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مزار قائد
Jinnah Mausoleum.JPG
Mazar-e-Quaid is located in Karachi
LocationKarachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Coordinates24°52′31.53″N 67°02′27.88″E / 24.8754250°N 67.0410778°E / 24.8754250; 67.0410778Coordinates: 24°52′31.53″N 67°02′27.88″E / 24.8754250°N 67.0410778°E / 24.8754250; 67.0410778
Area3,100 square metres (33,000 sq ft)
EstablishedJune 2, 1970
Visitors10,000 (approximately per day)
Governing bodyMazar Management Board

Mazar-e-Quaid (Urdu: مزار قائد‎), also known as Jinnah Mausoleum or the National Mausoleum, is the final resting place of Quaid-e-Azam ("Great Leader") Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Designed in a 1960s modernist style, the mausoleum also contains the tomb of his sister, Māder-e Millat ("Mother of the Nation") Fatima Jinnah, and that of Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan; the tomb of Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar is also located there.

The mausoleum was completed in 1970, and is an iconic symbol of Karachi; the mausoleum is one of the most popular tourist sites in Karachi.[1]

It was located at Jamshed town Karachi.


The mausoleum is located in the Jamshed Quarters neighborhood of Karachi, along the northern edge of the colonial-era core; the mausoleum is surrounded by a large garden which offers a calm and tranquil environment in the large and bustling metropolis. The illuminated tomb can be seen at night from far distances.


The design of the Mazar-e-Quaid was influenced by the Samanid Mausoleum in Bukhara, Uzbekistan, built between 892 and 943 CE.

The Mausoleum building was designed by famous architect Yahya Merchant,[2] it is made of white marble with curved Moorish arches and copper grills reset on an elevated 54-square-meter platform.[3] The mausoleum is located in a 53-hectare park and the building has a footprint of 75 by 75 m (246 by 246 ft) with a height of 43 m (141 ft), built on a 4 m (13 ft) high platform. In each wall is placed an entrance. Fifteen successive fountains lead to the platform from one side and from all sides terraced avenues lead to the gates; the cool inner sanctum reflects the green of a four-tiered crystal chandelier gifted by the People's Republic of China.[4] Around the mausoleum is a park fitted with strong beamed spot-lights which at night project light on the white mausoleum.[5] [6]

In the interior of the grave complex, there are four graves in a row and one to the north; the one to the north, which is decorated with a series of black floral design at the base, belongs to Miss [Fatima Jinnah], Quaid-e-Azam's sister. Out of the four graves in a row, first extreme two belong to Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and Begum Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan lying side by side; the other extreme grave belongs to Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar. In the middle lies buried Nurul Amin, who rose to be the only Vice-President of Pakistan. All these graves are made of Italian white marble, and they are of the box type, like the sarcophagus of Jinnah, placed on a triple base, but the sides of these graves are tapering inward while that of Jinnah are diverging outward. These are all plain graves, except that of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah, which has a basal floral ornamentation.


Official and fauji ceremonies take place here on special occasions, such as on 23 March (Pakistan Day), 14 August (Independence Day), 11 September (the anniversary of Jinnah's death) and 25 December (Jinnah's birthday). Dignitaries and officials from foreign countries also visit the mausoleum during official tours. On 14 August 2017, Pakistan's Independence Day, it was used for paying a tribute to Jinnah through 3d projection mapping show by 3D illumination.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^, Mazar-e-Quaid on Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation website, Retrieved 8 April 2016
  2. ^ Martyris, Nina (17 June 2005). "A Jinnah mausoleum in Mumbai?". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  3. ^ Shrines & Tombs in Pakistan, Retrieved 8 April 2016
  4. ^, Retrieved 8 April 2016
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), Retrieve 8 April 2016
  6. ^ a b

External links[edit]