1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Elk County, Pennsylvania
Elk County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,946, its county seat is Ridgway. The county was created on April 18, 1843, from parts of Jefferson, Clearfield and McKean Counties, is named for the Eastern elk that inhabited the region. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 832 square miles, of which 827 square miles is land and 4.9 square miles is water. McKean County Cameron County Clearfield County Jefferson County Forest County Warren County Allegheny National Forest Bendigo State Park Elk State Park US 219 US 219 Truck PA 66 PA 120 PA 153 PA 255 PA 321 PA 555 PA 948 PA 949 As of the census of 2000, there were 35,112 people, 14,124 households, 9,745 families residing in the county; the population density was 42 people per square mile. There were 18,115 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.96% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, 0.31% from two or more races.
0.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40% were of German, 13% Italian, 12% American, 6% Irish, 4% English, 4% Polish and 3% Swedish ancestry. There were 14,124 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.00% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males. As of November 2008, there were 20,523 registered voters in Elk County. Democratic: 10,230 Republican: 7,355 Other parties: 1,213 Elk County tends to be politically competitive in statewide and national elections.
The county was carried by George W. Bush in 2000 and 2004; the county was carried by Barack Obama in 2008 and by Mitt Romney in 2012 over Obama's victorious ticket. The county used to be seen as a bellwether county in federal elections, with the winner carrying it in each election from 1920 to 2008, except for 1928 when Al Smith carried the county with nearly 60% of the vote over winner Herbert Hoover, 1940 when Wendell Willkie carried the county with a slim margin of 29 votes over incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt, in 1968, when Hubert Humphrey won it over eventual winner Richard Nixon The three state row offices winners carried Elk and Democratic incumbent State Representative Dan Surra lost after nine terms to Republican Matt Gabler in 2008. Daniel Freeburg, Republican Janis Kemmer, Republican Matt Quesenberry, Democrat Clerk of Courts and Prothonotary, Susanne Schneider, Republican Coroner, Michelle Muccio, Republican District Attorney, Shawn McMahon, Register of Wills and Recorder of Deeds, Pete Weidenboerner, Democrat Sheriff, Todd Caltagarone, Republican Treasurer, Peggy Schneider, Democrat Matt Gabler, Republican, 75th district Joseph B.
Scarnati, Republican, 25th district Glenn "G. T." Thompson, Republican, 15th district Brockway Area School District Forest Area School District Kane Area School District Johnsonburg Area School District Ridgway Area School District Saint Marys Area School DistrictAll children living in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania may choose to attend one of 12 public cyber charter schools that are licensed in the state. Children in Elk County are served by Seneca Highlands Intermediate Unit Nine; the Intermediate Unit is located at 499 Spruce Street in Saint Marys. The IU serves all schools in Elk County, McKean County and Potter County. IU9 serves 15,761 public school students in fourteen school districts and 1,673 non-public school students in nineteen schools. Intermediate Unit Nine covers an area of 3,300 square miles with a population of 105,102. Elk County Catholic High School St Boniface School - Kersey St Leo School - Ridgway St Marys Catholic Elementary School = Saint Marys St Marys Catholic Middle School = Saint Marys North Central Workforce Investment Board - Ridgway Anne Forbes Nursery School - Ridgway Elk County Library System - Saint Marys Johnsonburg Public Library - Johnsonburg Ridgway Free Public Library - Ridgway Saint Marys Public Library - Saint Marys Tri State Coll Library Co-Op - Rosemont Wilcox Public Library - Wilcox Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns.
