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Melbourne Cup

The Melbourne Cup is Australia's most famous annual Thoroughbred horse race. It is a 3200-metre race for three-year-olds and over, conducted by the Victoria Racing Club on the Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Victoria as part of the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival, it is one of the richest turf races. The event starts at 3:00 pm on the first Tuesday of November and is known locally as "the race that stops the nation"; the Melbourne Cup has a long tradition, with the first race held in 1861. It was over two miles but was shortened to 3,200 metres in 1972 when Australia adopted the metric system; this reduced the distance by 18.688 metres, Rain Lover's 1968 race record of 3:19.1 was accordingly adjusted to 3:17.9. The present record holder is the 1990 winner Kingston Rule with a time of 3:16.3. The race is a quality handicap for horses three years old and over, run over a distance of 3200 metres, on the first Tuesday in November at Flemington Racecourse; the minimum handicap weight is 50 kg. There is no maximum weight.

The weight allocated to each horse is declared by the VRC Handicapper in early September. The Melbourne Cup race is a handicap contest in which the weight of the jockey and riding gear is adjusted with ballast to a nominated figure. Older horses carry more weight than younger ones and weights are adjusted further according to the horse's previous results. Weights were theoretically calculated to give each horse an equal winning chance in the past, but in recent years the rules were adjusted to a "quality handicap" formula where superior horses are given less severe weight penalties than under pure handicap rules. After the declaration of weights for the Melbourne Cup, the winner of any handicap flat race of the advertised value of A$55,000 or over to the winner, or an internationally recognised Listed, Group, or Graded handicap flat race, shall carry such additional weight, for each win, as the VRC Handicapper shall determine. Entries for the Melbourne Cup close during the first week of August.

The initial entry fee is $600 per horse. Around 300 to 400 horses are nominated each year. Following the allocation of weights, the owner of each horse must on the four occasions before the race in November, declare the horse as an acceptor and pay a fee. First acceptance is $960, second acceptance is $1,450 and third acceptance is $2,420; the final acceptance fee, on the Saturday prior to the race, is $45,375. Should a horse be balloted out of the final field, the final declaration fee is refunded; the race directors may exclude any horse from the race or exempt any horse from the ballot on the race, but in order to reduce the field to the safety limit of 24, horses are balloted out based on a number of factors which include prize money earned in the previous two years, wins or placings in certain lead-up races and allocated handicap weight The winner of the following races are exempt from any ballot: Lexus Stakes LKS Mackinnon Stakes Cox Plate Caulfield Cup The Bart Cummings Andrew Ramsden Stakes Doncaster Cup Irish St. Leger Tenno Sho Sankei Sho All Comers Arlington Million San Juan Capistrano Handicap Australian Stayers ChallengeThe limitation of 24 starters is stated explicitly to be for safety reasons.

However, in the past far larger numbers were allowed - the largest field raced was 39 runners in 1890. International horses entered for the Melbourne Cup must undergo quarantine in an approved premises in their own country for a minimum period of 14 days before travelling to Australia; the premises must meet the Australian Government Standards. The Werribee International Horse Centre at Werribee racecourse is the Victorian quarantine station for international horses competing in the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival; the facility has stabling for up to 24 horses in five separate stable complexes and is located 32 km from the Melbourne CBD. The total prize money for the 2019 race is A$8,000,000, plus trophies valued at $250,000; the first 12 past the post receive prize money, with the winner being paid $4.4 million, second $1.1 million, third $550,000, fourth $350,000, fifth $230,000, with sixth through to twelfth place earning $160,000. Prizemoney is distributed to the connections of each horse in the ratio of 85 percent to the owner, 10 percent to the trainer and 5 percent to the jockey.

The 1985 Melbourne Cup, won by "What a Nuisance", was the first race run in Australia with prize money of $1 million. The Cup has a $500,000 bonus for the owner of the winner if it has won the group one Irish St. Leger run the previous September; the winner of the first Melbourne Cup in 1861 received a gold watch. The first Melbourne Cup trophy was awarded in 1865 and was an elaborate silver bowl on a stand, manufactured in England; the first existing and un-altered Melbourne Cup is from 1866, presented to the owners of The Barb. The silver trophy presented in 1867, now in the National Museum of Australia, was made in England but jewellers in Victoria complained to the Victorian Racing Club that the trophy should have been made locally, they believed the work of Melbournian, William Edwards, to be superior in both design and workmanship to the English made trophy. No trophy was awarded to the Melbourne Cup winner for the next eight years. In 1876 Edward Fischer, an immigrant from Austria produced the first Australian-made trophy.

