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Meatloaf is a dish of ground meat, mixed with other ingredients and formed into the shape of a loaf baked or smoked. The final shape is either created by cooking it in a loaf pan, it is made with ground beef, although ground lamb, veal, venison and seafood are used. The cooked loaf can be sliced like a loaf of bread to make individual portions; because the dish can become dry, various techniques aim to keep the dish moist by either covering it with sauce or wrapping it, using moisture-enhancing ingredients in the mixture, or filling it with meats, cheese, or vegetables. Meatloaf of minced meat was mentioned in the Roman cookery collection Apicius as early as the 5th century. Meatloaf is a traditional German and Belgian dish, it is a cousin to the Dutch meatball. American meatloaf has its origins in scrapple, a mixture of ground pork and cornmeal served by German-Americans in Pennsylvania since colonial times. Meatloaf in the contemporary American sense did not appear in cookbooks until the late 19th century.

In Argentina it is called pan de carne. It is filled with ham and carrots; the Austrian meatloaf version is called Faschierter Braten. Most of the time it is not filled, it is served with mashed potatoes or with sauce cumberland. The Bangladeshi version of meatloaf is called Mangsher loaf; the dish has started to become popular after 2010. The Belgian version of meatloaf is called vleesbrood in Dutch and pain de viande in French, it is served warm and can be served with various sauces, but can be eaten cold with a loaf of bread. Rulo Stefani; the Bulgarian rulo Stefani meatloaf is similar to the Hungarian Stefánia meatloaf, with hard-boiled eggs, sometimes with chopped carrots and pickled gherkins in the middle. Chilean meatloaf, known as Asado Aleman is a staple of southern Chile cuisine in areas known for having been influenced by the arrival of German colonizers during the 18th and 19th century; the most common recipe nowadays consists of ground beef, sausages, boiled eggs and breadcrumbs, cooked in the oven and served with a side-dish of mashed potatoes or rice.

The Cuban meatloaf is called pulpeta. It is made with ground beef and ground ham, stuffed with hard boiled eggs, it is cooked on the stovetop; the dish was brought to public attention, mistakenly referred to as a sausage, in the second episode of the third season of The Cosby Show entitled "Food for Thought". In the Czech Republic, meatloaf is referred to as sekaná, it is optional to put gherkins, or wienerwurst inside. Danish meatloaf is called forloren hare'mock hare' or farsbrød'ground-meat bread' and is made from a mixture of ground pork and beef with strips of bacon or cubed bacon on top, it is served with brown gravy sweetened with red currant jam. Finnish meatloaf is called lihamureke, it is based on the basic meatball recipe. The only spices used are pepper, it is not customary to stuff lihamureke with anything. The usual side dish is mashed potatoes, lihamureke is served with brown sauce. In Germany, meatloaf is referred to as Hackbraten, Faschierter Braten or Falscher Hase'mock hare'. In some regions it has boiled eggs inside.

In Greece, meatloaf is referred to as rolo and it is filled with hard boiled eggs, although several other variations exist. Stefania meatloaf or Stefania slices are a type of Hungarian long meatloaf baked in a loaf pan, with 3 hard boiled eggs in the middle, making decorative white and yellow rings in the middle of the slices. In Italy, meatloaf is called polpettone and can be filled with eggs and cheese and other ingredients. In Ashkenazi Jewish cuisine, meatloaf can be served cold or hot, it is sometimes filled with whole boiled eggs. The name comes from German Klops'meatball'. In Lebanon, kibbeh can sometimes be formed in baked, it is sometimes made from raw meat. Rolat is a similar dish to the chiefly Arab, though Persian and South-Asian, kofta. Ground beef is cooked until brown, it can be cooked with various sauces. It has a small size. Khuchmal is served with mashed potatoes cooked over the ground meat; the Dutch version of meatloaf can be eaten warm or cold. A mini-version of meatloaf called slavink is served in the Netherlands.

Embutido is made of well-seasoned ground pork, minced carrots and whole boiled eggs. The meat is molded into a roll with the hard boiled eggs set in the middle. Another variation of the dish involves wrapping the meatloaf with pork mesentery, it is wrapped in aluminum foil and steamed for an hour. The cooked embutido may be stored in freezers, it is served fried and sliced for breakfast. Embutido is sometimes confused with morcón, due to their similarity in appearance; however morcón is a beef roulade, not a meatloaf. Hardinera is a Filipino meatloaf made with diced or ground pork topped with sliced hard-boiled eggs, carrots, bell peppers, peas and raisins, among others. Called pieczeń rzymska or klops is made of ground pork and/or beef and garlic, with obligatory hard boiled egg inside

