Mexican Americans are Americans of full or partial Mexican descent. As of July 2016, Mexican Americans made up 11.2% of the United States' population, as 36.3 million U. S. residents identified as being of partial Mexican ancestry. As of July 2016, Mexican Americans comprised 63.2% of all Latinos in Americans in the United States. Many Mexican Americans reside in the American Southwest; as of 2016, Mexicans make up 53% of total percent population of Latin foreign-born. Mexicans are the largest foreign-born population, accounting for 25% of the total foreign-born population, as of 2017; the United States is home to the second-largest Mexican community in the world, second only to Mexico itself, comprising more than 24% of the entire Mexican-origin population of the world. Mexican American families of indigenous heritage have been in the country for at least 15,000 years, mestizo Mexican American history spans more than 400 years, since the 1598 founding of Spanish New Mexico. Spanish subjects of New Spain in the Southwest included New Mexican Hispanos and Pueblo Indians and Genizaros, Tejanos and Mission Indians have existed since the area was part of New Spain.
The majority of these primarily Hispanophone populations adopted English as their first language as part of their overall Americanization. Ten percent of the current Mexican-American population are descended from the early colonial settlers who became U. S. citizens in 1848 via the Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo which ended the Mexican–American War. Although most of the original Mexican American population were deemed white citizens by the treaty, they have faced and continue to face discrimination in the form of Anti-Mexican sentiment and Hispanophobia rooted in the idea that Mexicans were "too Indian" to be citizens. Despite assurances to the contrary, the property rights of Mexican citizens were not honored by the U. S. in accordance with modifications to and interpretations of the Treaty. Continuous large-scale migration after the 1910 Mexican Revolution, added to this original population. During the Great Depression, Mexican Americans were scapegoated and subjected to an ethnic cleansing campaign of mass deportation which affected an estimated 500,000 to two million people.
In violation of immigration law, the federal government allowed state and local governments to unilaterally deport citizens without due process. An estimated 85% of those ethnically cleansed were United States citizens, with 60% being birthright citizens; the remaining population became more homogenous and politically active during the New Deal — which excluded Mexican Americans — and World War II era, which brought about the guest-worker Bracero Program. The 1965 Delano grape strike, sparked by Filipino American farmworkers, became an intersectional struggle when labor leaders and voting rights and civil rights activists Dolores Huerta, founder of the National Farm Workers Association, her co-leader César Chávez united with the strikers to form the United Farm Workers. Huerta's slogan "Sí, se puede", was popularized by Chávez's fast and became a rallying cry for the Chicano Movement, or Mexican American civil rights movement; the Chicano movement aimed for a variety of civil rights reforms, was inspired by the civil rights movement.
The Chicano walkouts of antiwar students is traditionally seen as the start of the more radical phase of the Chicano movement. Immigration from Mexico increased in the 1980s and 1990s, peaking in the mid-2000s. In 2008, "Sí, se puede" was adopted as the 2008 campaign slogan of Barack Obama, whose election and reelection as the first African American president underlined the growing importance of the Mexican American vote; the Great Recession led to a severe loss in Mexican American wealth, immigration from Mexico decreased. The failure of presidents of both parties to properly enact immigration reform in the United States led to an increased polarization of how to handle an diverse population as Mexican Americans spread out from traditional centers in the Southwest and Chicago. In 2015, the United States admitted 157,227 Mexican immigrants, as of November 2016, 1.31 million Mexicans were on the waiting list to immigrate to the United States through legal means. In 1900, there were more than 500,000 Hispanics of Mexican descent living in New Mexico, Nevada, Colorado and Texas.
Most were Mexican Americans of Spanish descent and other Hispanicized European settlers who settled in the Southwest during Spanish colonial times, as well as local and Mexican Indians. As early as 1813, some of the Tejanos who colonized Texas in the Spanish Colonial Period established a government in Texas that desired independence from Spanish-ruled Mexico. In those days, there was no concept of identity as Mexican. Many Mexicans were more loyal to their states/provinces than to their country as a whole, a colony of Spain; this was true in frontier regions such as Zacatecas, Yucatán, New Mexico, etc. As shown by the writings of colonial Tejanos such as Antonio Menchaca, the Texas Revolution was a colonial Tejano cause. Mexico encouraged immigration from the United States to settle east Texas and, by 1831, English-speaking settlers outnumbered Tejanos ten to one in the re
Ryan John Seacrest is an American radio personality, television host, producer. Seacrest is known for hosting the competition show American Idol, the syndicated countdown program American Top 40, iHeartMedia's KIIS-FM morning radio show On Air with Ryan Seacrest. In 2006 Seacrest became executive producer of Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve. Seacrest remained a co-host and executive producer following Clark's death in 2012, he began co-hosting Live with Kelly and Ryan on a permanent basis May 1, 2017. Seacrest received Emmy Award nominations for American Idol from 2004 to 2013, again in 2016, he won an Emmy for producing Jamie Oliver's Food Revolution in 2010 and was nominated again in 2012. In 2018, Seacrest received nominations for Live with Kelly and Ryan in Outstanding Talk Show Entertainment as well as Outstanding Entertainment Talk Show Host. Ryan Seacrest was born on December 24, 1974, in Atlanta, the son of Constance Marie, a homemaker, Gary Lee Seacrest, a real estate lawyer, his mother told the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, "Instead of playing with G.
