Mediation is a dynamic, interactive process where an impartial third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques. All participants in mediation are encouraged to participate in the process. Mediation is a "party-centered" process in that it is focused upon the needs and interests of the parties; the mediator uses a wide variety of techniques to guide the process in a constructive direction and to help the parties find their optimal solution. A mediator is facilitative in that she/he manages the interaction between parties and facilitates open communication. Mediation is evaluative in that the mediator analyzes issues and relevant norms, while refraining from providing prescriptive advice to the parties. Mediation, as used in law, is a form of alternative dispute resolution resolving disputes between two or more parties with concrete effects. A third party, the mediator, assists the parties to negotiate a settlement.
Disputants may mediate disputes in a variety of domains, such as commercial, diplomatic, workplace and family matters. The term "mediation" broadly refers to any instance in which a third party helps others reach an agreement. More mediation has a structure and dynamics that "ordinary" negotiation lacks; the process is private and confidential enforced by law. Participation is voluntary; the mediator acts as a neutral third party and facilitates rather than directs the process. Mediation is becoming a internationally accepted solution to end the conflict. Mediation can be used to resolve disputes of any magnitude; the term "mediation," however, due to language as well as national legal standards and regulations is not identical in content in all countries but rather has specific connotations, there are some differences between Anglo-Saxon definitions and other countries countries with a civil, statutory law tradition. Mediators use various techniques to open, or improve and empathy between disputants, aiming to help the parties reach an agreement.
Much depends on the mediator's training. As the practice gained popularity, training programs and licensing followed, which produced trained and professional mediators committed to the discipline; the history of mediation goes back to Ancient Greece, where village elders used to mediate local disputes between the villagers. The activity of mediation appeared in ancient times; the practice developed in Ancient Greece in Roman civilization. Recognized mediation; the Romans called mediators by a variety of names, including internuncius, intercessor, interpolator, interlocutor and mediator. Now mediation is a form a professional service, mediators are professionally trained for mediation. In the UK mediation has seen a rise as a service since the Children and Families Act 2014 made it compulsory for separating couples to go through a Mediation Information and Assessment Meeting before hearing in the Court. There are some important statistics provided regarding the growth of the UK commercial mediation market increased by 20% from 2016 to 2018.
There was increased scheme-related activity, this included activity from NHS Resolution and the Court of Appeal, which meant scheme related activity made up to be 37.5% of all mediation activities. The statistics in 2018 refer to increased success rates in mediation with 74% achieving settlement on the day of the mediation session, reflecting the speedy nature of mediation once again; the benefits of mediation include: Cost While a mediator may charge a fee comparable to that of an attorney, the mediation process takes much less time than moving a case through standard legal channels. While a case in the hands of a lawyer or a court may take months or years to resolve, mediation achieves a resolution in a matter of hours. Taking less time means expending less money on hourly fees and costs. Confidentiality While court hearings are public, mediation remains confidential. No one but the parties to the dispute and the mediator or mediators know. Confidentiality in mediation has such importance that in most cases the legal system cannot force a mediator to testify in court as to the content or progress of mediation.
Many mediators destroy their notes taken during a mediation. The only exceptions to such strict confidentiality involve child abuse or actual or threatened criminal acts. Control Mediation increases the control. In a court case, the parties obtain a resolution. A judge or jury cannot provide solutions that emerge in mediation. Thus, mediation is more to produce a result, mutually agreeable for the parties. Compliance Because the result is attained by the parties working together and is mutually agreeable, compliance with the mediated agreement is high; this further reduces costs, because the parties do not have to employ an attorney to force compliance with the agreement. The mediated agreement is, however enforceable in a court of law. Mutuality Parties to a mediation are ready to work mutually toward a resolution. In most circumstances the mere fact that parties are willing to mediate means that they are ready to "move" their position; the parties thus are more amen
Matthew 27:55-56 are the fifty-sixth and fifty-seventh verses of the twenty-seventh chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. The crucifixion and death of Jesus have just occurred, these verses make note of a group of women who were present at that event; the original Koine Greek, according to Westcott and Hort, reads: 55: ησαν δε εκει γυναικες πολλαι απο μακροθεν θεωρουσαι αιτινες ηκολουθησαν τω ιησου απο της γαλιλαιας διακονουσαι αυτω 56: εν αις ην μαρια η μαγδαληνη και μαρια η του ιακωβου και ιωσηφ μητηρ και η μητηρ των υιων ζεβεδαιουIn the King James Version of the Bible it is translated as: 55: And many women were there beholding afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him: 56: Among, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, the mother of Zebedees children. The modern World English Bible translates the passage as: 55: Many women were there watching from afar, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, serving him. 56: Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, the mother of the sons of Zebedee.
