Penny Hulse is a New Zealand politician, was Deputy Mayor of Auckland from the formation of the Auckland Council Super City until 2016. She continues to represent the Waitakere ward on the Auckland Council and is Chair of the Environment and Community Committee. Hulse, born in South Africa, began her career in 1992 when she was elected to the Waitakere Community Board. In 1995 she was elected to the Waitakere City Council, she was made deputy mayor in 2007 by Bob Harvey. In the 2010 Auckland Council elections Hulse won a seat in the Waitakere ward, she was made deputy mayor by Len Brown. She was re-elected in 2013. Hulse lives in Te Atatu Peninsula and took up cycling to work in the Auckland CBD when the Nelson Street Cycleway was opened in December 2015. Hulse was re-elected to Council in 2016 and the Waitakere Licensing Trust; the new Mayor of Auckland, Phil Goff, replaced her as deputy mayor but appointed her as the chairperson of the environment and community committee, one of the three over-arching Council committees.
Mayor of Wellington City
The Mayor of Wellington City is the head of the municipal government of Wellington, New Zealand, presides over the Wellington City Council. Adjacent local bodies – Lower Hutt, Upper Hutt, Porirua – have their own mayors; the Mayor is directly elected using STV. The current Mayor is Justin Lester, elected in October 2016; the development of local government in Wellington was erratic. The first attempt to establish governmental institutions, the so-called "Wellington Republic", was short lived and based on rules written by the New Zealand Company. Colonel William Wakefield was to be the first President; when the self-proclaimed government arrested a ship's captain for a violation of Wellington law, the Governor William Hobson asserted British sovereignty over the whole of New Zealand, sending a contingent of soldiers to disband the council in Wellington. In January 1842, the Legislative Council in Auckland passed the Municipal Corporations Ordinance, in May 1842 Wellington was proclaimed a borough, the first municipality with this status.
The office of mayor was established, but there were only two holders of this office under the Ordinance. George Hunter received the most votes in the election for 12 Burgesses to the new council on 3 October 1842 and was declared mayor, he died on 19 July 1843. William Guyton was declared mayor, as runner-up in 1842; the British Government disallowed the Municipal Corporations Ordinance, but news of this did not reach Wellington until late September 1843, after the election had been held and a second Burgess Roll of qualified voters had been prepared, in 1843. After a brief period of little local government, the Province of Wellington was established in 1852, most of Wellington's affairs were handled by the provincial government; the councillors elected one of their own as mayor towards the end of the year. The role was traditionally awarded to the longest serving councillor; the system changed upon the introduction of The Municipal Corporations Acts Amendment Act, 1875. It legislated; the inaugural mayoral election was held in 1875 resulting in William Hutchison being the first mayor to be elected by voters.
In 1863, a Town Board was established with three wards, but no Mayor. On 16 September 1870, Wellington was incorporated as a city, a new mayoralty created, which continues; the establishment of the new council was driven by John Plimmer, called by some the Father of Wellington. Since the office of Mayor has been held by 34 people. Five people have been Mayor on two separate occasions, the longest-serving Mayor was Sir Frank Kitts, from 1956 to 1974. Five former mayors are alive: Michael Fowler Fran Wilde Mark Blumsky Kerry Prendergast Celia Wade-Brown Ian Lawrence was the most recent former mayor to die on 8 March 2019. Wellington: Biography of a City by Redmer Yska ISBN 9780790011172 Betts on Wellington: A City and its Politics by G. M. Betts ISBN 0-589-00469-7 The Birth of a City: Wellington 1840–1843 by A. H. Carman No Mean City by Stuart Perry includes a paragraph and a portrait or photo of each mayor, including Hunter & Guyton. Mayors of Wellington
The North Island officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres, it has a population of 3,749,200. Twelve main urban areas are in the North Island. From north to south, they are Whangarei, Hamilton, Rotorua, New Plymouth, Hastings, Palmerston North, Wellington, the capital, located at the south-west extremity of the island. About 77% of New Zealand's population lives in the North Island. Although the island has been known as the North Island for many years, in 2009 the New Zealand Geographic Board found that, along with the South Island, the North Island had no official name. After a public consultation, the board named the island North Island or Te Ika-a-Maui in October 2013. In prose, the two main islands of New Zealand are called the North Island and the South Island, with the definite articles, it is normal to use the preposition in rather than on, for example "Hamilton is in the North Island", "my mother lives in the North Island".
