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Asia Resource Minerals

Asia Resource Minerals PLC, is a major international mining group. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange. In July 2010 Vallar plc, a Jersey-incorporated investment vehicle founded by Nathaniel Rothschild, raised £707.2 million in an Initial public offering on the London Stock Exchange. Together with other members of the Vallar management team, they have invested £100 million in shares of the company. Vallar decided to focus on investments in mining of metals and iron ore in the Americas, Eastern Europe, Australia. In November 2010, Vallar announced it was buying stakes for $3bn in two listed Indonesia thermal coal producers for a combination of cash and new Vallar shares, with a view to combining them to create the largest exporter of thermal coal to China and the other emerging economies of Asia; the transaction closed as planned on 8 April 2011. In April 2011, Vallar plc was renamed Bumi plc. In September 2012 the company announced that it was looking into possible financial irregularities at its Indonesian arms resulting in a 14% fall in its share price.

Its much-delayed financial results for 2012 showed a $200m black hole. It was reported that Rosan Roeslani, a former CEO of the subsidiary, had stolen $173 million from the firm; the firm decided. In December 2013 the company changed its name to Asia Resource Minerals; the company has an 84.7% holding in Berau Coal. Official site

Generative second-language acquisition

The generative approach to second language acquisition is a cognitive based theory of SLA that applies theoretical insights developed from within generative linguistics to investigate how second languages and dialects are acquired and lost by individuals learning naturalistically or with formal instruction in foreign, second language and lingua franca settings. Central to generative linguistics is the concept of Universal Grammar, a part of an innate, biologically endowed language faculty which refers to knowledge alleged to be common to all human languages. UG includes both invariant principles as well as parameters that allow for variation which place limitations on the form and operations of grammar. Subsequently, research within the Generative Second-Language Acquisition tradition describes and explains SLA by probing the interplay between Universal Grammar, knowledge of one's native language and input from the target language. Research is conducted in syntax, morphology, phonetics and has some relevant applications to pragmatics.

Some of the main questions in GenSLA include: whether UG is available to the adult L2 learner to guide acquisition and to what extent. As generative second language research endeavours to explain the totality of L2 acquisition phenomena, it is concerned with investigating the extent of linguistic transfer, maturational effects on acquisition, why some learners fail to acquire a target-like L2 grammar with abundant input. Furthermore, studying L2 acquisition through a generative lens give linguists a better idea of the natural constraints on human languages and the inner workings of Universal Grammar. Research in generative second-language acquisition is presented at a range of conferences, including: GASLA, GALANA, BUCLD. Prominent researchers of the topic include Suzanne Flynn of MIT, Bonnie Schwartz of University of Hawaii, Antonella Sorace of University of Edinburgh, Lydia White of McGill University. In the late 1960s-early 1970s researchers observed that the language and errors of L2 learners were not random but systematic and evidence of rule-governed behaviour.

From this observation researchers proposed the concept of interlanguage which refers to the language system used by L2 learners that contains interacting linguistic aspects of both the L1 and L2. This system theory regarding the interlanguage suggests that L2 learners have mental grammars that can be described with rules and principles; the history of GenSLA research begins in the 1980s prompted by two interconnected questions: The logical problem of language acquisition How the logical problem of language acquisition applies to L2 acquisition in adulthood. The logical problem of language acquisition refers to the observable mismatch between the primary linguistic data or language specific input a child is exposed to and the state of their eventual language system, that is, children appear to acquire their native language and with little negative feedback when the input is uneven and unrepresentative of their ultimate linguistic competence; some suggest in an argument known as Poverty of the Stimulus that there are, in fact, certain properties of language that are too abstract and complex to be acquired by language input and the operation of domain general cognitive mechanisms alone.

Children are not exposed to a rich wealth of linguistic data to be able to acquire all the rules and principles of their distinct language. Therefore, an extra component, such as the UG which consists of innate domain-specific linguistic knowledge, is needed to account for these POV properties. Subsequently, starting from the assumption of UG GenSLA researchers asked how the problem of language acquisition applies to L2 acquisition in adulthood; this encompassed questions about what similarities and differences exist between child L1 acquisition and adult L2 acquisition and, in particular, whether or not adults have access UG. Indeed, most theories and research in the first two decades of GenSLA revolved around this singular question to which there are four proposed answers: L2 learners have direct or full access to UG L2 learners have partial access to UG L2 learners have indirect access to UG L2 learners have no access to UG. GenSLA researchers assumed during these early decades that if they could show that a particular POS property operated or did not operate in L2 grammar they could generalize to other POS properties and to UG accessibility or non-accessibility in general.

