Meet Me in St. Louis is a 1944 American Technicolor musical film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Divided into a series of seasonal vignettes, starting with Summer 1903, it relates the story of a year in the life of the Smith family in St. Louis, leading up to the opening of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in the spring of 1904; the picture stars Judy Garland, Margaret O'Brien, Mary Astor, Lucille Bremer, Tom Drake, Leon Ames, Marjorie Main, June Lockhart, Joan Carroll. The film was adapted by Irving Brecher and Fred F. Finklehoffe from a series of short stories by Sally Benson published in The New Yorker magazine under the title "5135 Kensington", in novel form as Meet Me in St. Louis; the film was directed by Vincente Minnelli, who met Garland on the set and married her. It was the second-highest grossing picture of the year, only behind Going My Way. In 1944, the film was deemed "culturally significant" by the Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry.
Garland debuted the standards "The Trolley Song", "The Boy Next Door", "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas", all of which became hits after the film was released. Arthur Freed, the producer of the film wrote and performed one of the songs; the backdrop for the film is St. Missouri in the year leading up to the 1904 World's Fair, it is summer 1903. The Smith family leads a comfortable upper-middle class life. Alonzo Smith and his wife Anna have four daughters: Rose, Esther and Tootie. Esther, the second eldest daughter, is in love with the boy next door, John Truitt, although he does not notice her at first. Rose is expecting a phone call during which she hopes to be proposed to by Warren Sheffield, is embarrassed when not only does Warren fail to propose, but the entire family is present as she takes the call during dinner. Esther gets to meet John properly when he is a guest at the Smiths' house party, although her chances of romancing him don't go as planned when, after all the guests are gone and he is helping her turn off the gas lamps throughout the house, he tells her she uses the same perfume as his grandmother and that she has "a mighty strong grip for a girl."
Esther hopes to meet John again the following Friday on a trolley ride from the city to the construction site of the World's Fair. Esther is sad when the trolley sets off without any sign of him, but cheers up when she sees him running to catch the trolley mid-journey. On Halloween, Tootie returns home injured. Without bothering to investigate, Esther confronts John, physically attacking him and scolding him for being a "bully." When Esther returns home, Tootie confesses that what happened was that John was trying to protect Tootie and Agnes from the police after a dangerous prank they pulled went wrong. Upon learning the truth, Esther dashes to John's house next door to apologize, they share their first kiss. Mr. Smith announces to the family that he is to be sent to New York City on business and they will all move after Christmas; the family is devastated and upset at the news of the move Rose and Esther whose romances and educational plans are threatened. Esther is aghast because they will miss the World's Fair.
An elegant ball takes place on Christmas Eve. Esther is devastated when John cannot take her as his date, due to his leaving his tuxedo at the tailor's and being unable to get it back, she is relieved, when her grandfather offers to take her to the ball instead. At the ball and Rose plot to ruin the evening of Warren's date and Rose's rival Lucille Ballard by filling up her dance card with losers, but when Lucille turns out to be interested in Lon, leaving Rose and Warren together, Esther switches her dance card with Lucille's and instead dances in Lucille's place with the clumsy and awkward partners. After being rescued by Grandpa, Esther is overjoyed when John unexpectedly turns up after somehow managing to obtain a tuxedo, the pair dance together for the rest of the evening. On, John proposes to Esther and she accepts, but their future is uncertain because she must still move to New York. Esther returns home to an upset Tootie, she is soothed by the poignant "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas."
Tootie, becomes more upset at the prospect of the family's move and runs downstairs, out into the cold to destroy the snowmen they have made. Mr. Smith sees his daughter's upsetting outburst from an upstairs window. Mr. Smith announces that the family will not leave St. Louis after all when he realizes how much the move will affect his family. Warren boldly declares his love for Rose, stating that they will marry at the first possible opportunity. On or after April 30, 1904, the family take two horse-drawn buggies to the World's Fair; the film ends that night with the entire family overlooking the Grand Lagoon at the center of the World's Fair just as thousands of lights illuminate the grand pavilions. The musical score for the film was adapted by Roger Edens, who served as an uncredited associate producer. Georgie Stoll conducted the orchestrations of Conrad Salinger; some of the songs in the film are from around the time of the St. Louis Exposition. Others were written for the movie. "Meet Me in St. Louis, Louis" Kerry Mills and Andrew B.
Empress Wang, formally Empress Xiaozhenchun was a Chinese Empress consort of the Ming Dynasty, married to the Chenghua Emperor. Empress Wang was chosen by the emperor to the position of empress after her predecessor had been deposed due to a conflict with the emperors favorite concubine, Consort Wan. Aware of the mistake of her predecessor, Wang was anxious to avoid any conflict with the emperors favorite. Consort Wan had no son with the emperor after her first son died in infancy, feared the competition if any other of the emperors consorts or concubines gave birth to a son, it was said that empress Wang deliberately stayed childless to avoid such a conflict with Consort Wan. The efforts to avoid all conflicts with Consort Wan and to show herself submissive to her, did secure the position of empress Wang at court. In 1487, the Chenghua Emperor died, empress Wang was given the title Empress Dowager; the Hongzhi Emperor granted her the title Grand Empress Dowager. In 1510, she was further raised in rank by the then-reigning emperor, Emperor Zhengde, the eldest son of the Hongzhi Emperor and the grandson of the Chenghua Emperor.
