Saint-Leonard is a borough of Montreal, Canada. A separate city, it was amalgamated into the city of Montreal in 2002; the former city was called Saint-Léonard de Port Maurice after Leonard of Port Maurice, an Italian saint. The borough is home to Montreal's Via Italia; the parish of Saint-Léonard-de-Port-Maurice was founded in April 1886 and became the City of Saint-Léonard-de-Port-Maurice on March 5, 1915. The borough has one of the highest concentrations of Italian-Canadians in the city, along with Rivière-des-Prairies; as such, it has surpassed Montreal's gentrifying Little Italy as the centre for Italian culture in the city, with numerous cultural institutions and commercial enterprises serving the city's second-most populous cultural community. The stretch of Jean Talon Street between Langelier and Viau Boulevards has become known as Via Italia. By necessity, many services are available in Italian and French; the borough is characterized by its spacious, wide-set semi-detached brick duplexes, backyard vegetable gardens, Italian bars, pastry shops serving Italian-Canadian staples such as cannoli, lobster tails, zeppole.
At some times of year, it is possible to observe seasonal Italian traditions like the making of wine, cheese and tomato sauce in quantity. These activities bring extended families and neighbours together and spill out into front driveways. Located in the East End of Montreal, Saint-Leonard was traditionally a rural francophone hamlet with under a thousand people until the mid-twentieth century; the town became developed and urban throughout the twentieth century, benefiting from the expansion of the City of Montreal and a massive wave of Italian immigration which enriched life in the area with numerous cafes and restaurants. Today it is one of multi-cultural neighbourhoods on the Island of Montreal. Linguistic trend Aquatics The Saint-Léonard Aquatic Complex was built in 2006 and is home to three swimming pools: one recreational basin, one 25-metre pool and one acclimation basin that includes a turbo bath spa. There are two saunas, one for women and one for men. Skate parks Skaters can skate safely in any one of the two skate parks located in the city of Saint Leonard.
Admission to these parks is free, they are open to the public May through October. Cycling paths Saint Leonard has 10 km of bike paths around the city, that connect various parks and city structures. Hockey Saint Leonard has two hockey arenas, Aréna Martin Brodeur, located on 5300 boulevard Robert, Aréna Roberto Luongo, located on 7755 Rue Colbert; these arenas host local games, provide food, locker rooms and public free-skating. Saint Leonard has many outdoor hockey rinks in the winter. There are seven rinks set up before winter, they are iced when the temperature is appropriate. There was a delay of rink making in 2007. Soccer Soccer is a popular sport for the youth in Saint Leonard. Nearly every public park in has a soccer field open to the public. Figure skating Both Saint Leonard arenas are used by the figure skating community. Many Olympic and World Champions have trained here in different disciplines like singles, pairs and synchronized skating. Other activities The city has a domed football stadium, Stade Hébert, home to the Saint-Léonard Cougars.
There are bocce courts located at every public park. Saint Leonard contains an underground cavern located at Pie XII Park. Since the replacement of denominational school boards with linguistic ones, Saint-Leonard is served by two school boards; the French schools are part of the Commission scolaire Pointe-de-l'Ile while the English schools are part of the English Montreal School Board. The French-language high school is École secondaire Antoine de St-Exupery. French-language primary schools: Alphonse-Pesant Gabrielle-Roy La Dauversière Pie XII Victor-Lavigne Wilfrid-BastienEnglish-language secondary schools: Laurier Macdonald High School John Paul I Junior High SchoolEnglish-language primary schools: Dante School Pierre de Coubertin School Honoré Mercier School General Vanier School The borough the Saint-Léonard Library of the Montreal Public Libraries Network. Saint-Léonard is divided by Lacordaire Boulevard into two city council districts, Saint-Léonard-Est and Saint-Léonard-Ouest; the borough elects a borough mayor, who sits on Montreal City Council.
