click links in text for more info

Maxine McKew

Maxine Margaret McKew is a former Australian politician and journalist. Between 2007 and 2010, she was the member of the House of Representatives for the Division of Bennelong, New South Wales; until 2007, the seat was held by the Prime Minister John Howard, the member for 33 years. She was only the second person to unseat a sitting Australian prime minister since Jack Holloway defeated Stanley Bruce in 1929. At the 2010 Federal election she lost her seat to John Alexander. Before entering politics, McKew was an award-winning broadcast journalist, she hosted a number of programmes on Australian Broadcasting Corporation television and radio, most Lateline and The 7.30 Report. McKew grew up in Brisbane, Queensland where her father, Bryan McKew, was a boilermaker; when McKew was five, her mother Elaine died, McKew was sent to live with her grandparents for three years. McKew and her sister Margo moved to Moorooka to live with their father. McKew lives in the Sydney suburb of Epping with her partner, former ALP National Secretary Bob Hogg.

McKew is Roman Hogg is divorced. McKew had indicated active plans to move into the electorate of Bennelong, before doing so in March 2007. On 3 March 2007, allegations of death threats against McKew were reported. There has been speculation that attempts to tamper with her car were by car thieves looking for spare parts rather than by politically motivated individuals. After graduating from high school, she attended university before dropping out and living in London for two years, she supported herself with a variety of temporary jobs, including relief typing at a London BBC office. A letter requesting a job—written by McKew on BBC letterhead paper—was rewarded with a cadetship at the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in Brisbane in 1974 following a brief stint as a news analyst at the investment bank Goldman Sachs. In 1976 she moved on to host a local current affairs program. McKew appeared as herself in the eighth episode of the first series, in the sixth episode of the second series of the Australia television series The Games.

In over 30 years working at the ABC, McKew worked as a presenter on the 7:30 Report and Lateline, worked on The Carleton-Walsh Report, AM, PM, The Bottom Line. McKew was honoured for her broadcasting work with a Logie award, for her journalism by a Walkley Award. In October 2006 she announced that she was leaving the ABC saying "This is more than the end of my broadcasting career". From 1999 to 2004 she wrote Lunch with Maxine McKew, a column for The Bulletin, a weekly magazine, based on her interviews with prominent Australians. McKew elicited newsworthy revelations from her subjects, was named by The Australian Financial Review as "one of the top ten exercisers of covert power in Australia". Following her election as the member for Bennelong in 2007, the Canberra Times had a photo of McKew in a Basic Instinct moment, referring to the scene where Sharon Stone was not wearing underwear. 1998 Walkley Award for Broadcast Interviewing for her work on Lateline 1999 Logie Award for Most Outstanding News-Public Affairs Broadcaster Named as "Columnist of the Year" by the Magazine Publishers Association in 2003.

McKew was reported to have been a possible Labor candidate for the safe federal seat of Fowler at both the 2001 and 2004 elections. In 2004, it was the Labor leader Mark Latham who attempted to lure McKew with preselection to the western Sydney seat. Latham recorded in his diary that his efforts failed because the broadcaster would not move from her home in Mosman to Labor's outer-suburban heartland, an area which he represented as the Member for Werriwa, while McKew told ABC Radio that a big factor in her 2003 decision was that she regarded the party as being without direction at the time. McKew had been approached by John Hewson in the past to join the Liberal Party. After resigning from the ABC in December 2006, McKew joined the Australian Labor Party in January 2007 as a special adviser on strategy to Labor leader Kevin Rudd; the Australian reported in early February that McKew was again in contention to gain preselection for the Division of Fowler, a safe Labor seat held by Julia Irwin who had supported Kim Beazley in the December leadership ballot.

However the article stated that a Labor source had suggested that a different seat was possible. On 25 February Rudd's office confirmed that McKew would run against Prime Minister John Howard in the Division of Bennelong at the election, McKew announced that she and Hogg were selling their Mosman home; the seat had once been a Liberal stronghold, but it had shifted to Labor in recent years. Howard had held the seat since 1974, but in two out of the three elections he had fought since becoming prime minister, he'd needed to go to preferences to win another term in his own seat. McKew outlined her position on issues such as the environment and women in The Bulletin in mid-2007. Following a redistribution in 2006, the marginal Liberal seat had become more so, with Labor needing a swing of 4 percent to win it; this placed Bennelong just on the edge of seats that would fall to Labor in the event it won government. How

