Davis is a city in the U. S. state of California and the most populous city in Yolo County. It had a population of 65,622 in 2010, not including the population of the University of California, Davis. The city is a suburb of Californias capital, Davis grew into a Southern Pacific Railroad depot built in 1868. It was known as Davisville, named after Jerome C, the post office at Davisville shortened the town name simply to Davis in 1907. The name stuck, and the city of Davis was incorporated on March 28,1917, from its inception as a farming community, Davis has been known for its contributions to agricultural policy along with veterinary care and animal husbandry. The farm, renamed the Northern Branch of the College of Agriculture in 1922, was upgraded into the seventh UC general campus, the University of California, Davis, in 1959. Davis is located in Yolo County, California,11 mi west of Sacramento,70 mi northeast of San Francisco,385 mi north of Los Angeles, at the intersection of Interstate 80, neighboring towns include Dixon and Woodland.
Davis lies in the Sacramento Valley, the portion of the Central San Joaquin Valley, in Northern California. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 10.5 square miles. 10.4 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water, the topography is flat, which has helped Davis to become known as a haven for bicyclists. The Davis climate resembles that of nearby Sacramento and is typical of Californias Central Valley Mediterranean climate regime, hot summers and cool, rainy and it is classified as a Köppen Csa climate. Average temperatures range from 46 °F in December and January to 75 °F in July, thick ground fog called tule fog settles into Davis during late fall and winter. This fog can be dense with visibility to nearly zero, as in other areas of northern California, the tule fog is a leading cause of road accidents in the winter season. Record temperatures range from a high of 116 °F on July 17,1925, Davis is internally divided by two freeways, a north–south railroad, an east-west mainline and several major streets.
The city is divided into six main districts made up of smaller neighborhoods, Central Davis, north of Fifth Street and Russell Boulevard. East of SR113, and west of the tracks running along G Street. Within these boundaries is the officially denoted neighborhood of Old North Davis, Downtown Davis, roughly the numbered-and-lettered grid north of I-80, south of Fifth Street, east of A Street, and west of the railroad tracks, including the Aggie Village and Olive Drive areas. East Davis, north of I-80, south of Covell Blvd. North Davis, north of Covell Blvd
University of California
The University of California is a public university system in the U. S. state of California. The University of California was founded in 1868 and operated temporarily in Oakland until opening its first campus in Berkeley in 1873 and its tenth and newest campus in Merced opened in fall 2005. Nine campuses enroll both undergraduate and graduate students, one campus, UC San Francisco, enrolls only graduate and professional students in the medical and health sciences. In addition, the UC Hastings College of Law, located in San Francisco, is affiliated with UC. The University of Californias campuses have large numbers of distinguished faculty in almost every academic discipline, as of 2016, UC faculty and researchers have won 62 Nobel Prizes. UC campuses are perennially ranked highly by various publications, internationally, UC Berkeley, UCLA, and UC San Diego are respectively ranked 3rd, 12th, and 14th worldwide by Academic Ranking of World Universities. In 1849, the state of California ratified its first constitution, taking advantage of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts, the California Legislature established an Agricultural and Mechanical Arts College in 1866.
However, it existed only on paper, as a placeholder to secure federal land-grant funds, Congregational minister Henry Durant, an alumnus of Yale, had established the private Contra Costa Academy, on June 20,1853, in Oakland, California. The initial site was bounded by Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets and Harrison, the Colleges trustees and supporters believed in the importance of a liberal arts education, but ran into a lack of interest in liberal arts colleges on the American frontier. In November 1857, the Colleges trustees began to acquire parcels of land facing the Golden Gate in what is now Berkeley for a future planned campus outside of Oakland. But first, they needed to secure the Colleges water rights by buying a farm to the east. In 1864, they organized the College Homestead Association, which borrowed $35,000 to purchase the land, the Association subdivided the latter parcel and started selling lots with the hope it could raise enough money to repay its lenders and create a new college town.
But sales of new homesteads fell short, at the College of Californias 1867 commencement exercises, where Low was present, Benjamin Silliman, Jr. criticized Californians for creating a state polytechnic school instead of a real university. That same day, Low reportedly first suggested a merger of the already-functional College of California with the state college. The University of Californias second president, Daniel Coit Gilman, opened its new campus in Berkeley in September 1873, earlier that year, Toland Medical College in San Francisco had agreed to become the Universitys Medical Department, it evolved into UCSF. In 1878, the University established Hastings College of the Law in San Francisco as its first law school, the California Constitution was amended to designate Hastings as the Law Department of the University of California in consideration of a $100,000 gift from Serranus Clinton Hastings. Hastings is the only UC campus not governed by the Regents of the University of California, in August 1882, the California State Normal School opened a second school in Los Angeles to train teachers for the growing population of Southern California.