The borough mayor, city councillors, borough councillors make up the borough council. Following the November 5, 2017 Montreal municipal election, the composition of the borough council remained unchanged, consists of the following councillors: Includes mayors of the former city and current borough of Saint-Leonard: Louis Sicard Gustave Pépin Léon Léonard Jean-Baptiste Jodoin Joseph Léonard Louis D Roy Wilfrid Bastien Pascal Gagnon Philias Gagnon Alphonse D Pesant Antonio Dagenais Paul Émile Petit Leo Ouellet Jean Di Zazzo Michel Bissonnet Antonio di Ciocco Raymond Renaud Frank Zampino Michel Bissonnet St-Leonard is the birthplace of notable people such as Roberto Luongo
T & T Supermarket
T & T Supermarket is a Canadian supermarket chain which sells numerous forms of Asian foods. The supermarket chain is headquartered in British Columbia. In 1993, the first T & T was opened in Burnaby's Metropolis at Metrotown, a shopping centre in the Metrotown area in Metro Vancouver. With rapid expansion, T & T is now Canada's largest Asian supermarket chain, it has eleven stores across British Columbia, five in Alberta, nine stores in Ontario with eight stores in the Greater Toronto Area, one in Waterloo, one in Ottawa. More stores are expected to open in the coming years with a target for 10 in Eastern Canada; the stores range in size from 35,000 sq ft to 45,000 sq ft. In addition to the many departments found in a regular supermarket, most T & T stores have an in-house bakery, an Asian deli, a sushi and Chinese barbecue department. T & T is part of Loblaw Companies, which purchased it in July 2009 for $225 million in consideration, consisting of $191 million in cash and $34 million in preferred shares.
The consideration paid above and beyond the tangible asset base of the company, estimated at $180 million. The chain had been created as a joint venture of Uni-President Enterprises Corporation, one of Taiwan's ten largest conglomerates. Founder Cindy Lee is a Taiwanese-Canadian who started the business with one store; the name T&T itself stands for the names of Lee’s two daughters and Tiffany. T&T represents the names of the two major investors involved when the company was founded in 1993.
Maxi (Canadian supermarket)
Maxi is a discount grocery retailer based in Quebec, Canada. Founded in 1984 by Provigo, it is a division of Loblaw Companies and the largest of Loblaws' Quebec supermarket chains. Maxi is the Quebec equivalent of No Frills, a chain of franchised discount grocery stores outside Quebec, except that Maxi stores are owned by the company. Over 7,000 people are employed at the Maxi & Cie stores across Quebec; the first Maxi store opened in November 1984 at the corner of Chambly Road and Jacques-Cartier Boulevard in Longueuil and was Provigo's answer to the rising success of Super Carnaval which had just opened a branch in the same city two months earlier. By 1986, Maxi had grown up to a chain of six locations with stores in Longueuil, Châteauguay, Saint-Leonard, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Trois-Rivières. Today, the original Longueuil store operates as a Cie hypermarket. Throughout the 1980s and early 90s, Maxi used a cartoonish elephant as the mascot of its flyers, in a move similar to that of its sister chain Héritage which used a kangaroo.
In 1996, Maxi enjoyed so much success that the chain stopped producing flyers as the company felt such practice had become unnecessary. This turned out to be a miscalculation and Maxi started making flyers again. Maxi became a division of Loblaws following the latter's acquisition of Provigo in 1999. Many Maxi stores today were those that were Steinberg supermarkets until that chain went bankrupt in 1992. In 1993, several Provigo stores were rebranded as Maxi stores. Maxi absorbed Provigo's older brand Héritage in 1995. Maxi used to have stores in Ontario, but they were converted to No Frills after Loblaws purchased Provigo. There are 16 Maxi & Cie in the province of Quebec; the chain's Maxi & Cie/Maxi & Co. locations are larger and carry a wider variety of general merchandise, more akin to the hypermarket model. Some Maxi & Cie stores are themselves former Maxi stores that were converted because of their larger size; the first Maxi & Cie opened on September 24, 1996 on Jean-Talon street in Saint-Leonard, Quebec and is still in operation.
