Živorad Kovačević was a Yugoslav and Serbian diplomat, politician, NGO activist and writer. Živorad Kovačević was born in Jagodina, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, of father Ilija, who spent World War II as a prisoner in Mauthausen, mother Darinka. His older brother, was killed by Germans in Jagodina in 1941. Živorad Kovačević was educated at an all-male Gymnasium called "Šesta Muška" in Belgrade, the Journalist Diplomatic Academy graduating in 1952. He received his M. A. in political science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1961, specialized in international relations at Harvard University in 1963. Kovačević worked as the Editor-in-Chief of the magazine Komuna, Director of Public Administration Institute, Vice-Secretary of the Executive Council of Serbia, Secretary General of the Standing Conference of Towns and Municipalities, he served as Deputy Mayor and Mayor of Belgrade for eight years, from 1974 to 1982. During his tenure, Sava Centar was built in time to host the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, as well as the Hotel InterContinental for the meeting of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
Many other projects were carried out during this period, most notably, Ada Ciganlija and Klinički Centar Srbije. Kovačević was quoted as being proud of the fact that each year during his term between 10,000 and 12,000 apartments were built in the capital. On a more symbolic level, as a mayor, he set up a monument to Karađorđe on the great lawn in front of the National Library of Serbia. From 1982 to 1986, Kovačević was a Minister in the government of Milka Planinc, a Prime Minister of Yugoslavia who tried to undertake economic reform after years of stagnation. Working in the federal government, he was a member of the Federal Executive Council, as well as the President of the Foreign Affairs Commission, paving the way to a career, more international in perspective. Kovačević was appointed Ambassador of Yugoslavia to the United States in 1987, but was recalled in 1989 after his disapproval of Slobodan Milosević's policy, which he criticized in Washington, he was noted as one of a few citizens of Belgrade who met six American presidents, John Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George Bush, five Secretaries of State, Henry Kissinger, Cyrus Vance, George P. Shultz, James Baker, Lawrence Eagleburger.
His personal contribution, while ambassador in the USA, in sending Nikola Tesla's assets from the United States to Belgrade is acknowledged. After his recall from the post of the Ambassador to the United States in 1989, Kovačević retired from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and spent the rest of his life as a prominent NGO activist and promoter of Serbia's integration in the European Union, he was the President of the Forum on International Relations, in 1994, he joined the European Movement in Serbia, whose president he was to become in 1999. He held that position for the rest of his life. Based on his personal account, Kovačević was offered the post of Foreign Minister in the Government of Milan Panić in 1992, but was prevented by Borisav Jović from taking it. Kovačević was one of the founders of the Igman Initiative, which rallies 140 organizations in the so-called'Dayton Triangle'; the Igman Initiative launched a "mini-Schengen" project, to bring about better relations on the territory of Former Yugoslavia similar to those that exist in the European Union in terms of a visa-free regime.
The organization was founded following Kovačević's endeavors in April 1995, with a group of 38 anti-war intellectuals and activists from FR Yugoslavia, Kovačević crossed Mount Igman to join and support the citizens of Sarajevo during the siege. Kovačević was the first President of the Foreign Relations Council of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia, established in 2007. In parallel with his work in helping build democratic relations in Serbia and elsewhere, Kovačević was a prolific writer. Following his long-term passion for languages and the written word, he published the first dictionary of idioms. To these, he added one of his most popular works, "Lažni prijatelji u engleskom jeziku: zamke doslovnog prevođenja", as well as a number of titles on international relations and negotiation, he taught international negotiations at the Diplomatic Academy and the Department of Political Sciences in Belgrade and Podgorica lecturing about U. S. foreign policy and the break-up of Yugoslavia.
He delivered his last lecture a week before his death. In 2000, Kovačević was awarded The Elise and Walter A. Haas International Award that "honors an alumnus of the University of California, Berkeley, a native and resident of a nation other than the United States of America, who has a distinguished record of service to his or her country. Srpsko-engleski rečnik idioma, izraza i izreka. 1991. ISBN 86-7363-118-1. Englesko-srpski frazeološki rečnik. 1997. ISBN 86-7363-201-3. SAD i jugoslovenska kriza. 2000. ISBN 86-82297-39-6. Srpsko-engleski frazeološki rečnik. 2002. ISBN 86-7363-322-2. Englesko-srpski frazeološki rečnik. 2002. ISBN 86-7363-338-9. Između arogancije i poniznosti: Srbija i svet. 2004. ISBN 86-7208-092-0. Međunarodno pregovaranje. 2004. ISBN 86-7363-391-5. Amerika i raspad Jugoslavije. 2007. ISBN 978-86-7363-536-1
Dragan Jočić is a Serbian lawyer and politician. He served as the Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia from 2004 until 2008 in the cabinet of Prime Minister Vojislav Koštunica, he has been a member of the Democratic Party of Serbia since its inception until 2014. He served as the party vice-president and has been a member of the party's executive board since its founding. From 1992 to 1997, he was an MP in the Serbian parliament, he was a city council member and has been a member of the Belgrade City Council since 2000. Jočić is of Montenegrin descent, his family originating from Martinići, a village near Danilovgrad, Montenegro, he graduated from the University of Belgrade's Law School. After graduation, he started private law practice. On 25 January 2008, around 11:30pm CET, Jočić was injured in a car crash when a government-issued, chauffeur-driven Mercedes-Benz ML 500 that he was riding in hit a dog on the Belgrade-Niš highway near the town of Velika Plana. After hitting the animal, the driver, Mirko Damnjanović lost control of the vehicle, which careened into a mid-highway divider, crossed into the oncoming traffic lanes, spun several times, landed in a ditch.
