Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner
The Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner was the police and crime commissioner, an elected official tasked with setting out the way crime is tackled by the Greater Manchester Police in Greater Manchester. The post was created on 21 November 2012, following an election held on 15 November 2012, replaced the Greater Manchester Police Authority. Upon the creation of a Mayor of Greater Manchester and the inaugural election to that position, the duties of Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner were absolved into the mayoralty and the office itself abolished. For the entirety of its existence, the commissioner was Labour Party politician Tony Lloyd; the police and crime commissioner was required to produce a strategic Greater Manchester Police and Crime Plan, setting out the priorities for the Greater Manchester Police, their work is scrutinised by the Greater Manchester Police and Crime Panel. In November 2014 it was announced that the role would be replaced with a directly elected Mayor of Greater Manchester, the term of office of the incumbent commissioner was extended to May 2017.
Tony Lloyd criticised the Home Secretary Theresa May for allowing the daily prison escorts of Dale Cregan from Strangeways Prison to Preston Crown Court. He claimed the operation was unnecessary. Escorting Cregan and his co-accused cost over £5 million. Lloyd Said “So it appears that common sense can be scattered to the wind if you don’t have to pick up the tab. In the end, of course, we’ve all had to pay for this operation because, although the Home Office have agreed to cover some of the costs, the taxpayer is still out of pocket at a time when finances across the public sector are stretched so much.” In 2013 Lloyd backed calls to increase the fee for a firearms certificate because of the shortfall in costs for Greater Manchester Police to carry out background checks
Transport for Greater Manchester
Transport for Greater Manchester is the public body responsible for co-ordinating transport services throughout Greater Manchester in North West England. The organisation traces its origins to the Transport Act 1968, when the SELNEC Passenger Transport Executive was established to co-ordinate public transport in and around Manchester. Between 1974 and 2011, it was known as the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive, until a reform of local government in Greater Manchester granted it more powers and prompted a corporate rebranding; the strategies and policies of Transport for Greater Manchester are set by the Greater Manchester Combined Authority and its Transport for Greater Manchester Committee. Transport for Greater Manchester is responsible for investments in improving transport services and facilities, it is the executive arm of the Transport for Greater Manchester Committee which funds and makes policies for TfGM. The authority is made up of 33 councillors appointed from the ten Greater Manchester districts.
The Manchester Metrolink light rail system launched in 1992. Subsidised by TfGM without a government grant and operated by KeolisAmey, it carries over 29 million passengers a year. With 93 stations it is the largest local transport network in the United Kingdom after the London Underground. Further expansion to Stockport is envisaged. Altrincham-Bury line Altrincham-Piccadilly line Bury-Ashton line East Didsbury-Rochdale line Eccles- Piccadilly line Manchester Airport-Cornbrook line MediaCity- Etihad Campus line Crumpsall - Trafford Park line Rail services are operated by CrossCountry, East Midlands Trains, TransPennine Express, Transport for Wales & Virgin Trains. TfGM subsidise fares on certain local services and fund station refurbishments on an ad hoc basis. Metroshuttle: launched 2002, free bus service around Manchester city centre. New services were provided in Bolton and Stockport after success of the service in Manchester. Bus services operated by private operators including Arriva North West, Bullocks Coaches, First Greater Manchester, First West Yorkshire, Go Goodwins, Manchester Community Transport, Rosso & Stagecoach Manchester Maintenance of bus shelters and stations including Shudehill Interchange Greater Manchester Urban Traffic Control Unit – responsibility for road management transferred to TfGM in 2009.
Entails installation and management of traffic signals, limited areas of road safety, incident response and event management via a traffic control centre. Cycling - promotion of the Greater Manchester Cycling Strategy and delivery of Cycle Hubs and regional cycle routes Subsidised fares on certain services System One travelcards Get me there Public transport maps and timetables Website Route Explorer application TfGM inherited the responsibilities of the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive established in 1974. On 1 April 2011, the GMPTE became Transport for Greater Manchester, a new regional transport body for Greater Manchester that forms part of the new Greater Manchester Combined Authority; as a result, GMITA was abolished, replaced by the Transport for Greater Manchester Committee which reports to the Combined Authority. TfGMC and its subcommittees are made up of a nominated pool of 33 councillors from the ten metropolitan boroughs of Greater Manchester who manage TfGM and create transport policy in Greater Manchester.