Maps, headings and adjectival expressions use North Island without the. According to Māori mythology, the North and South Islands of New Zealand arose through the actions of the demigod Māui. Māui and his brothers were fishing from their canoe when he caught a great fish and pulled it from the sea. While he was not looking his brothers fought over the fish and chopped it up; this great fish became the North Island and thus a Māori name for the North Island is Te Ika-a-Māui. The mountains and valleys are believed to have been formed as a result of Māui's brothers' hacking at the fish; until the early 20th Century, an alternative Māori name for the North Island was Aotearoa. In present usage, Aotearoa is a collective Māori name for New Zealand as a whole; the sub-national GDP of the North Island was estimated at US$102.863 billion in 2003, 79% of New Zealand's national GDP. The North Island is divided into two ecoregions within the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome, the northern part being the Northland temperate kauri forest, the southern part being the North Island temperate forests.
The island has an extensive flora and bird population, with numerous National Parks and other protected areas. Nine local government regions cover the North Island and all its adjacent islands and territorial waters. Northland Auckland Waikato Bay of Plenty Gisborne Taranaki Manawatu-Wanganui Hawkes Bay Wellington The North Island has a larger population than the South Island, with the country's largest city and the capital, accounting for nearly half of it. There are 28 urban areas in the North Island with a population of 10,000 or more: Healthcare in the North Island is provided by fifteen District Health Boards. Organised around geographical areas of varying population sizes, they are not coterminous with the Local Government Regions. Bay of Islands Bay of Plenty Hauraki Gulf Hawke Bay Ninety Mile Beach North Taranaki Bight South Taranaki Bight Lake Taupo Waikato River Whanganui River Coromandel Peninsula Northland Peninsula Cape Palliser Cape Reinga East Cape North Cape Egmont National Park Tongariro National Park Waipoua Kauri Forest Whanganui National Park and many forest parks of New Zealand Mount Ruapehu Mount Taranaki Volcanic Plateau Waitomo Caves Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu List of islands of New Zealand Media related to North Island, New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons North Island travel guide from Wikivoyage
Mayor of Nelson, New Zealand
The Mayor of Nelson is the head of the municipal government of Nelson, New Zealand, presides over the Nelson City Council. The mayor is directly elected using a First Past the Post electoral system; the current mayor is Rachel Reese, elected in October 2013. Joseph Dodson was elected as the first Mayor of Nelson on 1 May 1874 by the City Councillors under the Municipal Corporations Act 1867, he was unanimously elected to the position. Dodson was a former member of the Nelson Board of Works. Councillor Fell noted that Dodson had taken great interest in the welfare of Nelson and was an upright gentleman with integrity; the new council came into immediate conflict with the provincial government over finances. Nelson went bankrupt, the mayor resigned on 8 January 1875, so did most of the councillors. A special meeting of the remaining Councillors was held on 12 January 1875 to appoint a new mayor but no one was forthcoming. A public meeting was held on the Friday to determine the wishes of the ratepayers.
Despite the meeting it was not until 26 February 1875 that Joseph Levien was appointed. Levien is credited with having set systems in place and employed capable staff that the financial crisis was able to be overcome. Levien died after only a short time in office on 7 June 1876. Edward Everett was the third mayor, he was elected unopposed on 16 June 1876 and resigned on 1 September 1877 in order to travel to England. William Reid Waters was appointed by the councillors to fill the vacancy left by Everett. Waters was mayor until 19 December 1877 when Joseph Dodson was elected for a second time in his place; when Dodson retired on 22 November 1881 Everett was elected mayor for a second term. Everett was mayor until 1882. Charles Fell was mayor for five years until 1887, his second wife was a daughter of the Arthur Richmond Atkinson. Fell was a painter. John Sharp succeeded Fell. Sharp had represented the City of Nelson electorate in Parliament. Francis Trask was mayor for nine years. During his reign, Rocks Road was built along the coast, Queens Gardens were established.
