Shazam! is a 2019 American superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. Produced by New Line Cinema and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures, it is the seventh installment in the DC Extended Universe. Directed by David F. Sandberg from a screenplay by Henry Gayden, a story by Gayden and Darren Lemke, the film stars Asher Angel as Billy Batson, a teenage boy who can transform into an adult superhero, played by Zachary Levi. Mark Strong, Jack Dylan Grazer, Djimon Hounsou star, it is the first live-action film version of the character since the 1941 serial Adventures of Captain Marvel. Development of a live-action Shazam! Film was delayed for many years; the film went into pre-production in 2009 with director Peter Segal and writer John August, Dwayne Johnson considered to star as the villain Black Adam, but the project fell through. William Goldman, Alec Sokolow, Joel Cohen, Bill Birch, Geoff Johns, among others, were all attached to the project as writers at various points; the film was announced in 2014, with Johnson attached to star as either Shazam or Black Adam.
He would be cast in January 2017 to lead a solo Black Adam development project. Sandberg signed on to direct Shazam! in February 2017 and Levi was cast that October, with Angel joining the following month. Principal photography began in Toronto, Canada on January 29, 2018, with most of the film shot at Pinewood Toronto Studios, wrapped on May 11, 2018. Shazam! was released in the United States by Warner Bros. Pictures in RealD 3D, Dolby Cinema, IMAX 3D on April 5, 2019; the film has grossed over $202 million worldwide and received praise from critics for Sandberg's direction and the performances of Levi and Grazer, as well as its light tone and sense of fun. A sequel is in development. In 1974 Upstate New York, young Thaddeus Sivana is transported to the Rock of Eternity, a magical temple hidden in another dimension, he meets the ancient wizard Shazam, the last of the Council of Seven Wizards, who has spent centuries searching for a new champion, "pure of heart" after the previous champion went mad, releasing the Seven Deadly Sins upon the world.
Thaddeus is tempted by the Sins, entrapped in statues, is deemed unworthy and banished back to Earth. In present-day Philadelphia, foster kid Billy Batson runs afoul of the law while searching for his birth mother, is placed in a group home run by Victor and Rosa Vazquez with five other foster kids. Meanwhile, the adult Sivana discovers a way to return to the Rock of Eternity. There, he steals the Eye of Sin, becoming the Sins’ vessel and besting the Wizard before returning to Earth. At school, Billy saves Freddy from bullies and is chased into a subway, where he is summoned by Shazam and chosen as his new champion. By calling Shazam's name, Billy is transformed into an adult superhero endowed with the wizard's name. Returning home and Freddy explore the extent of his newfound powers. Freddy's videos of Shazam testing his powers become a viral sensation, Billy begins skipping school to use his powers for money and fame in Shazam form. Seeing Shazam's champion save a bus on the news, Sivana defeats him and demands he surrender his powers, but Billy transforms back into a kid and escapes in the crowd.
From the news, Sivana deduces Billy's identity and abducts Freddy to find Billy. At the Vazquez home, the other children deduce Billy's secret and tell him they have found his mother, who lives nearby. Billy meets his mother. Sivana calls Billy, having taken his foster siblings hostage, Billy as Shazam agrees to give Sivana his powers to spare his family's lives. Sivana and Shazam travel to the Rock of Eternity, where Sivana takes the wizard's staff, but the siblings follow and attack Sivana. Shazam uses the distraction to stun Sivana, they realize that Sivana loses his powers when all Seven Sins leave his body. Sivana pursues his siblings to a winter carnival, unleashing the Sins upon the crowd; as Wrath battles Shazam, the other sins capture his family, demanding his powers. As Sivana recalls the sins, Shazam stuns Sivana. Remembering the Wizard's words, Billy uses the staff to share his powers, transforming his siblings into adult superheroes like him; as Shazam breaks the staff and battles Sivana, his siblings distract the Sins.