Jočić was airlifted to Belgrade's Banjica orthopedic clinic with spinal injuries where an emergency surgery was performed early Saturday morning on 26 January 2008. Driver Damnjanović was rushed to Belgrade's Emergency Center where he had an emergency surgery, it was reported that they're both in stable conditions following their surgeries. However, it soon became clear Jočić's condition remained life-threatening and a lot more serious than predicted and he was put back into intensive care where reanimation measures were performed. On 27 January 2008, a team of Russian neurosurgeons from Burdenko Institute arrived to Belgrade in order to help with Jočić's post-surgery recovery process, he spent three weeks at the Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Balgrist in Zurich, before coming back to Serbia on 11 April 2008 and continuing the rehab at the Dr Miroslav Zotović Rehabilitation Clinic in Belgrade. In January 2009, his condition was reported as "much improved". However, as of October 2010, Jočić is still unable to walk and has been released from the rehab clinic for further rehabilitation at home.
In November 2015, in his first interview after the accident, given to NIN, Jočić said that the country's authorities have failed to protect him and give him needed help after the accident. He stated that: "the length and painful way in which I try to accomplish what belongs to me, so that I can live, offends dignity". After being named Interior Minister on 3 March 2004, several newspapers reported that as a 21-year-old Jočić was directly involved in a 1981 kiosk robbery for which he was convicted to a 6-month conditional jail sentence, he confirmed the stories. He stated that this was his "only mischief as a youth" and that "everybody knows that Dragan Jočić is a good man". Both claims became a popular catchphrase among those unsympathetic towards his and his party's policies. In September 2004, Jočić became the target of criticism for trying to influence Dejan Milenković Bagzi, one of the accused in the Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić murder trial who became a protected witness; the accusation of meddling in the trial came after the transcripts of Bagzi's apparent phone call with his attorney Biljana Kajganić were published.
In them, attorney Kajganić tells her client that she got him the protected witness status after talking to Jočić and BIA chief Rade Bulatović, but that in return he has to "admit to organizing the killing of Momir Gavrilović in 2001 on orders from Ljubiša "Čume" Buha". Jočić strenuously denied the charges that he in any way influenced the trial and added that transcripts were forged. Jočić was blasted again for having a private meeting with the chief suspect for the murder of the Prime Minister Đinđić just minutes after he was arrested; the meeting lasted several hours. Jočić denied that he broke the law by stating that this was the safest option, he was accused by some Serbian press outlets of failing to adequately protect the Belgrade's Bajrakli Mosque during riots caused by March 17, 2004 ethnically motivated violence in Kosovo. Jočić reacted by sacking the chief of Belgrade police force though transcripts of phone calls which they had during the riot proved that he insisted that no force be used against protestors.
That led to the significant damage to the mosque
Serbian Renewal Movement
The Serbian Renewal Movement is a national liberal and monarchist political party in Serbia. The Serbian Renewal Movement party was founded in 1990 through the merger of Drašković's faction from the Serbian National Renewal party and Vojislav Šešelj's Serbian Freedom Movement. Šešelj founded the Serbian Radical Party. The Democratic Movement of Serbia was formed in May 1992 as a political alliance made up of SPO, New Democracy, Democratic Party of Serbia; the political alliance however broke, was dissolved in 1993. The SPO was part of the "Together" coalition in the 1996 parliamentary election which received 23.8% of the popular vote, losing to the Socialist Party of Serbia. In 1997, Drašković finished third in both elections, its party won the third largest number of seats in that year's Serbian parliamentary elections. A dissident group inside the party abandoned the SPO and formed New Serbia in 1997. In early 1999, the SPO joined the Slobodan Milošević-led government, Drašković became a Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister.