It was an Etruscan shape with two handles. One side depicted a horse race with the grand

Carlfred Broderick

Carlfred Bartholomew Broderick was an American psychologist and family therapist, a scholar of marriage and family relations at the University of Southern California, an author of several books. He was born in Salt Lake City, Utah in 1932, he died of cancer in 1999 in Cerritos, California at the age of 67. Although his given name was "Carlfred" he was known as "Carl" in many circles, he and his wife Kathleen had eight children. He was an active member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and served in the capacity of bishop, stake president, stake patriarch. Broderick died on July 1999 at his home in Cerritos, California. Broderick attended Harvard University, earning his bachelor's degree in social relations, graduating magna cum laude 1953, he completed his Ph. D. in child development and family relations at Cornell University in 1956 and doing postdoctoral work at the University of Minnesota. Broderick was an associate professor of family development at the University of Georgia from 1956 to 1960 and a professor of family relationships at Pennsylvania State University from 1960 until 1971 at which time he joined the faculty at the University of Southern California.

In addition to teaching and leading the marriage and family therapy program at USC, Broderick was himself a relationship counselor. A behaviorist, he helped partners in crisis by teaching them "working tools" for real-life situations. For three decades, he assisted colleges and school districts in North and South America and Australia in the development of family-life and sex-education programs. Broderick chaired the USC department of sociology from 1989-1991. From 1971 through his retirement in 1997, he was executive director of USC's Marriage and Family Therapy Training Program, director of the Human Relations Center. Upon his retirement, due to ill health, USC named him professor emeritus. Broderick appeared as a guest on many radio and television talk shows, including ten times on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson during the 1970s. Broderick was active in the American Sociological Association, the International Sociological Association, the American Association of Marriage and Family Therapists, the Southern California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists, the American College of Sexology, the National Council on Family Relations, the Association of Mormon Counselors and Psychotherapists.

In 1989 the National Council on Family Relations honored him with its Distinguished Service Award for his "outstanding contributions to the field of family therapy." Broderick authored many books and essays for different audiences. Some of his books are scholarly texts written for an audience of colleagues, others are for students, some are for individuals and couples who are trying to find happiness in their marital and family relationships, he served for 5 years as the editor of the Journal of Marriage and the Family. A devout member of his religion, Carlfred wrote some books for an audience of fellow church members which approach marital issues from a religious perspective; some of the periodicals which have featured his work include: Marriage and Family Living, The Journal of Social Issues, The Journal of Sex Research, The Journal of Marriage and the Family, The Ensign of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought. A partial list of his books include: Understanding Family Process: Basics of Family Systems Theory One Flesh, One Heart: Putting Celestial Love into Your Temple Marriage The Therapeutic Triangle: A Sourcebook on Marital Therapy Dear Sister, Once Abused: A Story of Hope and Freedom from the Bondage of Childhood Sexual Abuse My Parents Married on a Dare: And Other Favorite Essays on Life Couples: How to Confront Problems and Maintain Loving Relationships Marriage and the Family The Uses of Adversity USC Dept. of Sociology Footnotes, newsletter of the American Sociological Association, November 1999

Spirit of Justice

Spirit of Justice is a 1933 cast aluminum statue depicting Lady Justice that stands on display along with its male counterpart Majesty of Justice in the Great Hall of the Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D. C. the headquarters of the U. S. Department of Justice; the statue is of a woman wearing a toga-like dress with one breast revealed and arms raised and measures 12.5 feet. The statue was commissioned in 1933 at a cost of $7,275, was created by C. Paul Jennewein, who created a total of 57 sculptural elements for the building. Like most of the artwork and fixtures in the building, it is in an Art Deco style. Unlike many representations of Lady Justice, Spirit of Justice wears no blindfold, utilized to symbolize blind justice; the male statue, Majesty of Justice, is bare-chested. The entrance to the Rayburn House Office Building features a sculpture entitled The Majesty of the Law. In 1986, the statue was seen behind then-attorney general Edwin Meese III as he discussed a report on pornography.