Trask was succeeded by Joseph Auty Harley, installed on 20 December 1899. Harley was succeeded by Henry Baigent, mayor in 1901–1904 and again in 1905–1906. Jesse Piper was mayor in 1904–1905, he lost the mayoralty in 1905 to Baigent, but succeeded again in 1906 over the candidate put forward by Baigent. In the 1910 election Piper stood against Thomas Pettit and lost by 768 votes to 969. Thomas Field was mayor from 1911 to 1913. From the following year, he was MP for Nelson for one term. William Lock replaced Thomas Field as mayor after a terse campaign against William Snodgrass in 1913; the following year he lost in 1915 to Charles Harley. Harley did not stand in 1917 and Snodgrass was elected. Lock was re-elected in 1921, ousting Snodgrass. Lock remained mayor until 1927. Moffat retired in 1935 due to ill health and George Page was elected in his place. In the early 1940s Page suffered from a prolonged period of ill health and was replaced by Edgar Neale, the Deputy Mayor, in 1941. Edgar Neale was mayor from 1941 to 1947.
He resigned. Joseph Auty Harley was mayor from 1947 to 1956, he was succeeded by Stanley Russell. Russell was mayor from 1956 to 1962. Aldo Miccio won the 2010 mayoralty, with the incumbent getting third place; the list below shows all Mayors of Nelson since the first Nelson City Council meeting in April 1874. Jubilee History of Nelson: From 1842–1892, Ch. XII. Broad, Lowther. Pub. Bond, Co, 1892, Nelson
The Auckland Region is one of the sixteen regions of New Zealand, named for the city of Auckland, the country's largest urban area. The region encompasses the Auckland metropolitan area, smaller towns, rural areas, the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. Containing 35 percent of the nation's residents, it has by far the largest population and economy of any region of New Zealand, but the second-smallest land area. On 1 November 2010, the Auckland Region became a unitary authority controlled by the Auckland Council, replacing the previous regional council and seven local councils. In the process, an area in its southeastern corner was transferred to the neighbouring Waikato Region; the name "Auckland Region" remains present in casual usage. On the mainland, the region extends from the mouth of the Kaipara Harbour in the north across the southern stretches of the Northland Peninsula, past the Waitakere Ranges and the isthmus of Auckland and across the low-lying land surrounding the Manukau Harbour; the region ends within a few kilometres of the mouth of the Waikato River.
It is bordered in the north by the Northland Region, in the south by the Waikato Region. It includes the islands of the Hauraki Gulf; the Hunua Ranges and the adjacent coastline along the Firth of Thames were part of the region until the Auckland Council was formed in late 2010, when they were transferred to the neighbouring Waikato Region. In land area it is smaller than unitary authorities except Nelson, its highest point is the summit of at 722 metres. Auckland Province Media related to Auckland Region at Wikimedia Commons Auckland Region travel guide from Wikivoyage Geographic data related to Auckland Region at OpenStreetMap
Bill Cashmore (politician)
Bill Cashmore is a New Zealand local government politician, the current Deputy Mayor of Auckland, has represented the Franklin ward on the Auckland Council since 2013. Educated at Orere School and King's College, Cashmore with his father and brother on their family farm until taking over as owner and manager in 1989, he has two sons. Cashmore's political career began when he was elected as a member of the Clevedon community board in 1991, he would go on to become the Chairman between 1992 and 1994. Between 1994 and 2000 he was a member of the Auckland Regional Council Environmental Management Committee and in 2009 and 2010 he was a member of the Auckland Regional Council Rural Liaison group. In 2010 he became the Federated Farmers executive for the Auckland Province and a representative to the Animal health board, he is a member of the New Zealand National Party. Following the amalgamation of councils and community boards in 2010 into the Auckland Council, Cashmore ran for, was elected as a member of, the Franklin Local Board.