Although it differs in certain structural forms, on the day of its inauguration TfGM became the second most powerful and influential transport organisation in England after Transport for London because it unites splintered governance over transport policy in the boroughs under one body. It elects its own Chair and Vice-Chair and assumes the functions performed by GMITA as well as the newly devolved transport powers and responsibilities from Government and the 10 Metropolitan Councils which make up the area; the 33 councillors have voting rights on most transport issues despite not being members of the GMCA: major decisions still require approval by the GMCA, but the functions that are referred to the TfGMC include making recommendations in relation to: The budget and transport levy Borrowing limit Major and strategic transport policies The local transport plan Operation of Greater Manchester Transport Fund and approval of new schemes Appointment of Director General/Chief Executive of TfGM TfGM uses a corporate identity designed by Hemisphere.
The black and white "M" logo is adapted from the GMPTE logo and is used on bus stops across Greater Manchester. Timeline of public passenger transport operations in Manchester Media related to SELNEC at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Transport for Greater Manchester at Wikimedia Commons www.tfgm.com, the website of Transport for Greater Manchester Greater Manchester Integrated Transport Authority Greater Manchester Transportation Unit SELNEC plans for urban rapid transport Greater Manchester Congestion Charge Proposals The SELNEC Preservation Society
Andrew Murray Burnham is a British Labour and Co-operative politician, serving as the Mayor of Greater Manchester since May 2017. He was the Member of Parliament for Leigh from 2001 to 2017. Born in the Old Roan area of Aintree, Burnham was educated at comprehensive schools and graduated with a degree in English from Fitzwilliam College at the University of Cambridge, he worked as a researcher for Tessa Jowell from 1994 to 1997 working for the NHS Confederation in 1997 and as an administrator for the Football Task Force in 1998. The same year, he became a special adviser to the Secretary of State for Culture and Sport, Chris Smith, a position he held until 2001. After the retirement of Lawrence Cunliffe, the Labour MP for Leigh, Burnham was elected to succeed him in 2001, he was a member of the Health Select Committee from 2001 until 2003 serving as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Home Secretary David Blunkett until 2004, when he became PPS to Education Secretary Ruth Kelly. He was promoted to serve in the Government after the 2005 election as a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in the Home Office.
In 2006, Burnham was moved to become a Minister of State at the Department of Health. When Gordon Brown became Prime Minister in 2007, Burnham was promoted to Chief Secretary to the Treasury, a position he held until 2008, when he became Secretary of State for Culture and Sport. In 2009, he was promoted again to become Secretary of State for Health. In that role, he opposed further privatisation of National Health Service services and launched an independent inquiry into the Stafford Hospital scandal. After the Labour Party's defeat in the 2010 general election, Burnham was a candidate in the 2010 Labour leadership election, coming fourth out of five candidates; the contest was won by Ed Miliband. Burnham served as Shadow Secretary of State for Health until late 2010, when he was moved by Miliband to become Shadow Secretary of State for Education, he held that role for a year returning to the role of Shadow Secretary of State for Health. After the 2015 general election, in which Labour lost to the Conservative Party, Miliband resigned as leader.
