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Mazovia

Mazovia is a historical region in mid-north-eastern Poland. It spans the North European Plain between Lodz and Bialystok, with Warsaw being the unofficial capital and largest city. Throughout the centuries, Mazovia developed a separate sub-culture featuring diverse folk songs, architecture and traditions different from those of other Poles. Historical Mazovia existed from the Middle Ages until the partitions of Poland and consisted of three voivodeships with the capitals in Warsaw, Płock and Rawa; the main city of the region was Płock. From 1138, Mazovia was governed by a separate branch of the Piast dynasty and when the last ruler of the independent Duchy of Mazovia died, it was incorporated to the Polish Crown in 1526. During the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth over 20% of Mazovian population was categorized as petty nobility. Between 1816 and 1844, the Mazovian Governorate was established, which encompassed the south of the region along with Łęczyca Land and south-eastern Kuyavia; the former inhabitants of Mazovia are the Masurians, who, as Protestants, took refuge in neighboring East Prussia in the so-called region of Masuria.

The borders of contemporary Mazovian Voivodeship, created in 1999, do not reflect the original size of Mazovia, as they do not include the Mazovian cities of Łomża and Łowicz, but include the Lesser Polish cities of Radom and Siedlce. Mazovia has a landscape without lakes, it is spread over the Mazovian Lowland, on both sides of the Vistula river and its confluence with Narew and Bug. Forests cover one-fifth of the region, with the large Kampinos Forest, Puszcza Biała and Puszcza Zielona. In the north Mazovia borders on the Masurian subregion of former Prussia, in the east on Podlachia, in the south on Lesser Poland and in the west on Greater Poland; the area of Mazovia is 33,500 km2. It has population of 5 million; when the Slavs came to this region from the surrounding area of Polesie, they mingled with the descendants of Vistula Veneti and with other people who had settled here such as the Wielbark people. This created a Lechitic tribe: Mazovians; the historical region of Mazovia in the beginning encompassed only the territories on the right bank of Vistula near Płock and had strong connections with Greater Poland.

In the period of the rule of the first monarchs of the Piast State, Płock was one of their seats, on the Cathedral Hill they raised palatium. In the period 1037 -- 1047 it was the capital of the Mazovian state of Masław. Between 1079 and 1138 this city was de facto the capital of Poland. Since 1075 it has been the seat of the diocese encompassing northern Mazovia. During the 9th century Mazovia was inhabited by the tribe of Mazovians, it was incorporated into the Polish state in the second half of 10th century under the Piast ruler Mieszko I. In 1138 the duchy of Mazovia was established, during the 12th and 13th centuries it joined temporarily various adjacent lands and endured invasions of Prussians and Ruthenians. To protect its northern section Conrad I of Mazovia called in the Teutonic Knights in 1226 and granted them the Chełmno Land. After the reunification of the Polish state by Władysław I in the early 14th century, Mazovia became its fief in 1351. In the second half of 15th century western Mazovia and in 1526/1529 the main part was incorporated into the Polish state.

In the 15th century the eastern part of the region was settled by the yeomanry. Mazovia was considered underdeveloped in comparison with Greater Poland and Lesser Poland, with the lowest urban population. In the Early Modern Times Mazovia was known for exporting grain and fur, it was distinct because there was no reformation here. Mazovia was divided into three voivodeships, each of them divided into lands, each of them divided into counties; the Polish-Lithuanian Union of Lublin established Mazovia as the central region of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, with Warsaw rising to prominence as the seat of the state legislature. In 1596 King Sigismund III Vasa moved the Polish capital from Kraków to Warsaw. During the 17th and 18th centuries Swedish, Transylvanian and Russian invasions wreaked havoc on the region. In 1793 western Mazovia, two years the rest of the region became part of Prussia. In 1807 it became part of the Duchy of Warsaw. In 1815 the region was incorporated into the Congress Kingdom of Poland, dependent on Russia.

