Melilla is a Spanish autonomous city located on the northwest coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco. It has an area of 12.3 km2. Melilla is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa, the other being nearby Ceuta, it was part of the Province of Málaga until 14 March 1995, when the city's Statute of Autonomy was passed. Melilla, like Ceuta, was a free port before Spain joined the European Union in 1986; as of 2011, Melilla had a population of 78,476, made up of ethnic Iberian Catholics, ethnic Riffian Berbers, a small number of Sephardic Jews and Sindhi Hindus. Spanish and Riffian-Berber are the two most spoken languages, the former being the official language. Melilla, like Ceuta, is claimed by Morocco; the current Berber name of Melilla is Mřič or Mlilt, which means the "white one". Melilla was an ancient Berber village, it was a Phoenician and Punic trade establishment under the name of Rusadir. Rome absorbed it as part of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana.
Rusaddir is mentioned by Ptolemy and Pliny who called it "oppidum et portus". It was cited by Mela as Rusicada, by the Itinerarium Antonini. Rusaddir was said to have once been the seat of a bishop, but there is no record of any bishop of the purported see, not included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees; as centuries passed, it was ruled by Vandal and Hispano-Visigothic bands. The political history is similar to that of towns in the region of the Moroccan Rif and southern Spain. Local rule passed through a succession of Amazigh, Punic, Umayyad, Almoravid, Almohad and Wattasid rulers. During the Middle Ages, it was known as the Berber city of Mlila, it was part of the Kingdom of Fez when the Catholic Monarchs, Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, asked Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia, to take the city. In the Conquest of Melilla, the duke sent Pedro Estopiñán, who conquered the city in 1497 without any violence, a few years after Castile had taken control of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada in 1492, the last remnant of Al-Andalus, the Muslim state in Iberia.
Some Spaniards envisioned continuing the southward conquest of Muslim lands, deeper into Morocco, but such action was not attempted. Spain's imperial energy was directed elsewhere, to the newly discovered continent across the Atlantic; the Muslims tried to take back control of Melilla in centuries: they besieged it during 1694–1696 and 1774–1775. One Spanish officer reflected, "an hour in Melilla, from the point of view of merit, was worth more than thirty years of service to Spain." The current limits of the Spanish territory around the Melilla fortress were fixed by treaties with Morocco in 1859, 1860, 1861, 1894. In the late 19th century, as Spanish influence expanded in this area, the Crown authorized Melilla as the only centre of trade on the Rif coast between Tetuan and the Algerian frontier; the value of trade increased, with goat skins and beeswax being the principal exports, cotton goods, tea and candles being the chief imports. In 1893, the Rif Berbers launched the First Melillan campaign to take back this area.
The conflict was known as the Margallo War, after Spanish General Juan García y Margallo, killed in the battle, was the Governor of Melilla. In 1908 two companies under the protection of Bou Hmara, a chieftain ruling the Rif region, started mining lead and iron some 20 kilometers from Melilla, they started to construct a railway between the mines. In October of that year the Bou Hmara's vassals revolted against him and raided the mines, which remained closed until June 1909. By July the workmen were again attacked and several were killed. Severe fighting between the Spaniards and the tribesmen followed, in the Second Melillan campaign. In 1910, with the Rif having submitted, the Spaniards restarted the mines and undertook harbor works at Mar Chica, but hostilities broke out again in 1911. On 22 July 1921, the Berbers under the leadership of Abd el Krim inflicted a grave defeat on the Spanish; the Berbers controlled the area until 1926, when the Spanish Protectorate managed to regain the area. The city was used as one of the staging grounds for the July 1936 military coup d'état that started the Spanish Civil War.