Like with Maxi, Maxi & Co. used to have stores in Ontario, but Maxi & Co. withdrew from Ontario after the Loblaws purchase of the chain. The 1998 movie Pushing Tin had a scene at one of the Co. stores in Ontario. During 2009, a few Loblaws stores in Quebec were converted to Maxi & Cie in Montréal-Nord and Laval. Official website
Cap-de-la-Madeleine is a former city in Quebec, Canada at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice River and the St. Lawrence River, it was amalgamated into the City of Trois-Rivières in 2002. Population 33,022. Cap-de-la-Madeleine was founded March 20, 1651; the establishment was named by Jacques de La Ferté, abbot of Sainte-Madeleine de Châteaudun in France. The city is famous for Basilique Notre-Dame du Cap, dedicated to Our Lady of the Cape; the Basilica receives thousands of visitors each year. Pilgrims are drawn to the site because it is considered to be the place where two miracles were performed by the Blessed Virgin Mary, the first being the Miracle of the Ice Bridge and the other being the Miracle of the Eyes; the first official pilgrimage occurred in 1883 and consisted of 150 people who traveled to the location by foot. The site is considered the first pilgrimage site excluding Mexico. During World War II the Royal Canadian Air Force built and operated No. 11 Elementary Flying Training School as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan in Cap-de-la-Madelaine.
The school opened on 14 October 1940 and closed on 11 February 1944. The airfield was located in what is now a residential area of near rue Saint Maurice and rue de Grandmont.46°23′00″N 072°31′00″WThe inhabitants call themselves Madelinois and Madelinoise. Fort Saint-François: built 1660 and late abandoned with no visible traces remaining on what is now Notre dame du Cap Sanctuary Fort du Moulin-à-Vent: built between 1649 and 1653. Cap-de-la-Madeleine, cité mystique de Marie, Trois-Rivières, Imprimerie Saint-Joseph, 1937, 213 pages. François De Lagrave, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 1651-2001. Une ville d'une singulière destinée, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Éditions of Template:350e of Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 2002, 1288 p. Album-souvenir des fêtes du Template:50e de la paroisse Saint-Lazare Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 1927-1977, 1977, 125 p. Marie-Hélène Campagna, Louis-Pierre Légaré et Amilie Picard, Inventaire architectural. Cap-de-la-Madeleine. Rues Fusey et Sainte-Madeleine, Département d'aménagement, Université Laval, avril 1997, 38 p. Martin Dubois and Anne-Marie Bussières, Patrimoine du centre-ville de Cap-de-la-Madeleine.
Historique des propriétés. Rues Fusey, Saint-Laurent et Sainte-Madeleine. Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Rues principales de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, janvier 1999, 97 p. Martin Dubois et Anne-Marie Bussières, Patrimoine du centre-ville de Cap-de-la-Madeleine. Guide d'intervention, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Main streets of Cap-de-la-Madeleine, January 1999, 76 p. Yannick Gendron, Grandes gens, petites histoires, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 1651-2001, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Corporation des fêtes du Template:350e de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 2001, 104 p. Répertoire des édifices anciens Historique des noms de rues de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Corporation des fêtes du Template:350e de Cap-de-la-Madeleine, 2001, 138 p. Patri-Arch, Inventaire du patrimoine bâti de la ville de Trois-Rivières, Secteur Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Trois-Rivières, City of Trois-Rivières, 2010, 85 pages. Cap-de-la-Madeleine 1673-1920 - Répertoire de mariages, publication no. C002, published by "Le Club de généalogie de Longueuil", 1986, 105 p
No Frills (grocery store)
No Frills is a Canadian chain of deep discount supermarkets, owned by Loblaw Companies Limited, a subsidiary of George Weston Limited. There are over 200 franchise stores located in nine Canadian provinces – Ontario, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador; the first No Frills store – a converted Loblaws outlet slated for closure – was launched in East York, Toronto, on July 5, 1978. While it offered a limited range of goods and only the most basic customer service, the store promoted discount prices; the opening of the prototype outlet coincided with a period of rising inflation rates and consumer complaints regarding the high price of food. Similar limited variety supermarkets had been in operation in Europe for a number of years and in some countries had captured significant market share. Months earlier, Loblaw had launched a line of generic products called "No Name" that consisted of 16 unbranded items in basic yellow and black packaging.