Burnham launched his campaign to succeed Miliband in the resulting September 2015 leadership election. He finished a distant second behind Jeremy Corbyn. Following the defeat, he accepted a role in Corbyn's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Home Secretary. In May 2016 Burnham announced his candidacy to become Labour's candidate for the Greater Manchester Mayoralty and was selected in August 2016, he resigned as Shadow Home Secretary in October 2016. The mayoral election was held in May 2017 and the declaration of the June 2017 general election during the local campaign led him to stand down as an MP. Burnham was born in Old Roan in Aintree, Lancashire, in 1970, the son of a telephone engineer father and receptionist mother, he was brought up in Culcheth, Warrington and educated at St Lewis Catholic Primary School, Culcheth and St Aelred's Roman Catholic High School, Newton-le-Willows, Merseyside. He studied English at Cambridge, he is the honorary President of the Cambridge Universities Labour Club. Burnham joined the Labour Party in 1984 when he was 14.
From 1994 until the 1997 general election he was a researcher for Tessa Jowell. He joined the Transport and General Workers' Union in 1995. After the 1997 election, he was a parliamentary officer for the NHS Confederation from August to December 1997, before taking up the post as an administrator with the Football Task Force for a year. In 1998, he became a special adviser to the Secretary of State for Culture and Sport, Chris Smith, a position he remained in until he was elected to the House of Commons in 2001. After the retirement of Lawrence Cunliffe, Burnham applied to be the parliamentary candidate for the safe Labour seat of Leigh in Greater Manchester. Burnham secured selection to contest the seat at the next general election. At the 2001 election he was elected with a majority of 16,362, gave his maiden speech in the House of Commons on 4 July 2001. Following his election to Parliament, Burnham was a member of the Health Select Committee from 2001 until 2003, when he was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to Home Secretary David Blunkett.
After Blunkett's first resignation in 2004, he became PPS to Education Secretary Ruth Kelly. Burnham was promoted to serve in the Government after the 2005 election as a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, with responsibility for implementing the Identity Cards Act 2006. In the government reshuffle of 5 May 2006, he was moved from the Home Office and promoted to Minister of State at the Department of Health. In Gordon Brown's first cabinet, announced on 28 June 2007, Burnham was appointed Chief Secretary to the Treasury, a position he held until 2008. During his time at the Treasury, he helped author the 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review. In a re-shuffle in January 2008, Burnham was promoted to the position of Secretary of State for Culture and Sport, replacing James Purnell. In June 2008, he apologised to the director of pressure group Liberty, Shami Chakrabarti, after she threatened to sue him for libel for smearing her reputation. In late 2008, Burnham announced government plans to tighten controls on internet content in order to "even up" what he claimed was an imbalance with TV regulations.
The announcement was followed by a speech to the music industry's lobbying group, UK Music, in which he announced "a time that calls for partnership between Government and the music business as a whole: one with rewards for both of us. My job – Government's job – is to preserve the value in the system."In April 2009 after being heckled at the 20t
Ivan Lewis is a British politician. He has been Member of Parliament for Bury South since 1997. After serving in various ministerial positions under Prime Ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown from 2001 to 2010, Lewis was Shadow Secretary of State for Culture and Sport until October 2011, when he was appointed Shadow Secretary of State for International Development. In the October 2013 Shadow Cabinet reshuffle, he became Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, but did not retain the post in the reshuffle after Jeremy Corbyn became Labour leader on 13 September 2015, he resigned from the Labour Party on 20 December 2018 citing his concerns about antisemitism in the party and the leadership of Jeremy Corbyn and now sits as an independent. Lewis was born in Prestwich, in the Bury South constituency which he now represents, into a British Jewish family, he was educated at Manchester Jewish Day School in Prestwich and at William Hulme Grammar School in Manchester, followed by Stand Sixth Form College and Bury College.
Lewis married Juliette Fox in Stockport in June 1990. They have two sons, are now divorced. Before his election in 1997, he worked in the voluntary sector from 1986 to 1997 for Outreach, learning disabilities support group Contact Community Care Group – which Lewis helped to create at 19 years old – and as Chief Executive of the Manchester Jewish Federation. Lewis served as a Councillor on Bury Metropolitan Borough Council, being elected in 1990 at 23 years of age and held the position of Chairman of the Social Services Committee. Lewis was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Trade and Industry Stephen Byers from July 1999 to June 2001. Between June 2001 and June 2002, Lewis was the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Young People and Learning within the Department for Education and Skills and for Adult Learning and Skills. From June 2002 to May 2005, he became Under-Secretary of State for Skills and Vocational Education in the same department; as a junior minister Lewis was responsible for the White Paper 21st Century Skills: Realising our Potential, launched in 2003.