The SPO had a place in Serbia's Rambouillet Agreement delegation and held posts such as the Yugoslav Information Ministry to show a more pro-Western face to the world in the run-up to NATO's bombing campaign in 1999 against the country. In the midst of the war, Drašković and the SPO pulled out of the government, calling on Milošević to surrender to NATO; the SPO participated in an attempt to overthrow Milošević in 1999, which faltered after Drašković broke off his alliance with opposition leader Zoran Đinđić. This caused the anti-Milošević elements to suggest that he was working for Milošević. In 2000 presidential and parliamentary elections in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which Milošević lost, the Serbian Renewal Movement overestimated its strength and ran independently, outside of the vast Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition. Vojislav Mihajlović, grandson of Chetnik commander Draža Mihajlović, was its presidential candidate, he was opposed by Vojislav Koštunica of DOS, Slobodan Milošević of the ruling SPS and Tomislav Nikolić of the Serbian Radical Party.
The SPO's vote collapsed, with its traditional voters drawn by Kostunica's conservative nationalism and by the fact that he was their best hope to remove Milošević from power. There was talk before the 5 October coup d'état of dissolving the Mirko Marjanović government in Serbia and setting up a government with the Serbian Radical Party. Following the coup, the SPO participated in a so-called national unity government that served under DOS "coordinator" Zoran Đinđić. In December 2000, after two months of DOS rule, Serbian parliamentary elections were held; the SPO, once the strongest opposition, failed to enter the parliament. In 2003, Drašković called for the re-establishment of a parliamentary monarchy in Serbia as the best means for its European integration; the party fought the December 2003 legislative elections in a coalition with New Serbia. The coalition received 7.7 % of 22 seats in parliament. 13 of these were allocated to the SPO. In turn, the coalition had dispatched 8 deputies into the federal Assembly of Montenegro.
SPO-NS became part of Vojislav Koštunica's first elected cabinet. Vuk Drašković was selected for Minister of Foreign Affairs. Following a split in the party, 9 members of parliament joined the newly formed Serbian Democratic Renewal Movement leaving the SPO with only 4. One of the 4 was bought off by the political tycoon Bogoljub Karić to form his party's list; the SPO participated in the 2007 election independently and received 3.33% of the vote, winning no seats. In the 2008 elections the SPO took part in the For a European Serbia coalition under President Boris Tadić, receiving 38.42% of the vote and 102 seats in parliament. Four seats were given to the SPO along with the Ministry of Diaspora portfolio. Official website
Miloš Minić was a Serbian communist politician. Minić graduated from secondary school in Čačak from the University of Belgrade's Law School. From 1935 he was a member of the then-illegal Young Communist League of Yugoslavia, as well as the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, holding senior positions in both organizations. During the Partisans war against Germany and Italy, Minić held both party and military posts from 1941. After the liberation of Serbia from Nazi occupation, he was the head of Department for the Protection of the People's Belgrade branch public prosecutor of Serbia and representative of the military prosecutor of the Yugoslav People's Army, he held several posts in the Yugoslavian and Serbian government. He was the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Yugoslavia from December 16, 1972 to May 17, 1978, during this time signed the Treaty of Osimo which determined the border between Italy and Yugoslavia; the List of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs since the Forming of the First Government in 1811 to This Day
Zoran Radojičić is a Serbian pediatric surgeon and politician who has served as the Mayor of Belgrade since 7 June 2018. Before taking political office in 2018, he practiced pediatric urology at University Children's Hospital in Belgrade and he is a professor of surgery at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Medicine, he was born on 24 October 1963 in SFR Yugoslavia. In 1989, he graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Medicine, obtained magisterial and doctoral thesis in 1998 and 2006, respectively. On 7 June 2018, he was appointed as the Mayor of Belgrade on the nomination of Serbian Progressive Party, following the 2018 Belgrade City Assembly elections, he is married with Tijana and has two sons with her - Ivan and Ognjen
Nebojša Čović is a Serbian businessman and basketball executive and former politician. He serves as a president for the Crvena zvezda. Čović was born in Belgrade, PR Serbia, FPR Yugoslavia, graduated from the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. In 2000, he obtained his Ph. D at the same university. In 1992, as a member of the Socialist Party of Serbia, 34-year-old Čović started his climb up the political ladder with a position of executive board vice-president in charge of economy and finances at the Belgrade city assembly. A year in 1993, he advanced to the position of the city government president. In 1994 he got elected as the Mayor of Belgrade. In parallel, Čović was the SPS deputy in the Serbian National Assembly. Čović was sacked from the mayoral post in mid January 1997 by the Serbian president and SPS party leader Slobodan Milošević amid the months-long protests in Serbia over the November 1996 municipal elections fraud. He was expelled from SPS on the same occasion.
