The Ōigawa Railway is a railway company in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. The company is known as Daitetsu; the company belongs to the Meitetsu Group. The first section of its lines opened in 1927; the company operates preserved steam locomotives, has "sister railway" agreements with Brienz Rothorn Bahn in Switzerland and Alishan Forest Railway in Taiwan. Because of its old-style rolling stock and the picturesque scenery, the Ōigawa Main Line is used for shooting films or TV programs those set in the pre-war period; the company operates two 1,067 mm gauge railway lines. The Ōigawa Main Line from Kanaya to Senzu. Both lines function as sightseeing lines; the former is known for its heritage steam trains, while the latter is the only rack railway line in Japan. The company operates a bus line in Sumatakyō Onsen, Kawanehon. Stations of Ōigawa Railway List of railway companies in Japan Official website
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures, 532 of which were completed. Wright believed in designing structures that were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture; this philosophy was best exemplified by Fallingwater, called "the best all-time work of American architecture". His creative period spanned more than 70 years. Wright was the pioneer of what came to be called the Prairie School movement of architecture, he developed the concept of the Usonian home in Broadacre City, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States. In addition to his houses, Wright designed original and innovative offices, schools, hotels and other structures, he designed interior elements for these buildings, as well, including furniture and stained glass. Wright was a popular lecturer in the United States and Europe. Wright was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time".
His colorful personal life made headlines, notably for leaving his first wife, Catherine Lee "Kitty" Tobin for Mamah Borthwick Cheney, the murders at his Taliesin estate in 1914, his tempestuous marriage with second wife Miriam Noel, his relationship with Olga Lazovich Hinzenburg, who became his third wife in 1928. Frank Lloyd Wright was born Frank Lincoln Wright in the farming town of Richland Center, United States, in 1867, his father, William Cary Wright, was an orator, music teacher, occasional lawyer, itinerant minister. Wright's mother, Anna Lloyd Jones, met William Cary Wright while working as a county school teacher when William was the superintendent of schools for Richland County. From Massachusetts, William Wright had been a Baptist minister, but he joined his wife's family in the Unitarian faith. Anna was a member of the well-known Lloyd Jones family who had emigrated from Wales to Spring Green, Wisconsin. One of Anna's brothers was Jenkin Lloyd Jones, an important figure in the spread of the Unitarian faith in the Midwest.
Both of Wright's parents were strong-willed individuals with artistic interests that they passed on to him. According to Wright's autobiography, his mother declared when she was expecting that her first child would grow up to build beautiful buildings, she decorated his nursery with engravings of English cathedrals torn from a periodical to encourage the infant's ambition. In 1870, the family moved to Weymouth, where William ministered to a small congregation. In 1876, Anna visited the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, where she saw an exhibit of educational blocks created by Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel; the blocks, known as Froebel Gifts, were the foundation of his innovative kindergarten curriculum. Anna, a trained teacher, was excited by the program and bought a set with which young Wright spent much time playing; the blocks in the set were geometrically shaped and could be assembled in various combinations to form three-dimensional compositions. In his autobiography, Wright described the influence of these exercises on his approach to design: "For several years, I sat at the little kindergarten table-top… and played… with the cube, the sphere and the triangle—these smooth wooden maple blocks… All are in my fingers to this day… " Many of Wright's buildings are notable for their geometrical clarity.
The Wright family struggled financially in Weymouth and returned to Spring Green, where the supportive Lloyd Jones clan could help William find employment. They settled in Madison, where William taught music lessons and served as the secretary to the newly formed Unitarian society. Although William was a distant parent, he shared his love of music the works of Johann Sebastian Bach, with his children. Soon after Wright turned 14, his parents separated. Anna had been unhappy for some time with William's inability to provide for his family and asked him to leave; the divorce was finalized in 1885. William left Wisconsin after the divorce, Wright claimed he never saw his father again. At this time he changed his middle name from Lincoln to Lloyd in honor of his mother's family, the Lloyd Joneses. Wright attended Madison High School. In 1886 he was admitted to the University of Wisconsin–Madison as a special student. While there, Wright joined Phi Delta Theta fraternity, took classes part-time for two semesters, worked with Allan D. Conover, a professor of civil engineering.