The following cities and townships are located in Elk County: St. Marys Johnsonburg Ridgway Byrnedale Force James City Kersey Weedville Wilcox Dagus Mines Loleta The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Elk County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Elk County, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe
U.S. Route 6 in Pennsylvania
U. S. Route 6 travels east–west near the north edge of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania from the Ohio state line near Pymatuning Reservoir east to the Mid-Delaware Bridge over the Delaware River into Port Jervis, New York. It is the longest highway segment in the Commonwealth. Most of it is a two-lane rural highway, with some freeway bypasses around larger towns. Except east of Dunmore, where it is paralleled by Interstate 84, it is the main route in its corridor. What is now I-80—the Keystone Shortway—was once planned along the US 6 corridor as a western extension of I-84; the corridor was the Roosevelt Highway from Erie, Pennsylvania to Port Jervis, New York, designated Pennsylvania Route 7 in 1924. The PA 7 designation soon disappeared, but as US 6 was extended and relocated, the Roosevelt Highway followed it; the Pennsylvania section of US 6 was renamed the Grand Army of the Republic Highway in 1946. US 6 meets with U. S. Route 19 near Meadville. There it passes through the Northern Tier of Pennsylvania.
At Towanda it turns more southeasterly to reach Dunmore turning back northeast out of Dunmore to Carbondale and east and southeast to New York. US 6 encompasses two Pennsylvania Scenic Byways: the Gateway to the Endless Mountains Scenic Byway along the bypass of Tunkhannock and the Governor Casey Scenic Byway along the freeway portion in Lackawanna County between I-81 in Dunmore and PA 247 in Jessup. US 6 enters Pennsylvania from Ohio in Crawford County, heading southeast as a two-lane undivided road through farmland and woodland to the north of Pymatuning State Park, home to the Pymatuning Reservoir; the route heads into Linesville, where it heads southeast through developed areas of the borough on Penn Street before turning east onto East Erie Street. The road continues southeast through more rural areas as it heads away from the state park, passing over the Canadian National's Bessemer Subdivision railroad line. US 6 intersects the southern terminus of PA 618 before it reaches a junction with PA 285 on the western edge of the borough of Conneaut Lake.
Here, US 6 heads east for a concurrency with PA 285 and the two routes head east through the borough on Water Street. The road intersects US 322/PA 18 in the center of Conneaut Lake, where the two routes join US 6 and PA 285. A block PA 285 splits to the south. US 6/US 322/PA 18 become a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane and head east out of the borough, passing to the south of Conneaut Lake. PA 18 splits from US 6/US 322 by turning to the north, with US 6/US 322 continuing east-northeast on Conneaut Lake Road through farms and woods with some development; the road heads into a business area to the west of Meadville and comes to an intersection with US 19 and the southern terminus of PA 98, at which point US 19 becomes concurrent with US 6 and US 322. The roadway becomes a four-lane divided highway and comes to a cloverleaf interchange with I-79. Past this interchange, the three routes reach an intersection with the southern terminus of PA 102 before curving north and entering Meadville upon crossing French Creek and a Western New York and Pennsylvania Railroad line.
The road becomes French Creek Parkway and US 322 splits to the east, with US 6/US 19 continuing north through developed areas to the east of the railroad line. The two routes leave Meadville and narrow to a two-lane undivided road, passing through wooded areas with some fields and development as it follows the French Creek and the Western New York and Pennsylvania Railroad. In Saegertown, US 6/US 19 head north along Main Street and form a concurrency with PA 198; the road continues northeast through more rural areas alongside the creek and railroad, reaching the borough of Venango. Here, the two routes head north on Church Street before turning east onto Cussewago Street and curving north onto River Street. US 6/US 19 run northeast through woods with some development to Cambridge Springs; the two routes head northeast on Venango Avenue before intersecting the northern terminus of PA 86 and the western terminus of PA 408 in the center of town, where they turn onto North Main Street and continue northeast.
US 6/US 19 reach a junction with the southern terminus of PA 99 before leaving Cambridge Springs and heading through rural areas. US 6/US 19 continue into Erie County and comes to an intersection with the eastern terminus of US 6N, at which point US 6 splits from US 19 by turning to the east and crossing French Creek; the route passes through Mill Village, where it crosses under a Western New York and Pennsylvania Railroad line, runs through a mix of farmland and woodland with some development. The road continues through rural land and turns northeast to reach Union City, where it comes to a junction with PA 8. At this point, US 6 heads north along with PA 8 through developed areas of the borough on South Main Street, crossing a Western New York and Pennsylvania Railroad line. In the downtown area of Union City, US 6 splits from PA 8 by turning east onto East High Street at a crossing of a Buffalo and Pittsburgh Railroad line; the route leaves Union City and heads through farm fields and woods, reaching a junction with PA 89 to the north of Elgin.