Ċ entjur na Polju

Šentjur na Polju is a small village on the left bank of the Sava River in the Municipality of Sevnica in central Slovenia. The area is part of the historical region of Styria; the municipality is now included in the Lower Sava Statistical Region. The name of the settlement was changed from Sveti Jurij pri Loki to Šentjur na Polju in 1955; the local church from which the settlement gets its name is dedicated to Saint George and belongs to the Parish of Loka pri Zidanem Mostu. It is a medieval building with a Romanesque floor plan, restyled in the Baroque in the 17th century. Šentjur na Polju at Geopedia

Zand tribe

The Zand tribe was a tribe of Lak origin, a branch of Lurs who may have been Kurdish, though there isn't enough evidence to suggest such a thing as fact. The Zands were concentrated on the villages of Pari and Kamazan in the Malayer district, but were found roaming in the central Zagros ranges and the countryside of Hamadan; the tribe is most known for their member, Karim Khan Zand, who founded the Zand dynasty, ruling from 1751 till his death in 1779. His death was followed by internal conflicts for his succession which resulted in the weakening of the dynasty, ending with the defeat of Karim Khan's nephew Lotf Ali Khan by the Qajar ruler Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar; the tribe was known as one of the few where women fought alongside their husbands. Perry, John R.. "Karim Khan Zand". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XV, Fasc. 6. Pp. 561–564. Perry, John R.. "Zand dynasty". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XV, Fasc. 6. Perry, John. "The Zand dynasty". The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 7: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 1–63. ISBN 9780521200950. Feyli

Sforza Castle

Sforza Castle is in Milan, northern Italy. It was built in the 15th century by Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, on the remnants of a 14th-century fortification. Renovated and enlarged, in the 16th and 17th centuries it was one of the largest citadels in Europe. Extensively rebuilt by Luca Beltrami in 1891–1905, it now houses several of the city's museums and art collections; the original construction was ordered by local lord Galeazzo II Visconti in 1358–c. 1370. His successors Gian Galeazzo, Giovanni Maria and Filippo Maria Visconti enlarged it, until it became a square-plan castle with 200 m-long sides, four towers at the corners and up to 7-metre-thick walls; the castle was the main residence in the city of its Visconti lords, was destroyed by the short-lived Golden Ambrosian Republic which ousted them in 1447. In 1450, Francesco Sforza, once he shattered the republicans, began reconstruction of the castle to turn it into his princely residence. In 1452 he hired sculptor and architect Filarete to design and decorate the central tower, still known as Torre del Filarete.

After Francesco's death, the construction was continued by his son Galeazzo Maria, under architect Benedetto Ferrini. The decoration was executed by local painters. In 1476, during the regency of Bona of Savoy, the tower with her name was built. In 1494 Ludovico Sforza became lord of Milan, called numerous artists to decorate the castle; these include Leonardo da Bramante, who painted frescoes in the Sala del Tesoro. Around 1498, Leonardo worked at the ceiling of the Sala delle Asse, painting decorations of vegetable motifs. In the following years, the castle was damaged by assaults from Italian and German troops. After the French victory in the 1515 Battle of Marignano, the defeated Maximilian Sforza, his Swiss mercenaries, the cardinal-bishop of Sion retreated into the castle. However, King Francis I of France followed them into Milan, his sappers placed mines under the castle's foundations, whereupon the defenders capitulated. In 1521, in a period in which it was used as a weapons depot, the Torre del Filarete exploded.

When Francesco II Sforza returned to power in Milan, he had the fortress restored and enlarged, a part of it adapted as residence for his wife, Christina of Denmark. Under the Spanish domination which followed, the castle became a citadel, as the governor's seat was moved to the Ducal Palace, its garrison varied from 1,000 to 3,000 men, led by a Spanish castellan. In 1550 works began to adapt the castle to modern fortification style, as a hexagonal star fort, following the addition of 12 bastions; the external fortifications covered an area of 25.9 hectares. The castle remained in use as a fort after the Spaniards were replaced by the Austrians in Lombardy. Most of the outer fortifications were demolished during the period of Napoleonic rule in Milan under the Cisalpine Republic; the semi-circular Piazza Castello was constructed around the city side of the castle, surrounded by a radial street layout of new urban blocks bounded by the Foro Buonoparte. The area on the "country" side of the castle was laid out as a 700-by-700-metre square parade ground known as Piazza d'Armi.

After the unification of Italy in the 19th century, the castle was transferred from military use to the city of Milan. Parco Sempione, one of the largest parks in the city, was created on the former parade grounds; the government of Milan undertook restoration works, directed by Luca Beltrami. The Via Dante was cut through the medieval street layout in the 1880s to provide a direct promenade between the castle and the Duomo on axis with the main gate; the central tower, known as the Torre Filarete, above the main city entrance was rebuilt, on the basis of 16th-century drawings, between 1900 and 1905 as a monument to King Umberto I. Allied bombardment of Milan in 1943 during World War II damaged the castle; the post-war reconstruction of the building for museum purposes was undertaken by the BBPR architectural partnership. The castle has a quadrangular plan, on a site across the city's walls; the wall which once faced the countryside has an ogival gate. This was once accessed through a drawbridge.

