Melhus

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Melhus kommune
Municipality
View of Melhus sentrum
View of Melhus sentrum
Coat of arms of Melhus kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Melhus kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Melhus within Trøndelag
Melhus within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°10′35″N 10°18′13″E / 63.17639°N 10.30361°E / 63.17639; 10.30361Coordinates: 63°10′35″N 10°18′13″E / 63.17639°N 10.30361°E / 63.17639; 10.30361
Country Norway
County Trøndelag
District Gauldalen
Established 1 Jan 1838
Administrative centre Melhus
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Gunnar Krogstad (Ap)
Area
 • Total 694.40 km2 (268.11 sq mi)
 • Land 653.79 km2 (252.43 sq mi)
 • Water 40.61 km2 (15.68 sq mi)  5.8%
Area rank #162 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 16,213
 • Rank #71 in Norway
 • Density 24.8/km2 (64/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 13.3%
Demonym(s) Melhusbygg[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
ISO 3166 code NO-5028
Official language form Neutral
Website melhus.kommune.no

Melhus is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Gauldalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Melhus. Other villages include Gåsbakken, Hovin, Korsvegen, Kvål, Ler, Lundamo, Storsand, and Øysand.

Agriculture is important in Melhus, and the extensive lowland areas in the almost flat valley surrounding the Gaula River are dominated by grain fields. Many inhabitants work in the city of Trondheim, a 20-minute drive north from Melhus.

The 694-square-kilometre (268 sq mi) municipality is the 162nd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Melhus is the 71st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 16,213. The municipality's population density is 24.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (64/sq mi) and its population has increased by 13.3% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

Melhus was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1865, the western district of Høilandet (population: 1,818) was separated from Melhus to form a separate municipality. Then on 1880, the eastern district of Flå (population: 614) was separated to form its own municipality. On 1 January 1964, Melhus (population: 3,978) was merged with the neighboring municipalities of Hølonda (population: 1,428), Flå (population: 843), Horg (population: 2,560), and the small Langørgen farm area in Buvik (population: 11) to form a new, larger municipality of Melhus.[3] On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Melhus farm (Old Norse: Meðalhúsar), since the first Melhus Church was built there. The first element is meðal which means "middle" and the last element is the plural form of hús which means "house". The farm is one part of a greater and older farm, which had the name Óðinssalr which means "the salr (mead hall) of Odin".[4]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 8 November 1979. The arms show a gold-colored archer with a red background. The arms were chosen to symbolize Einar Tambarskjelve, who was a famous chief and archer from Melhus in the 11th century. He is mentioned as an archer for King Olav Tryggvason in the Battle of Svolder.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Melhus. It is part of the Gauldal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Melhus
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Flå Flå Church Ler 1794
Horg Horg Church Lundamo 1892
Hølonda Hølonda Church Gåsbakken 1848
Melhus Melhus Church Storsand 1892

History[edit]

Melhus was the site of many important events during the Viking Era. It was the site of the farm Rimul in Melhus at which Jarl Haakon was killed by his slave, Tormod Kark. Jarlshola is the location in Melhus thought to have been the hiding place of Jarl Haakon and Tormod Kark on their last night before the infamous murder at Rimul.

Geography[edit]

View of the Gaulosen fjord

The 695-square-kilometre (268 sq mi) municipality of Melhus includes the valley of the river Gaula as it flows northwards towards its mouth at the Gaulosen, an arm of the Trondheimsfjord. The lake Svorksjøen lies on the western border with Orkdal and Meldal. The lakes Benna and Ånøya lie in the central part of the municipality, and the lake Samsjøen lies on the southeastern border with Midtre Gauldal municipality. The mountains of Rensfjellet and Vassfjellet lie on the eastern border with Selbu and Klæbu municipalities, respectively.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Melhus, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Sør-Trøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Melhus is made up of 37 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Melhus Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet14
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet2
 Conservative PartyHøyre5
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti2
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet De Grønne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet7
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
 Local ListsLokale lister4
Total number of members:37

Transportation[edit]

European route E6 runs north and south through the municipality, following the Gaula River. There is also a 3-kilometre (1.9 mi) long stretch of European route E39 passes east and west in the northern part of Melhus between Buvika and Leinstrand.

The Dovre Line also follows the river through Melhus. The following stations are located along the railway line in Melhus: Melhus Station, Kvål Station, Ler Station, Lundamo Station, and Hovin Station. The railroad goes through the Gulfoss Tunnel at Hovin.

Gallery[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-08. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 286. 
  5. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 26 October 2008. 
  6. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 

External links[edit]