The McLaren F1 is a sports car designed and manufactured by British automobile manufacturer McLaren Cars, powered by the BMW S70/2 V12 engine. A concept conceived by Gordon Murray, he convinced Ron Dennis to back the project and engaged Peter Stevens to design the exterior and interior of the car. On 31 March 1998, the XP5 prototype with a modified rev limiter set the Guinness World Record for the world's fastest production car, reaching 240.1 mph, surpassing the modified Jaguar XJ220's 217.1 mph record from 1992. The BMW-powered McLaren's record lasted until the Koenigsegg CCR surpassed it in 2005, followed by the Bugatti Veyron. Only low production volume cars like the 1993 Dauer 962 Le Mans which attained 251.4 mph in 1998 were faster. The F1 still remains the fastest aspirated production car in the world as the cars which have surpassed the speed record made by the F1 use forced induction engines; the car features numerous proprietary technologies. It was conceived as an exercise in creating what its designers hoped would be considered the ultimate road car.
Despite not having been designed as a track machine, a modified race car edition of the vehicle won several races, including the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans, where it faced purpose-built prototype race cars. Production began in 1992 and ended in 1998. In all, 106 cars were manufactured, with some variations in the design. In 1994, the British car magazine Autocar stated in a road test regarding the F1, "The McLaren F1 is the finest driving machine yet built for the public road." They further stated, "The F1 will be remembered as one of the great events in the history of the car, it may be the fastest production road car the world will see." In 2005, Channel4 placed the car at number one on their list of the 100 greatest cars, calling it "the greatest automotive achievement of all time". In popular culture, the McLaren F1 has earned its spot as'The greatest automobile created' and'The Most Excellent Sports Car Of All Time' amongst a wide variety of car enthusiasts and lovers. Notable past and present McLaren F1 owners include Elon Musk, Rowan Atkinson, Jay Leno, George Harrison, the Sultan of Brunei.
In the April 2017 issue of Top Gear Magazine, the McLaren F1 was listed as one of the fastest aspirated cars available in the world, in the same league as the more modern vehicles such as the Ferrari Enzo and Aston Martin One-77 despite being produced and engineered 10 years prior the Ferrari Enzo and 17 years prior the Aston Martin One-77. Chief engineer Gordon Murray's design concept was a common one among designers of high-performance cars: low weight and high power; this was achieved through use of high-tech and expensive materials such as carbon fibre, gold and kevlar. The F1 was one of the first production car to use a carbon-fibre monocoque chassis. Gordon Murray had been thinking of a three-seat sports car since his youth; when Murray was waiting for a flight home from the Italian Grand Prix in 1988, he drew a sketch of a three-seater sports car and proposed it to Ron Dennis. He pitched the idea of creating the ultimate road car, a concept that would be influenced by the company's Formula One experience and technology and thus reflect that skill and knowledge through the McLaren F1.
Murray declared that "During this time, we were able to visit Honda's Tochigi Research Centre with Ayrton Senna. The visit related to the fact. Although it's true I had thought it would have been better to put a larger engine, the moment I drove the Honda NSX, all the benchmark cars—Ferrari, Lamborghini—I had been using as references in the development of my car vanished from my mind. Of course the car we would create, the McLaren F1, needed to be faster than the NSX, but the NSX's ride quality and handling would become our new design target. Being a fan of Honda engines, I went to Honda's Tochigi Research Centre on two occasions and requested that they consider building for the McLaren F1 a 4.5 litre V10 or V12. I asked, I tried to persuade them, but in the end could not convince them to do it, the McLaren F1 ended up equipped with a BMW engine."Later, a pair of Ultima MK3 kit cars, chassis numbers 12 and 13, "Albert" and "Edward", the last two MK3s, were used as "mules" to test various components and concepts before the first cars were built.
Number 12 was used to test the gearbox with a 7.4 litre Chevrolet V8, plus various other components such as the seats and the brakes. Number 13 was exhaust and cooling system; when McLaren was done with the cars they destroyed both of them to keep away the specialist magazines and because they did not want the car to be associated with "kit cars". The car was first unveiled at 28 May 1992, at The Sporting Club in Monaco; the production version remained the same as the original prototype except for the wing mirror which, on the XP1, was mounted at the top of the A-pillar. This car was deemed not road legal; the original wing mirrors incorporated a pair of indicators which other car manufacturers would adopt several years later. The car's safety levels were first proved when during a testing in Namibia in April 1993
Yoshimizu Station is a railway station on the Tobu Sano Line in Sano, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Tobu Railway. The station is numbered "TI-35". Yoshimizu Station is served by the Tobu Sano Line, is located 13.1 km from the terminus of the line at Tatebayashi. Yoshimizu Station has one island platform, connected to the station building by an overhead passageway. Yoshimizu Station opened on 23 June 1889, it was relocated 2.1 km from its original position in the direction of Sano Station on 1 February 1915. From 17 March 2012, station numbering was introduced on all Tobu lines, with Yoshimizu Station becoming "TI-36". Tanuma-Yoshimizu Post Office List of railway stations in Japan Tobu station information
The Hunger March is the name of a happening and a series of sculptures made by Jens Galschiøt in 2001. The event was inspired by the 1990 movie The March, in which a horde of starving people marches towards Europe; the Hunger March is a reminder that, if the world's need and distress is not relieved, the desperate victims will some day be knocking on the doors of the affluent. To remind people of the issues the world is facing, Galschiøt created 27 sculptures of starving African kids out of bronze; the "kids" have a sad look on their faces. The bronze is darkened to give them a dark look. At the bottom of the sculpture, there is a shining new shoe, made by one of the major shoe companies, responsible for the use of poor kids in the third world to work for a small payment. In May 2001, in the center of Odense, a bronze sculpture of a 12-year-old starved black boy, with a large pair of shining new Nike shoes, was set up so that it appeared to watch the well-fed Danes rushing by; the sculpture stood on a polished black granite pedestal, with the slogan "JUST DO IT" written on it.
Galschiøt stated "With this sculpture, I'll pinpoint the hypocrisy of companies who in their lifestyle commercials are linking their brands with concepts such as freedom and equality and at the same time are cynically exploiting and oppressing the workers who make the products." During the ASEM 4 summit in Copenhagen in September 2002, 27 "starving boys" were placed in Copenhagen to demonstrate for social justice. The 27 sculptures were supposed to represent the starving people in the Third World countries that are influenced by the way that the summit focuses on corporations' profit, instead of poor peoples' interests; the event was arranged in The Salvation Army. The latter organization supplied the boys with Adidas and Reebok shoes. In the summer of 2002, a crowd of 27 starving African boys cast in copper started a tour throughout Denmark to protest against the government's cutback of development aid. Galschiøt launched the action in cooperation with the NGO Forum in Aarhus. Hundreds of volunteers took part in the creation of the sculptures in the artist's workshop, subsequently in the mobilization of the boys all over the country.
In March 2003, DanChurchAid is using the sculptures in their collection to support children who have been left orphans due to AIDS. The Hunger March has appeared as a participant in different demonstrations in Denmark, such as the climate demonstrations; the sculptures are placed on small wagons, where they appear as being a part of the marching crowd. Danish sculpture The Color Orange Pillar of Shame Fundamentalism