Shazam baits Envy out of Sivana's body, leaving Sivana powerless, takes back the Eye of Sin, recapturing the Sins. Billy and his family are hailed as heroes, Billy embraces his foster parents and siblings as his true family. Returning The Eye and siblings realize the Rock of Eternity can be their new lair. Billy arrives at school in his Shazam form to have lunch with his siblings, revealing he has invited Superman. In a post-credits scene, Sivana is approached by Mister Mind with a plan. Meanwhile, Freddy tests whether Shazam’s champion form has fish telepathy like Aquaman, which Billy dismisses as stupid. Asher Angel and Zachary Levi as William "Billy" Batson and Shazam respectively: A troubled orphan boy, chosen as the "Champion of Eternity". Given powers by an ancient wizard, he transforms into an adult with superpowers when he yells the sorcerer's name. Batson is chosen as the new Champion, eons after the Council of Eternity selected another hero, who killed all of the Council except for Shazam.
The powers given from the ancien
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
The Cherokee are one of the indigenous people of the Southeastern Woodlands of the United States. Prior to the 18th century, they were concentrated in what is now southwestern North Carolina, southeastern Tennessee, the tips of western South Carolina and northeastern Georgia; the Cherokee language is part of the Iroquoian language group. In the 19th century, James Mooney, an American ethnographer, recorded one oral tradition that told of the tribe having migrated south in ancient times from the Great Lakes region, where other Iroquoian-speaking peoples lived. Today there are three federally recognized Cherokee tribes: the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina, the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma, the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma. By the 19th century, European settlers in the United States classified the Cherokee of the Southeast as one of the "Five Civilized Tribes", because they were agrarian and lived in permanent villages and began to adopt some cultural and technological practices of the European American settlers.
The Cherokee were one of the first, if not the first, major non-European ethnic group to become U. S. citizens. Article 8 in the 1817 treaty with the Cherokee stated that Cherokees may wish to become citizens of the United States; the Cherokee Nation has more than 300,000 tribal members, making it the largest of the 567 federally recognized tribes in the United States. In addition, numerous groups claim Cherokee lineage, some of these are state-recognized. A total of more than 819,000 people are estimated to claim having Cherokee ancestry on the US census, which includes persons who are not enrolled members of any tribe. Of the three federally recognized Cherokee tribes, the Cherokee Nation and the UKB have headquarters in Tahlequah, Oklahoma; the UKB are descendants of "Old Settlers", Cherokee who migrated to Arkansas and Oklahoma about 1817 prior to Indian Removal. They are related to the Cherokee who were forcibly relocated there in the 1830s under the Indian Removal Act; the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is on the Qualla Boundary in western North Carolina.
A Cherokee language name for Cherokee people is Aniyvwiyaʔi, translating as "Principal People". Tsalagi is the Cherokee word for Cherokee. Many theories, though none proven, abound about the origin of the name "Cherokee", it may have been derived from the Choctaw word Cha-la-kee, which means "people who live in the mountains", or Choctaw Chi-luk-ik-bi, meaning "people who live in the cave country". The earliest Spanish transliteration of the name, from 1755, is recorded as Tchalaquei. Another theory is; the Iroquois Five Nations based in New York have called the Cherokee Oyata'ge'ronoñ. The word Cherokee means “people of different speech.” Anthropologists and historians have two main theories of Cherokee origins. One is that the Cherokee, an Iroquoian-speaking people, are relative latecomers to Southern Appalachia, who may have migrated in late prehistoric times from northern areas around the Great Lakes, the traditional territory of the Haudenosaunee nations and other Iroquoian-speaking peoples.
Another theory is. Researchers in the 19th century recorded conversations with elders who recounted an oral tradition of the Cherokee people migrating south from the Great Lakes region in ancient times, they may have moved south into Muscogee Creek territory and settled at the sites of mounds built by the Mississippian culture and earlier moundbuilders. In the 19th century, European-American settlers mistakenly attributed several Mississippian culture sites in Georgia to the Cherokee, including Moundville and Etowah Mounds. However, other evidence shows that the Cherokee did not reach this part of Georgia until the late 18th century and could not have built the mounds; the Connestee people, believed to be ancestors of the Cherokee, occupied western North Carolina circa 200 to 600 CE. Pre-contact Cherokee are considered to be part of the Pisgah Phase of Southern Appalachia, which lasted from circa 1000 to 1500. Despite the consensus among most specialists in Southeast archeology and anthropology, some scholars contend that ancestors of the Cherokee people lived in western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee for a far longer period of time.