He became the president of Democratic Alternative after the party got formed by certain number of SPS members seceded from SPS in July 1997.Čović served as the head of the Coordination Center for Kosovo and Metohija and as the head of the Southern Serbia Coordination Center during Preševo Valley conflict. From 24 October 2000 to 25 January 2001 he was a member of the trio Co-Prime Ministers together with Milomir Minić from SPS and Spasoje Krunić from the Serbian Renewal Movement that transitionally governed Serbia after the Bulldozer Revolution, when Mirko Marjanović was sacked. After the assassination of Zoran Đinđić, he was the acting Prime Minister of Serbia from 12 to 16 March 2003. In 2004, his party Democratic Alternative merged into the Social Democratic Party. In 2005, he became president of the Social Democratic Party; the party ceased to exist in 2010. He has been charged for corruption in January 2016. FMP Železnik In 1991 Čović became involved with Serbian basketball club KK ILR Železnik, a dormant sports collective for the workers of state-owned Ivo Lola Ribar metallurgical factory.
Inactive since 1986, the club got revived by Čović under the auspices of his privately-owned metal products factory Fabrika metalnih proizvoda AD and renamed FMP Železnik. Under his guidance and ownership, the club grew into one of the top teams in Serbia and FR Yugoslavia, developing a reputation for player development and quality work with younger categories. By 1993, the club got its own basketball facility — the 2,000-seat Železnik Hall that served as its home arena form on. Climbing up the basketball pyramid in FR Yugoslavia, FMP began the 1994-95 season in the Second Federal League, winning promotion to the country's top basketball competition for the following 1995-96 season. In 1998, Čović brought former Yugoslav national team player Ratko Radovanović on board as the club's sporting director. Radovanović soon became synonymous with the emerging club, making player personnel decisions and running its day-to-day operations. Čović's son Filip played as point guard for the club. Yugoslav Basketball Federation In late 1995, while performing the city of Belgrade mayoral job as well as Serbian National Assembly MP duties, Čović became president of the Yugoslav Basketball Federation, succeeding Veselin "Vesko" Barović in the job.
In addition to Čović's political connections through SPS, the rapid success of his club FMP Železnik, about to start competing in the country's top league that season after multiple promotions was the best possible recommendation for the job. At the time when Čović came on board to lead the federation, FR Yugoslavia national team led by Duda Ivković were the reigning European champions, having returned to international competition following a four-year exile due to the UN embargo. Ivković soon stepped down and his assistant Željko Obradović took over the national team head coaching job; the national team had a great run at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, reaching the final against the American Dream Team composed of NBA players. In early 1997, soon after Čović's fall from grace in SPS, he was removed from the KSJ job as well. Mayor of Belgrade
President of Serbia
The President of Serbia styled as the President of the Republic, is the head of state of Serbia. The current office holder is Aleksandar Vučić, elected on 2 April 2017 and took office on 31 May 2017. A ceremonial position, the duties and competences of the President as stipulated in chapter 5, article 112 of the Constitution: Represent Serbia at home and abroad, Proclaim laws upon his/her decree, in accordance with the Constitution, Propose an individual for the position of Prime Minister to Parliament, Propose to the National Assembly holders of positions, in accordance with the Constitution Appoint and dismiss, upon his/her decree, ambassadors of Serbia, upon the proposal of the Government, Receive letters of credit and revocable letters of credit of foreign diplomatic representatives, Grant amnesties and award honours, Administer other affairs stipulated by the Constitution. While assuming the office, the President of the Republic shall take the following oath before the National Assembly: I, <name>, do solemnly swear that I will devote all my efforts to preserve the sovereignty and integrity of the territory of the Republic of Serbia, including Kosovo and Metohija as its constituent part, as well as to provide exercise of human and minority rights and freedoms and protection of the Constitution and laws, preservation of peace and welfare of all citizens of the Republic of Serbia and perform all my duties conscientiously and responsibly.
The term of office of the President of the Republic shall last five years and begin from the day of taking of the oath before the National Assembly. If the term of office of the President of the Republic expires during the state of war or emergency, it shall be extended so that it lasts until the expiry of three months from the day of the end of the state of war, that is, of emergency. No one shall be elected to a position of the President of the Republic more than twice; the term of office of the President of the Republic shall end with expiry of the period of time for which he or she has been elected, by his/her resignation or released of duty. The President of the Republic shall tender his/her resignation to the Chairman of the National Assembly. Advisers to the President carry out the analytical and other corresponding tasks for the needs of the President of the Republic as well as other expert tasks in relations of the President with the Government and the Parliament. Serbia became an independent state on 5 June 2006.
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