Star City. Mikaal is shown helping Congorilla and the members of the Justice League search for survivors in the ruins of the city. After this, Mikaal appears in the main Justice League of America series, where he tries to help Congorilla after he is attacked by a group of villains working for Doctor Impossible.
Robinson added Mikaal to the Justice League. In his first mission with the team, he helped capture Plastique and her companions after they tried to flee the c
William Moulton Marston
William Moulton Marston known by the pen name Charles Moulton, was an American psychologist, inventor of an early prototype of the lie detector, self-help author, comic book writer who created the character Wonder Woman. Two women, his wife Elizabeth Holloway Marston, their polyamorous life partner, Olive Byrne influenced Wonder Woman's creation, he was inducted into the Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2006. Marston was born in the Cliftondale section of Saugus, the son of Annie Dalton and Frederick William Marston. Marston was educated at Harvard University, graduating Phi Beta Kappa and receiving his B. A. in 1915, an LL. B. in 1918, a PhD in Psychology in 1921. After teaching at American University in Washington, D. C. and Tufts University in Medford, Marston traveled to Universal Studios in California in 1929, where he spent a year as Director of Public Services. Marston had 2 children each with both partner Olive Byrne. Elizabeth supported the family financially while Olive Byrne stayed home to take care of all four children.
Marston was the creator of the systolic blood pressure test, which became one component of the modern polygraph invented by John Augustus Larson in Berkeley, California. Marston's wife, Elizabeth Holloway Marston, suggested a connection between emotion and blood pressure to William, observing that, "hen she got mad or excited, her blood pressure seemed to climb". Although Elizabeth is not listed as Marston's collaborator in his early work, Lamb and others refer directly and indirectly to Elizabeth's own work on her husband's research, she appears in a picture taken in his laboratory in the 1920s. Marston set out to commercialize Larson's invention of the polygraph, when he subsequently embarked on a career in entertainment and comic book writing and appeared as a salesman in ads for Gillette Razors, using a polygraph motif. From his psychological work, Marston became convinced that women were more honest than men in certain situations and could work faster and more accurately. During his lifetime, Marston championed the latent causes of the women of his day.
Marston was a writer of essays in popular psychology. In 1928, he published Emotions of Normal People. Marston viewed people behaving along two axes, with their attention being either passive or active, depending on the individual's perception of his or her environment as either favorable or antagonistic. By placing the axes at right angles, four quadrants form, with each describing a behavioral pattern: Dominance produces activity in an antagonistic environment Inducement produces activity in a favorable environment Submission produces passivity in a favorable environment Compliance produces passivity in an antagonistic environment. Marston posited that there is a masculine notion of freedom, inherently anarchic and violent and an opposing feminine notion based on "Love Allure" that leads to an ideal state of submission to loving authority. On October 25, 1940, an interview conducted by former student Olive Byrne was published in The Family Circle, in which Marston said that he saw "great educational potential" in comic books.
The interview caught the attention of comics publisher Max Gaines, who hired Marston as an educational consultant for National Periodicals and All-American Publications, two of the companies that would merge to form DC Comics. In the early 1940s, the DC Comics line was dominated by superpower-endowed male characters such as the Green Lantern and Superman, as well as Batman, with his high-tech gadgets. According to the Fall 2001 issue of the Boston University alumni magazine, it was the idea of Marston's wife, Elizabeth Holloway Marston, to create a female superhero. Marston recommended an idea for a new kind of superhero, one who would conquer not with fists or firepower, but with love. "Fine," said Elizabeth. "but make her a woman."Marston introduced the idea to Max Gaines, co-founder with Jack Liebowitz of All-American Publications. Given the go-ahead, Marston developed Wonder Woman, basing her character on the unconventional, powerful modern women of his day. Marston's pseudonym, Charles Moulton, combined Gaines's middle names.