Here, PA 89 forms a concurrency with US 6 before splitting to the south. The route runs east-northeast through wooded areas with some development prior to entering the city of Corry. In Corry, US 6 becomes West Columbus Avenue and runs through developed areas in the northern part of the city, crossing PA 426 and becoming East Columbus Avenue. In the eastern part of Corry, the road passes south of Corry Memorial Hospital; the route enters
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Pennsylvania Route 44
Pennsylvania Route 44 is a 149.24 mi -long state highway in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. The route is designated from Interstate 80 and Pennsylvania Route 42 in Buckhorn to the New York state line near New York State Route 417 in Ceres Township. Commissioned in 1927 by the Pennsylvania Department of Highways, PA 44 ran from the NY state line to Jersey Shore. Today, the highway is a scenic route from Columbia County to Potter County. PA 44 begins in the census-designated place of Buckhorn in Hemlock Township, Columbia County at an intersection with PA 42 and exit 232 of I-80. From here, the route heads northwest along two-lane undivided Buckhorn Road, passing businesses before running past homes in Buckhorn; the road woodland with some homes through the Appalachians. PA 44 winds north and curves northwest passing through more rural areas; the route runs through agricultural land with some woods and residences, turning west before heading back to the northwest, winding across a wooded ridge. PA 44 turns to the north and comes to an intersection with PA 642, at which point the two routes become concurrent along Danville Road.
The road passes through farmland with some development and heads into the community of Jerseytown, where it passes homes and a few businesses and curves northwest to come to an intersection with PA 254. At this intersection, PA 642 ends and PA 44 continues northwest along White Hall Road, heading through agricultural areas with some woods and residences; the route enters Anthony Township in Montour County, passing homes in the community of White Hall and running through agricultural and wooded areas in the Muncy Hills, turning to the west. The road continues west-southwest through farmland with some woodland and residences, passing through the community of Exchange. Farther west, PA 44 crosses into Limestone Township and reaches a junction with PA 54 near the community of Schuyler. At this point, PA 44 turns west for a concurrency with PA 54 on Continental Boulevard, passing through more rural areas. PA 44/PA 54 enters Lewis Township in Northumberland County and becomes an unnamed road, running through farmland with some development.
The road runs through a patch of woodland before it crosses into the borough of Turbotville, where it gains a center left-turn lane and passes businesses. PA 44 splits from PA 54 by turning south onto two-lane Main Street, crossing Norfolk Southern's Watsontown Secondary railroad line and heading into residential areas; the road curves to the southwest and continues past homes and a few businesses before it leaves Turbotville for Lewis Township again. Here, the route becomes an unnamed road that runs through agricultural areas with some woodland and development. PA 44 crosses into Delaware Township and continues through rural land before it enters the borough of McEwensville. Here, the route becomes Potash Street and runs west through residential areas of the borough, crossing the alignment of the Susquehanna Trail at Main Street; the road crosses back into Delaware Township and becomes unnamed again, passing farm fields before crossing under I-180 without an interchange. PA 44 runs west through a mix of farmland and woodland a short distance to the south of Warrior Run and the Watsontown Secondary tracks.
The route curves northwest and crosses the creek and the railroad tracks in a wooded areas. PA 44 enters the borough of Watsontown and becomes McEwensville Road, passing homes and crossing Norfolk Southern's Buffalo Line prior to reaching an intersection with PA 405. Here, PA 44 joins PA 405 on Main Street, heading northwest past homes before running through the downtown area; the road passes through more residential areas before it becomes the border between Delaware Township to the west and Watsontown to the east. PA 44/PA 405 enters Delaware Township and continues north-northwest through farmland as an unnamed road. In the community of Dewart, the road passes businesses before PA 44 splits from PA 405 by turning to the west and passing farm fields; the road comes to a bridge over the West Branch Susquehanna River via Bridge Avenue. Upon crossing the river, PA 44 enters Gregg Township in Union County and heads west along Bridge Avenue, crossing the Union County Industrial Railroad and passing through residential areas in the community of Allenwood.