In 1927, it became the University of California at Los Angeles, during the 20th century, UC acquired additional satellite locations which, like Los Angeles, were all subordinate to administrators at the Berkeley campus
University of California, Davis
The University of California, Davis, is a public research university and one of the 10 campuses of the University of California system. It is located in Davis, just west of Sacramento, the university has been labeled one of the Public Ivies, a publicly funded university considered to provide a quality of education comparable to those of the Ivy League. The Carnegie Foundation classifies UC Davis as a doctoral research university with a medical program. The UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine is the largest in the United States and has ranked first in the nation for two consecutive years,2015 and 2016. The UC Davis Aggies athletic teams compete in the NCAA Division I level, primarily in the Big West Conference as well as the Big Sky Conference, in its first year of full Division I status,11 UC Davis teams qualified for NCAA post-season competition. In 1905, the California legislature passed the University Farm Bill, the commission took a year to select a site for the campus, a tiny town known as Davisville.
UC Davis opened its doors as the University Farm to 40 degree students from UC Berkeley in January 1909, the Farm was established largely the result of the vision and perseverance of Peter J. Shields, secretary of the State Agricultural Society. The Peter J. Shields Library at UC Davis was named in his honor, Shields began to champion the cause of a University Farm to teach agriculture after learning that California students were going to out-of-state universities to pursue such education. After two failed bills, a law authorizing the creation of a University Farm was passed on March 18,1905, Yolo County, home to some of Californias prime farmland, was chosen as the site. A committee appointed by the Regents purchased land near Davisville in 1906, the Regents officially took control of the property in September 1906 and constructed four buildings in 1907. Short courses were first offered in 1908 and a three-year non-degree program set up in 1909, in 1911, the first class graduated from the University Farm.
The Farm accepted its first female students in 1914 from Berkeley, the three-year non-degree program continued until 1923. At that time, a two-year non-degree program began, continuing until 1958, in 1922, a four-year undergraduate general academic program was established, with the first class graduating in 1926. Renamed in 1922 as the Northern Branch of the College of Agriculture, by 1951 it had expanded to a size of 3,000 acres. In 1959, the campus was declared by the Regents of the University of California as the general campus in the University of California system. Davis Graduate Division was established in 1961 followed by the College of Engineering in 1962, the Law School opened for classes in Fall 1966, and the School of Medicine began instruction in Fall 1968. In a period of increasing activism, a Native American studies program was started in 1969, one of the first at a major university, it was developed as a full department within the university. The incident drew attention and led to further demonstrations, a formal investigation
Stebbins Cold Canyon Reserve
Stebbins Cold Canyon Reserve is a unit of the University of California Natural Reserve System and is administered by the University of California, Davis. It is within the Blue Ridge Berryessa Natural Area, in the Northern Inner California Coast Ranges and it is located in Solano County and Napa County 10 km west of Winters, California and 0.8 km east of Monticello Dam on the south side of Putah Creek. The reserve is 258 hectares in size with elevations ranging from 300–2,500 feet, underlying the reserve are sedimentary rocks such as sandstones and shales. The reserve provides habitat for wildlife species including 108 bird species, eight amphibian species, eighteen reptile species,43 mammal species. The reserve is used for types of research projects, educational outreach programs. Chaparral Natural history of the California Coast Ranges List of California native plants Plant communities of California Flora of California Official Stebbins Cold Canyon Reserve website
California interior chaparral and woodlands
The California interior chaparral and woodlands ecoregion covers 24,900 square miles in an elliptical ring around the California Central Valley. It occurs on hills and mountains ranging from 300 feet to 3,000 feet and it is part of the Mediterranean forests and scrub biome, with cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Many plant and animal species in this ecoregion are adapted to periodic fire and these woodlands are varied and rich in plant life. Chaparral and oak woodlands are the most widespread plant communities in this ecoregion, the chaparral is composed of diverse shrubs and herbs. These include chamise and several species of manzanita and ceanothus, gray pine often emerges from the shrubs. Meanwhile, buckeye is extensive and Blue oak is one of the most extensive of the varieties of oak in the woodlands, scrub oak, coast live oak, canyon live oak, valley oak. The pine and cypress communities on the areas of soil within this ecoregion harbor many endemic species such as milkwort jewelflower.
