The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist and political movement which grew out of student protests in Beijing on 4 May 1919. Students protested against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles allowing Japan to retain territories in Shandong, surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao in 1914; the demonstrations sparked nation-wide protests and spurred an upsurge of Chinese nationalism, a shift towards political mobilization and away from cultural activities, a move towards a mass base and away from traditional intellectual and political elites. Many radical and social leaders of the next five decades emerged at this time; the term "May Fourth Movement" in a broader sense refers to the period during 1915–1921 more called the New Culture Movement. "The atmosphere and political mood that emerged around 1919," in the words of Oxford University historian Rana Mitter, "are at the centre of a set of ideas that has shaped China's momentous twentieth century."
The Qing dynasty had disintegrated in 1911, marking the end of thousands of years of powerful imperial rule, theoretically ushered a new era in which political power rested with the people. However, China became a fragmented nation dominated by warlords, who were more concerned with political power and regional armies than national interest. After the death of Yuan Shikai in 1916, the government in Beijing focused on suppressing internal dissent and could do little to counter foreign influence and control; the March 1st Movement in Korea in 1919, the Russian Revolution of 1917, defeats by foreign powers and the presence of spheres of influence inflamed Chinese nationalism among the emerging middle class and cultural leaders. Leaders of the New Culture Movement believed that traditional Confucian values were responsible for the political weakness of the nation. Chinese nationalists called for a rejection of traditional values and the adoption of Western ideals of "Mr. Science" and "Mr. Democracy" in place of "Mr. Confucius" in order to strengthen the new nation.
These iconoclastic and anti-traditional views and programs have shaped China's politics and culture down until the present. China had entered World War I on the side of the Allied Triple Entente in 1917. Although in that year 140,000 Chinese labourers were sent to France, the Versailles Treaty of April 1919 awarded German rights in Shandong Province to Japan; the representatives of the Chinese government put forth the following requests: abolition of all privileges of foreign powers in China, such as extraterritoriality cancelling of the "Twenty-One Demands" with the Japanese return to China of the territory and rights of Shandong, which Japan had taken from Germany during World War I. The Western Allies dominated the meeting at Versailles, paid little heed to Chinese demands. Britain and France were interested in punishing Germany. Although the United States promoted Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points and the ideals of self-determination, they were unable to advance these ideals in the face of stubborn resistance by David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and the U.
S. Congress. American advocacy of self-determination at the League of Nations was attractive to Chinese intellectuals, but their failure to follow through was seen as a betrayal. Chinese diplomatic failure at the Paris Peace Conference touched off the May Fourth Movement, became known as the "Shandong Problem". On the morning of 4 May 1919, student representatives from thirteen different local universities met in Beijing and drafted five resolutions: to oppose the granting of Shandong to the Japanese under former German concessions. To draw and increase awareness of China's precarious position to the masses in China. To recommend a large-scale gathering in Beijing. To promote the creation of a Beijing student union. To hold a demonstration that afternoon in protest to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. On the afternoon of May 4 over 4,000 students of Yenching University, Peking University and other schools marched from many points to gather in front of Tiananmen, they shouted such slogans as "struggle for the sovereignty externally, get rid of the national traitors at home", "do away with the Twenty-One Demands", "don't sign the Versailles Treaty".
They voiced their anger at the Allied betrayal of China, denounced the government's spineless inability to protect Chinese interests, called for a boycott of Japanese products. Demonstrators insisted on the resignation of three Chinese officials they accused of being collaborators with the Japanese. After burning the residences of these officials and beating some of their servants, student protesters were arrested and beaten; the next day, students in Beijing as a whole went on strike and in the larger cities across China, patriotic merchants, workers joined protests. The demonstrators skillfully appealed to the newspapers and sent representatives to carry the word across the country. From early June and businessmen in Shanghai went on strike as the center of the movement shifted from Beijing to Shanghai. Chancellors from thirteen universities arranged for the release of student prisoners, Cai Yuanpei, the principal of Peking University resigned in protest. Newspapers, citizen societies, chambers of commerce offered support for the students.