In 2002, under John Ashcroft, curtains were installed blocking the statue from view during speeches. The curtains were first used on a rental basis during the administration of Dick Thornburgh. Justice officials long insisted that the curtains were put up to improve the room's use as a television backdrop and that Ashcroft had nothing to do with it. Ashcroft's successor, Alberto Gonzales, removed the curtains in June 2005. On May 7, 2007, National Journal's "Inside Washington" column reported that it was Monica Goodling who ordered drapes to be placed over the nude Spirit of Justice statue during Ashcroft's tenure as Attorney General. At the time, the department spent $8,000 on blue drapes to hide the two aluminum statues, according to spokesman Shane Hix. American singer-songwriter Tom Paxton wrote a humorous song entitled "John Ashcroft and The Spirit of Justice", inspired by the Attorney General's alleged covering of the statue, in 2002. List of public art in Washington, D. C. Ward 6 Curtains up on risque US statues Sculpted Bodies And a Strip Act At Justice Dept Wayne King.

"BRIEFING. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter "Justice Department covers nude statues". USA Today. January 29, 2002

Volunteer Ministers

A Volunteer Minister is a member of Scientology sent to a disaster zone to spread the doctrine of Scientology and provide disaster relief. The program was created in the 1970s by Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard; as of 2016, the volunteer ministers has a network of over 9,000 trained ministers. The Church of Scientology says that the program constitutes "the only effective steps to arrest and reverse the deterioration of world", but critics argue that Scientology uses the program to gain positive media attention and recruit new members. There has been controversy over the group's goals and activities, although one local official in India welcomed their assistance. According to Hubbard, the objective of the program is to "put basic Dianetics and Scientology technology into view and into use at the raw public level." In Hubbard's words, The Volunteer Minister's Handbook "will be broadly distributed on Scn and non-Scientology lines, bought by the man on the street. He'll use some of the data, produce some miracles, save a marriage or two, rescue some kid from drugs, help his next door neighbor who's upset because her child's failing in school and couldn't care less, plus brighten up her yawning of Spring and teach him to study, handle Aunt Martha's dizziness with assists."Each Volunteer Minister pays to attend a two-week course and purchase Scientology materials.

The book is 968 pages long. Scientology spokesman Eric Roux writes: “A Scientology volunteer minister is trained to bring spiritual assistance to anyone in any aspect of life, whether it is to increase his communication ability, his study skills, help raising children or save marriages, as well as dozens of other domains of intervention.” The program is the successor to earlier Scientology outreach efforts, notably the "Casualty Contact" program for recruiting new Scientologists from hospitals, the scenes of accidents and other places where people might have experienced trauma. As Hubbard put it, "One takes every daily paper he can get his hands on and cuts from it every story whereby he might have a preclear, he should represent himself to the person or the person's family as a minister whose compassion was compelled by the newspaper story concerning the person.."Hubbard advised that "using his minister's card, an auditor need only barge into any non-sectarian hospital, get permission to visit the wards from the superintendent, mentioning nothing about processing but only about taking care of people's souls."

The primary objective was to recruit more members for Scientology: "Some small percentage of the persons visited or their families will turn up in his group. Thus he will build a group and from that group he will get a great many individual preclears." This was, not how the program was to be presented to the general public: "A great many miracles will follow in his wake and he is to become a subject of the press himself. However, in handling the press we should say that it is a mission of the Church to assist those who are in need of assistance."The Volunteer Ministers program is intended to operate as a recruitment activity. As Hubbard puts it, As the benefits of the Volunteer Minister program begin to spread throughout the society, a rank and file of people that have been helped will begin to accumulate; these people will begin to feed into missions and Churches of Scientology from wherever the Volunteer Minister has been at work. In recent years, the Church of Scientology has promoted and increased the profile and size of the Volunteer Ministers program.

Church publications say that there are over 95,000 Volunteer Ministers - more than the Peace Corps and United Nations volunteer programs combined. The Church has set a target of recruiting as many Volunteer Ministers as there are policemen in each of the principal countries in which Scientology is active. In 2001, the Church announced a number of target quotas for Volunteer Minister recruitment, as follows: However, an ARIS demographic study by the City University of New York estimated in 2000 that there may only be 55,000 Scientologists in the whole of the United States. Volunteer Ministers have been sent to the scenes of major disasters, where they distribute Scientology pamphlets and purport to heal or relieve pain using Scientology techniques such as "Locationals," "Nerve assists" and "Touch assists."Volunteer Ministers have been sent to the site of relief efforts in Southeast Asia in the wake of the December 2004 tsunami and to London Underground stations that were attacked in the 7 July 2005 London bombings.