The new line was promoted as offering savings of between 10 and 40 percent over comparable national brands. As No Name sales exceeded the company's own projections, Loblaws Supermarkets president Dave Nichol predicted the day when "limited line stores" would offer a complete assortment of No Name groceries While the first No Frills featured the new generic product line, most items were still national brands. Though the European model offered dry goods, Loblaw promoted "fresh produce at the lowest possible price" as a way of attracting customers. In order to reduce costs as much as possible, No Frills customers had to forego some of the conveniences that North American supermarket shoppers had come to expect. Customers were required to pack their own groceries as well as bring their own shopping bags or pay three cents for each; the prototype store had only four checkout counters and operated on a "low labour" principle of minimal staffing. Product displays were purely functional with items left in their cardboard boxes with the front cut away.
Produce washed and stacked, was left unwashed in its shipping carton. The original store did not offer fresh meat since refrigeration units had been removed in order to cut costs and instead of the 8,000 items carried by the average supermarket, only 500 were available represented by one brand and in only one size. Instead of each item individually marked, prices were displayed overhead and customers provided with a price list. Cashiers, who underwent three weeks of training, were required to memorize all prices throughout the store. Meanwhile, Loblaws president Dave Nichol promoted the minimalism of the new operations as a way to save money in a difficult economy. "We took all the frills out."In spite of the limited product selection and minimal customer service, the first No Frills store, which advertised "the lowest overall food prices in Toronto", proved successful from the initial launch. Opening day drew more shoppers. While some first day customers complained about the added inconveniences, most said they didn't mind and were pleased with the money they saved.
With the successful launch of the prototype store, Loblaw began converting a number of its older, more marginal outlets to the new discount format. Within a few months, the company had three No Frills stores in operation in Toronto, located at Victoria Park Ave. and St. Clair Ave. E. Bathurst St. and Lawrence Ave. W. and Yonge St. and Finch Ave. During the 1980s, the chain expanded beyond the greater Toronto area. By 1988, there were 19 No Frills stores located in Ontario." A year earlier, Loblaw began converting the outlets from company owned stores to franchise operations. The number of stores more than doubled to 48 by 1994. By the late 1990s, that number had increased to 79 outlets; the new franchise operations displayed the name of the owner, such as "Joe's nofrills" or "Derek's nofrills". While most No Frills stores were former Loblaws locations, the company acquired some outlets including three former Knob Hill Farm supermarkets in Toronto, after that chain closed all of its stores in 2001 in the face of increasing competition.
In 2007, Loblaw began expanding No Frills beyond Ontario, first into Western Canada, into Atlantic Canada. Presently, No Frills stores are much more like conventional supermarkets but continue to feature deep discount prices. Items are left in their cardboard shipping boxes but are arranged on store shelves and produce is conventionally displayed. While the original No Frills outlets stocked only the most basic products, today's stores offer a wide array of items and brands that include Loblaw's own private or'control label' products. No Name, still featured, has expanded from the original 16 items to more than 2,900 and the company's premium "President's Choice" line is available on store shelves; the range of services has expanded with some outlets that offer fresh meat and fish counters. Frozen food sections, excluded from the original stores due to the cost of refrigeration, are now standard. Other features remain unchanged, with No Frills customers still required to pack their own groceries and bring their own shopping bags or pay 5 cents per bag.