Goodrich L. Carington. Dictionary of Ming biografi, 1368-1644. New York: Columbia University Press, 1976. Xxi + 1751 s. ISBN 0-231-03801-1 023103833X. Lösenord Chu Chien-shen, s. 300. MOTE, Frederick W.. Den Ch'eng-hua och Hung-chih regerar, 1465-1505. I MOTE, Frederick W. Twitchett, Denis C; the Cambridge History of China Volym 7: Mingdynastin, 1368-1644, del 1. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press, 1988. ISBN 0521243327. S. 343-402, vid p. 347 GEISS, James. Cheng-te regeringstid, 1506-1521. I Twitchett, Denis. Cambridge University Press, 1988.. ISBN 0521243327 S. 403-439 om.. 422
Henry Hamilton Love was a Nashville lumberman and sportswriter. Known as the "Daddy of the Nashville lumberman," he was the first president of the Nashville Lumberman's Club, he wrote the Hardwood Code, a telegraphic code used extensively in the trade, urged by the Hardwood Manufacturer's Association of the United States. He was chair of the Nashville board of censorship of moving pictures, active in the Rotary Club. Hamilton Love was born on December 27, 1875 on his father's farm about three miles from Nashville, the youngest child of James Benton Love and Mary Elizabeth Plummer, named for his grandfather. Love's father James was a member of the firm of Love & Randle, his mother's father James Ransom Plummer was the mayor of Columbia, Tennessee in 1832, 1833, 1834, 1836, 1838. Love was thus a descendant of James Ransom, a relative of Nathaniel Macon and Kemp Plummer Battle, his father's grandmother was a Gannaway, making him a relative of William Gannaway Brownlow and William Trigg Gannaway. Love left school at the age of fifteen and worked as a reporter and newswriter for the Nashville Evening Herald.
He got a job writing for the Sunday Times, wrote for the Nashville American. Love contributed articles on sports in the South to The Sporting Sporting Life. Love was chairman of the local baseball committee, wrote several articles covering the Nashville Vols. On the 1908 team winning the Southern pennant after defeating New Orleans, Love wrote "By one run, by one point, Nashville has won the Southern League pennant, nosing New Orleans out by an eyelash. Saturday's game, the deciding one, between Nashville and New Orleans was the greatest exhibition of the national game seen in the south and the finish in the league race sets a record in baseball history". Love was called by some the "Daddy of the Nashville lumbermen", was vicegerent of the Concatenated Order of Hoo-Hoo, was president of the Nashville Lumbermen's Club, he worked for his brother John Wheatley Love's firm Love, Boyd, & Co, which avoided losing and in fact made money during the Panic of 1893. Starting in 1895 or 1896, Hamilton Love worked in a minor capacity, but was given every opportunity for advancement and learned the trade.
By 1899, he assumed charge of the Nashville office of the firm. There was a Scottsville office, where John Boyd was from. Love was first president of the Nashville Lumberman's Club, in 1910; that same year he penned the Hardwood Code, a telegraphic code used extensively in the trade, urged on by the Hardwood Manufacturer's Association of the United States, which became known as the Love code. That same year, he wrote an article on the timber business for the Nashville American Anniversary Edition. Love was secretary of the Nashville Commercial Club, he was a charter member of the Rotary Club in Nashville in 1914. He was president of the club in 1915. In 1914, Love was appointed by mayor Hilary Ewing Howse as chair of his film censor board, was named to a national board for such in 1917. In 1915, Love was director of the First and Fourth National Banks. On November 30, 1901 Love married Bessie May Davis, her father Leonard Fite Davis was a relative of Leonard B. Fite, thus of the Fite sisters married by Vanderbilt football coach Dan McGugin and Michigan football coach Fielding Yost.
He had Henry Hamilton Love, Jr. and Robert Hamilton Love. Both were seamen. "Ham" Jr. attended the Naval Academy and married Louise McAlister, the daughter of governor Hill McAlister. He was a business man in Florida, he died on May 2, 1922 of a revolver wound to the chest, ruled a suicide. He is buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery; the local Chamber of Commerce, in which he was active, adopted a resolution in his memory. His "memory is dear to the citizens of Nashville, his matchless bravery in the face of the passing years that smote his frail body with pain and suffering incessantly will always appeal to us as an example of fine, undaunted courage. He went to his Maker with head erect, unconquered by the long-continued and well-nigh intolerable blow of physical agony." He had been suffering from rheumatism. His foot was severely injured by falling boards in 1919, he still reviewed films from his bed. His poems were read at his funeral. Hamilton Love at Find a Grave