He went on to become Deputy chair of the board in 2011. In 2013 he was elected as an Auckland Councillor, replacing the incumbent, Des Morrison, who had retired, he was appointed chair of the Auckland Council's rural advisory panel. In 2015 he became the chair of the Audit and Risk Committee and a member of the Political steering group for the Auckland Transport Alignment Project, he was re-elected unopposed in 2016. Following Phil Goff's election as Mayor of Auckland in 2016, Cashmore was picked as Deputy Mayor; as a result of his appointment, Cashmore was appointed to the Appointments and Performance Review, Civil Defence & Emergency Management, Community Development and Safety and Auckland Domain Committees, as an ex-officio member
Mayor of Christchurch
The Mayor of Christchurch is the head of the municipal government of Christchurch, New Zealand, presides over the Christchurch City Council. The mayor is directly elected using a First Past the Post electoral system; the current mayor, Lianne Dalziel, was first elected in the October 2013 mayoral election and was re-elected in October 2016. The current deputy mayor is Andrew Turner. Christchurch was governed by the chairman of the town council. In 1868, the chairman became the city council's first mayor as determined by his fellow city councillors. Since 1875, the mayor is elected by eligible voters and, after an uncontested election, the first election was held in the following year. Christchurch became a city by Royal charter on 31 July 1856. Since 1862, chairmen were in charge of local government. Five chairmen presided in the initial years: The town council held a meeting on 10 June 1868 to elect its first mayor. In those days, councillors were elected for three-year terms, once a year elected one of their group as mayor, i.e. the position was not elected at large as is the case today.
The following councillors attended the 10 June meeting: William Wilson, James Purvis Jameson, T. Tombs, George Ruddenklau, Henry Thomson, W. A. Sheppard, William Calvert and John Anderson, who chaired the meeting. Thomson moved that Wilson be elected as the first mayor of Christchurch, Tombs seconded the motion; the chairman put the motion to the meeting and it was carried unanimously. With the meeting, the council had brought itself under the Municipal Corporations Act 1867. Hence, the last chairman became the first mayor in 1868; the first chairman became mayor 44 years in 1906. There have been 46 holders of the position; the longest-serving was Sir Hamish Hay. The shortest mayoralty was by Tommy Taylor in 1911. Wilson's term, at just over six months, was the second shortest. Vicki Buck and the current mayor, Lianne Dalziel, have been the only female mayors so far. Councillors elected one of their own as mayor towards the end of the year, the role was awarded to the most senior councillor. Most elections were unanimous, the newly elected mayor was regarded as the head of the council.
The system changed with the introduction of The Municipal Corporations Acts Amendment Act, 1875, as that legislation stipulated that mayors had to be elected at large. Fred Hobbs, the incumbent, was the only candidate nominated, so he was declared elected unopposed on 17 December 1875. James Gapes was the first mayor elected at large on 20 December 1876; the newly elected person was from that point the mayor-elect. Despite this, Taylor's death in 1911 resulted in councillors electing their fellow councillor John Joseph Dougall as mayor as required by the legislation for such cases. Mayors were appointed and elected for one year; this was changed to biennial elections "on the last Wednesday in April" with the Municipal Corporations Amendment Act, 1913. The act came into force in March 1915 and thus first applied at the April 1915 mayoral election; the Municipal Corporations Act, 1933 changed the mayoral term to three years, this commenced with the 1935 mayoral election. Five mayors have held non-consecutive terms: James Gapes Walter Cooper Charles Louisson Charles Gray Robert Macfarlane Three former mayors are alive: Vicki Buck Garry Moore Bob Parker The most recent deaths were: Ron Guthrey Hamish Hay The position of Deputy Mayor was established in 1917.
In the first meeting of the newly elected council on 7 May 1917, Alfred Williams was the first city councillor to be elected to the position. Five deputy-mayors were elected as mayors: John Beanland, James Arthur Flesher, Dan Sullivan, Ernest Andrews, George Manning. Four deputy-mayors were mayors before they served as deputies: Henry Thacker, John Archer, Robert Macfarlane, Vicki Buck. Since October 2016, the current deputy mayor is Andrew Turner, representing the Banks Peninsula ward. Hay, Hamish. Hay Days. Christchurch: Caxton Press. ISBN 0908563310