The northern tower is known as Torre della Corte, while the western one is called"Torre del Tesoro: both received wide windows during the Sforza age. The corner defended by the Torre Ducale is characterized by a loggia bridge, attributed to Bramante, commissioned by Ludovico Sforza in the late 15th century to connect the Corte Ducale and the Cortile della Ghirlanda; this ghirlanda refers to a wall, protected by a ditch filled by water, built under Francesco Sforza, of which few traces remain today, including the Porta del Soccorso. Remains of two ravelins can be seen in correspondence of the point in which the castle was joined by the city walls and the Porta del Carmine; the Porta della Ghirlanda gate was entered through a ravelin and had two entrances accessed through runways, on which lead to an underground passage which continued along the walls. The external side which once faced the walled city has two round towers, commissioned by Francesco Sforza to replace the former square ones, which had become less suitable to defend against fire weapons.


St Neots Rowing Club

St Neots Rowing Club is a British Rowing affiliated club in the town of St Neots, situated on a beautiful 4 km section of the River Great Ouse. It was founded in 1865. Training for competitive rowing is believed to have started in St Neots in 1865 with the first recorded open regatta held on August Bank Holiday in 1874, they were successful and popular events and continued annually until 1882. St Neots Rowing Club is one of the most successful clubs in the country for producing junior international rowers; the Club has provided a member of the Great Britain squad for the World Junior Championships ten times – winning two gold medals and two bronze medals. In 2010, Bethany Astell and Philippa Neill both won a gold medal in the Women’s Eight at the World Junior Championships, taking the club’s count of world champions to three; the Club’s first world champion, Jacqui Round, came about when she won gold in the Women’s Eight at the World Under-23 Championships in 2009. Jacqui had competed at another two World Under-23 Championships prior to her victory in 2009, winning a bronze medal in 2008.

Jacqui won two gold medals at the Youth Olympics. This feat was repeated a couple of years by Jo Fitzsimons at the same venue. On top of this, St Neots have provided eleven rowers for the Great Britain squad in the annual GB vs France J16 Match, 21 rowers for crews in the Home Countries International, including five winning gold medals in 2009. SNRC has a large boathouse The Club rows on a 4 km stretch of the River Great Ouse and races in eights, quads, doubles and single sculls with a fleet of excellent racing shells and several training boats. British Rowing Official website

Eschenmoser fragmentation

The Eschenmoser fragmentation, first published in 1967, is the chemical reaction of α,β-epoxyketones with aryl sulfonylhydrazines to give alkynes and carbonyl compounds. The reaction is named after the Swiss chemist Albert Eschenmoser, who devised it in collaboration with an industrial research group of Günther Ohloff, applied it to the production of muscone and related macrocyclic musks; the reaction is sometimes known as the Eschenmoser–Ohloff fragmentation or the Eschenmoser–Tanabe fragmentation as Masato Tanabe independently published an article on the reaction the same year. The general formula of the fragmentation using p-toluenesulfonylhydrazide is: Several examples exist in the literature, the reaction is carried out on industrial scale; the mechanism of the Eschenmoser fragmentation begins with the condensation of an α,β-epoxyketone with an aryl sulfonylhydrazine to afford the intermediate hydrazone. This hydrazone can either be protonated at the epoxide oxygen or deprotonated at the sulfonamide nitrogen to initiate the fragmentation, thus the fragmentation is catalyzed by acids or bases.

Most common reaction conditions, are treatment with acetic acid in dichloromethane. The proton transfer leads to intermediate, which undergoes the key fragmentation to alkyne and the corresponding carbonyl compound; the driving force for the reaction is the formation of stable molecular nitrogen. There is a radical variant of this α,β-enone to alkynone fragmentation in which no epoxide is required. 1,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin in sec-butanol with the appropriate p-tolylhydrazone has been used to prepare exaltone and muscone. The α,β-unsaturated hydrazone is brominated by DBDMH in the allylic position, leading to a captodatively stabilized radical, the bromide ion becomes the leaving group in the subsequent nucleophilic attack by an alcoholate ion; this Fehr–Ohloff–Büchi variant of the Eschenmoser–Ohloff fragramentation in which an epoxidation step is avoided is suited to sterically-demanding substrates where low yields result from classical Eschenmoser fragmentation. A related fragmentation has been reported, employing diazirine derivatives of cyclic α,β-epoxyketones.

Grob fragmentation Wharton reaction Shapiro reaction