Merchants threatened to withhold tax payments. In Shanghai, a general strike of merchants and workers nearly devastated the entire Chinese economy. Under intense public pressure, the Beijing government released the arrested students and dismissed Cao Rulin, Zhang Zongxiang and Lu Zongyu that ha
Recess Christmas: Miracle on Third Street is a second direct-to-video animated film released by Walt Disney Pictures and Paul & Joe Productions, produced by Walt Disney Television Animation, Plus One Animation Co. Ltd. and Grimsaem Animation, Korea Co. Ltd. released to VHS on November 6, 2001. It is a direct-to-video compilation of four unrelated episodes of the Recess TV series: "Principal for a Day", "The Great Can Drive", "Weekend at Muriel’s", the series' Christmas special "Yes, Santa Does Shave", it was followed by two more direct-to-video Recess films in 2003: Recess: Taking the Fifth Grade, Recess: All Growed Down. Prickly and Finster head home during a snowstorm and remember the times with T. J. and the gang. When they get stuck in a snowbank, Prickly blames it on T. J. and the gang, although Grotke says there is a logical explanation, considering that T. J. and the kids are not around the snowbank. As Grotke and Finster tell their stories about their experiences with T. J. and the gang, they are rescued, from where they are trapped, by T.
J. and the gang, Prickly admits T. J. and the others aren't so bad, to which Finster agrees, saying that telling the stories about the kids makes her feel more warm and fuzzy than before. The film ends with T. J. and the gang singing their version of "Jingle Bells", describing their teachers. Andrew Lawrence as T. J. Detweiler Ross Malinger as T. J Detweiler Rickey D'Shon Collins as Vince LaSalle Ashley Johnson as Gretchen Grundler Courtland Mead as Gus Griswald Jason Davis as Mikey Blumberg Robert Goulet as Mikey Blumberg's singing voice Pamela Segall Adlon as Spinelli Erik von Detten as Erwin Lawson Allyce Beasley as Miss Alordayne Grotkey April Winchell as Muriel P. Finster Dabney Coleman as Principal Prickly Ryan O'Donohue as Randall Weems/Kid 1 James Earl Jones as Santa Claus/ Mister Dick Clark as himself appears in Christmas episode "Recess: Miracle on 3rd Street" Review Recess Christmas: Miracle on Third Street at The Big Cartoon DataBase Recess Christmas: Miracle on Third Street on IMDb
An ecclesiastical decoration is an order or a decoration conferred by a head of a church. Patriarchal Order of the Holy Cross of Jerusalem founded in 1979 by the Melkite Greek Catholic Church Order of Saint Ignatius of Antioch founded in 1985 the Syriac Catholic ChurchBoth are recognised as legitimate ecclesiastical decorations by the International Commission on Orders of Chivalry: he Commission accepts that these Ecclesiastical Decorations possess full validity as awards of merit or honours within the respective Churches which have instituted them. Jerusalem Pilgrim's Cross, established in 1901, conferred in the name of the Sovereign Pontiff at the office of the Custody of the Holy Land of the Order of Friars Minor in Jerusalem, Israel Cross of Honour of the Abbot of Lilienfeld, founded in 1980, of the Abbot of Lilienfeld, Austria Order of Saint Nicholas, a regional lay order founded in 1991 by Bishop Ignatius Ghattas of the Melkite Greek Catholic Eparchy of Newton Medal, Great Cross, Golden Order of the Maronite General Council of the Maronite Church Cross of São Tomé of the Roman Catholic Diocese of São Tomé and Príncipe in São Tomé and Príncipe The Order of Saint Michael, could be said to have had shared traits of an ecclesiastical decoration, as awarded by the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne.
