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Meade Lux Lewis

Anderson Meade Lewis, known as Meade Lux Lewis, was an American pianist and composer, noted for his playing in the boogie-woogie style. His best-known work, "Honky Tonk Train Blues”, has been recorded by many artists. Lewis was born in Chicago, though some sources state Louisville, Kentucky, on September 4, 1905. In his youth he was influenced by the pianist Jimmy Yancey, his father, a guitarist who made two recordings of his own, introduced Meade to music and arranged for him to have violin lessons. He gave up the violin at age 16, shortly after his father's death, switched to the piano; the nickname "Lux" was given to him by his boyhood friends. He would imitate a couple of characters from a popular comic strip in Chicago and Gaston, stroke an imaginary beard as part of the routine, his friends started calling him the Duke of Luxembourg because of this, the name stuck for the rest of his life. He became friends with Albert Ammons during childhood, a friendship that would last throughout their lives.

They went to the same school together and they practiced and learned the piano together on the Ammons family piano. A 1927 rendition of "Honky Tonk Train Blues”, released by Paramount Records, marked his recording debut, he remade it for Parlophone in 1935 and for Victor in 1937, a recording exists of a radio show, Camel Caravan, broadcast from New York City in 1939, which includes "Honky Tonk Train Blues”. His performance at John Hammond's historic From Spirituals to Swing concert at Carnegie Hall in 1938 brought Lewis to public attention. Following the event and two other performers from that concert, Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson appeared as a trio and became the leading boogie-woogie pianists of the day, they had an extended engagement at Café Society, toured as a trio, inspired the formation of Blue Note Records in 1939. Their success led to a decade-long boogie-woogie craze, with big-band swing treatments by Tommy Dorsey, Will Bradley, others. Lewis appeared in the movies New Nightmare.

He appeared, uncredited, in the movie It's a Wonderful Life, playing piano in the scene where George Bailey gets thrown out of Nick's Bar. Lewis was fond of the Minneapolis area, where a niece lived, would visit as as he could, he appeared annually at the White House Restaurant in Golden Valley. He began a successful three-week engagement there in May 1964. Around 2 a.m. on Sunday, June 7, Lewis left the parking lot of the White House and headed east on Olson Memorial Highway, when his Chrysler Imperial was rear-ended by a vehicle driven by one Ronald Bates, traveling an estimated 80 mph. Lewis's car crashed into a tree, he was 58. Bates survived. Lewis' best-known work, "Honky Tonk Train Blues”, has been recorded in various contexts in a big band arrangement. Early recordings of the piece by artists other than Lewis include performances by Adrian Rollini, Frankie Trumbauer, classical harpsichordist Sylvia Marlowe, theater organist George Wright, Bob Zurke with Bob Crosby's orchestra. Keith Emerson of Emerson, Lake & Palmer included it in his repertoire and had a Top 30 hit with it in 1976.

Lewis was mentioned in Chapter 81 of author Kurt Vonnegut's novel Cat's Cradle. Lewis is mentioned in Ross Macdonald's novel The Moving Target and in Keith Richards's autobiography Life. On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Meade Lux Lewis among hundreds of artists whose material was destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. 1941: Boogie Woogie, Columbia C44 1975: Tell Your Story, Oldie Blues OL 2805 1982: Giant of Blues and Boogie Woogie 1905–1964, Oldie Blues OL 2810 1984: Chicago Piano Blues and Boogie Woogie 1936–1951 Vol. 3, Oldie Blues OL 2827 Meade Lux Lewis biography on African American Registry Meade Lux Lewis discography at Discogs Meade'Lux' Lewis discography at Rate Your Music Meade Lux Lewis on IMDb

Inline expansion

In computing, inline expansion, or inlining, is a manual or compiler optimization that replaces a function call site with the body of the called function. Inline expansion is similar to macro expansion, but occurs during compilation, without changing the source code, while macro expansion occurs prior to compilation, results in different text, processed by the compiler. Inlining has complicated effects on performance; as a rule of thumb, some inlining will improve speed at minor cost of space, but excess inlining will hurt speed, due to inlined code consuming too much of the instruction cache, cost significant space. A survey of the modest academic literature on inlining from the 1980s and 1990s is given in Jones & Marlow 1999. Inline expansion is similar to macro expansion as the compiler places a new copy of the function in each place it is called. Inlined functions run a little faster than the normal functions as function-calling-overheads are saved, there is a memory penalty. If a function is inlined 10 times, there will be 10 copies of the function inserted into the code.