For a collection of other versions see BibleHub Matthew 27:55 These verses introduce a group of women, two of whom will be the central witnesses to the events of Jesus' death and resurrection. The women followers of Jesus have been little mentioned in Matthew up to this point. Keener notes that the mention of a religious leader with female followers could have been considered scandalous in this era, it was traditional for female relatives to mourn at an execution. It was rare to execute women, so while the disciples have fled in fear of the authorities, the female followers of Jesus could expect to be free from danger; the act of serving occurs several times in Matthew, by angels at 4:11, by a female follower at 8:15, by Jesus at 20:28, by townsfolk towards Jesus at 25:44. It refers to "domestic" serving in this verse; these verses are based with several alterations. Matthew adds the word many to the opening line, moving it from towards the end of Mark 15:41. 27:55 is paralleled by Luke 23:49, but Luke does not make mention of any specific women being present.
This is the first mention of Mary Magdalene in Matthew. She will play a leading role in the events of the resurrection, but the gospel gives no details about her. Luke is the only gospel to mention her before the crucifixion, with Luke 8:2 stating that she had 7 demons driven out of her, was now one of the followers of Jesus. In Roman Catholic Churches a tradition developed equating Magdalene with Mary of Bethany, but most scholars do not feel there is textual evidence to support this; the second Mary mentioned generates much debate. She appears twice more in the resurrection narrative at Matthew 27:61 and 28:1. In those verses she is referred to as "the other Mary." Which James she is the mother of is the centre of the debate. There have been three men affiliated to Jesus named James mentioned so far in Matthew. James the Great, one of Jesus' primary disciples mentioned in Matthew; this Mary is not mother to James the Great, his brother is John, not Joses. The version of this verse at Mark 15:40 makes this explicit, noting that this Mary is the mother of James the Less.
If the James being mentioned here is James, the brother of Jesus that implies that the Mary mentioned here is Mary, the mother of Jesus.. Matthew 13:55 mentions that James has a brother named Joses, the close parallel between these two verses is the primary evidence for this Mary being Jesus' mother. John 19:25 mentions that Jesus' mother was present at the crucifixion, thus could be being referred to by Matthew in this verse. Mary and Joses were all common names in the period, it is thus quite possible that there was another family sharing these same names; the title of "James the Less" indicates that this James was part of Jesus' disciple group, France considers it unlikely that James, the brother of Jesus, was a member of the group. France considers it unlikely that the author of Matthew would use such terminology to describe the mother of Jesus, that she would get more prominence than being referred to as "the other Mary."Most scholars and Christian denominations thus do not believe that the Mary in this verse is the mother of Jesus.
If this Mary is not mother of James the Great, or James, brother of Jesus she may be the mother of James, son of Alphaeus, or this James may be a new person entirely. In most Christian traditions this James is considered to be the James, son of Alphaeus, he and James the Less are considered the same person. John 19:25 mentions that Mary of Clopas was present at these events, so this Mary is believed to be her. Zebedee is the father of the Apostles James the Great and John, he appeared earlier in the gospel at Matthew 4:21. Zebedee's wife appears at Matthew 20:20, but goes unnamed in that verse. At Mark 15:40 the third woman in the list is Salome. Tradition is that Matthew and Mark are referring to the same person, thus Zebedee's wife is named Salome, it is possible that the author of Matthew substituted Salome in the list with a figure better known to him. Unlike Mark and Luke, this third woman is dropped from the rest of the resurrection story, Matthew only has two women go to the tombs. Gundry feels that the replacement of Salome by the wife of Zebedee explains why Matthew dropped "the less" from the mention of James, as the previous Jame
Christopher Kasparek is a Scottish-born writer of Polish descent who has translated works by numerous authors, including Ignacy Krasicki, Bolesław Prus, Florian Znaniecki, Władysław Tatarkiewicz, Marian Rejewski, Władysław Kozaczuk, as well as the Polish-Lithuanian Constitution of 3 May 1791. He has published papers on the history of the broad World War II era. Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, to Józef and Stanisława Kasparek, Polish Armed Forces veterans of World War II, Kasparek lived several years in London, before moving with his family in 1951 to the United States. In 1966 he graduated from the University of California, where he had studied Polish literature with the future Nobel laureate Czesław Miłosz. In 1978 Kasparek received an M. D. degree in Poland. For 33 years, 1983–2016, he practiced psychiatry in California. Kasparek has translated works by historian of philosophy Władysław Tatarkiewicz. Kasparek's translation of the Constitution of 3 May 1791, is available — augmented with his translation of the Free Royal Cities Act — on Wikisource.