During the late Archaic and Woodland Period, Native Americans in the region began to cultivate plants such as marsh elder, pigweed and some native squash. People created new art forms such as shell gorgets, adopted new technologies, developed an elaborate cycle of religious ceremonies. During the Mississippian culture-period, local women developed a new variety of maize called eastern flint corn, it resembled modern corn and produced larger crops. The successful cultivation of corn surpluses allowed the rise of larger, more complex chiefdoms consisting of several villages and concentrated populations during this period. Corn became celebrated among numerous peoples in religious ceremonies the Green Corn Ceremony. Much of what is known about pre-18th-century Native American cultures has come from records of Spanish expeditions; the earliest ones of the mid-16th-century encountered people of the Mississippian culture, the ancestors to tribes in the Southeast such as
3 Strikes (film)
3 Strikes is a 2000 American screwball comedy film written and directed by DJ Pooh. The film stars Brian Hooks as Rob Douglas, a man just released from a one-year sentence in jail, who has two strikes to his name. Since he is living under California's three strikes law, Rob decides to go straight and leave the street life alone. However, things go horribly wrong for him as he gets involved in an altercation with the police upon the day of his release; the plot centers on Rob as he evades the police until he can prove his innocence, for fear that he will be put away for good with a third strike. David Alan Grier, Faizon Love, N'Bushe Wright co-star. Robert Douglas is in prison for one of two felonies he has committed. While in prison, he watches to a local news report that states California has instituted the habitual offenders law referred to as the "three-strikes" law, which will put offenders with three felonies in prison for a minimum of twenty-five years. On his last day in prison, Robert is ecstatic about being released, informing his girlfriend, Juanita, of such and contacting his friend, Tone to pick him up after he gets out.
On the way to pick up Robert, Tone takes her home. Tone tells his friend, J. J. to pick Robert up in his place. Shortly after leaving prison, while on the way to check in with Robert's probation officer, the pair are pulled over by police. J. reveals that the car they are driving is stolen and, unwilling to surrender, he begins shooting at the cops. Knowing he will be convicted for his third and final felony offense, Robert flees on foot; as he is trying to escape himself, Jay-Jay is wounded from a shot to the buttocks and is taken into custody. Robert escapes pursuit by hiding at a backyard party and, soon after returning home, learns he has been identified and implicated in the shooting as a suspect. Detective Jenkins leads the investigation. While in the hospital, J. J. calls his friend and berates Robert for leaving him during the shooting, telling Blue that he plans to peg Robert as the shooter when the police come to interview him. The call is recorded on voice mail at Blue's home. Jay-jay antagonizes the man guarding his room, who lets a homosexual janitor, ogling J.
J. from afar into the room. Unable to defend himself, it is assumed J. J. is sexually assaulted by the janitor. At home, Robert receives a call from Tone. Parked outside Robert's house, Tone blames him for leaving J. J. by himself during the shootout, tells him he plans to pass the word around the neighborhood for everyone to be on the lookout for him, insinuating there would be repercussions. Robert reaches out to his probation officer for help in proving his innocence, but is told that his best option is to turn himself in. Robert gets into a heated argument with his father and is kicked out of the house, but runs into his friend, who lends Robert enough money for him and Juanita to get a hotel room. Detective Jenkins and Officer Roberts stop by Robert's parent's house, but are turned away without a warrant to search the premises; the following morning, Robert is informed by his mother that the police are searching for him, but more that a woman named Dahlia has information, critical to proving his innocence and keeping himself out of jail: the tape recording of J.
J.'s call to Blue. She tells Robert to meet him at her house. Robert meets up with Mike once more, asks Mike to set him up with a good lawyer. At her home, Dahlia agrees to hand over the tape, but reveals she's had a crush on Robert since high school, blackmails him into letting her have her way with him for the tape. Begrudgingly, Robert accepts her proposal. Having witnessed Robert enter Dahlia's house, Blue - Dahlia's brother - calls Tone, who brings several of his goons over to his location; as Robert sneaks out with the tape and his people are there to meet him, begin to jump him. Just as as it begins, the police show up and send a dog after Robert. Robert manages to get to his car, a high-speed chase ensues. After being cornered in an alley by Detective Jenkins and several other pursuing units, Robert attempts to give himself up, but Jenkins begins shooting anyway. Chased by police cars and surveilled by helicopters, Robert's chase is broadcast across every news network; the media and dozens of spectators are there.