In the 19th century Mazovia was the site of Polish rebellions against Russian rule. In that era pre-partition Mazovia was divided among Płock and Augustów. Since 1918 Mazovia has been a part of the resurrected Poland, being equivalent to the Warsaw Voivodeship. Under the German occupation of Warsaw during World War II, the city’s population decreased as a result of executions, the extermination of the city’s Jews, the deaths of some 200,000 inhabitants during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, the deportation of the city’s left-bank population

Friedrich Gogarten

Friedrich Gogarten was a Lutheran theologian, co-founder of dialectical theology in Germany in the early 20th century. Under the leadership of Karl Barth, Gogarten split from the prevailing liberal theology as represented by Albrecht Ritschl and others, he stood against the historicism and anthropocentrism of the Protestant theology of the 19th century by emphasizing the absolute antithesis of God and man. This new dialectical theology was named after a phrase in Gogarten's magazine Between the Ages. Barth was excited by Gogarten, in 1920 wrote to Eduard Thurneysen, "This is a dreadnought for us and against our adversaries. Who knows, someday he will teach us, he has quite the allure and the stuff one man which... to be". Nonetheless a few years a distance between Barth and Gogarten developed. Between the Ages ceased publication and Gogarten broke away from Barth, he had differences with Rudolf Bultmann, who however resumed the relationship in 1940. After the Sports Palace demonstration on November 13, 1933, in Berlin he wrote articles in several magazines explaining the "Faith Movement of German Christians".

Gogarten never joined the Nazi Party. In 1927, Gogarten began teaching in Jena, his inaugural lecture was "Theological Tradition and Theological Work: Intellectual History or Theology?" This led to his appointment in 1931 as the successor of Erich Schaeder to the chair of systematic theology in Wroclaw, Poland. In the summer of 1935 he took over the reading circle of Karl Barth in Bonn. In the winter of the same year he moved to Göttingen where he succeeded Carl Stange as Professor of Systematic Theology and was appointed as university preacher. On February 25, 1955, he retired in Göttingen. Gogarten's general theme is "Man between God and the world", "The Church in the world" and the secularization as a result of the Christian revelation. Honorary doctorate from the Theological Faculty of the University of Giessen Großes Verdienstkreuz der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Großes Verdienstkreuz mit Stern der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Mirela Dulgheru

Mirela Dulgheru–Renda, aka Mirela Renda, is a Romanian-born Turkish female long jumper. She became a naturalised Turkish citizen by marriage in 1999, adopted the surname Renda, she is the holder of third national performance outdoor long jump, a Romanian national record in long jump indoor and a national record at sprint distances sample 50 m, 60 m and 80 m. She won twelve titles at Balkan Championships, was over hundred times winner at national level in Romania. Mirela Dulgheru competed for her native country Romania at the 1992 Summer Olympics, Spain. With her jump of 6.71 m, she placed 6th. She won a gold medal in long jump event at the Athletics at the 1993 Summer Universiade, New York, USA, she was a lecturer at the Oil & Gas University of Ploieşti and athletics coach at CSU Asesoft Ploiești. In 2009, she obtained a Doctor's degree in Physical Education and Sport at the University of Pitești with a thesis on "The Differentiate Nature of Effort’s Specificity in the Development of Movement Qualities During Athletic Tasks".

Soon after her naturalization in Turkey, Mirela Renda set a national record in long jump with 6.52 m. Her record lasted nine years long until it was broken with 6.62 m by Melis Mey, another naturalized athlete. 4th - 1990 European Athletics Indoor Championships, Scotland 9th - 1991 IAAF World Indoor Championships, Spain - 6.50 m 4th - 1992 Summer Olympics, Spain - 6.71 m 8th - 1993 IAAF World Indoor Championships, Canada - 6.55 m 11th - 1993 World Championships in Athletics, Germany - 6.48 m - Athletics at the 1993 Summer Universiade, New York, USA - 6.69 m 5th - 1994 European Athletics Indoor Championships, France 6th - 2000 Osaka Grand Prix, Japan Mirela Dulgheru at World Athletics

Frankie Hammond

Frankie Hammond Jr. is an American football wide receiver, a free agent. He played college football for the University of Florida and was signed by the Kansas City Chiefs as an undrafted free agent in 2013. Hammond accepted an athletic scholarship to attend the University of Florida, where he played for coach Urban Meyer and coach Will Muschamp's Florida Gators football teams from 2008 to 2012. During his four-season college career, he started 19 of 48 games in which he played, recording 63 receptions for 809 yards and six touchdowns, he was a high jumper for the Florida Gators track and field team. Hammond signed with the Kansas City Chiefs as an undrafted free agent after the 2013 NFL Draft, he spent the entire season on the Chiefs practice squad. After spending the entire 2013 season on the Chiefs' practice squad, he debuted in Week 1 of the 2014 season, recording his first NFL career reception for 22 yards. Through the whole season, Hammond had 4 catches for 45 yards. On April 20, 2015, he was re-signed.