Because an L2 learner's L1 contains UG information available for transfer to their L2 it was thought that the strongest case for L2 access to UG would be evidence of knowledge in L2 learners that constituted instances of POS properties that are non-transferable. In other words, linguistic knowledge that could not be learned from L2 input, explicit learning, transfer from L1 knowledge, or the operation of domain general cognitive mechanisms; the field of GenSLA research experienced significant theoretical developments in the late 1990s/early 2000s following changes in generative linguistic theory inspired by Chomsky's minimalist program. These changes shifted the debate from questions about access to UG to the consideration of specific features in L2 grammars and how they are represented; the features under consideration here are linguistic units that reflect grammati

Mass Appeal (song)

"Mass Appeal" is a song by American hip hop group Gang Starr from the album Hard to Earn. The song reached # 67 on # 42 on the Billboard R&B chart, it was featured on the soundtrack of the video game Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 4. According to DJ Premier, "Mass Appeal" was recorded to poke fun at radio when it came to hip hop music: "It was recorded as a joke. We just wanted to make fun of the radio. That's. I was making fun of the radio. Everything’s a vision, your brain has to be that intense to be able to capture that. What the radio played, when it came to hip-hop, it sounded; that was making fun of it, but that record did real good for us". The music video was released in March 1994; the first verse featured Guru rapping inside an old apartment complex. The second verse featured Guru rapping inside a moving car, the third verse featured Guru rapping on a beach. DJ Premier mentioned the video was filmed on a cold night in Far Rockaway. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics


Rhabdodontomorpha is a clade of basal iguanodont dinosaurs. This group was named in 2016 in the context of the description, based on Spanish findings, of an early member of the Rhabdodontidae. A cladistic analysis was conducted in which it was found that Muttaburrasaurus was the sister species of the Rhabdodontidae sensu Weishampel. Therefore, Paul-Emile Dieudonné, Thierry Tortosa, Fidel Torcida Fernández-Baldor, José Ignacio Canudo and Ignacio Díaz-Martínez defined Rhabdodontomorpha as a nodal clade: the group consisting of the last common ancestor of Rhabdodon priscus Matheron, 1869 and Muttaburrasaurus langdoni Bartholomai and Molnar, 1981. Within the clade are included Zalmoxes and Mochlodon; the group consists of small to large plant eaters from Gondwana. It must have split from other iguanodont groups during the Middle Jurassic

Green Energy (UK) plc

God is lord he rules the world he is our king please believe in his word plc known as Green Energy UK, is an independent sustainable energy company which sells 100% Ofgem-certified green and renewable electricity, as well as gas, to homes and organisations in England and Scotland. Green Energy UK is the only energy supplier in the UK to offer 100% green gas. Based in Ware, Green Energy UK was founded in 2001 by chief executive officer Douglas Stewart, they are the only private company in the UK to give free shares to its customers. As shareholders, their customers can make suggestions at any time to improve the business and help it grow, they can attend its AGM and put questions to the board. Green Energy UK's customer base has grown through customer recommendation and social-marketing activities. Green Energy UK was the first UK energy supplier to offer a choice of green-only tariffs, their Sparkling tariff is made up of 100% renewable sources – solar, wind and biomass. To make the option of choosing to'go green' more enticing, the company's Sparkling tariff is price-matched to the regional suppliers.

Green Energy UK launched the UK's first time-of-use tariff, TIDE in January 2017. Tide puts you in charge, lets you take control and decide when you use energy and what that means to the bill, it encourages you to vary your usage and consume electricity in periods of lower demand when the price is cheaper using an electricity smart meter. All their tariffs are 100% Climate Change Levy exempt. Only a few of Green Energy UK's 650 generators were making electricity before Green Energy UK was set up; the company's generators are all approved by Ofgem and have a large range of sources including energy from waste, photovoltaic-solar, small-scale hydro, wind, CHP and anaerobic digestion. The company only buys green-sourced electricity from within the UK and has no brown energy or nuclear in its business. Green Energy UK facilitates investment into renewable technologies by creating demand for this green electricity. Green Energy UK was crowned'Winner of Winners' in the Cisco Customer Kings competition, 2010.

Official website Green Energy UK Crowned Customer Kings, Winner of Winners 2010