World's second oldest profession

The English idiom world's second-oldest profession is used to refer to a number of professions, playing on the common comment that prostitution is the world's oldest profession. One frequent use of the phrase is to refer to spying. An explanation of this phrase is that it must be the second-oldest profession because it is mentioned in the Book of Joshua. "Joshua son of Nun sent two spies out from Shittim secretly with orders to reconnoitre the country. The two men came to Jericho and went to the house of a prostitute named Rahab..."Paul Reynolds, a writer with the BBC, noted: "Rahab, of course, was engaged in the oldest profession." Ronald Reagan nominated politician as the second-oldest profession with the alleged quip, "Someone once said that politics is the second-oldest profession. I'm beginning to think it bears resemblance to the first."According to the World Almanac website, nominations for the second-oldest profession include: actors, casino gambling, con men, counterfeiters, glassmakers, journalists, moving companies, pickpocketers, pirates, press agents, prostitutes and quacks.

Humorist Erma Bombeck titled one of her books Motherhood: The Second Oldest Profession, since many prostitutes got pregnant. Other writers write about other professions as the world's second-oldest profession without stating why they should be considered the second-oldest profession. Oldest profession

Eleanor Franklin Egan

Eleanor Franklin Egan was an American journalist and foreign correspondent for the Saturday Evening Post. Bertha Eleanor Pedigo was born in the daughter of Henry Pedigo and Bina Graves Pedigo, she lived for a time at the Rose Orphan Home in Terre Haute and was raised by her adoptive family in Kansas City, Missouri. Eleanor Pedigo Franklin moved to New York City in 1898 in search of an acting career, having done some theatre work in Kansas City. From there she became a theatre critic at Leslie's Weekly magazine, moved into political journalism. In 1903 she was sent to Japan and Russia. In 1915, she survived the deadly submarine attack on the British passenger ship Barulos, her reporting from Armenia in 1919 featured eyewitness accounts of desperation: I did not believe that there were people anywhere down on their knees eating grass. I thought it likely that starving persons might go out and gather grasses and greens of various sorts to be prepared for food, but that men and children should gather like cattle in herds to graze, this I did not believe – not until I saw it.

She moved to the Philippines to co-edit the Manila Times with her second husband, served as first president of the Philippine Anti-Tuberculosis Society while she was there. She served on the advisory committee of the 1922 Conference on the Limitation of Armament, in Washington, D. C. Egan helped First Lady Helen Herron Taft to write her memoirs, she published The War in the Cradle of the World, about British military actions in Iraq. Her book is still studied as an early 20th-century American analysis of the region. Egan had opposed women's suffrage in print, but published an essay admitting to a change of heart soon after suffrage was won: "I feel like apologizing to the women of the combat battalions who have done all the fighting and who now bear all the scars." Eleanor Pedigo married twice. Her second husband was publicist Martin Egan, she died in New York in 1925, aged 45 years, from pneumonia secondary to giardia, a food- and water-borne parasite. Other prominent attendees were Walter Lippmann, Kathleen Norris, Frank Munsey, Melville Elijah Stone, Thomas W. Lamont.

David Hudson, "‘A woman so curiously fear-free and venturesome’: Eleanor Franklin Egan reporting the Great Russian Famine, 1922" Women's History Review 26: 195–212. David Hudson, "'Having Seen Enough': Eleanor Franklin Egan and the Journalism of Great War Displacement" in Ingrid Sharp and Matthew Stibbe, eds. Aftermaths of War: Women's Movements and Female Activists, 1918-1923: 375–393. ISBN 9789004191723 Eleanor Franklin Egan at Find a Grave

Mark Fynn

Mark Fynn is a professional Zimbabwean tennis player. Mark Fynn has spent his time on the Futures circuit, he has represented Zimbabwe in Davis Cup action. He attended the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga from 2003 - 2006. Played No. 1 singles for The McCallie School in Chattanooga where he compiled a 12-3 singles record as a senior. He played No. 2 posted a 13-1 doubles mark. He went 15-0 in tournament play. Coached at McCallie by Eric Voges. Held No. 1 singles ranking among Under-18 Tennessee Boys. Prior to The McCallie School he attended St. John's College in Harare where he was a member of the cricket team. In the 1st Round of the 2015 Davis Cup Group II Europe/Africa, he partnered with Wayne Black. Mark Fynn at the Association of Tennis Professionals Mark Fynn at the International Tennis Federation

Lemon Hill

Lemon Hill is a Federal-style mansion in Fairmount Park, built from 1799 to 1800 by Philadelphia merchant Henry Pratt. The house is named after the citrus fruits that Pratt cultivated on the property in the early 19th century; the mansion is situated on a parcel of land part of Robert Morris's 300-acre estate, "The Hills." In 199, Pratt purchased 43 acres of "The Hills" at a sheriff's sale for $14,654 after Morris suffered financial misfortunes and was taken to debtors' prison. Pratt designed the house and supervised its construction, though he did not live year-round at Lemon Hill: his primary residence was in a townhouse on Front Street. Lemon Hill is located on a bluff overlooking the Schuylkill Boathouse Row. Exceptional architectural features include its three oval parlors, stacked one on top of the other, with curved fireplace mantles and doors. Pratt landscaped the property in the English landscape garden style, extended a greenhouse structure Morris had built, opened the grounds to the public for an entry fee.