A statue of Francisco Franco, the putschist general assuming the control of the Army of Africa in 1936, is still prominently featured, the last statue of Franco in Spain. On 6 November 2007, King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia visited the city, which caused a massive demonstration of support; the visit sparked protests from the Moroccan government. It was the first time. Melilla have declared the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha or Feast of the Sacrifice, as an official public holiday from 2010 onward; this is the first time a non-Christian religious festival has been celebrated in Spain since the Reconquista. Melilla is located in the northwest of the African continent, next to the Alboran Sea and across the sea from the Spanish provinces of Granada and Almería; the city layout is arranged in a wide semicircle around the beach and the Port of Melilla, on the eastern side of the peninsula of Cape Tres Forcas, at the foot of Mount Gurugú and the mouth of the Río de Oro, 1 meter above sea level. The urban nucleus was originally
Noodles with tomato egg sauce（Chinese name：西红柿鸡蛋面 又名：番茄鸡蛋面）is a traditional Chinese dish. It is simple to cook. Just as its name implies, it only needs three ingredients: noodles and egg. All the three ingredients are common in daily life so noodle with tomato egg sauce is popular with people in China, its cooking method is very easy, another reason that people like it the mothers who don't have much time to cook for their children. Except for these three main ingredients, other vegetables or condiments can be added into this soup, such like onions, cucumbers and ginger. With these condiments, the noodle can be more delicious. List of Chinese dishes List of noodle dishes http://goods.pcbaby.com.cn/muyingseo/fs/1111/1053956.html Noodles with Tomato Egg Sauce
The Southern Districts Football Club, nicknamed the Crocs, is an Australian rules football club established in 1981. The club plays in the Northern Territory Football League at semi-professional level and represent the rural area of Litchfield. Premier League The club won their first ever'A' Grade Premiership under Coach Mark Motlop in the 1997/98 season defeating St Mary's. Michael "Magic" McLean coached for a number of seasons commencing with the 2006/07 Premiership season. Shannon Rusca became Senior Coach in the 2012/13 season. Shannon who played as the youngest Premier League premiership player as a 17-year-old in the club's first'A' grade Premiership in the 1997/98 season was Captain in the 2006/07 season Premiership winning team playing as a Player / Assistant Coach under "Magic". In the 2017/18 season coached the team to the club's third Premier League premiership; the club was formed in the early 1980s. In 1981 it entered the NTFL with a ` C' grade men's side; the club entered more grades until it entered a side into the'A' Grade in the 1987/88 season.
The club has produced many quality players at AFL level, including Collingwood Football Club great Nathan Buckley. Other players from the club include Gilbert McAdam, Adrian McAdam, Michael O'Loughlin, Aaron Shattock, Fabian Francis, Shannon Rusca, Steven Koops, Shawn Lewfatt. Other Crocs juniors players Roger Smith and Bradley Copeland were drafted to AFL clubs in the early seasons of the Crocs but didn't manage to play an AFL game. More it has produced Anthony Corrie, Richard Tambling, Jared Brennan, Malcolm Lynch, Troy Taylor, Steven May, Nakia Cockatoo, with Zac Bailey being the most drafted player to the Brisbane Lions in the 2017 Australian Football League draft Other players who have for the club over the years that played for the Crocs before playing AFL or after playing AFL include Allen Jakovich who kicked 104 goals in his first season at the Crocs in the 1988/89 NTFL season, Brisbane Lions Premiership players Chris Johnson, Des Headland and Darryl White. Damian Cupido and played for the Crocs in the 2012/13 and 2013/14 NTFL seasons kicking 140 goals in his first season at the club.
James Kelly, Simon Buckley, Robert Copeland, Laurence Angwin. Mark Jamar played for the Crocs after being delisted by Melbourne Football Club but he was picked up by the Essendon Football Club as a top up player so had another season of AFL before returning to the Crocs and playing in the 2017/18 Premier League Premiership winning Crocs team. Ed Barlow played in the same Premiership team after three seasons with the Crocs. Cheer, cheer the red black the white, Honour the Crocs by day and by night, Lift that noble banner high, Shake down the thunder from the sky Weather the odds be great or small, Will come out and win overall While our players keep on fighting Onward to victory! Official Southern Districts Football Club website AFL Northern Territory Northern Territory Football League