Loblaw's other major supermarket chain, has been moved upmarket and features exclusive amenities not found in No Frills such as a bakery and fresh prepared-counter all in-store. Some Loblaws stores have been converted into No Frills in affluent neighbourhoods l
Dominion Stores (Newfoundland)
Dominion Stores is the primary brand name of the major-market supermarkets of Loblaw Companies Limited in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Dominion brand name is used under licence from Metro Inc. which discontinued the Dominion banner in the rest of Canada in late 2008 and has no other affiliation with the Newfoundland stores. The chain began as Ayre's Supermarkets, a division of local department store chain Sons, it was acquired by Argus Corporation via Dominion Stores Ltd. in 1963 adopting the Dominion brand. Following the sale of Dominion to A&P Canada, the Newfoundland operations were resold to local owners in 1987 and subsequently merged with two smaller local chains; the newly-amalgamated parent company was named Amalco Foods, but the combined chain's brand name remained "Dominion". Loblaw acquired the Dominion chain in Newfoundland in 1995, soon after began implementing its own private-label products and store designs at these locations. Dominion's traditional "Big D" logo was replaced with a derivative of the Loblaws logo, rotated to look like a D instead of an L. Renovated Dominion stores have changed the orientation of the logo to match the Loblaws logo, but Loblaws stated that it would continue to use the Dominion brand in the region.
In all respects other than name, the majority of Dominion stores in Newfoundland operate with the same appearance and format as the company's flagship Loblaws and Atlantic Superstore supermarkets, its newest St. John's area locations are similar in format to the Loblaw-owned Real Canadian Superstore. Since 2002, these locations have in fact been operated as part of the Atlantic Superstore unit, with nearly identical advertising campaigns, including the "Prices you can trust" slogan used by both Atlantic Superstore and Real Canadian Superstore. Nonetheless, Loblaw has not indicated any plans to discontinue its use of the Dominion banner. In the past few years, the chain has relocated or consolidated a number of locations into the "market" or superstore formats. Whereas there were six locations in the early 2000s in St. John's proper, there are now only three Dominion stores in the city, none built before 2000; this transition culminated with the opening of a Dominion on the site of the former Memorial Stadium in St. John's in 2007.
Coincident with that opening, two medium-size locations in the east end of St. John's were closed, while a third was converted to a SaveEasy; as a result, it is believed that all Dominion stores in the province have now been transitioned to the newer formats. Since SaveEasy in Churchill Square has now closed and the building is vacant. Most of the previous Newfoundland Drive / Torbay Road location is now occupied by a Coleman’s store, with a Bank of Montreal branch occupying the remaining space. In 2018, ten Dominion stores across the province were selected by the Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation to operate licensed cannabis retail outlets. List of supermarkets Loblaws Official website
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire and New York. It shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by its second-largest administrative division, it is and politically considered to be part of Central Canada. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario, it is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, Gaspé regions.
The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. In central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace and communication technologies and the pharmaceutical industry play leading roles.
These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows" referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. Early variations in the spelling of the name included Kébec. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France; the province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province". The Province of Quebec was founded in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 after the Treaty of Paris formally transferred the French colony of Canada to Britain after the Seven Years' War; the proclamation restricted the province to an area along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the province to include the Great Lakes and the Ohio River Valley and south of Rupert's Land, more or less restoring the borders existing under French rule before the Conquest of 1760.
The Treaty of Paris ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada and Upper Canada, with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada; this territory was redivided into the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario at Confederation in 1867. Each became one of the first four provinces. In 1870, Canada purchased Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and over the next few decades the Parliament of Canada transferred to Quebec portions of this territory that would more than triple the size of the province. In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples; this was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.
In 1927, the border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was established by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Quebec disputes this boundary. Located in the eastern part of Canada, part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of, sparsely populated, its topography is different from one region to another due to the varying composition of the ground, the climate, the proximity to water. The Saint Lawrence Lowland and the Appalachians are the two main topographic regions in southern Quebec, while the Canadian Shield occupies most of central and northern Quebec. Quebec has one of the world's largest reserves of fresh water, occupying 12% of its surface, it has 3 % of the world's renewable fresh water. Mor