Hence inlining is best for small functions. In C++ the member functions of a class, if defined within the class definition, are inlined by default; the compiler may ignore the programmer’s attempt to inline a function if it is large. Inline expansion is used to eliminate the time overhead, it is used for functions that execute frequently. It has a space benefit for small functions, is an enabling transformation for other optimizations. Without inline functions, the compiler decides; the programmer has little or no control over which are not. Giving this degree of control to the programmer allows for the use of application-specific knowledge in choosing which functions to inline. Ordinarily, when a function is invoked, control is transferred to its definition by a branch or call instruction. With inlining, control drops through directly to the code for the function, without a branch or call instruction. Compilers implement statements with inlining. Loop conditions and loop bodies need lazy evaluation.

This property is fulfilled. Performance considerations are another reason to inline statements. In the context of functional programming languages, inline expansion is followed by the beta-reduction transformation. A programmer might inline a function manually through copy and paste programming, as a one-time operation on the source code. However, other methods of controlling inlining are preferable, because they do not precipitate bugs arising when the programmer overlooks a duplicated version of the original function body, while fixing a bug in the inlined function; the direct effect of this optimization is to improve time performance, at the cost of worsening space usage. The code expansion due to duplicating the function body dominates, except for simple cases, thus the direct effect of inline expansion is to improve time at the cost of space. However, the primary benefit of inline expansion is to allow further optimizations and improved scheduling, due to increasing the size of the function body, as better optimization is possible on larger functions.

The ultimate impact of inline expansion on speed is complicated, due to multiple effects on performance of the memory system, which dominates performance on modern processors: depending on the specific program and cache, inlining particular functions can increase or decrease performance. The impact of inlining varies by programming language and program, due to different degrees of abstraction. In lower-level imperative languages such as C and Fortran it is a 10–20% speed boost, with minor impact on code size, while in more abstract languages it can be more important, due to the number of layers inlining removes, with an extreme example being Self, where one compiler saw improvement factors of 4 to 55 by inlining; the direct benefits of eliminating a function call are: It eliminates instructions required for a function call, both in the calling function and in the callee: placing arguments on stack or in registers, the function call itself, the function prologue at return the function epilogue, the return statement, getting the return value back, removing arguments from stacks and restoring registers.

Due to not needing registers to pass arguments, it reduces register spilling. It eliminates having to pass references and dereference them, when using call by reference; the primary benefit of inlining, however, is the further optimizations. Optimizations that cross function boundaries can be done without requiring interprocedural optimization: once inlining has been performed, additional intraprocedural optimizations become possible on the enlarged function body. For example: A constant passed as an argument can be propagated to all instances of the matching parameter, or part of the function may be "hoisted out" of a loop. Register allocation can be done across the larger function body. High-level optimizations, such as escape analysis and tail duplication, can be performed on a larger scope and be more effective if the compiler implementing those optimizations is relying on intra-procedural analysis; these can be done without inlining

Clifford Walwyn

Clifford Wendell Walwyn is a former West Indian cricketer. Walwyn was a right-handed batsman, he was born at Brown Hill, Nevis. Walwyn made his first-class debut for the Leeward Islands against Barbados in the 1993/94 Red Stripe Bowl, he made six further first-class appearances for the team, the last of which came against Jamaica in the 1994/95 Red Stripe Bowl. In his seven first-class matches, he scored 300 runs at an average of 27.27, with two half centuries and a high score of 80, which came against Trinidad and Tobago at Sturge Park in the 1993/94 Red Stripe Bowl. He played List A cricket for the Leeward Islands, making his debut in that format against Barbados in the 1993/94 Geddes Grant Shield, he made five further List A appearances for the team, the last of which came against Barbados in the final of the same tournament, which the Leeward Islands won. In six List A appearances, he scored 91 runs at an average of 18.20, with a high score of 32. In February 2006, Walwyn played for the United States Virgin Islands in the 2006 Stanford 20/20, whose matches held official Twenty20 status.