Wright left the school without taking a degree, although he was granted an honorary doctorate of fine arts from the university in 1955. In 1887, Wright arrived in Chicago in search of employment; as a result of the devastating Great Chicago Fire of 1871 and a population boom, new development was plentiful. Wright recalled that while his first impressions of Chicago were that of grimy neighborhoods, crowded streets, disappointing architecture, he was determined to find work. Within days, after interviews with several prominent firms, he was hired as a draftsman with the architectural firm of Joseph Lyman Silsbee. Wright collaborated with Silsbee—accredited as the draftsman and the construction supervisor—on the 1886 Unity Chapel for Wright's family in Spring Green. While with the firm, he worked on two other family projects: All Souls Church in Chicago for his uncle, Jenkin Lloyd Jones, the Hillside Home School I in Spring Green for two of his aunts. Other draftsmen who worked for Silsbee in 1887 included future architects Cecil Corwin, George W. Maher, George G
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Kyoto Kyoto City, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan. It is best known in Japanese history for being the former Imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. In Japanese, Kyoto was called Kyō, Miyako, or Kyō no Miyako. In the 11th century, the city was renamed Kyoto, from the Chinese calligraphic, jingdu. After the city of Edo was renamed Tokyo in 1868, the seat of the Emperor was moved there, Kyoto was for a short time known as Saikyō. Kyoto is sometimes called the thousand-year capital; the National Diet never passed any law designating a capital. Foreign spellings for the city's name have included Kioto and Meaco, utilised by Dutch cartographers. Another term used to refer to the city in the pre-modern period was Keishi, meaning "urba" or "capital". Ample archaeological evidence suggests human settlement in Kyoto began as early as the Paleolithic period, although not much published material is retained about human activity in the area before the 6th century, around which time the Shimogamo Shrine is believed to have been established.
During the 8th century, when powerful Buddhist clergy became involved in the affairs of the Imperial government, Emperor Kanmu chose to relocate the capital in order to distance it from the clerical establishment in Nara. His last choice for the site was the village of Uda, in the Kadono district of Yamashiro Province; the new city, Heian-kyō, a scaled replica of the Tang capital Chang'an, became the seat of Japan's imperial court in 794, beginning the Heian period of Japanese history. Although military rulers established their governments either in Kyoto or in other cities such as Kamakura and Edo, Kyoto remained Japan's capital until the transfer of the imperial court to Tokyo in 1869 at the time of the Imperial Restoration; the city suffered extensive destruction in the Ōnin War of 1467–1477, did not recover until the mid-16th century. During the Ōnin War, the shugo collapsed, power was divided among the military families. Battles between samurai factions spilled into the streets, came to involve the court nobility and religious factions as well.
Nobles' mansions were transformed into fortresses, deep trenches dug throughout the city for defense and as firebreaks, numerous buildings burned. The city has not seen such widespread destruction since. In the late 16th century, Toyotomi Hideyoshi reconstructed the city by building new streets to double the number of north-south streets in central Kyoto, creating rectangle blocks superseding ancient square blocks. Hideyoshi built earthwork walls called odoi encircling the city. Teramachi Street in central Kyoto is a Buddhist temple quarter where Hideyoshi gathered temples in the city. Throughout the Edo period, the economy of the city flourished as one of three major cities in Japan, the others being Osaka and Edo; the Hamaguri rebellion of 1864 burnt down 28,000 houses in the city which showed the rebels' dissatisfaction towards the Tokugawa Shogunate. The subsequent move of the Emperor to Tokyo in 1869 weakened the economy; the modern city of Kyoto was formed on April 1, 1889. The construction of Lake Biwa Canal in 1890 was one measure taken to revive the city.
The population of the city exceeded one million in 1932. There was some consideration by the United States of targeting Kyoto with an atomic bomb at the end of World War II because, as an intellectual center of Japan, it had a population large enough to persuade the emperor to surrender. In the end, at the insistence of Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War in the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, the city was removed from the list of targets and replaced by Nagasaki; the city was spared from conventional bombing as well, although small-scale air raids did result in casualties. As a result, the Imperial City of Kyoto is one of the few Japanese cities that still have an abundance of prewar buildings, such as the traditional townhouses known as machiya. However, modernization is continually breaking down the traditional Kyoto in favor of newer architecture, such as the Kyōto Station complex. Kyoto became a city designated by government ordinance on September 1, 1956. In 1997, Kyoto hosted the conference.