Robert manages to be taken into custody without any harm done to him. At his trial, the judge believes the tape recording proves Robert was not the shooter and was unaware that the vehicle he and J. J. were in at the time. The felony charges against him are dismissed, he avoids being convicted of a crime that would have put him behind bars under the "three-strikes" law. However, the opposition points out that Robert did not check in with his probation officer after leaving prison, Robert is sentenced to 30 days in jail for violating his parole. Before court is adjourned, Robert's father tells him that he will pick him up after he is released; the epilogue states that Rob was released from prison early due to overcrowding. Anthony Anderson as Prison Guard Big Boy as Dre Jerry Dunphy as Himself Mike Epps as Dee The film opened at #12 at the North American box office making $3,684,704 USD in its opening weekend; the film received overwhelmingly negative reviews. Rotten Tomatoes gives the film
Eve's Bayou is a 1997 American drama film written and directed by Kasi Lemmons, who made her directorial debut with this film. Samuel L. Jackson served as a producer, starred in the film with Lisa Nicole Carson, Jurnee Smollett, Lynn Whitfield, Debbi Morgan, Meagan Good. In 2018, it was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Film Registry for being "culturally or aesthetically significant." Eve Batiste, a 10-year-old girl, lives in a prosperous Creole-American community in Louisiana with her younger brother Poe and her older sister Cisely in the 1960's.. Their parents are Roz and Louis, a well-respected doctor in Louisiana's "colored" community who claims descent from the French aristocrat who founded the town of Eve's Bayou. One night after a raucous party, Eve accidentally witnesses her father having sex with Matty Mereaux, a family friend. However, who has a affectionate relationship with her father, convinces Eve that she misinterpreted an innocent moment; the unreliability of memory and observation remain important themes throughout the film.
The summer becomes a chaotic and stressful one for the Batiste family. Eve's relationship with her parents becomes more strained as she discovers more evidence of her father's serial infidelity. Cisely comes into conflict with both her sister and mother as she enters puberty and tries to navigate the difficult transition to adulthood with regard to her appearance and sexuality. Roz begins to suspect her husband's infidelity, prompting conflict between the two as well. During the chaotic summer, Eve seeks refuge with her Aunt Mozelle who works as a "psychic counselor" and has had three husbands who all died violently. Eve, who has a premonitory dream shortly before the accident occurs, is told by Mozelle that the gift of second sight runs in their family. Mozelle's gift brings her into direct conflict with Elzora, a fortune teller and possible witch with similar abilities; when asked for a reading by Roz, Elzora implies that an unexpected "solution" to her problem will arise, but to wait and look to her children in the meantime.
When Mozelle grudgingly makes a similar request, Elzora cruelly tells her that she is a "black widow," whose future husbands will suffer the same fate as her previous ones. Meanwhile, frustrated by her father's infidelity, begins to act out, bringing her into conflict with the other members of her family. Cisely begins to behave strangely as well, isolating herself from the family after experiencing her first period. Cisely confides in Eve the secret behind her strange mood, she tells her that one night, after their parents had a vicious argument, Cisely went to comfort her father and he, while drunk, attempted to molest her. Enraged, Eve seeks out Elzora to commission a voodoo spell to put a fatal curse on her father. While on her way to visit the witch, Eve runs into Lenny Mereaux and questions him about his teaching job that keeps him away from home. In the conversation, she alludes to a possible tryst between his wife and her father. Eve is under the impression; when returning to the witch to get her doll, she is informed that there is no doll and that, per her request, a curse has been placed on her father.