He made two appearances in the tournament, in a preliminary round victory against St Maarten and in a first-round defeat against St Vincent and the Grenadines. He played for the United States Virgin Islands in their second appearance in the Stanford 20/20 in 2008, making two appearances in a preliminary round victory against St Kitts and in a first-round defeat against Antigua and Barbuda. In his four appearances, he scored a total of 68 runs at an average of 17.00 and a high score of 40. Clifford Walwyn at ESPNcricinfo Clifford Walwyn at CricketArchive

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McGill University

The Department of Mathematics and Statistics is an academic department at McGill University. It is located in Burnside Hall at McGill's downtown campus in Montreal. Mathematics was taught at McGill as early as 1848. Mathematics at McGill was divided into two independent departments, one under the Faculty of Arts and Science and another under the Faculty of Engineering. Though a small graduate program was shared with the Physics Department, most of the students in the program were headed for further graduate work in physics.:342In 1945, Department members Lloyd Williams and Gordon Pall founded the Canadian Mathematical Congress, which took the lead in persuading the National Research Council to make funds available for the support of pure mathematics. Meanwhile, as chairman of the Department, A. H. S. Gillon initiated in 1945 an Applied Mathematics program and in 1948 recommended for appointment to a professorship Hans Zassenhaus, a pure mathematician who began to attract a number of strong graduate students into his program.

Zassenhaus, along with Professors Wacław Kozakiewicz, Charles Fox, Edward Rosenthall, Phil Wallace, was instrumental in developing the Department's Graduate School.:409 McGill's first mathematics Ph. D. was awarded to Joachim Lambek. In 1963, as public funds came to the university and a larger budget became available, the newly appointment chairman, Edward Rosenthall, concentrated on building a balanced and well-qualified academic team, which could sustain a vigorous graduate program along with the demands made upon the Department in a service capacity. Analysis and algebra became strong elements in the Department's program in the late 1960s and the early 1970s, there was a lively interest in statistics and in applied mathematics.:343 Research in category theory began in 1966, when Lambek decided to promote the subject at McGill. The number of full-time staff in the Department had grown to 36 by 1960, to 56 by 1970.:362The Departmental library was established in 1971, dedicated in 1987 in honour of Edward Rosenthall.

At the time of its closure in 2015, the Rosenthall Library held over 14,000 mathematics journals dating from the nineteenth century, more than 10,000 monographs, as well as a collection of rare mathematics books. Members of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics are active in directing research in algebraic geometry, applied mathematics, category theory and logic, discrete mathematics, geometric group theory, number theory, probability and statistics. McGill University School of Computer Science

Eduardo Flaquer

Eduardo Flaquer was a Spanish tennis player who represented Spain in the Davis Cup and Olympic Games. He competed in the singles event at the 1924 Summer Olympics, reaching the second round in which he lost to Jean Washer. With compatriot Ricardo Saprissa he reached the third round. In the mixed doubles he reached the quarterfinal, he competed in the 1922 Wimbledon Championships and reached the fourth round of the singles event in which he lost to Pat O'Hara Wood. In the 1923 Wimbledon Championships he reached the final of the doubles event with Manuel de Gomar. Eduardo Flaquer at the International Tennis Federation Eduardo Flaquer at the Davis Cup