Kyoto is located in a valley, part of the Yamashiro Basin, in the eastern part of the mountainous region known as the Tamba highlands. The Yamashiro Basin is surrounded on three sides by mountains known as Higashiyama and Nishiyama, with a height just above 1,000 metres above sea level; this interior positioning results in cold winters. There are three rivers in the basin, the Ujigawa to the south, the Katsuragawa to the west, the Kamogawa to the east. Kyoto City takes up 17.9% of the land in the prefecture with an area of 827.9 square kilometres. The original city was arranged in accordance with traditional Chinese feng shui following the model of the ancient Chinese capital of Chang'an; the Imperial Palace faced south. The streets in the modern-day wards of Nakagyō, Shimogyō, Kamigyō-ku still follow a grid pattern. Today, the main business district is located to the south of the old Imperial Palace, with the less-populated northern area retaining a fa
Inuyama is a city in Aichi Prefecture, north of the Nagoya Metropolis. As of May 2015, the city had an estimated population of 74,200 and a population density of 911 persons per km²; the total area was 74.90 square kilometres. Inuyama lies along the edge of Aichi Prefecture, separated from neighboring Gifu Prefecture by the Kiso River. Aichi Prefecture Kasugai Komaki Oguchi FusoGifu Prefecture Tajimi Kakamigahara Kani Sakahogi During the Edo period, Inuyama was a sub-domain of Owari Domain, entrusted to senior retainers of the Nagoya-branch of the Tokugawa clan. Following the Meiji Restoration in 1868, it was established as an independent feudal han, until the 1871 abolition of the han system. With the cadastral reforms of October 1, 1889, the town of Inuyama was created. Inuyama was elevated to city status in 1954. Meitetsu – Inuyama Line Inuyamaguchi • Inuyama • Inuyama-Yūen Meitetsu – Komaki Line Gakuden • Haguro • Inuyama Meitetsu – Hiromi Line Inuyama • * Tomioka-mae • Zenjino National Route 41BridgesAigioohashi Bridge, crossing the Kiso River into Kakamigahara in Gifu Prefecture National UniversitiesKyoto University（Primate Research Institute）Private UniversitiesNagoya Keizai University Private CollegesNagoya Keizai University Junior College Inuyama has ten elementary schools, four middle schools, two high schools.
The most famous attraction is Inuyama Castle on a 40-meter rise overlooking the Kiso River. This Japanese castle was designated as a national treasure in 1935 and again in 1952; the castle in its current form was built in 1537 by Oda Nobuyasu, uncle of the great warlord Oda Nobunaga. It is the only owned castle in Japan and has remained unchanged since it was built — making it the oldest original wooden castle in Japan; the Kiso River has some picturesque rapids upstream of Inuyama Castle. These rapids and the rock formations are called the Nihon Rhine after the Rhine river in Germany, boat tours are available. Cormorant fishing on the Kiso River is nowadays exclusively done for tourists. Near Inuyama is the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum for preserving and exhibiting structures of the Meiji and Taishō eras; as of 2005, 67 historical buildings are preserved on an area of 1,000,000 m2. The most famous one is the main entrance and lobby of Tokyo's old Imperial Hotel, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and built in 1923.
Another former open-air museum near Inuyama is an amusement park called Little World Museum of Man. This anthropological museum contained a large number of buildings built according to the native style of over 22 countries. Japan Monkey Park has different species of other entertainment. Inuyama is the site of the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University, one of the world's foremost centers for research in non-human primate biology and behavior; the chimpanzee Ai and her son Ayumu live there. Another famous attraction is the Urakuen tea garden used for tea ceremonies; this garden contains the Jō-an tea house, built in 1618 by Oda Uraku, younger brother of Oda Nobunaga. Tea master Oda Uraku was a student of the famous tea master Sen no Rikyū. While the Jō-an tea house was built in Kyoto, it was moved to its current location in 1972; the building is considered one of the finest examples of tea house architecture. Inuyama ware is a type of Japanese pottery made in the town in a number of kilns.
- Tateyama, Japan - Nichinan, Japan – Davis, California, USA since February 3, 2001 - Xiangyang, China – Sankt Goarshausen, Germany - Haman County, South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea>, since February 18, 2014 Yashiro Rokurō – admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy Kaori Moritani – musician Inuyama travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Inuyama City Tourist Association website
Chitanoriai Co. Ltd. called Chita Bus, is a bus company in the Meitetsu Group, based in Handa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. From Chūbu Centrair International Airport For Kariya and Chiryū For Okazaki For Anjō For Tokoname and Handa For Kaminoma Cargo Terminal Circular Bus From Ōtagawa Sta. For Kyōwa Sta. via Uenodai For Ōbu sta. via Owari Yokosuka Sta. Tokai City Circular Bus ‘‘RANRAN BUS’’ From Ōbu Sta. For Ōtagawa Sta. via Owari Yokosuka Sta. For Aichi Health Plaza,NCGG and Genki-no-sato Ōbu City Circular Bus ‘‘FUREAI BUS’’ From Asakura Sta. For Tsutsujigaoka For Sōri For Higashi Okada Chita City Community Bus ‘‘AIAI BUS’’ From Shinmaiko Sta. For Hinaga Danchi From Tatsumigaoka Sta. For Higashigaoka From Chita Handa Sta. For Chūbu Centrair International Airport via Tokoname Sta. For Higashiura Sta. Midorigaoka,and Kamezaki Kenja Mae via Okkawa Sta. For Heartful Center Handa From Aoyama Sta. For Kimigahashi Jūtaku W. For Handa Sta. From Tokoname Sta. For Chūbu Centrair International Airport For Chita Handa Sta.
For Kaminoma Sta. For Tokoname City Hospital From Kōwa Sta. For Morozakikō For Utsumi Sta. via Utsumi Senior High Sch. Minamichita Town Community Bus ‘‘UMIKKO BUS’’ Meitetsu Bus Chita Noriai Homepage