The McDonnell FH Phantom was a twinjet fighter aircraft designed and first flown during World War II for the United States Navy. The Phantom was the first purely jet-powered aircraft to land on an American aircraft carrier and the first jet deployed by the United States Marine Corps. Although with the end of the war, only 62 FH-1s were built, it helped prove the viability of carrier-based jet fighters; as McDonnell's first successful fighter, leading to the development of the follow-on F2H Banshee, one of the two most important naval jet fighters of the Korean War, it would establish McDonnell as an important supplier of navy aircraft. When McDonnell chose to bring the name back with the Mach 2–class McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, it launched what would become the most versatile and used western combat aircraft of the Vietnam War era, adopted by the USAF and the US Navy, remaining in use with various countries to the present day; the FH Phantom was designated the FD Phantom, but the designation was changed as the aircraft entered production.
In early 1943, aviation officials at the United States Navy were impressed with McDonnell's audacious XP-67 Bat project. McDonnell was invited by the navy to cooperate in the development of a shipboard jet fighter, using an engine from the turbojets under development by Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Three prototypes were ordered on 30 August 1943 and the designation XFD-1 was assigned. Under the 1922 United States Navy aircraft designation system, the letter "D" before the dash designated the aircraft's manufacturer; the Douglas Aircraft Company had been assigned this letter, but the USN elected to reassign it to McDonnell because Douglas had not provided any fighters for navy service in years. McDonnell engineers evaluated a number of engine combinations, varying from eight 9.5 in diameter engines down to two engines of 19 inch diameter. The final design used the two 19 in engines after it was found to be the lightest and simplest configuration; the engines were buried in the wing root to keep intake and exhaust ducts short, offering greater aerodynamic efficiency than underwing nacelles, the engines were angled outwards to protect the fuselage from the hot exhaust blast.
Placement of the engines in the middle of the airframe allowed the cockpit with its bubble-style canopy to be placed ahead of the wing, granting the pilot excellent visibility in all directions. This engine location freed up space under the nose, allowing designers to use tricycle gear, thereby elevating the engine exhaust path and reducing the risk that the hot blast would damage the aircraft carrier deck; the construction methods and aerodynamic design of the Phantom were conventional for the time. Folding wings were used to reduce the width of the aircraft in storage configuration. Provisions for four.50-caliber machine guns were made in the nose, while racks for eight 5 in High Velocity Aircraft Rockets could be fitted under the wings, although these were used in service. Adapting a jet to carrier use was a much greater challenge than producing a land-based fighter because of slower landing and takeoff speeds required on a small carrier deck; the Phantom used split flaps on both the folding and fixed wing sections to enhance low-speed landing performance, but no other high-lift devices were used.
Provisions were made for Rocket Assisted Take Off bottles to improve takeoff performance. When the first XFD-1, serial number 48235, was completed in January 1945, only one Westinghouse 19XB-2B engine was available for installation. Ground runs and taxi tests were conducted with the single engine, such was the confidence in the aircraft that the first flight on 26 January 1945 was made with only the one turbojet engine. During flight tests, the Phantom became the first naval aircraft to exceed 500 mph. With successful completion of tests, a production contract was awarded on 7 March 1945 for 100 FD-1 aircraft. With the end of the war, the Phantom production contract was reduced to 30 aircraft, but was soon increased back to 60; the first prototype was lost in a fatal crash on 1 November 1945, but the second and final Phantom prototype was completed early the next year and became the first purely jet-powered aircraft to operate from an American aircraft carrier, completing four successful takeoffs and landings on 21 July 1946, from Franklin D. Roosevelt near Norfolk, Virginia.
At the time, she was the largest carrier serving with the U. S. Navy, allowing the aircraft to take off without assistance from a catapult; the second prototype crashed on 26 August 1946. Production Phantoms incorporated a number of design improvements; these included provisions for a flush-fitting centerline drop tank, an improved gunsight, the addition of speed brakes. Production models used Westinghouse J30-WE-20 engines with 1,600 lbf of thrust per engine; the top of the vertical tail had a more square shape than the rounder tail used on the prototypes, a smaller rudder was used to resolve problems with control surface clearance discovered during test flights. The horizontal tail surfaces were shortened while the fuselage was stretched by 19 in; the amount of framing in the windshield was reduced to enhance pilot visibility. Halfway through the production run, the navy reassigned the designation letter "D" back to Douglas, with the Phantom being redesignated FH-1. Including the two prototypes, a total of 62 Phantoms were produced, with the last FH-1 rolling off the assembly line in May 1948.