Eight hundred were sent to the Gulf Coast following Hurricane Katrina. In 2012, news broke that Volunteer Ministers were providing purification rundowns in Vietnam to people, exposed to Agent Orange. Volunteer Ministers have provided assists to relief personnel following September 11 attacks in New York; the Volunteer Ministers have worked in Mississippi and Louisiana after hurricanes Katrina and Rita, in the 2010 Haiti earthquake, in the Pakistan flood in 2010, in the Fukushima earthquake in 2011, the May 2014 floods in Bosnia. As with many of the Church of Scientology's programs, the Volunteer Ministers have generated controversy and criticism; the organization provides "spiritual relief" parallel with medical treatment, but does simple tasks such as helping cleanup or fetch food and assist the disaster effort as seems indicated. They have been accused of attempting to take advantage of disasters in order to promote Scient


KAXT-CD, virtual channel 1.2, is a low-powered, Class A Decades owned-and-operated television station licensed to both San Francisco and San Jose, United States and serving the San Francisco Bay Area. Owned by Weigel Broadcasting, it is sister to Palo Alto-licensed Heroes & Icons owned-and-operated station KTLN-TV; the two stations share studios on Pelican Way in San Rafael, transmitter facilities on Mount Allison. Founded May 31, 1989, the station broadcast in analog on UHF channel 22 as KAXT-CA, an affiliate of Spanish-language religious network Tiempos Finales TV being an affiliate of TBN from 1990 to 2003, of Almavision from 2003 to 2006. On July 31, 2009, KAXT began ATSC digital TV transmissions on UHF channel 42, vacated by KTNC-TV. KAXT's digital transmissions used the call sign KAXT-LD KAXT-CD; the station was the first digital television station to broadcast 12 video streams on a standard 6 MHz 19.39 Mbit/s ATSC stream. Using statistical multiplexing technology in the encoders and multiplexer, the system provides variable bit rate compression needed to provide full quality standard definition video across all of the channels with enough bandwidth for radio services.

Broadcast Engineering nominated KAXT as Station of the Year for 2009, the first low power television station to receive such a distinction. The DTV virtual channels between KAXT-LD's channel 22 and KRCB's channel 22 in Cotati had significant overlap that caused a PSIP conflict, allowing KAXT-CD to move to a new virtual channel, Channel 1. KAXT operates with a PSIP of Channel 1, at one point with 12 different video program streams and one audio-only channel for a total of 13 virtual channels. Weigel Broadcasting agreed to acquire KAXT-CD and KTLN-TV, along with KVOS-TV and KFFV in Seattle, from OTA Broadcasting in a $23.2 million deal on October 18, 2017. The sale was completed on April 15, 2019. By 2018, most of KAXT's Vietnamese-language subchannels had moved to KSCZ-LD; until 2019, KAXT broadcast an electronic program guide, shopping channels, several channels of ethnic news and religious programming. Several subchannels were produced locally. KAXT is one of two television stations in the United States that broadcast on virtual channel 1.

Since its transition to digital broadcasting, KAXT has broadcast a wide variety of programming, both local and syndicated: Bahía TV – family-oriented Spanish-language programming Cool Music Radio – audio simulcast Coastal Television Network – tourism-focused channel based in Monterey, California Colours TV – multicultural programming Corner Storeinformercials Creation TV – Cantonese Christian Diya TV – South Asian programming FAN – Filipino programming Hải Lê TV – Vietnamese-language programming i2TV – public-access television KCTV/TVHS – Taiwanese programming La Voz – audio simulcast of Christian programming My Family TV – family-oriented programming NetV – Vietnamese- and English-language programming Nét Việt – Vietnamese-language programming Tiempos Finales – Spanish Christian PeanutTV – real estate listings Quê Hương TV – Vietnamese-language programming Quê Hương Radio – audio simulcast of KZSJ 1120 Retro TV – classic sitcoms SKDTV – South Korean programming TheCoolTV – music videos U Channel – Chinese/Taiwanese programming Việt Phố Tivi – Vietnamese-language programming Vietface TV – Vietnamese-language programming Vietoday – Vietnamese-language programming VieTop – Vietnamese-language programming What's On – electronic program guide Channel 1 virtual TV stations in the United States Channel 42 digital TV stations in the United States Channel 42 low-power TV stations in the United States Arnold, Eric K..