In an attempt to save him, Eve rushes to bring her father home, finding him in a bar chatting with Matty Mereaux. At the same time, a drunken Lenny arrives to take Matty home. After a confrontation and Matty leave the bar, Lenny tells Louis that he will kill him if he talks to Matty again. After Louis says goodbye to Matty, Lenny kills Louis. After her father's funeral, Eve soon finds a letter which her father wrote to Mozelle, disputing the accusations. In it, he claims that Cisely had come to him that night and kissed him, first as a daughter and as a lover. In his drunken state, he reacted violently, slapping her and pushing her to the ground, which made her angry with him. Eve confronts Cisely and uses her second sight to discover what happened, it ends with the sisters holding hands, gazing at the sunset. Jurnee Smollett as Eve Batiste Debbi Morgan as Mozelle Batiste Delacroix Samuel L. Jackson as Louis Batiste Lynn Whitfield as Roz Batiste Diahann Carroll as Elzora Lisa Nicole Carson as Matty Mereaux Meagan Good as Cisely Batiste Roger Guenveur Smith as Lenny Mereaux Vondie Curtis-Hall as Julian Grayraven Branford Marsalis as Harry Carol Sutton as Madame Renard Ethel Ayler as Gran Mere Jake Smollett as Poe Batiste Leonard L. Thomas as Maynard Victoria Rowell as Stevie Hobbs The film received positive reviews, with Chicago Sun-Times' Roger Ebert naming it the best film of 1997.
CNN's Paul Tatara, Entertainment Weekly, The Hollywood Reporter, The Los Angeles Times, The New York Observer, The New York Times, TIME, The Washington Post loudly praised the film and its performances. Eve's Bayou received a "fresh" rating from Rotten Tomatoes, reporting that 81% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 53 reviews; the film did receive many accolades. Debbi Morgan's performance would be her most honored film role, with two wins; the film is noted for Jurnee Smollett's performance. In February 2008, Eve's Bayou made TIME's list of The 25 Most Important Films on Race. On February 16, 2009, Debbi Morgan's portrayal of Mozelle Batiste Delacroix was included in Pop Matters' 100 Essential Female Film Performances list. In 2012 Jurnee Smollett's role as Eve Batiste was inc
The National Broadcasting Company is an American English-language commercial terrestrial television network, a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast. The network is headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City, with additional major offices near Los Angeles and Philadelphia; the network is one of the Big Three television networks. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", in reference to its stylized peacock logo, introduced in 1956 to promote the company's innovations in early color broadcasting, it became the network's official emblem in 1979. Founded in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America, NBC is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. At that time the parent company of RCA was General Electric. In 1930, GE was forced to sell the companies as a result of antitrust charges. In 1986, control of NBC passed back to General Electric through its $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. Following the acquisition by GE, Bob Wright served as chief executive officer of NBC, remaining in that position until his retirement in 2007, when he was succeeded by Jeff Zucker.
In 2003, French media company Vivendi merged its entertainment assets with GE, forming NBC Universal. Comcast purchased a controlling interest in the company in 2011, acquired General Electric's remaining stake in 2013. Following the Comcast merger, Zucker left NBCUniversal and was replaced as CEO by Comcast executive Steve Burke. NBC has thirteen owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates throughout the United States and its territories, some of which are available in Canada and/or Mexico via pay-television providers or in border areas over-the-air. During a period of early broadcast business consolidation, radio manufacturer Radio Corporation of America acquired New York City radio station WEAF from American Telephone & Telegraph. Westinghouse, a shareholder in RCA, had a competing outlet in Newark, New Jersey pioneer station WJZ, which served as the flagship for a loosely structured network; this station was transferred from Westinghouse to RCA in 1923, moved to New York City. WEAF acted as a laboratory for AT&T's manufacturing and supply outlet Western Electric, whose products included transmitters and antennas.
The Bell System, AT&T's telephone utility, was developing technologies to transmit voice- and music-grade audio over short and long distances, using both wireless and wired methods. The 1922 creation of WEAF offered a research-and-development center for those activities. WEAF maintained a regular schedule of radio programs, including some of the first commercially sponsored programs, was an immediate success. In an early example of "chain" or "networking" broadcasting, the station linked with Outlet Company-owned WJAR in Providence, Rhode Island. C. WCAP. New parent RCA saw an advantage in sharing programming, after getting a license for radio station WRC in Washington, D. C. in 1923, attempted to transmit audio between cities via low-quality telegraph lines. AT&T refused outside companies access to its high-quality phone lines; the early effort fared poorly, since the uninsulated telegraph lines were susceptible to atmospheric and other electrical interference. In 1925, AT&T decided that WEAF and its embryonic network were incompatible with the company's primary goal of providing a telephone service.
