The Mayan numeral system was the system to represent numbers and calendar dates in the Maya civilization. It was a vigesimal positional numeral system; the numerals are made up of three symbols. For example, thirteen is written as three dots in a horizontal row above two horizontal bars. With these three symbols each of the twenty vigesimal digits could be written. Numbers after 19 were written vertically in powers of twenty; the Mayan used powers of twenty, just as the Hindu–Arabic numeral system uses powers of tens. For example, thirty-three would be written as one dot, above three dots atop two bars; the first dot represents "one twenty" or "1×20", added to three dots and two bars, or thirteen. Therefore, + 13 = 33. Upon reaching 202 or 400, another row is started; the number 429 would be written as one dot above one dot above four dots and a bar, or + + 9 = 429. Other than the bar and dot notation, Maya numerals were sometimes illustrated by face type glyphs or pictures; the face glyph for a number represents the deity associated with the number.
These face number glyphs were used, are seen on some of the most elaborate monumental carving. Adding and subtracting numbers below 20 using Maya numerals is simple. Addition is performed by combining the numeric symbols at each level: If five or more dots result from the combination, five dots are removed and replaced by a bar. If four or more bars result, four bars are removed and a dot is added to the next higher row. With subtraction, remove the elements of the subtrahend symbol from the minuend symbol: If there are not enough dots in a minuend position, a bar is replaced by five dots. If there are not enough bars, a dot is removed from the next higher minuend symbol in the column and four bars are added to the minuend symbol, being worked on; the "Long Count" portion of the Maya calendar uses a variation on the vigesimal numbering. In the second position, only the digits up to 17 are used, the place value of the third position is not 20×20 = 400, as would otherwise be expected, but 18×20 = 360, so that one dot over two zeros signifies 360.
This is because 360 is the number of days in a year. Subsequent positions use all twenty digits and the place values continue as 18×20×20 = 7,200 and 18×20×20×20 = 144,000, etc; every known example of large numbers in the Maya system uses this'modified vigesimal' system, with the third position representing multiples of 18×20. It is reasonable to assume, but not proven by any evidence, that the normal system in use was a pure base-20 system. Several Mesoamerican cultures used similar numerals and base-twenty systems and the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar requiring the use of zero as a place-holder; the earliest long count date is from 36 BC. Since the eight earliest Long Count dates appear outside the Maya homeland, it is assumed that the use of zero and the Long Count calendar predated the Maya, was the invention of the Olmec. Indeed, many of the earliest Long Count dates were found within the Olmec heartland. However, the Olmec civilization had come to an end by the 4th century BC, several centuries before the earliest known Long Count dates—which suggests that zero was not an Olmec discovery.
Mayan numerals were added to the Unicode Standard in June, 2018 with the release of version 11.0. The Unicode block for Mayan Numerals is U+1D2E0–U+1D2FF: Maya numerals converter - online converter from decimal numeration to Maya numeral notation. Anthropomorphic Maya numbers - online story of number representations. BabelStone Mayan Numerals - free font for Unicode Mayan numeral characters
Piotta is a stage name of Tommaso Zanello, an Italian rapper. Piotta, which in Roman slang means "100 liras", became famous with his song "Supercafone" which describes the Coatto. Piotta's single "La Mossa del giaguaro" hit #15 on the Italian charts in 2000. Now considered a "veteran" of Italian hip hop, Piotta set up a record label, La grande onda, with a focus on emerging Italian musicians. In 2015 he worked with Afrika Bambaataa for his album "Nemici". Comunque vada sarà un successo, 1998 Comunque vada sarà un successo'99, 1999 Democrazia del microfono, 2000 La Grande Onda, 2002 Tommaso, 2004 Multi Culti, 2007 Sono Diverso, 2009 Odio gli indifferenti, 2012...senza Er, 2013 Interno 7 EP, 2018
PTV News Headlines: Today's News, Tomorrow's Headlines is an English late night news program of People's Television Network, airing weeknights from 9:30 to 10:30 PM PST and with replays on Tuesdays to Fridays from 6:00 to 7:00 AM PST. As part of programming changes brought about by the relaunch of PTV on June 28, 2017, the English edition of PTV News was rebranded as PTV News Headlines, following the launch of two more newscasts, Sentro Balita and Ulat Bayan, it was anchored by PTV News holdovers Richmond Cruz and Charms Espina. On January 2, 2020, Joee Guilas joined the newscast, replacing Cruz, who left on December 30, 2019. Charms Espina Joee Guilas Diane Querrer Catherine Vital Juliet Caranguian Naomi Tiburcio Mela Lesmoras Richmond Cruz Top Stories Malacañan Business News Foreign News The Nation PTV InfoWeather PAGASA-DOST Weather Update PTV Sports Jericho Aguiatan Bea Bernardo Louisa Erispe Mark Fetalco Allan Francisco Bernard Jaudian Jr. Patrick De Jesus Mica Ella Joson Ryan Lesigues Mela Lesmoras Daniel Amos Manalastas Kenneth Paciente Cleizl Pardilla Sandra Samala Eunice Samonte Stephanie Sevillano Naomi Tiburcio Karen Villanda
C. M. B. is the debut album by American recording act Color Me Badd, released July 23, 1991, on Giant Records. It was produced by several record producers, including Dr. Freeze, Nick Mundy, Howie Tee; the album received mixed reviews from critics who found the production and lyrics generic despite some decent vocal work. C. M. B. Peaked at number 3 on the US Billboard 200 and spawned seven singles: "I Wanna Sex You Up", "I Adore Mi Amor", "All 4 Love", "Color Me Badd", "Thinkin' Back", "Heartbreaker" and "Slow Motion"; the album was certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, denoting shipments of three million copies in the country. The album reached number three on the US Billboard 200, spending 77 weeks on the chart, shipped one million copies within its first two months of release in the United States, it charted at number three in the United Kingdom, it was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry on September 1, 1991, having shipped 100,000 copies in the UK.