The main trees of this habitat are Sargent cypress and MacNab cypress with California scrub oak, over seventy species of mammals occur in this rich ecoregion. The endemic mammals include three species of kangaroo rat, some hundred species of birds occur here. Indicator species are scrub jays, acorn woodpeckers, and wrentits, about one third of the original habitat remains, especially at higher elevations. The trees of Closed-cone pine forest are adapted to open the cones, as fire regulation and suppression becomes more effective these communities cannot renew themselves. List of ecoregions in the United States Photos tagged with California interior chaparral and woodlands on flickr
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Napa County, California
Napa County is a county located north of San Pablo Bay in the northern portion of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 136,484, the county seat is the City of Napa. Napa County was one of the counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the territory were given to Lake County in 1861. Napa County comprises the Napa, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland. It is one of four North Bay counties, in prehistoric times, the valley was inhabited by the Patwin Native Americans, with possible habitation by Wappo tribes in the northwestern foothills. Most villages are thought to have been constructed near the floodplains of watercourses that drain the valley and their food consisted of wild roots, small animals, earthworms and bread made from crushed California buckeye kernels. In winter they would construct huts made of tree branches, in summer they camped near rivers and streams. In winter months, they were clad in wild animal skins.
The maximum prehistoric population is not to have exceeded 5000 persons. In 1776, a fort was erected by the Spanish Governor, Felipe de Neve a short distance northwest of Napa, francis Castro and Father Jose Altimura were the first Europeans to explore the Napa Valley in 1823. When the first white settlers arrived in the early 1830s, there were six tribes in the valley speaking different dialects, the Mayacomos tribe lived in the area where Calistoga was founded. The Callajomans were in the area near where the town of St. Helena now stands, further south, the Kymus dwelt in the middle part of the valley. The Napa and Ulcus tribes occupied part of the area where the City of Napa now exists while the Soscol tribe occupied the portion that now makes up the end of the valley. Many of the native peoples died during an epidemic in 1838. Settlers killed several over claims of cattle theft, during the era between 1836 and 1846, when California was a province of independent Mexico, the following 13 ranchos were granted in Napa County, George C.
Yount was a settler in Napa County and is believed to be the first Anglo-Saxon resident in the county. In 1836 Yount obtained the Mexican grant Rancho Caymus where he built what is said to be the first log house in California, soon afterward, he built a sawmill and grain mill, and was the first person to plant a vineyard in the county
University of California, Davis Fire Department
In addition to the standard risks faced by any department, the UCDFD must handle various types of research facilities and laboratories which present unique hazards. On the UC Davis campus are 26 separate labs working with biological hazards as well as a research center working with radiation. Initially, this service was completely volunteer with students and professors assigned to each cart. Whenever a fire out, a whistle would sound to summon the fire fighting volunteers. In 1937, the University worked with Mayor of Davis to incorporate an organized fire protection service on the campus, in 1949, the University began its Student Resident Fire Fighter Program which was designed to teach firefighting skills to a select students. The program allowed students to receive training and professional experience in all aspects of fire. One of the things about the UC Davis Fire Department is their Student Firefighter program. This program, which was started in 1949, teaches firefighting skills to a group of students who both live and work at the fire station.
The UCDFD has 15 student residents that are selected every two years undergoing a physical test, an intensive interview and a firefighting academy. Additional compensation is provided when the students respond to emergency calls while not on duty, the program at UC Davis is one of only three such programs on college campuses in the United States, the others are at Clemson University, the University of Alaska Fairbanks. The UCDFD has a station located at 625 Kleiber Hall Drive right in the heart of the UC Davis campus. The station, which is station 34 for follow after stations 31-33 of the Davis Fire Department, Engine 34 is the first-run fire engine for the department with Truck 34, a combination tiller-quint, as the departments only truck. The department is a member of the Yolo County Hazardous Materials Team which works to eliminate threats from biological, chemical. As such the department maintains HazMat 34 at their station, in their reserve, the UCDFD maintains Engine 234 as a reserve engine as well as CalOES Engine 334.
UC Davis Fire Department University of California, Davis
UC Davis College of Engineering
The UC Davis College of Engineering is one of four undergraduate colleges on the campus of the University of California, Davis. One of the largest engineering programs in the U. S. the UC Davis College of Engineering offers 11 ABET-accredited undergraduate engineering majors, the college attracted more than $87.4 million in research grants in fiscal year 2013-14. William L. Ballhaus, CEO of Blackboard, carl Sassenrath, computer scientist Constance J. Chang-Hasnain, professor at UC Berkeley. Scott Miller, leader of 1980s band Game Theory Richard Miller, stratton Sclavos, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of VeriSign Howard A. Stone, professor at Princeton University. Bernard Soriano, Chief Information Officer for the California Department of Motor Vehicles, julie A. MacDonald, deputy assistant secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks at the United States Department of the Interior Éric Maurincomme, director of INSA Lyon. Kaveh Madani, Iranian civil and environmental engineer Jani Macari Pallis, CEO of Cislunar Aerodynamics, indira Samarasekera, President of the University of Alberta Erkin Sidick, NASA JPL engineer.