It proposed increased support for adults seeking to gain technical and craft qualifications where regional skills shortages existed, removing the age limit for Modern Apprentices and making information and communications technology the third essential "skill for life" alongside literacy and numeracy. Lewis was involved with a scheme to introduce apprenticeships for 14-year-olds alongside their schooling, commenting that Britain needed to challenge "uniquely snobbish" attitudes toward vocational educationLewis served as Economic Secretary to the Treasury from May 2005 to May 2006, he was moved to a junior ministerial position in the Department of Health in the Cabinet reshuffle in May 2006. On 29 June 2007, in Gordon Brown's first reshuffle as Prime Minister he was re-appointed to the post of Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in the Department of Health, the only junior minister to survive the reshuffle where he held on to the brief for social care and added mental health services; as Minister for Care Services, Lewis led the introduction of Putting People First, the government's policy to personalise the provision of social care services for the elderly and people with disabilities.
The policy offered adults eligible for care services the ability choose their own care services from a "personal budget", shifted some responsibilities from the NHS to councils. Lewis described his own policy changes as "arguably the biggest redistribution of power from the state to the citizen that we have seen", while David Brindle of The Guardian praised him for having done a "huge amount" to raise the profile of social care. On 3 October 2008, Lewis moved to the Department for International Development. There, he spearheaded a campaign to persuade other Governments and multilateral agencies to prioritise maternal health, he remained there until June 2009, when he was promoted to Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. Lewis was responsible for the UK's Middle East policy, the UK's relations with the US and China, counter terrorism and counter proliferation. In October 2010, Lewis was elected by his fellow Labour MPs to the Shadow Cabinet and appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Culture and Sport by Labour Leader Ed Miliband.
In September 2011, Lewis was reappointed to the Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Secretary of State for International Development. Lewis belongs to the Labour Friends of Israel lobby group. In October 2013, Lewis was moved in a Shadow Cabinet reshuffle from the International Development portfolio to the Shadow Northern Ireland one. However, despite his reshuffle, seen by many commentators as a demotion, he fulfilled a standing commitment to outline Labour's vision on International Development at The University of Manchester, during Manchester Policy Week. In the September 2015 Labour shadow cabinet reshuffle under the newly elected leader Jeremy Corbyn, Lewis offered to continue in the role of Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland amid the troubling political situation there, his offer was rejected by Corbyn and he subsequently returned to the backbenches. Lewis has been one of the key figures influencing the Labour Party’s political thinking and direction during Ed Miliband's leadership, he was one of the co-originators of the notion of ‘One Nation Labour’, which formed the foundation of Miliband’s keynote speech at the Labour Party Conference held in Manchester in September 2012.
Lewis had floated the concept in a chapter written for The Purple Book, a collection of essays written by senior figures in the Party offering new policy ideas. In February 2016, Lewis anno
Liberal Democrats (UK)
The Liberal Democrats are a liberal political party in the United Kingdom. They have 11 Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, 96 members of the House of Lords, one member of the European Parliament, five Members of the Scottish Parliament and one member in the Welsh Assembly and London Assembly. At the height of its influence, the party formed a coalition government with the Conservative Party from 2010 to 2015 with its leader Nick Clegg serving as Deputy Prime Minister, it is led by Sir Vince Cable. In 1981, an electoral alliance was established between the Liberal Party, a group, the direct descendent of the 18th-century Whigs, the Social Democratic Party, a splinter group from the Labour Party. In 1988 this alliance was formalised as the Liberal Democrats. Under the leadership of Paddy Ashdown and Charles Kennedy, the party grew during the 1990s and 2000s, focusing its campaigning on specific seats and becoming the third largest party in the House of Commons. Under its leader Nick Clegg, the Liberal Democrats were junior partners in a coalition government headed by Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron, with Clegg serving as Deputy Prime Minister.