Expanding Reason of the Joseph Ratzinger Foundation, established in 2017. Several autocephalous churches of the Eastern Orthodox communion award ecclesiastical decorations, including: The Archons of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, honours awarded to laity by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople; the archons are organized in two orders: The "Order of Saint Andrew" for Archons subject to the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America The "Brotherhood of the Most Holy Lady Pammakaristos" for the rest of the world The Byzantine Order of the Holy Sepulchre, awarded by the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem. The Order of Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, awarded by the Russian Orthodox Church; the Order of Saint Righteous Grand Duke Dmitry Donskoy, awarded by the Russian Orthodox Church for spiritual merits on the military service. The Order of St. Sava, awarded by the Serbian Orthodox Church since 1985; this decoration revives an order of merits awarded from 1883 to 1945 by the Kingdom of Serbia, the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
The Order of Kantakuzina Katarina Branković, honor given by the Metropolitanate of Zagreb and Ljubljana, a jurisdiction of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Croatia and Italy. The Order of the Holy Lamb, awarded by the Finnish Orthodox Church; the Order of Bishop Platon, awarded by the Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church. In addition to the Lambeth degree, the Archbishop of Canterbury awards the following to recognise outstanding service in various fields. Archbishop of Canterbury's Award for Outstanding Service to the Anglican Communion Cross of St Augustine for Services to the Anglican Communion Lambeth Cross for Ecumenism Canterbury Cross for Services to the Church of England Archbishop's Awards for ministry priority areas Dunstan Award for Prayer and the Religious Life Hubert Walter Award for Reconciliation and Interfaith Cooperation Alphege Award for Evangelism and Witness Lanfranc Award for Education and Scholarship Langton Award for Community Service Cranmer Award for Worship Honourable Order of Jerusalem, the highest distinction presented by the World Methodist Council Ecclesiastical award List of ecclesiastical decorations
Dale P. Cruikshank is an astronomer and planetary scientist in the Astrophysics Branch at NASA Ames Research Center, his research specialties are spectroscopy and radiometry of planets and small bodies in the Solar System. These small bodies include comets, planetary satellites, dwarf planets, objects in the region beyond Neptune, he uses spectroscopic observations made with ground-based and space-based telescopes, as well as interplanetary spacecraft, to identify and study the ices and organic materials that compose the surfaces of planets and small bodies. Together with several colleagues, Cruikshank has found many kinds of ice on several small planetary bodies; these include frozen CH4, N2, CO, CO2, H2O on Neptune's satellite Triton, CH4, N2, CO on Pluto, H2O on Pluto's satellite Charon, H2O ice on many of the moons of Saturn and Uranus, H2O and CH3OH on the Centaur object 5145 Pholus. In studies with the Cassini spacecraft, he and his colleagues have found hydrocarbons on several of Saturn's satellites.
Cruikshank gained a B. S. in Physics at Iowa State University and finished his graduate studies with a Ph. D. degree at the University of Arizona in the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory as a student of Gerard Kuiper in 1968. After a year in the USSR as a National Academy of Sciences exchange scientist, he returned to Arizona for a year, moved to the University of Hawaii in mid-1970; as an astronomer at the Institute for Astronomy, he helped with the development of Mauna Kea as one of the most important observatory sites in the world, used the many telescopes there for his observational studies of the bodies in the Solar System. Cruikshank joined NASA in 1988. Cruikshank is a member of the International Astronomical Union. On IAU Commission 16 he served as Secretary, Vice-President, President, he is a member of the American Astronomical Society and its Division for Planetary Sciences. He served as a member of the DPS Committee, Vice-Chair, Chair, he is a Fellow of a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union.
Cruikshank has served on numerous NASA review panels and committees of both NASA and the National Research Council. He was the Chair of the Primitive Bodies Panel of the first Solar System Decadal Survey, served on the Steering Committee of the second Solar System Decadal Survey; the report of the second decadal survey was published in 2011, with the title, "Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022". In 1988, asteroid 3531 Cruikshank was named after him by the International Astronomical Union, recognizing excellence in research on Solar System topics, the outreach for scientific exchange with the USSR. In 2006 he was awarded the Kuiper Prize of the Division for Planetary Sciences, American Astronomical Society. Stansberry, J. A.. The Albedo and Density of Binary Kuiper Belt Object 1999 TC36. ApJ. 643, 556. Brown, Robert H.. Available online. Bernstein, M. P.. Icarus Volume 181, Issue 1, March 2006, Pages 302-30 Available online. Brown, R. H.. Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 446, Issue 2, February I 2006, pp. 707–716.