On November 9, 2015, he was waived. On November 9, 2015, he was signed to the practice squad. On November 28, 2015, he was elevated to the active roster. On September 3, 2016, Hammond was released by the Chiefs; the next day, he was signed to the Chiefs' practice squad. On January 23, 2017, Hammond signed a reserve/future contract with the New York Jets. On September 2, 2017, he was waived by the Jets. In 2018, Hammond signed with the Orlando Apollos for the 2019 season. List of Florida Gators football players in the NFL Kansas City Chiefs bio Florida Gators bio

2014 in squash sport

This article lists the results for the sport of Squash in 2014. January 17–24: Tournament of Champions 2014 in New York City Amr Shabana defeated Grégory Gaultier 11–8, 11–3, 11–4. February 26 – March 3: Windy City Open 2014 in Richmond, Virginia Grégory Gaultier defeated Ramy Ashour 11–7, 11–3, 11–4. April 13 – 18: El Gouna International 2014 in Egypt Ramy Ashour defeated Mohamed El Shorbagy 11–7, 12–10, 8–11, 11–8. May 12 – 18: 2014 Men's British Open in Kingston upon Hull Grégory Gaultier defeated Nick Matthew 11–3, 11–6, 11–2. August 26 – 31: Men's Hong Kong squash Open 2014 in Hong Kong Mohamed El Shorbagy defeated Grégory Gaultier 11–9, 11–2, 4–11, 8–11, 11–4. October 13 – 18: US Open in Philadelphia Mohamed El Shorbagy defeated fellow Egyptian, Amr Shabana, 8–11, 11–9, 11–3, 11–3. November 14 – 21: 2014 Men's World Open Squash Championship in Doha Ramy Ashour defeated fellow Egyptian, Mohamed El Shorbagy, 13–11, 7–11, 5–11, 11–5, 14–12, to claim his third World Open Squash title. March 14 – 21: 2013 Women's World Open Squash Championship in Penang Laura Massaro defeated Nour El Sherbini 11–7, 6-11, 11–9, 5-11, 11–9.

May 11 – 18: 2014 Women's British Open Squash Championship in Kingston upon Hull Nicol David defeated Laura Massaro 8–11, 11–5, 11–7, 11–8. August 18 – 23: Women's Malaysian Open Squash Championships 2014 in Kuala Lumpur Raneem El Weleily defeated fellow Egyptian, Nour El Tayeb, 7–11, 11–3, 12–10, 2–11, 11–7. August 27 – 31: Women's Hong Kong squash Open 2014 in Hong Kong Nicol David defeated Nour El Tayeb 11–4, 12–10, 11–8. October 13 – 18: US Open in Philadelphia Nicol David defeated Nour El Sherbini 11–5, 12–10, 12–10. December 15 – 20: 2014 Women's World Open Squash Championship in Cairo Nicol David defeated Raneem El Weleily 5–11, 11–8, 7–11, 14–12, 11–5, to claim her eighth World Open Squash title. December 1 – 6: 2014 Women's World Team Squash Championships in Niagara-on-the-Lake Champions: England.

Paul & Rach

Paul & Rach was an afternoon drive time radio program that broadcasts on Triple M Sydney. It commenced broadcasting in that timeslot on 8 September 2009, they were in the breakfast timeslot from June to late August hosted by Ugly Phil and Sami Lukis and replaced by the Grill Team. The show started in January 2009 as a night show; the hosts were Rachel Corbett. The Paul & Rach show ended on 3 December 2010, though Rachel Corbett remains with Triple M and will be heard on the Grill Team as newsreader; the show has taken elements from the Paul Murray Show. "Count the Coin" – The sound of a coin being dropped on a table is played and callers have to guess what type of coin it is and they win the coin as the prize. "Your Pick At 6" – A segment where listeners submit a song suggestion via the website that has meaning and means the world to them and if selected will be played at 6 pm. Official Site