The coalition damaged the Liberal Democrats' electoral prospects: the party was reduced from 57 to 8 seats at the 2015 election. Positioned in the centre ground of British politics, the Liberal Democrats are ideologically liberal. Emphasising stronger protections for civil liberties, the party promotes liberal approaches to issues like LGBT rights, education policy, criminal justice. Different factions take different approaches to economic issues; the party is pro-Europeanist, supporting continued UK membership of the European Union and greater European integration. It calls for electoral reform with a transition from the first-past-the-post voting system to one of proportional representation. Other policies have included further environmental protections and drug liberalisation laws, while it has opposed certain UK military engagements like the Iraq War; the party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe and Liberal International. The Liberal Democrats are strongest in northern Scotland, southwest London, southwest England, mid-Wales.
The Liberal Democrats were formed on 3 March 1988 by a merger between the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party, which had formed a pact nearly seven years earlier as the SDP–Liberal Alliance. The Liberal Party, founded in 1859, were descended from the Whigs and Peelites, while the SDP were a party created in 1981 by former Labour Party members, MPs and cabinet ministers, but gained defections from the Conservative Party. Having declined to third party status after the rise of the Labour Party from 1918 and during the 1920s, the Liberals were challenged for this position in the 1980s when a group of Labour MPs broke away and established the Social Democratic Party; the SDP and the Liberals realised that there was no space for two political parties of the centre and entered into the SDP–Liberal Alliance so that they would not stand against each other in elections. The Alliance was led by Roy Jenkins; the two parties had their own policies and emphases, but produced a joint manifesto for the 1983 and 1987 general elections.
Following disappointing results in the 1987 election, Steel proposed to merge the two parties. Although opposed by Owen, it was supported by a majority of members of both parties, they formally merged in March 1988, with Steel and Robert Maclennan as joint interim leaders; the new party was named Social and Liberal Democrats with the unofficial short form The Democrats being used from September 1988. The name was subsequently changed to Liberal Democrats in October 1989, shortened to Lib Dems; the new party logo, the Bird of Liberty, was adopted in 1989. The minority of the SDP who rejected the merger remained under Owen's leadership in a rump SDP. Michael Meadowcroft joined the Liberal Democrats in 2007 but some of his former followers continue still as the Liberal Party, most notably in a couple of electoral wards of the cities of Liverpool and Peterborough; the then-serving Liberal MP Paddy Ashdown was elected leader in July 1988. At the 1989 European Elections, the party received only 6% of the vote, putting them in fourth place after the Green Party.
They failed to gain a single Member of the European Parliament at this election. Over the next three years, the party recovered under Ashdown's leadership, they performed better at the 1990 local elections and in by-elections—including at Eastbourne in 1990 which saw the first success by a Liberal Democrat standing for parliament. They had further successes in Ribble Valley and Kincardine & Deeside in 1991; the Lib Dems did not reach the share of national votes in the 1990s that the Alliance had achieved in the 1980s. At their first election in 1992, they won 17.8 % of twenty seats. In the 1994 European Elections, the party gained its first two Members of European Parliament. Following the election of Tony Blair as Labour leader in July 1994 after the death of his predecessor John Smith, Ashdown pursued co-operation between the two parties becaus
Northern (train operating company)
Northern is a train operating company in Northern England. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, it began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail. Central to franchise commitments will be the introduction of 101 new-built units – the Class 195 and 331; these will be the first new-build trains for the Northern franchise since the introduction of the Class 333 in 2000 and the new rolling stock will enable all 102 Pacer trains in service with Northern to be retired by the end of 2019. Additionally, it is planned that a franchise sub-brand, known as Northern Connect, will provide inter-urban services between major cities and towns in Northern England, as well as serving a number of major commuting stations; however since the franchise began in April 2016, it has been beset by falling punctuality, poor customer service, regular industrial action by staff and delays in introducing new rolling stock due to issues encountered during testing.