In a 1943 issue of The American Scholar, Marston wrote: "Not girls want to be girls so long as our feminine archetype lacks force and power. Not wanting to be girls, they don't want to be tender, peace-loving as good women are. Women's strong qualities have become despised because of their weakness; the obvious remedy is to create a feminine character with all the strength of Superman plus all the allure of a good and beautiful woman."In 2017, a majority of Marston's personal papers arrived at the Schlesinger Library at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Marston's character was a native of an all-female utopia of Amazons who became a crime-fighting U. S. government agent, using her superhuman strength and agility, her ability to force villains to submit and tell the truth by binding them with her magic lasso. Her appearance was believed by some to be based somewhat on Olive Byrne, her heavy bronze bracelets were inspired by the jewelry bracelets worn by Byrne. After her name "Suprema
The McNaught Syndicate was an American newspaper syndicate founded in 1922. It was established by Charles V. McAdam, its best known contents were the columns by Will Rogers and O. O. McIntyre, the Dear Abby letters section and comic strips, including Joe Palooka and Heathcliff, it folded in September 1989. Virgil McNitt first tried his hand at publishing the McNaught Magazine, which failed, he in 1910, started the Central Press Association syndication service, with offices in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1920, McNitt founded the Central Press Association of New York City. In 1922, McNitt and Charles V. McAdam absorbed the operations of the New York City Central Press Association and co-founded the McNaught Syndicate, with headquarters in The New York Times building. Will Rogers' weekly column started in 1922 in 25 newspapers. By 1926, his daily column ran in 92 newspapers, it reached 400 papers three years making him one of the best paid and most read columnists of the United States at the time. From 1925 until 1951, Charles Benedict Driscoll was one of the editors and contributors for the syndicate.
Writers syndicated by McNaught in those first years included Paul Gallico, Dale Carnegie, Walter Winchell and Irvin S. Cobb. By the early 1930s, the McNaught Syndicate had a stable which included columnists O. O. McIntyre and Al Smith and at one time syndicated a letter by Albert Einstein. Other successes included columns by Dear Abby by Abigail Van Buren. At the time of McNitt's death in 1964, the syndicate was still led by McAdam, providing contents to 1,000 newspapers. By 1987, McNaught had only 24 features left, making it the tenth largest comic strip syndicate in the United States at that time; the syndicate folded in September 1989. One of the first syndicated artists was Rube Goldberg. McNaught's line-up of comic strips included Dixie Dugan. Ham Fisher's Joe Palooka was at first rejected by McNitt, but Fisher was hired as a salesman for the syndicate, offering McNaught's features to newspapers. After having sold his comic to 20 newspapers, McNitt had to change his opinion and added Joe Palooka to the syndicate, becoming one of the big successes for it.
By the mid-1930s, McNaught's stable of cartoonists included Fisher, John H. Striebel, Gus Mager. In 1933, just as the concept of "comic books" was getting off the ground, Eastern Color Printing published Funnies on Parade, which reprinted in color several comic strips licensed from the McNaught Syndicate, the Ledger Syndicate, Associated Newspapers, the Bell Syndicate, including Ham Fisher's Joe Palooka. Eastern Color neither sold this periodical nor made it available on newsstands, but rather sent it out free as a promotional item to consumers who mailed in coupons clipped from Procter & Gamble soap and toiletries products; the company printed 10,000 copies, it was a great success. In 1937, the McNaught Syndicate partnered with Frank J. Markey and the Register and Tribune Syndicate, as well as with entrepreneur Everett M. "Busy" Arnold, to provide material to the burgeoning comic book industry. For this reason, from 1937 until 1939, many of the syndicate's comic strips were reprinted in the comic book anthology Feature Funnies.
In 1939, Cowles Media Company and Arnold bought out the Markey interests. In 1939, the syndicate hired Vin Sullivan editor of Action Comics, to start a new comics publishing company, Columbia Comics, which would carry both new comics and reprints of McNaught syndicated comics like Joe Palooka; the company is best remembered for their publication Big Shot Comics. The syndicate continued columns and strips which were successful when acquired, but it was active in creating and suggesting new content, from the Will Rogers columns to comic strips like Don Dean's Cranberry Boggs. In one case, McNitt supported a crossover between the comic strips Joe Palooka and Dixie Dugan, a feat, commented upon by Editor & Publisher, their last success came with the comic strip Heathcliff, which they syndicated from the start in 1973 until the late 1980s. Heathcliff appeared in some 1,000 newspapers, the McNaught Syndicate became the production company for a few Heathcliff movies, including Heathcliff: The Movie from 1986.