Sig Mejdal, sabermetrics analyst, former NASA engineer, david Phillips Seth Weil, Olympic rower. Alvin S. White, test pilot, mechanical engineer Department of Applied Science, UC Davis
UC Davis Medical Center
UC Davis Medical Center, formerly known as Sacramento Medical Center, is a major academic health center located in Sacramento, California. It is owned and operated by the University of California as part of its University of California, the medical center sits on a 142-acre campus located between the Elmhurst, Tahoe Park, and Oak Park residential neighborhoods. The 631-bed hospital serves as key referral center for a 65 and it operates inland Northern California’s only level I trauma center and maintains a staff of specialists and researchers in more than 150 areas of health care. The medical center is the teaching hospital affiliated with the UC Davis School of Medicine. The hospital, medical school, Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing and UC Davis Medical Group together comprise the UC Davis Health System, the history of UC Davis Medical Center dates to May 3,1850 when Sacramento City Council recommended that a hospital be built. The Sacramento County Hospital was established as a result, in 1852, in 1871, the hospital was moved to a 22-acre parcel of land on Stockton Blvd in Sacramento, the present location of UC Davis Medical Center.
Just five years later, the facility was destroyed by fire. In 1879, a new hospital was completed and accepted by the county and this facility was designed by N. D. Goodell, architect of the Governors Mansion in Sacramento. It stood until 1914, when construction of a new facility was proposed. The main hospital building was completed in 1928, and still stands today and it was incorporated into the north/south wing of the main hospital in 1950. In 1964,34,000 square feet of space was added to the hospital, two years later, the facility became a community hospital, making everyone in Sacramento County eligible for patient care. In 1966, an agreement was reached with UC Davis, making the hospital a primary teaching hospital. This agreement provided for the transfer of ownership and operation of the hospital to the University and that same year, UC Regents purchased 32 acres of vacant land east of 45th street, formerly used by the California State Fairgrounds. This purchase increased the size of the medical center campus to 54 acres, the Sacramento Medical Center officially became the University of California, Davis Medical Center on July 1,1978, five years after its purchase on July 1,1973.
UC Davis Medical Center is verified as both a level I trauma center and a level I pediatric trauma center by the American College of Surgeons, of the 112 level I trauma centers in the United States, fewer than 20 are verified for both adults and pediatrics. UC Davis functions as Californias only level I trauma center north of San Francisco and is historically among the nation’s busiest, in 2008, UC Davis admitted more than twice the amount of trauma patients required to achieve level I status. The UC Davis Burn Center collaborates with neighboring Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California hospital to create a regional burn treatment center, as part of their collaboration, UC Davis Medical Center cares for adult burn patients and Shriners for children. With close to 600 admissions per year, the combined burn programs make up one of the busiest five to ten burn centers in the nation, specialists research and develop model treatments and guidelines for improving burn care and recovery
UC Davis College of Biological Sciences
The University of California, Davis College of Biological Sciences was established in 2005 and is one of four colleges and five schools on the campus of the University of California, Davis. Davis is the only UC campus that boasts a college dedicated solely to the study of biology, the CBS offers nine undergraduate and graduate degrees, six undergraduate minors, and many classes and programs at the university. The majors housed in the CBS were previously part of the Division of Biological Sciences since 1971, in 2016, Mark Winey became Dean of the college. UC Davis biology programs are ranked in the top ten in the nation, with its Genetics and Evolution. Biological Sciences is the most popular major at UC Davis, in addition, the National Sciences Federation has ranked UC Davis #1 among UC campuses and #13 nationwide for funding on the biology field
Center for Regional Change
The Center for Regional Change is a university-affiliated and non-partisan research center within the UC Davis College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. The center hosts a Distinguished Lecture Series annually in which scholars and leaders in the field are invited to share their knowledge with the campus community. The Center for Regional Change has three aims, It connects university research with planners, land managers, non-profits, environmentalists, communities and it links university knowledge with state and local governments to develop policies that effect regional change. It works across boundaries, leverages resources, builds unity and creates programs to address unmet needs, the Center for Regional Change is a research center at UC Davis in Davis, California. It exists as one of 18 centers and institutes within the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. The center was created in 2006 after having been formulated and developed by an ad hoc committee of faculty, Ted conceived the idea for a Center for Regional Change as a way to break down disciplinary silos and to better bridge campus-community divides.
In 2008, Jonathan London, professor of Community Development, became the centers Director after having served as Interim Director since 2006, the center is continually engaged in actionable research to improve regional outcomes and guide policy toward more equitable and sustainable outcomes