Despite passenger growth at the vast majority of train operating companies in the United Kingdom and the Northern franchise operating more services, the number of passengers carried since the franchise commenced in 2016 has declined and has been attributed to worsening performance. The franchise will run to 2025 with an option for an additional year, dependent on performance. In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced that Abellio and Govia had been shortlisted to bid for the next Northern franchise; the franchise was awarded to Arriva in December 2015. In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority launched an investigation into the transport department's decision to award the Northern network to Arriva. Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned many bus companies in the Northern trains operating area in which'a significant overlap occurs without competition from other service providers.'In April 2018, a penalty fare scheme under the Railways Regulations 2018 commenced to encourage passengers to purchase a ticket before boarding trains.
Although this scheme is not wholly enforced across the Northern network, passengers are liable to paying a £20 penalty fare if they are deemed to have travelled without a valid ticket and had the ability to purchase a ticket prior to boarding the train at the station of origin. Customers who need to purchase a ticket at the station of origin with cash may do so by collecting a'Promise to Pay' notice prior to boarding from a ticket machine as these are not capable of accepting cash; these notices can be exchanged with the on-board conductor or with a member of railway staff at the destination station for a paid ticket. Section 6 of the Railways Regulations 2018 covers a number of scenarios that prohibit penalty fares being issued such'no facilities in operation for the sale of a travel ticket for that passenger’s journey'; the franchise was criticised for implementing a new timetable in May 2018 which resulted in widespread delays and cancellations. Network Rail and Northern announced an independent inquiry to learn lessons and identify route alterations in readiness for the next timetable change in December 2018.
In an attempt to counter operational problems, Northern implemented an emergency timetable on 4 June 2018 – it stemmed some delays and cancellations but was still problematic compared with performance before the timetable change. Punctuality was bad in the North West due to the delay in the Blackpool-Preston electrification scheme and the number of trains per hour through Manchester increased with more services utilising the Ordsall Chord which became operational in December 2017. Network Rail only informed train operating companies in January 2018 that the electrification scheme would be delayed until November – Northern had planned for the scheme to be complete as scheduled by May and had trained drivers to operate new routes with electric rolling stock. An alternative timetable had to be drafted up and many train drivers were not sufficiently trained to drive the existing diesel rolling stock which resulted in widespread cancellations. Furthermore, the additional services through the Manchester corridor resulted in increased congestion and which had a knock-on effect.
Performance statistics published by the Office of Rail and Road in October 2018 showed that from April to June 2018, the franchise recorded the lowest PPM – measured by train service departing within 5 minutes of its scheduled time – of any quarter since punctuality records began on the Northern franchise in 2009. Performance towards the latter half of the 2018 continued to be poor with many passengers protesting and the network beset by a reduced service on Saturdays due to industrial action. In October 2018 it was announced that Manchester Oxford Road station, the busiest station managed by Northern with over 8 million passengers, was the most delayed station in the United Kingdom in 2018 – this was attributed to the chaos following the May 2018 timetable. Between 14 October and 10 November 2018, Northern recorded the worst monthly performance on record with more trains late than on time. Less than 40% of services arrived on time and only 71.9% departed within 5 minutes of the scheduled departure time.
By November 2018, Arriva were re-evaluating their future involvement in the franchise due to a combination of declining passenger numbers as a result of the chaotic May 2018 timetable change and increasing compensation claims as a result of falling punctuality. Both have pushed the franchise into a loss-making entity and face a £282 million government subsidy shortfall, due to be passed onto the franchise. Since the franchise commenced in April 2016 and despite an increase
Metropolitan Borough of Bury
The Metropolitan Borough of Bury is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England, just north of Manchester, which consists of six towns: Bury, Tottington, Radcliffe and Prestwich. Bury bounds the Lancashire districts of Blackburn with Darwen to the north; the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, which covers 24,511 acres and has a population of 181,900, was created on 1 April 1974, with the transfer of functions from the county borough of Bury and the boroughs of Prestwich and Radcliffe, along with the urban districts of Tottington and Whitefield, part of the urban district of Ramsbottom, all in Lancashire. In 2006, facing a budget shortfall of over £10 million, Bury Metropolitan Council decided to sell its painting by L. S. Lowry called "A Riverbank"; the work, which depicts the River Irwell and cost £175 in 1951, was expected to fetch between £500,000 and £800,000. Between the announcement and the sale at Christie's, the council was accused of "selling off the family silver".