It produced five US hit singles, "I Wanna Sex You Up", "I Adore Mi Amor", "All 4 Love", "Thinkin' Back", "Slow Motion". On July 15, 1992, C. M. B was certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, for shipments of three million copies in the US. Arion Berger of Entertainment Weekly gave the album a "C+" and criticized its content: "However decent C. M. B.'s intentions of turning street-corner harmonies into dance-floor grooves, nothing on their debut — not their four fine voices, glossy production, or titillating youthful smut — sounds honest". In his consumer guide for The Village Voice, critic Robert Christgau gave it a one-star honorable mention, indicating "a worthy effort consumers attuned to its overriding aesthetic or individual vision may well like". In a retrospective review of the album, AllMusic editor Alex Henderson gave C. M. B. four out of five stars and said that "most of the songs are pedestrian and generic", but wrote that it "does have its moments, including the hit slow jams'I Adore Mi Amor' and'I Wanna Sex You Up'".
Notes^ signifies a co-producer Credits for C. M. B. Adapted from AllMusic. C. M. B. at Discogs
LCI Melbourne is a higher education institute based in Collingwood, specialising in the design arts. A Government-recognised Higher Education Provider, it is one of only two Australian higher education institutions to deliver a Bachelor of Design Arts, offers major studies in Communication Design, Fashion & Costume Design, Filmmaking & Photography, Graphic & Digital Design, Interior Design and Visual Arts. LCI Melbourne is part of the global LCI Education Network, which encompasses 22 campuses specialising predominately in tertiary-level design education around the world. LCI Melbourne was inaugurated as the Australian Academy of the Arts in 1998, it was renamed to the Academy of Design Australia, has adopted the institutional business name of LCI Melbourne in January 2018. In 1999 the Academy was recognised by the Office of Training and Tertiary Education as a Registered Training Organisation, the following year it was included on the Commonwealth Register of Cultural Organisations. Between 2001 and 2006, the Academy delivered undergraduate and postgraduate degrees through an affiliation with Charles Sturt University.
After this it was registered as a Non-Self Accrediting Higher Education Institution, able to offer degrees in its own right. This coincided with the accreditation of the Bachelor of Design Arts, developed in association with the Australian Academy of the Arts, now offered by the Academy. In 2015, the Academy of Design Australia became the 22nd campus in the La Salle College International Education Network. From January 2016 - December 2017, the university was located in a temporary residence, shared with Melbourne Polytechnic on Otter Street, after residing in Port Melbourne for seventeen years. In January 2018, the Academy rebranded its business name as LCI Melbourne and retained its institutional name for TESQA registration and moved to a new, purpose built art and design education, permanent residence in Oxford Street, Collingwood in the heritage-listed Foy & Gibson warehouse. Students attending LCI Melbourne are able to join a study period abroad at any one of LCI Education Network's 21 other campuses.
LCI Melbourne has international study agreements with a number of international design institutions, including Utrecht School of the Arts, Northumbria University, Politecnico di Milano and Design Academy Eindhoven. Opened in January 2018, the LCI Melbourne campus is located in the heritage-listed Foy & Gibson warehouse precinct in Collingwood; the area is a well-known creative hub, surrounded by art galleries, fashion houses and design studios, which provide many local professional placement opportunities for students. The building was remodelled by Gray Puksand and features state-of-the-art facilities including a public art gallery, editing suites, industry-standard studios. All original features and materials of the building have been reused. Alumni include Michael Halford. In 2011 the Academy was invited to join Cumulus, the International Association of Universities and Colleges of Art and Media, it is only the fourth Australian institution to receive such recognition, the first non-Government funded institution.
LCI Melbourne website
Jamie Farndale is a Scottish rugby union player who plays for the Scotland national rugby sevens team in the World Rugby Sevens Series and Edinburgh Rugby in the Guinness Pro14. Farndale left school in 2011, where he lifted the Brewin Dolphin Scottish Schools' Cup for Edinburgh Academy at under-15 level in 2008 and the following year, for the Academy's under-18 side, he was part of the U18 runners up side in 2010. From leaving school, Farndale signed as an EDP with Edinburgh Rugby, became a mainstay of the international under-20 side from an early age, featuring in no fewer than three IRB Junior World Championships, he finished his final tournament as all-time top try-scorer. He captained the youth commonwealth games sevens team in 2011 who finished 4th. In the 2011–12 season he capped an impressive season by finishing as top try scorer in the 2012 JWC in South Africa. A leg break in October marred his attempts to add to his first senior competitive appearance in the last match of the 2011–12 season against Cardiff, however he returned in time for the 2013 World Championships in France, before going on to join the all-time leader board in 2014.
From 2015, Farndale joined the Scotland national sevens team and played in every tournament for the next two seasons, being awarded player of the season and making selection for the wider Olympic training squad at the end of the first. He was part of both teams that won in London in 2016 and 2017 and was part of the first Scottish team to beat a team from New Zealand, scoring 2 tries in the come back from 21-0 to win 24-21, he represented Edinburgh at under-16 level in 2009 and 2010, was included in the extended Scotland under-17 squad that travelled to Valladolid in Spain, in 2010. Aside from rugby, he has represented Scotland against England and Wales in pentathlon. Http://www.edinburghrugby.org/edinburgh-rugby/player/jamie-farndale