The route intersects US 15 in a business area and turns to the west-northwest, becoming an unnamed road and running through agricultural areas to the north of the White Deer Hole Creek in the White Deer Valley. The road passes residential areas in the community of Spring Garden and continues through rural areas as it passes south of United States Penitentiary, Allenwood. PA 44 enters Washington Township in Lycoming County and continues west through agricultural areas in the White Deer Valley. In the residential community of Elimsport, the route turns to the north. PA 44 runs north-northeast through farmland and reaches an intersection with the southern terminus of PA 554, where PA 44 makes a turn to the west-northwest; the road runs through farm fields with some development before it enters a tract of the Tiadaghton State Forest and heads west to ascend North White Deer Ridge, one of the ridges on the Appalachian Mountain system. At the summit, the route descends the ridge. PA 44 continues through wooded areas, turning to the northwest.
The road passes through a mix of farm fields and woods before it runs through the residential community of Collomsville. The route comes to an intersection with the southern terminus of PA 654 and heads west through agricultural areas, passing homes in the community
Pennsylvania Route 59
Pennsylvania Route 59 is a 39-mile long state highway located in northwest Pennsylvania. The route links Warren to Smethport, terminating at U. S. Route 6 at both ends. PA 59 acts as a northerly bypass to US 6, directly connecting Warren and Smethport while US 6 dips south to serve Kane and Mount Jewett; this highway serves the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers' Kinzua Dam and FirstEnergy's Seneca Pumped Storage Generating Station. PA 59 begins at an intersection with US 6 in Mead Township, Warren County, heading east on two-lane undivided Kinzua Road; the road passes through areas of woods and homes in the community of Rogertown, turning to the northeast. The route heads into the Allegheny National Forest, running along the southeastern bank of the Allegheny River. PA 59 turns east and passes south of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers' Kinzua Dam, at which point it passes north of FirstEnergy's Seneca Pumped Storage Generating Station; the road curves northeast as it runs along the eastern shore of the Allegheny Reservoir.
The route crosses Kinzua Bay near the Kinzua Point information center. PA 59 enters Corydon Township in McKean County and continues east through more of the Allegheny National Forest as an unnamed road; the route comes to an intersection with PA 321, where that route turns east for a concurrency with PA 59 and the name becomes Kane-Marshburg Road. The road leaves the national forest and heads through more forested areas with scattered homes as PA 321 splits to the northwest as it crosses into Lafayette Township. PA 59 heads through more wooded areas with some fields and residences as an unnamed road, coming to a junction with the western terminus of PA 770 in Marshburg and turning southeast; the route runs through more forests. Farther southeast, the road becomes Mt. Alton Road. PA 59 passes southwest of Federal Correctional Institution, McKean and heads through more wooded areas with some fields and homes, passing through Lafayette; the route passes south of Bradford Regional Airport and runs through Mount Alton, heading through more forests.
The road enters Keating Township and becomes Mt. Alton-Ormsby Road, passing through Backus and crossing under a Buffalo and Pittsburgh Railroad line. PA 59 heads northeast and passes a few fields before intersecting the southern terminus of PA 646 in Ormsby. At this point, the route runs through more forests; the road passes a few farm fields before heading into Smethport and running past homes on West Main Street. PA 59 comes to its eastern terminus at another intersection with US 6, at which point West Main Street continues east as part of that route; the portion of PA 59 between Longhouse Drive and PA 321 is part of the Longhouse National Scenic Byway, a Pennsylvania Scenic Byway and National Forest Scenic Byway. U. S. Roads portal Pennsylvania portal PA 59 Termini