The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft. It first entered service in 1960 with the Navy. Proving adaptable, it was adopted by the United States Marine Corps and the United States Air Force, by the mid-1960s had become a major part of their air arms; the Phantom is a large fighter with a top speed of over Mach 2.2. It can carry more than 18,000 pounds of weapons on nine external hardpoints, including air-to-air missiles, air-to-ground missiles, various bombs; the F-4, like other interceptors of its time, was designed without an internal cannon. Models incorporated an M61 Vulcan rotary cannon. Beginning in 1959, it set 15 world records for in-flight performance, including an absolute speed record and an absolute altitude record; the F-4 was used extensively during the Vietnam War. It served as the principal air superiority fighter for the U.
S. Air Force and Marine Corps and became important in the ground-attack and aerial reconnaissance roles late in the war. During the Vietnam War, one U. S. Air Force pilot, two weapon systems officers, one U. S. Navy pilot and one radar intercept officer became aces by achieving five aerial kills against enemy fighter aircraft; the F-4 continued to form a major part of U. S. military air power throughout the 1970s and 1980s, being replaced by more modern aircraft such as the F-15 Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon in the U. S. Air Force, the F-14 Tomcat in the U. S. Navy, the F/A-18 Hornet in the U. S. Navy and U. S. Marine Corps; the F-4 Phantom II remained in use by the U. S. in the reconnaissance and Wild Weasel roles in the 1991 Gulf War leaving service in 1996. It was the only aircraft used by both U. S. flight demonstration teams: the United States Air Force Thunderbirds and the United States Navy Blue Angels. The F-4 was operated by the armed forces of 11 other nations. Israeli Phantoms saw extensive combat in several Arab–Israeli conflicts, while Iran used its large fleet of Phantoms, acquired before the fall of the Shah, in the Iran–Iraq War.
Phantom production ran from 1958 to 1981, with a total of 5,195 built, making it the most produced American supersonic military aircraft. As of 2018, 60 years after its first flight, the F-4 remains in service with Iran, South Korea and Turkey; the aircraft has most been in service against the Islamic State group in the Middle East. In 1952, McDonnell's Chief of Aerodynamics, Dave Lewis, was appointed by CEO Jim McDonnell to be the company's preliminary design manager. With no new aircraft competitions on the horizon, internal studies concluded the Navy had the greatest need for a new and different aircraft type: an attack fighter. In 1953, McDonnell Aircraft began work on revising its F3H Demon naval fighter, seeking expanded capabilities and better performance; the company developed several projects, including a variant powered by a Wright J67 engine, variants powered by two Wright J65 engines, or two General Electric J79 engines. The J79-powered version promised a top speed of Mach 1.97. On 19 September 1953, McDonnell approached the United States Navy with a proposal for the "Super Demon".
Uniquely, the aircraft was to be modular, as it could be fitted with one- or two-seat noses for different missions, with different nose cones to accommodate radar, photo cameras, four 20 mm cannon, or 56 FFAR unguided rockets in addition to the nine hardpoints under the wings and the fuselage. The Navy was sufficiently interested to order a full-scale mock-up of the F3H-G/H, but felt that the upcoming Grumman XF9F-9 and Vought XF8U-1 satisfied the need for a supersonic fighter; the McDonnell design was therefore reworked into an all-weather fighter-bomber with 11 external hardpoints for weapons and on 18 October 1954, the company received a letter of intent for two YAH-1 prototypes. On 26 May 1955, four Navy officers arrived at the McDonnell offices and, within an hour, presented the company with an new set of requirements; because the Navy had the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk for ground attack and F-8 Crusader for dogfighting, the project now had to fulfill the need for an all-weather fleet defense interceptor.
A second crewman was added to operate the powerful radar. The XF4H-1 was designed to carry four semi-recessed AAM-N-6 Sparrow III radar-guided missiles, to be powered by two J79-GE-8 engines; as in the McDonnell F-101 Voodoo, the engines sat low in the fuselage to maximize internal fuel capacity and ingested air through fixed geometry intakes. The thin-section wing had a leading edge sweep of 45° and was equipped with blown flaps for better low-speed handling. Wind tunnel testing had revealed lateral instability, requiring the addition of 5° dihedral to the wings. To avoid redesigning the titanium central section of the aircraft, McDonnell engineers angled up only the outer portions of the wings by 12°, which averaged to the required 5° over the entire wingspan; the wings received the distinctive "dogtooth" for improved control at high angles of attack. The all-moving tailplane was given 23° of anhedral to improve control at high angles of attack, while still keeping the tailplane clear of the engine exhaust.
In addition, air intakes were equipped with variable geometry ramps to regulate airflow to the engines at supersonic speeds. All-weather intercept capability was achieved thanks to the AN/APQ-50 radar. To accommodate carrier operations, the landing gear was designed to withstand landings with a sink rate of 23 ft/s, while the nose strut could extend by some 20 in to increase angle of attack at takeoff. On 25 July 1955
"I'm Still Here" is an R&B-Reggae single by Ugandan singer and actress Juliana Kanyomozi. It was released on March 30, 2017, it is her second song to be released since the passing of her son Keron Raphael Kabugo in 2014. All production of the song and video was done in South Africa. "I'm Still Here" was written by Esther Nabaasa and produced by Michael Fingerz. Produced at Masters Music; the song was released on Juliana’s official Youtube channel on March 30, 2017. The song celebrates a strong woman, who however much and longer they are weighed down by hardships, they still get up and move on."I'm Still Here" is a song inspired by not only Juliana’s life, but by a multitude of experiences and challenges in general as well as the human power to overcome and conquer the insurmountable! …” The lyrics portray someone who has gone through a lot of hardships but still stands strong, a reflection to the singer’s own life after losing her one and only son back in 2014. The song was well received because of its message but the video was negatively received by many Ugandans on social media who said that Juliana had plagiarized the video theme from Jennifer Lopez’s'"I Aint Your Mama'".
Juliana, denied copying from Jenny during a radio interview, Celeb Select with Crystal Newman citing that she had never watched Jennys I aint your mama. She continued to say; the video was directed by Justin Campos. It was shot on location in South Africa and features Juliana in different roles as a housewife mopping the floor and doing laundry, she acts as a student in glasses, as a queen, as beauty pageant and as a gym freak woman. The video trended at number 1 on YouTube in Uganda for over a week after its release on the site and has accumulated over 604,000 views as of January 2018
Bando yoga or Burmese yoga is a form of yoga from Myanmar taught alongside bando. It is based on the internal training of Indian martial arts and is referred to as peasant or slave yoga, it was for the common man and used by ancient warriors of northern Burma to maintain health and protect from illness and disease. Today it is practiced by ethnic Burmese in parts of India. Bando spread in Burma when Japanese invaded the country in 1942, it is part of a collection of martial arts called Thaing. The discipline includes the fighting and defensive behaviors of animals such as the cobra, viper, leopard, bull and scorpion. Bando yoga is used for three main purposes; these are for maintaining overall health, resisting illness and disease, restoring or recovering from illness and injury. It is not a yoga system for enlightenment but for developing and maintaining efficient functionality in our everyday life, whether it be as a worker/laborer, monk or warrior. There are three systems of Burmese yoga: dhanda yoga lonji yoga letha yoga Bando Min Zin Yoga