AT&T offered to sell the station to RCA in a deal that included the right to lease AT&T's phone lines for network transmission. RCA spent $1 million to purchase WEAF and Washington sister station WCAP, shut down the latter station, merged its facilities with surviving station WRC; the division's ownership was split among RCA, its founding corporate parent General Electric and Westinghouse. NBC started broadcasting on November 15, 1926. WEAF and WJZ, the flagships of the two earlier networks, were operated side-by-side for about a year as part of the new NBC. On January 1, 1927, NBC formally divided their respective marketing strategies: the "Red Network" offered commercially sponsored entertainment and music programming. Various histories of NBC suggest the color designations for the two networks came from the color of the pushpins NBC engineers used to designate affiliate stations of WEAF and WJZ, or from the use of double-ended red and blue colored pencils. On April 5, 1927, NBC expanded to the West Coast with the launch of the NBC Orange Network known as the Pacific Coast Network.
This was followed by the debut of the NBC Gold Network known as the Pacific Gold Network, on October 18, 1931. The Orange Network carried Red Network programming, the Gold Network carried programming from the Blue Network; the Orange Network recreated Eastern Red Network programming for West Coast stations at KPO in San Francisco. In 1936, the Orange Network affiliate stations became part of the Red Network, at the same time the Gold Network became part of the Blue Network. In the 1930s, NBC developed a network for shortwave radio stations, called the NBC White Network. In 1927, NBC moved its operations to 711 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, occupying the upper floors of a building de
Amen (TV series)
Amen is an American sitcom produced by Carson Productions that aired on NBC from September 27, 1986 to May 11, 1991. Set in Sherman Hemsley's real-life hometown of Philadelphia, Amen stars Hemsley as the deacon of a church and was part of a wave of successful sitcoms on NBC in the 1980s and early 1990s which featured predominantly black casts – others included The Cosby Show, A Different World, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, 227; the series revolves around Ernest Frye, a widower deacon of the First Community Church of Philadelphia, who works as a lawyer. He is dishonest and gets into trouble with his many harebrained schemes. Frye has a single daughter named Thelma. Reuben Gregory is the new, young pastor of the church, the object of Thelma's affection; the two get married during season four, despite the fact that Gregory and Frye butt heads. In the series finale, Thelma gives birth to the couple's first child. Sherman Hemsley as Ernest Frye, a widowed deacon of the First Community Church in Philadelphia Clifton Davis as Reuben Gregory, the new pastor of the Community Church and Thelma's love interest Anna Maria Horsford as Thelma Frye Gregory, the Deacon's daughter and Reuben's eventual wife Barbara Montgomery as Casietta Hetebrink, the church trustee, Amelia's sister Roz Ryan as Amelia Hetebrink, the church secretary, Casietta's sister Jester Hairston as Rolly Forbes, the high-spirited and lively senior citizen, who acts as the voice of reason Elsa Raven as Inga, the Deacon's Swedish housekeeper Rosetta LeNoire as Leola Henderson Forbes, Rolly's love interest and eventual wife Montrose Hagins as Leola Henderson Forbes, Rolly's wife Bumper Robinson as Clarence, a young street kid and protégé of Deacon Frye's The show addresses issues of family and community in a humorous manner.
Storylines include guest characters dealing with alcoholism, teenage pregnancy, suicide prevention, sexism and other issues. These issues are dealt with in a non-preachy manner. Frye's legal career is the subject of many storylines. A few episodes deal with Frye defending other main characters in legal battles. During the 1980's, the stone Gothic walls of Mount Pisgah African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia appeared on prime time television as the fictional "First Community Church"; the Church became known to the nation as the "Amen Church". 1986–1987: #13 1987–1988: #15 1988–1989: #25 1989–1990: #54 1990–1991: #60 Amen was sold into syndication shortly after finishing its run on NBC and Universal Pictures' MCA Television unit was awarded the syndication rights. Those rights are now in the hands of Comcast through its NBCUniversal Television Distribution division; the series has aired on BET, TVOne, BET Her, TBS, Gospel Music Channel and local stations over the years. Reruns air on Starz Encore Black.
As of January 2, 2019, the show began airing weekdays on GetTV. Amen on IMDb Amen at TV.com