His translations of verse include selected Parables by Ignacy Krasicki. Translation Physician writer History of philosophy in Poland Fables and Parables, by Ignacy Krasicki Constitution of May 3, 1791 Bolesław Prus On Discoveries and Inventions "Fading Voices" "Mold of the Earth" "The Living Telegraph" "Shades" "A Legend of Old Egypt" Pharaoh The Most General Life Ideals Biuro Szyfrów Marian Rejewski "Kasparek, Christopher," Who's Who in Polish America, 1996–1997, New York, Bicentennial Publishing Corp. 1996, ISBN 978-0-7818-0520-9, p. 186. "Christopher Kasparek" Cited by Google Scholar Bibliographic essay: A world at arms by Gerhard L. Weinberg. University Publications of America, Frederic MD, 1984. Works written by or about Christopher Kasparek at Wikisource The Translator's Endless Toil
Ron Miles is an American jazz trumpeter and composer. He has recorded for the labels Prolific and Gramavision. Miles moved to Denver, Colorado from Indianapolis at the age of 11 and attended Denver East High School, he studied music at the Manhattan School of Music. He is among Denver's most prominent jazz musicians, he is the co-ordinator of Jazz Studies at Metropolitan State University of Denver. As leader 1987: Distance for Safety 1989: Witness 1996: My Cruel Heart 1997: Women's Day 2000: Ron Miles Trio 2002: Heaven, with Bill Frisell 2003: Laughing Barrel 2006: Stone / Blossom 2012: Quiver with Bill Frisell and Brian Blade 2014: Circuit Rider with Bill Frisell and Brian Blade 2017: I Am a Man with Bill Frisell, Brian Blade, Jason Moran & Thomas Morgan With Ginger Baker and the DJQ2O 1999: Coward of the County With Bill Frisell 1996: Quartet 1999: The Sweetest Punch with Elvis Costello 2001: Blues Dream 2007: Floratone with Floratone 2008: History, Mystery 2012: Floratone II with FloratoneWith Ben Goldberg 2009: Go HomeWith Fred Hess 2002: The Long and Short of It 2004: Crossed Paths 2006: How Bout' Now 2007: In the Grotto 2008: Single MomentWith Joe Henry 2003: Tiny Voices with Don ByronWith Wayne Horvitz 2006: Way Out EastWith Rich Lamb 2008: Music Along the WayWith Jason Steele 2007: Some Wonderful MomentWith Whirlpool 2015: Dancing on the InsideWith Joshua Redman 2018: Still Dreaming Ron Miles: Singing Through The Horn.
NPR March 19, 2009
Yvonne Pickering Carter is an African-American painter, performance artist, educator. A native of Washington, D. C. Carter earned both a Master of Fine Arts degree at Howard University, her work has been included in group exhibitions around the United States, her multimedia performances were seen at the National Museum of Women in the Arts, the Walters Art Gallery, the University of Maryland, among others. Her work is in the collections of the Gibbes Museum of Art, the North Carolina Museum of Art, the University of the District of Columbia, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Carter taught at the University of the District of Columbia for many years, serving as Chair of Mass Media and Performing Arts, before retiring to Charleston, South Carolina, where she opened the Gallery Cornelia to showcase African-American art. Linear Variation series: Untitled, North Carolina Museum of Art, North Carolina Diminutive Folded Linear Series #4, 1978, Gibbes Museum of Art, South Carolina L. S. D. F. #50, 1979, North Carolina Museum of Art, North Carolina Water Series #30, 1985, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Pennsylvania
Science Sleuths was a series of interactive videos that were produced by Videodiscovery, Inc. from 1991 to 1996. The series was first published on LaserDisc with accompanying manuals. Certain titles were converted to the CD-ROM format; the original Science Sleuths series included 24 episodes for middle school. An elementary school series was added later. Science Sleuths was distributed with the Science Plus curriculum from Holt and Winston. In 2005, Discovery Education purchased its Science Sleuths" series. Science Sleuths was released in middle school and elementary school versions: Science Sleuths: 24 interactive mysteries for middle-school that explore scientific problem solving in the context of different science subjects. Live-action video with actors, animations, photographs. Videodisc, 1992; the series received the 1993 New York Film Festival Bronze Award for Interactive Multimedia. Science Sleuths Elementary: 24 interactive mysteries for elementary school students. 1994, interactive videodisc, 1995, & CD-ROM, 1996.
Science Sleuths Elementary was developed with Scholastic Corporation for their Science Place curriculum. Blackwell, Gerry. "Teens will be blinded with science". Toronto Star. Toronto, Canada: John D. Cruickshank. P. H.3. ISSN 0319-0781. OCLC 137342540. Retrieved February 7, 2013. Broward. "TEACHERS GET LESSONS IN TECHNOLOGY". The Miami Herald. Miami, Florida, USA: David Landsberg. P. 1B. ISSN 0898-865X. OCLC 2733685. Retrieved February 7, 2013. Barbanel, Josh. "SOFTWARE. The New York Times. New York City, New York, USA: Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. ISSN 0362-4331. OCLC 1645522. Retrieved February 7, 2013