Holmes Moss Alexander, from 1947 until 1981 Jimmy Fidler with Jimmy Fiddler in Hollywood, a gossip column carried by 187 newspapers Sir Philip Gibbs and Hendrik Willem van Loon, both reporting on the Second World War The Great Game of Politics by Frank Richardson Kent, appearing in 140 newspapers in 1934 Alice Roosevelt Longworth, appearing in 100 newspapers in 1936 The Lyons Den by Leonard Lyons, taken over from the King Features Syndicate in 1941: appeared in some 20 newspapers New York Day by Day by O. O. McIntyre, "probably the most read columnist in the U. S.", appeared in some 400 newspapers After McIntyre's death in 1938, the column was continued by editor Charles Driscoll until 1951. The State of The Nation by professor Raymond Moley Dear Abby by Pauline Phillips was syndicated by McNaught from 1956 until 1966, when it was taken over by the Chicago Tribune syndicate By 1957, it ran in about 80 newspapers. "Will Rogers Says", a daily column by Will Rogers, appearing in 500 newspapers by 1935 Eleanor Roosevelt in 1934, with limited success Louis Rukeyser, economic columnist, from 1976 to 1986 Major Alexander Procofieff de Seversky, syndicated in 85 newspapers a weekly feature by Al Smith between 1931 and 1932: appeared in some 70 newspapers by 1931 New York by John Cameron Swayze, appearing in 50 newspapers in 1951
Green Lantern is the name of several superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. They fight evil with the aid of rings that grant them a variety of extraordinary powers, all of which comes from imagination and/or emotions; the first Green Lantern character, Alan Scott, was created in 1940 by Martin Nodell during the initial popularity of superheroes. Alan Scott fought common criminals in New York City with the aid of his magic ring; the Green Lanterns are among DC Comics' longer lasting sets of characters. They have been adapted to television, video games, motion pictures. Martin Nodell created the first Green Lantern, he first appeared in the Golden Age of comic books in All-American Comics #16, published by All-American Publications, one of three companies that would merge to form DC Comics. This Green Lantern's real name was Alan Scott, a railroad engineer who, after a railway crash, came into possession of a magic lantern which spoke to him and said it would bring power.
From this, he crafted a magic ring. The limitations of the ring were that it had to be "charged" every 24 hours by touching it to the lantern for a time, that it could not directly affect objects made of wood. Alan Scott fought ordinary human villains, but he did have a few paranormal ones such as the immortal Vandal Savage and the zombie Solomon Grundy. Most stories took place in New York; as a popular character in the 1940s, the Green Lantern featured both in anthology books such as All-American Comics and Comic Cavalcade, as well as his own book, Green Lantern. He appeared in All Star Comics as a member of the superhero team known as the Justice Society of America. After World War II the popularity of superheroes in general declined; the Green Lantern comic book was cancelled with issue #38, All Star Comics #57 was the character's last Golden Age appearance. When superheroes came back in fashion in decades, the character Alan Scott was revived, but he was forever marginalized by the new Hal Jordan character, created to supplant him.
He made guest appearances in other superheroes' books, but got regular roles in books featuring the Justice Society. He never got another solo series. Between 1995 and 2003, DC Comics changed Alan Scott's superhero codename to "Sentinel" in order to distinguish him from the newer and more popular science fiction Green Lanterns. In 2011, the Alan Scott character was revamped, his costume was redesigned and the source of his powers was changed to that of the mystical power of nature. In 1959, Julius Schwartz reinvented the Green Lantern character as a science fiction hero named Hal Jordan. Hal Jordan's powers were more or less the same as Alan Scott's, but otherwise this character was different than the Green Lantern character of the 1940s, he had a new name, a redesigned costume, a rewritten origin story. Hal Jordan received his ring from a dying alien and was commissioned as an officer of the Green Lantern Corps, an interstellar law enforcement agency overseen by the Guardians of the Universe.
Hal Jordan was introduced in Showcase #22. Gil Kane and Sid Greene were the art team most notable on the title in its early years, along with writer John Broome. With issue #76, the series made a radical stylistic departure. Editor Schwartz, in one of the company's earliest efforts to provide more than fantasy, worked with the writer-artist team of Denny O'Neil and Neal Adams to spark new interest in the comic book series and address a perceived need for social relevance, they added the character Green Arrow and had the pair travel through America encountering "real world" issues, to which they reacted in different ways — Green Lantern as fundamentally a lawman, Green Arrow as a liberal iconoclast. Additionally during this run, the groundbreaking "Snowbirds Don't Fly" story was published in which Green Arrow's teen sidekick Speedy developed a heroin addiction that he was forcibly made to quit; the stories were critically acclaimed, with publications such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek citing it as an example of how comic books were "growing up".