Available online. Clark, R. N. and the Cassini VIMS Team. Compositional mapping of Saturn's moon Phoebe with imaging spectroscopy. Nature, 435, 66-69. Cruikshank, D. P. Barucci, M. A. Emery, J. P. Fernandez, Y. R. Grundy, W. G. Noll, K. S. and Stansberry, J. A. 2007. Physical Properties of Transneptunian Objects. In Protostars and Planets - V, B. Reipurth, D. Jewitt, K. Keil, eds. Univ. Arizona Press. 879-893. Chaban, G. M. Bernsterin, M. and Cruikshank, D. P. 2007. Carbon dioxide on planetary bodies: Theoretical and experimental studies of molecular complexes. Icarus 187, 592-599. Emery, J. P. Dalle Ore, C. M. Cruikshank, D. P. Fernandez, Y. R. Trilling, D. E. and Stransberry, J. A. 2007. Ices on Sedna: Confirmation and compositional constraints. Astron. Astrophys. 466, 395-398. Cruikshank, D. P. Dalton, J. B. Dalle Ore, C. Bauer, J. Stephan, K. et al.. 2007. Composition of Hyperion. Nature 448, 54-56. Grundy, W. M. Stansberry, J. A. Noll, K. S. Stephens, D. C. Trilling, D. E. Kern, S. D. Spencer, J. R. Cruikshank, D. P. and Levison, H. F. 2007.
The orbit, size and density of Ceto-Phorcys: A tidally evolved binary Centaur. Icarus 191, 286-297. Soderblom, L. et al.. 2007. Correlations between Cassini VIMS spectra and Radar SAR images: Implications for Titan's surface composition and the character of the Huygens probe landing site. Planet. Space Sci. 55, 2025-2036. Cruikshank, D. P. Wegryn, E. Dalle Ore, C. M. Brown, R. H. Baines, K. H. Bibring, J.-P. Burati, B. J. Clark, R. N. McCord, T. B. Nicholson, P. D. Pendleton, Y. J. Owen, T. C. Filacchione, G. Coradini, A. Cerroni, P. Capaccioni, F. Jaumann, R. Nelson, R. M. Baines, K. H
James H. Morrissey is an American politician who served as a Republican Assemblyman from California's 69th State Assembly district from 1994 to 1998. Born May 10, 1930 in New Rochelle, New York, his family moved to Tucson, Arizona in 1943. Morrissey joined the Air Force in 1947, he joined the Army Reserve. In 1956, Jim and his young family moved to California. Since 1960, he has been a resident of Orange County and has been a resident of Anaheim since 1978. Jim and his wife have fourteen grandchildren. Morrissey's first occupation die manufacturing, he moved into management where he became the president of Superior Jig, Inc. a producer of precision aerospace parts. Morrissey got into politics several years ago after his wife saw him yelling at a politician on the TV screen and suggested he stop complaining and try to make a change; the couple volunteered their time for Republican Party. Jim founded the Republican Small Business Association. Jim Morrissey served on the executive board of the Republican Central Committee of Orange County.
In 1995, the Legislature passed a Morrissey resolution calling for the release of Jimmy Tran, an American citizen being held as a political prisoner in Vietnam. Jim traveled to Vietnam at his own expense to try and win Tran's political freedom and that of nine other Vietnamese Americans. Morrissey said though the trip did not achieve its ultimate goal, but it brought attention to the cases of the Vietnamese-American prisoners
Dion Cools is a Belgian footballer who plays as a right back for FC Midtjylland in the Danish Superliga. Cools started his career with Tempo Overijse, he joined R. S. C. Anderlecht youth team in 2012. After a season, he moved to OH Leuven youth team in 2013, he signed his professional contract with OH Leuven in July 2014. On 31 January 2020, Cools signed a three-year contract with FC Midtjylland in the Danish Superliga. Cools was called up for 2015 UEFA European Under-19 Championship qualification by Belgian Under-19 national team coach, Gert Verheyen. Besides that, he is eligible to play for Malaysia through his mother's bloodline; as of match played 2 August 2017 Dion Cools at soccerstats247 Dion Cools at ultimatealeague Belgium profile at Belgian FA