"Next Steps for Ethnic Media -- Fighting for Low-Power TV". New America Media. Retrieved September 4, 2015. KAXT-CD website Query the FCC's TV station database for KAXT

David Marshall Mason

David Marshall Mason was a Scottish Liberal politician and businessman. Mason was born at Campsie, near Glasgow, the eldest son of Stephen Mason, himself a Liberal MP and Martha Marshall, he was educated at Partick Academy and Kelvinside Academy, Craigmount in Edinburgh and at Glasgow University. He studied in Germany, he married Mary Crouse of Akron, Ohio, the daughter of the Hon. George W. Crouse a Republican Member of Congress, they had two sons and five daughters. Mason went into banking, becoming an Associate of the Institute of Bankers, he was described by The Times newspaper in 1910 as having banking and railways interests. Mason acquired a reputation as an expert on the economy and trading questions, he was a founder member of chairman of the Executive Committee of the Sound Currency Association. Mason first contested a Parliamentary seat for the Liberals at Glasgow, Tradeston at the 1906 general election where he stood, again unsuccessfully, in January 1910, he was however returned in the December 1910 election as MP for Coventry when he gained the seat from the sitting Conservative MP, John Kenneth Foster.

He held Coventry until 1918. Mason tended to be an opponent of the coalition government during the First World War pressing in Parliament for the government to explore opportunities for peacemaking and supporting votes which placed him in'the pacifist minority', he was described as an Independent or Independent Liberal in the press and stood as an Independent at the 1918 general election. The coalition coupon was given to Edward Manville, a Conservative, the victor in a contest involving five candidates. Like other Liberal MPs who had taken an unpopular stance over aspects of war policy, Mason was rejected by the electorate, coming fifth of the five candidates in the poll. Mason tried to return to Parliament at each of the next three general elections for the Romford Division of Essex, for Barnstaple in North Devon at the 1929 general election. Described as being on the Radical wing of the Liberal party in relation to foreign policy, Mason played a leading role in condemning Italian atrocities in Tripolitania during the war between Italy and Turkey in 1911 and urging British government intervention.

Attempting to rally an effective protest Mason said the Italian invasion had provoked an outburst of indignation from the friends of freedom and foes of aggression' in Britain. However another historian has called Mason a'Liberal Centrist' typical of the sort of candidates being adopted by Liberal Associations in the hope of attracting working class votes whilst maintaining the support of traditional Liberals. Mason was associated with radical causes, he was a strong proponent of Irish Home Rule and supporter of John Redmond. He was connected to the Peace Society and opposed greater spending on arms and armaments and was a member of a deputation to Liberal prime minister H H Asquith to advise him of the uneasiness of the Parliamentary Liberal Party regarding increasing spending on the Navy. All this, his criticisms of the government got him into trouble with Coventry Liberal Association who announced in January 1914 that they would be finding a new candidate for the next election In response Mason said he would stand as an Independent Liberal in opposition to the official candidate.

He was a member of the Liberal Foreign Affairs Committee, a private backbench group set up in December 1911. This was an radical organisation and critical of the direction and conduct of the foreign policy of Sir Edward Grey. In July 1914, a dozen or so of the group, including Mason met and passed a resolution urging British neutrality in the emerging crisis. Mason was a signatory to the letter which the group sent to Grey covering the text of the resolution and urging him to use the government's good offices to secure peace. Mason was an opponent of the Bill introducing conscription in 1916, being one of one 34 Liberal MPs to vote against it, he was in favour of votes for women and was identified by Sylvia Pankhurst as a fervent supporter of the Suffragette cause inside and outside Parliament. However it is clear that Mason was far more conservative on issues surrounding the economy, he kept a high political profile during the 1920s with his chairmanship of the Sound Currency Association and many letters to the Times newspaper on various aspects of the economy and foreign policy.

He was described as a ‘notorious advocate of a return to the gold standard’. However he may have been moving in that direction far earlier as he was re-elected to Parliament at the 1931 general election as a Liberal candidate in East Edinburgh promising to support National Government of Ramsay MacDonald, the official position of the Liberal Party, defeating the sitting Labour MP, Drummond Shiels. At this election, the Conservative candidate J Carmont had withdrawn in favour of Mason because he pledged support to the government but the honeymoon with the Unionists did not last and Mason got into trouble with the local Unionist association for voting against the government just a few weeks later. By the time of the 1935 general election he had gone into opposition with his Liberal colleagues, so faced a Unionist opponent; however the seat was won back by Labour and Mason finished bottom of the poll. That year he joined the Anglo-German Fellowship. Mason died on 19 March 1945 in a Nursing home in Malvern in Worcestershire, aged 79.

Macedonia and Great Britain's Responsibility.