To protect its water supply, the City of Philadelphia began purchasing properties along the Schuylkill River, beginning with Lemon Hill in 1844. The Lemon Hill estate was the first to be incorporated into the new Fairmount Park in 1855. During the second half of the 19th century, the mansion was used as a restaurant and received substantial modifications to its exterior, including a Victorian cast-iron porch. From 1926-1955, the house was used as a residence by the first director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Fiske Kimball, his wife Marie Goebel Kimball. Both architectural historians, the couple restored Lemon Hill to its 1800 appearance. Kimball conjectured. Tax records indicated; the records revealed that Pratt was both the designer and general contractor for his mansion. The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 7, 1972 as an inventoried contributing structure within Fairmount Park. Since 1957, Lemon Hill Mansion has been operated as a house museum by the Colonial Dames of America and the Friends of Lemon Hill.

Long hidden by dense trees on the sides of the hill, a restoration of the historic views was undertaken in 2007, recreating the original vistas of, from, the mansion. The Fairmount Park Conservancy has managed the house since 2016. Philadelphia portal List of houses in Fairmount Park Moss, Roger W.. Historic Houses of Philadelphia: A Tour of the Region's Museum Homes. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Webster, Richard. Philadelphia Preserved. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Media related to Lemon Hill at Wikimedia Commons Lemon Hill Mansion history Historic American Buildings Survey No. PA-1010, "Lemon Hill", 32 photos, 2 color transparencies, 2 measured drawings, 9 data pages, 5 photo caption pages Images of Lemon Hill in the David J. Kennedy Collection at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania Search historic photographs at

Royal East Middlesex Militia

The 1st or Royal East Middlesex Militia was a London-based county Militia regiment of the British Army, in existence from 1778 to 1881. It was titled the East Middlesex Militia, but granted the Royal prefix in 1804. Like all British county militia units the purpose of the unit was to act as a territorially based force of able bodied men to serve in Middlesex and in time of war would report for duty such as defending against invasion by the French, they were not supposed to serve overseas, although the county militias acted as feeder units for officers and recruits to the regular army in times of need. However in 1878 the unit is recorded as being allocated to the 3rd Army Corps on mobilisation. In fact in the 2nd Brigade of the 3rd Division, based in the Kent area; the unit's standing orders of 1863 record the regimental insignia as being somewhat unusual, in that it did not include standard royal crown, but featured a five-pointed Saxon Crown atop a shield with the arms of the East Saxon Kingdom, all surrounded with the regiment's title in a garter.

This badge was worn when in everyday uniform i.e. on Glengarry headgear, common across the British Army and not just Scottish units. More formal headgear of 1829-44 featured a Bell-Top Shako plate of a large crowned star mounted with facetted silver eight pointed star bearing a gilt Garter Star with scroll inscribed ""Royal East Middx Militia"" across the tail of the Garter; the unit can trace its history back to 7 August 1760 as part of the Middlesex Militia. In 1778 it was titled the 1st East Middlesex Militia. By royal order the regiment was designated the Royal East Middlesex Militia on 24 April 1804. By 1855 it was using the formal title of "1st or Royal East Middlesex Regiment of Militia"; the family archives of David William Murray confirm his association with the regiment between 1798 and 1803.between 1810 & 1855 a Colonel Thomas Wood is recorded as the unit's colonel and its headquarters was in the borough of Hampstead. In 1855 the unit's strength was put between 700 men. In 1862 a Lieutenant Colonel Alcock is recorded in the unit's standing orders as commanding officer and his headquarters remained at Hampstead.

On 1 July 1881 the Royal East Middlesex Militia became embodied in the Duke of Cambridge's Own as one of its six associated non-regular battalions, all prompted by the Childers Reforms. In 1900 the number of regular Middlesex Regiment battalions was doubled with the formation of a new the 3rd and 4th battalions. By 1908 these militia battalions would become reserve battalions, a reorganisation prompted by the Haldane Reforms. Lieutenant Colonel G E Barker was in command of the 6th Battalion the Middlesex Regiment in 1914 and this unit and the other reserve battalion were based at Mill Hill; the Middlesex Regiment would be absorbed into multiple county infantry regiment amalgamations throughout the 20th and 21st Centuries. Like many militia units it sent reinforcements to its associated regiment in the Peninsular War and South Africa, but it never deployed as a formed unit overseas; the Middlesex Regiment Museum and that of its militia units was located at Bruce Castle. Militia 77th Regiment of Foot The National Army Museum