The authority, which had the painting on display at Bury Art Museum, said it was putting its people before a picture. The painting raised £1.25 million for the authority on 17 November 2006 at the auction in London, costing the bidder £1,408,000 including commission. The council was deregistered by the Museums and Archives Council, a quango that no longer exists. In 2004 the Electoral Commission reviewed the electoral arrangements for Bury and The Borough of Bury Order 2004 came into force on the day of the election of councillors in 2004; the order provided for the creation of 17 new wards. These are:- Besses, East, Holyrood, North Manor, Pilkington Park, Radcliffe East, Radcliffe North, Radcliffe West, Redvales, St Mary's, Tottington, These 17 wards are each represented by 3 councillors to form a council of 51 members; the Bury electorate figures based on the 2006 forecast are: Total electorate - 140,697 Average electorate for ward - 8,276 Average number of electors for councillor - 2,759 At the local elections in May 2008 the average turnout to vote was 38.22%.
This varied locally with 47.32% of electors voting in North Manor ward and a low turnout of only 32.4% in Besses ward. For full details of the 2008 local Council elections see Bury Council election, 2008In July 2008 the borough was the first in Greater Manchester to hold a referendum on whether to install a directly-elected mayor; this was the result of a campaign against congestion charge plans that raised a petition with 9,460 names, well above the required five per cent of voters needed to trigger a mayoral vote. The proposal to have an elected Mayor was rejected; the Metropolitan Borough of Bury consists of two parliamentary constituencies: Bury North - James Frith Bury South - Ivan Lewis Showing former status The entirety of the borough is unparished. Bury Prestwich Radcliffe Ramsbottom Tottington Whitefield The coat of arms contains symbols representing the six constituent towns, with the design based on the arms of the old County Borough of Bury; the shield is divided diagonally by interweaving alluding to the textile industry.
On the shield are a bee and papyrus from Bury. The silver field represents Whitefield, whilst the shield is supported with figures from the crests of Radcliffe and Prestwich; these wear a red rose and a cogwheel. The motto'Forward in Unity' sits on a scroll under the shield. At the 2001 UK census, the Metropolitan Borough of Bury had a total population of 180,608. For every 100 females, there were 95 males; the population density is 1,815/km2. When the Census was taken there were 74,335 households in Bury with an average of 2.4 persons in each one. In more detail, 39.4% of households were married couples living together, 28.9% were one-person households, 8.7% were co-habiting couples and 10.7% were lone parents. Of all the households 75.11% lived in houses they owned, with or without a mortgage higher than the national average of 68.07%. Of people aged 16–74 in Bury 42.93% were economically active in 2001, higher than the national average of 40.81%. 29.2% of this age group had no academic qualifications higher than 28.9% in all of England.5.8% of Bury’s residents were born outside the United Kingdom lower than the national average of 9.2%.
The largest minority group was recorded at 4 % of the population. The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Bury has only existed 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns and civil parishes that would be constituent parts of the borough. In 1971 34,980 people living in Bury were employed in manufacturing. By 2001 this had fallen to 13,690 – a decrease of 61%. During the same period the numbers of people employed in service industries increased from 34,200 to 54,227, a gain of 58.5%. Between 1974 and 1986, the Conservative Party controlled the council. In 1986, the Labour Party gained control and continued in power, at first with an overall Labour majority and subsequently through a Labour executive running the council in a state of no overall control, until 2007; the May elections in 2007 saw the Conservative Party become the largest group on the council and the Conservative Group took control