Medford is a city in, the county seat of, Jackson County, Oregon, in the United States. As of July 1, 2017, the city had a total population of 81,780 and a metropolitan area population of 217,479, making the Medford MSA the fourth largest metro area in Oregon; the city was named in 1883 by David Halliburton, civil engineer and right-of-way agent for the Oregon and California Railroad, after Medford, near Loring's hometown of Concord, Massachusetts. Medford is near the middle ford of Bear Creek. In 1883, a group of railroad surveyors headed by S. L. Dolson and David Loring arrived in Rock Point, near present-day Gold Hill, they were charged with finding the best route through the Rogue Valley for the Oregon and California Railroad. Citizens of neighboring Jacksonville hoped that it would pass between their town and Hanley Butte, near the present day Claire Hanley Arboretum; such a move would have all but guaranteed prosperous growth for Jacksonville, but Dolson decided instead to stake the railroad closer to Bear Creek.
The response from Jacksonville was mixed. By November 1883, a depot site had been chosen and a surveying team led by Charles J. Howard was hard at work platting the new town, they completed their work in early December 1883. James Sullivan Howard, a merchant and surveyor, claimed to have built the town's first building in January 1884, though blacksmith Emil Piel was advertising for business at the "central depot" in the middle of December 1883. Others point out the farms of town founders Iradell Judson Phipps and Charles Wesley Broback, which were present before the town was platted. Regardless, on February 6, 1884, J. S. Howard's store became Medford's first post office, with Howard serving as postmaster; the establishment of the post office led to the incorporation of Medford as a town by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 24, 1885, again as a city in 1905. Howard held the position of postmaster for Medford's first ten years, again held the post upon his death on November 13, 1919.
The beginning of the 20th century was a transitional period for the area. Medford built a new steel bridge over Bear Creek to replace an earlier one which washed away three years before. Without a bridge, those wanting to cross had to ford the stream using a horse-drawn wagon. Pharmacist George H. Haskins had opened a drugstore just after the town was platted, in 1903 he allowed the Medford Library Association to open a small library in that store. Five years the library moved to Medford's new city hall, in another four years, Andrew Carnegie's donation allowed a dedicated library to be built. Construction on the Medford Carnegie Library was completed in 1912. In 1927, Medford took the title of county seat of Jackson County away from nearby Jacksonville; until the 1960s, Medford was a sundown town where African Americans and other nonwhites were not allowed to live or stay at night. In 1967, Interstate 5 was completed adjacent to downtown Medford to replace the Oregon Pacific Highway, it has been blamed for the decline of small businesses in downtown Medford since its completion, but remains an important route for commuters wishing to travel across the city.
In fact, a study completed in 1999 found that 45% of vehicles entering I-5 from north Medford heading south exited in south Medford, just three miles away. The high volume of traffic on Interstate 5 led to the completion of a new north Medford interchange in 2006; the project, which cost about $36 million, improved traffic flow between I-5 and Crater Lake Highway. Further traffic problems identified in south Medford prompted the construction of another new interchange, costing $72 million; the project began in 2006 and was completed in 2010. Since the 1990s, Medford has dedicated an appreciable amount of resources to urban renewal in an attempt to revitalize the downtown area. Several old buildings have been restored, including the Craterian Ginger Rogers Theater and the Prohibition era Cooley-Neff Warehouse, now operating as Pallet Wine Company, an urban winery. Streets have been realigned, new sidewalks, traffic signals, bicycle lanes were installed, two new parking garages have been built.
Downtown Medford received a new library building to replace the historic Medford Carnegie Library and now boasts satellite campuses for both Rogue Community College and Southern Oregon University. Economic problems in 2008 and 2009 put a hold on The Commons project, a collaboration between the city of Medford and Lithia Motors; the project, one of the largest undertaken in downtown in recent years, aims to provide more parking and commerce to the area. Before the work stopped, the Greyhound Bus depot was moved and $850,000 was spent replacing water lines; the Commons is anchored by the new corporate headquarters of Lithia Motors, Inc.. Included in The Commons are two public park blocks slated to be informal public gathering areas as well as an area for special events such as the farmer's market. Ground breaking for the project was April 22, 2011, with a Phase 1 completion date of 2012. Medford is located 27 miles north of the northern California border at 42.3°N. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.74 square miles, of which, 25.73 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water.
The Pacific Ocean is about 75 miles west of the city, is the nearest coast. The nearest river is the Rogue River, the nearest lake is Agate Lake. Nearby cities include Grants Pass, Klamath Falls, Roseburg, Redding (California
Hugh Ermen was a British horticulturalist. Considered one of the United Kingdom's leading amateur apple breeders, he specialised in breeding new apple varieties own root trees, was awarded the Royal Horticultural Society Associate of Honour in 1988 for his contributions to pomology. The varieties he propagated at the Brogdale Horticultural Experimental Station include popular British garden apples such as: Trees developed by Ermen, such as Scrumptious, have received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Ermen worked at the Ministry of Agriculture's National Fruit Trials at Brogdale in Kent until his retirement, he argued that the artificial propagation of two different types of tree created a degree of incompatibility. By growing the fruit tree on its own roots this incompatibility was removed and as a result the tree would be more healthy, live longer, the fruit would have more flavour. Since the turn of the millennium this research has been adopted both commercially and academically with a view to producing healthier and longer living fruit trees
Antonio Román was a top Spanish film director, film producer and film critic. During the 1940s, Antonio Román was one of Spain's most celebrated filmmakers and went on to become one of the managers of the Cooperativa Cinematográfica Castilla. Planning to be a pharmacist, he instead turned to film criticism, writing for some of Spain's most distinguished journals. By 1934, he had begun directing, starting with a few short documentaries, his first full-length film, 1941's "Escuadrilla", was made in collaboration with Sáenz De Heredia. Other features directed by Román include 1944's "Lola Montes" and 1947's "La Fuentovejuna". Román went on writing reviews and directing films throughout the'60s and into the 70s, although became less prolific, In 1970, he was fired from the set of "Ringo Del Nebraska" his last film, after having filmed less than 10%, because the producer did not like his slow and meticulous pace, he was replaced by Mario Bava, a friend and protégé. Out of respect for Román, Bava refused to accept credit on the film.
He collaborated with Radio Exterior. Román died on 16 June 1989 in Madrid. Sandra Ensueño Canto à la emigración Ciudad encantada Barcelona o ritmo de un día Mérida Al borde del gran viaje De la Alhambra al Albaicín El hombre y el carro Escuadrilla Boda en el infierno Intrigue The House of Rain Lola Montes Last Stand in the Philippines Fuenteovejuna La vida encadenada El amor brujo Pacto de silencio El pasado amenaza La fuente enterrada La forastera Last Day Congress in Seville La fierecilla domada Dos novias para un torero Madrugada Los clarines del miedo Bombas para la paz Mi mujer me gusta más El sol en el espejo Pacto de silencio Un tiro por la espalda Ringo de Nebraska A Dog in Space El mesón del gitano Antonio Románl on IMDb