However, the O'Neil/Adams run was not a commercial success, the series was cancelled after only 14 issues, though an additional unpublished three installments were published as backups in The Flash #217-219. The title would know a number of cancellations, its title would change to Green Lantern Corps at one point as the popularity waned. During a time there were two regular titles, each with a Green Lantern, a third member in the Justice League. A new character, Kyle Rayner, was created to become the feature while Hal Jordan first became the villain Parallax died and came back as the Spectre. In the wake of The New Frontier, writer Geoff Johns returned Hal Jordan as Green Lantern in Green Lantern: Rebirth. Johns began to lay groundwork for "Blackest Night", viewing it as the third part of the trilogy started by Rebirth. Expanding on the Green Lantern mythology in the second part, "Sinestro Corps War", with artist Ethan van Sciver, found wide critical acclaim and commercial success with the series, which promised the introduction of a spectrum of colored "lanterns".
The series and its creators have received several awards over the years, including the 1961 Alley Award for Best Adventure Hero/Heroine with Own Book and the Academy of Comic Book Arts Shazam Award for Best Conti
DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the publishing unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. since 1967. DC Comics is one of the largest and oldest American comic book companies, produces material featuring numerous culturally iconic heroic characters including: Superman, Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern,Aquaman,Martian Manhunter, Green Arrow, Hawkman and Supergirl. Most of their material takes place in the fictional DC Universe, which features teams such as the Justice League, the Justice Society of America, the Suicide Squad, the Teen Titans, well-known villains such as The Joker, Lex Luthor, Darkseid, Brainiac, Black Adam, Ra's al Ghul and Deathstroke; the company has published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials "DC" came from the company's popular series Detective Comics, which featured Batman's debut and subsequently became part of the company's name.
In Manhattan at 432 Fourth Avenue, the DC Comics offices have been located at 480 and 575 Lexington Avenue. DC had its headquarters at 1700 Broadway, Midtown Manhattan, New York City, but it was announced in October 2013 that DC Entertainment would relocate its headquarters from New York to Burbank, California in April 2015. Random House distributes DC Comics' books to the bookstore market, while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market. DC Comics and its longtime major competitor Marvel Comics together shared 70% of the American comic book market in 2017. Entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934; the company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a cover date of February 1935. The company's second title, New Comics #1, appeared in a size close to what would become comic books' standard during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books, with larger dimensions than today's.
That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, becoming one of the longest-running comic-book series. In 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics with its original numbering. In 1935, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the future creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult, the earliest DC Comics character to still be in the DC Universe. Wheeler-Nicholson's third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936 premiered three months late with a March 1937 cover date; the themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27. By however, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone. In 1937, in debt to printing-plant owner and magazine distributor Harry Donenfeld—who published pulp magazines and operated as a principal in the magazine distributorship Independent News—Wheeler-Nicholson had to take Donenfeld on as a partner in order to publish Detective Comics #1. Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfeld's accountant, listed as owners.
Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, he was forced out. Shortly afterwards, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction. Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, the premiere of which introduced Superman. Action Comics #1, the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as "superheroes"—proved a sales hit; the company introduced such other popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. On February 22, 2010, a copy of Action Comics #1 sold at an auction from an anonymous seller to an anonymous buyer for $1 million, besting the $317,000 record for a comic book set by a different copy, in lesser condition, the previous year. National Allied Publications soon merged with Detective Comics, Inc. forming National Comics Publications on September 30, 1946. National Comics Publications absorbed an affiliated concern, Max Gaines' and Liebowitz' All-American Publications.
In the same year Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, EC Comics. At that point, "Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics... Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, Independent News, their affiliated firms into a single corporate entity, National Periodical Publications". National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961. Despite the official names "National Comics" and "National Periodical Publications", the company began branding itself as "Superman-DC" as early as 1940, the company became known colloquially as DC Comics for years before the official adoption of that name in 1977; the company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics' Wonder Man, which Fox started as a copy of Superman. This extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics over Captain Marvel, at the time comics' top-selling character.
Faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1953 and ceased publishing comics. Years Fawcett sold the rights for Captain Marvel to DC—which in 1972 revived Captain Marvel in the new title Shazam