Michael Hồ Đình Hy

Michael Hồ Đình Hy was a Vietnamese mandarin official, martyred for his Roman Catholic belief during the persecutions by Emperor Tự Đức. He was canonized in 1988 along with another 116 Vietnamese Martyrs, he was born to Christian parents in North Cochin-China, was by profession a wealthy silk trader. Youngest of the five remaining twelve children, he was married to a Christian from another family and had two sons and three daughters. Like other Christians at the time, they practiced their faith in private. At age 21, he obtained the fifth rank mandarin and appointed Superintendent of the Royal silk mills afterwards, he was one of the few trusted officials who traveled abroad to conduct trades with other countries like Singapore and Malaysia. At the height of Christian persecution, when his eldest son requested to become a priest, he arranged to have him study in Indonesia. After his remaining son died at the age of 12, Michael Hồ Đình Hy declined to have his elder son returned home, according to Confucian traditions, citing he could not protect his own faith.

During his years at the king's post, he performed many charitable acts to local unfortunates and helped to transport French and Portuguese missionaries on the waterways through his region under the guise of official business. His quick thinking helped the missionaries to travel through Vietnam discreetly and safely; the memoirs wrote that he traded his official robe as payment when the ship that transported the bishop of Society of Foreign Missions of Paris accidentally caused damages to a local merchant ship. He offered clemency to robbers of the Royal silk mill, when they were captured, he was entrusted to guard missionaries' written records. These activities were illegal, as Christian missionary activity had been banned by the Nguyen Dynasty, he did not practice the faith publicly until late in life, becoming protector of the Christian community, which irked his fellow mandarins. Unlike other unnamed Vietnamese Martyrs whose lives and deeds were orally recorded, parts of his life could be found in memoirs of Fathers of Foreign Missions, France.

A local magistrate, discontented after Michael Hồ Đình Hy had denied him access to the Royal silk mill, petitioned to the king for his arrest based on his Christian activities. During his imprisonment and torture, he played a gambit with the local magistrates by signing a confession that he was involved with the French government, who did not favor the Vietnam courts persecuting Christians; the gambit did not work. The bishop of Society of Foreign Missions of Paris secretly requested that he recant his confession because it only resulted in more persecutions and France would not justified her presence in Vietnam based on religious persecutions, he repented and signed a corrected confession. His last days were spent in humility. At the king's decree, Hồ Đình Hy was beheaded after suffering public humiliation, all of his possessions were confiscated by the local magistrates; some witnesses accounted that he refused his last meal and chose to die near his birthplace instead of at the execution site.

He chose to wear his official robe instead of prisoner garb on his last day. The memoirs of Fathers of Foreign Missions mentioned he received last rites discreetly by local priests and was survived by his wife and a married daughter, his remains were buried at the Basilica of his birthplace. He was the last high-ranked official to be executed under the Nguyễn Dynasty. During his imprisonment and years after his death, Michael Hồ Đình Hy were criticized for his written confession as means for further Christian persecution. Twenty five years after his death, his eldest son, a retired priest, returned from Indonesia and justified his father's gambit, his written confession named him and his immediate family, along with non-existent people in the surrounding towns as Christians. As a result, his parents, in-laws and other relatives were spared from his fate. Other Christian towns and villages, while were raided, ended up with no further arrests, he was petitioned to the Vatican for sainthood in 1867 by Father Louis Pallard of the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris.

He was beatified in 1900 by Pope Leo XIII in the Fortissimorum Virorum Seriem. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988 along with other 116 Vietnamese Martyrs. To commemorate his beatification in 1900, a historian, Phước Môn Nguyễn Hữu Bài, educated under the Vietnam court, summarized his life as followed: Catholics Online The Persecutions of Annam: A History of Christianity in Cochin China and Tonking Vietnamese Holy Martyrs Church - Arlington, VA Church of the Vietnamese Martyrs - Richmond, VA Vietnamese Martyrs Catholic Church - Houston, TX Vietnamese Martyrs Catholic Parish - San Antonio, TX Holy Vietnamese Martyrs Catholic Church - Austin, TX