Realizing that the production of more powerful jet engines was imminent, McD
Jangaon Municipality is the civic body that oversees the civic needs of the town of Jangaon in the Indian state of Telangana. The first local administrator with the designation of tahsildar was appointed in 1935 by Nizam king to Jangaon town. Tahsildar as chairman and selected five eminent persons of the town for the committee; the committee ruled for 17 years until 1952 when the first elections were held and the town was divided into 14 wards as a third grade municipality. It was upgraded to second grade in the year 2010 with 28 municipal wards. Now increased to 30 municipal wards. List of Elected Chairpersons of Jangaon Municipality along with number of council members in wards, First Election conducted in 1952, flowing 1959, 1966, 1982, 1987, 1992, 2000, 2005, 2014, 2020 to held in January; the jurisdiction of the civic body is spread over 17.49 km2. Election held on 23 January of 2020, counting and results came on 25 January 2020
Dancing Time was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare, who raced during World War II and was best known for winning the classic 1000 Guineas in 1941. After finishing unplaced in her only race as a two-year-old, the filly won the 1000 Guineas on the July course at Newmarket on her three-year-old debut, she finished third in both the Oaks Stakes and the St Leger. After her retirement from racing she became a successful broodmare. Dancing Time was a bay mare, bred by her owner William Tatem, 1st Baron Glanely, she was the first of two classic winners sired by Colombo an outstanding two-year-old who went on to win the 2000 Guineas in 1934. Dancing Time was the third of four foals produced by her dam Show Girl, a high-class staying racemare who won the Northumberland Plate in 1930. Show Girl's dam Comedy Star was a half-sister to The Derby winner Call Boy. Lord Glanely sent the filly into training with Joseph Lawson at his stables at Manton in Wiltshire. Dancing Time's racing career took place during World War II during which horse racing in Britain was subject to many restrictions.
Several major racecourses, including Epsom and Doncaster, were closed for the duration of the conflict, either for safety reasons, or because they were being used by the military. Many important races were rescheduled to new dates and venues at short notice, all five of the Classics were run at Newmarket. Wartime austerity meant that prize money was reduced: Dancing Time's 1000 Guineas was worth £1,184 compared to the £7,592 earned by Galatea in 1939; as a two-year-old in 1940, Dancing Time finished unplaced in her only racecourse appearance, a maiden race in June. On 1 May 1941, in only her second race, Dancing Time contested the 128th running of the 1000 Guineas, run over the July course at Newmarket rather than its traditional home on the Rowley Mile. Ridden by Dick Perryman she started at odds of 100/8 in thirteen-runner field. Racing on firm ground she won by a length from Beausite, with Keystone two lengths away in third place. On 19 June at the same course, Dancing Time started odds-on favourite for the substitute "New Oaks" over one and a half miles.
She never looked like winning and finished third of the twelve runners, beaten two lengths and three-quarters of a length by Commotion and Turkana. With Doncaster Racecourse unavailable, a substitute "New St Leger" was run over one and three quarter miles at Manchester on 6 September. Racing against colts, Dancing Time finished third behind Sun Castle and Chateau Larose, beaten a head and a length. In their book A Century of Champions, based on a modified version of the Timeform system, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Dancing Time an "average" winner of the 1000 Guineas. Dancing Time was retired from racing to become a broodmare. In June 1942 Lord Glanely was killed in an air-raid and the mare was offered for sale and bought for 4,600 guineas by Joseph McGrath, she had considerable success in the breeding paddocks, producing six winners from nine foals, the best being Arctic Time, a colt who won the Beresford Stakes and the Gallinule Stakes. Her unraced daughter Star Dancer became a successful broodmare.
Her recorded foals were: Young Affran, a dark bay or brown colt, foaled in 1944, sired by Windsor Slipper. Winner. Royal Ballet, dark bay or brown colt, 1945, by Windsor Slipper. Winner. Bear Dance, brown colt, 1946, by Big Game. Winner. Dainty Dancer, bay filly, 1947, by Dante. Winner. Ituna, brown filly, 1949, by Dante. Winner. French Ballet, bay filly, 1950, by Prince Chevaler Arctic Time, bay colt, 1952, by Arctic Star. Won Beresford Stakes, Gallinule Stakes. Let It Be Me, brown filly, 1953, by Arctic Star Star Dancer, brown filly, 1954, by Arctic Star. Unraced. Dam of Royal Danseuse Irish 1000 Guineas