I. Joes or Cowboys and Indians, Ryan would always have a little microphone and do shows in the house."At age 14, he attended Dunwoody High School. At age 16, while still attending high school, Seacrest won an internship at WSTR, in Atlanta, with Tom Sullivan, who trained him in the many aspects of radio; when the regular DJ called in sick, Sullivan put him on the air for the first show of his broadcasting career. Seacrest was given the weekend overnight shift at WSTR. Seacrest continued to work on air at WSTR until graduating from Dunwoody High School in 1992. Seacrest went on to study journalism at the University of Georgia in fall 1992, he continued his radio show at a local Athens station. Seacrest moved to Hollywood to pursue his broadcasting career. In May 2016, Seacrest was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from the University of Georgia and gave the commencement speech at the graduation ceremony. In 1993, Seacrest hosted the first season of ESPN's Radical Outdoor Challenge.
He hosted three kids' game shows, Gladiators 2000 from 1994 to 1996, Wild Animal Games in 1995, Click in 1997. Seacrest appeared as the host of the fictional game show Lover's Lane on Beverly Hills, 90210 in "The Final Proof". In the fall and winter of 2000, Seacrest was the host of The NBC Saturday Night Movie. During commercial breaks, he offered trivia on the film and a chance to win prizes by answering online on NBCi. In 2001, he hosted a reality television program, Ultimate Revenge, where elaborate practical jokes were played on family and friends instigated by their own relatives and friends, it was shown on TNN from 2001 to 2003. In 2002, Seacrest accepted the position as co-host of a new Fox reality television series American Idol with comedian Brian Dunkleman; the following year, he became the sole host. When the show increased in popularity, seen by some 26 million viewers weekly, Seacrest became recognizable around the world. In 2003, Seacrest hosted American Juniors. In July 2009, Seacrest inked a deal with CKX for $45 million to continue to host American Idol, making him the highest paid reality television host at that time.
In April 2012, he signed a two-year, $30 million deal to stay on as host of American Idol. In May 2014, Deadline Hollywood reported that Seacrest had signed a one-year deal with the option of another year, he remained host of the series until the end of its run in April 2016. The following May, it was announced that ABC had won a multi-network bidding war for the rights to the show. On July 20, 2017, Seacrest announced on Live with Kelly & Ryan that he would be the host of an Idol reboot, his initial multi-year deal was reported to be worth over $10 million. In August 2005, it was announced that Seacrest would become executive producer and co-host of ABC's Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve. On December 31, 2005, Seacrest performed much of the show's hosting duties. Dick Clark's role was limited by mobility issues due to his recovery from a stroke. Seacrest occasionally served as a substitute host on the CNN television program Larry King Live, co-emceed Larry King's final show with Bill Maher on December 16, 2010.
In 2009, ABC renamed the program Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve With Ryan Seacrest, to reflect Seacrest's role. The 40th Dick Clark’s New Year's Rockin’ Eve, co-hosted by Ryan Seacrest, delivered ABC's biggest New Years' numbers in twelve years, with 22.6 million viewers. When Dick Clark died, Seacrest publicly remembered his mentor's impact on his life in a special tribute in The Hollywood Reporter. After Clark's death, Seacrest hosted the 2013 edition of Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve with co-hosts Jenny McCarthy and Fergie paying tribute to Dick Clark in the pre-show. In October 2013, Seacrest signed a multi-year contract extension with Dick Clark Productions to continue as host and executive producer of Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve. In 2017, Seacrest hosted Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve for the 13th consecutive year alongside Jenny McCarthy, who had co-hosted for eight years. In January 2006, US cable channel E! announced a three-year, $21 million deal for Seacrest to host various programs, including E!
News and its red carpet awards show coverages. In April 2012, Seacrest signed a deal with NBCUniversal expanding his on-air role beyond E! to NBC. He contributed to the Today Show, Olympics coverage, entertainment programming, as well as news and other special events. Seacrest will remain managing editor of E! News and host and produce its red carpet awards show coverage. In September 2012, Se
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest; the Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually. It shares recognition of the music industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Academy Awards, the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards, the Game Awards; the first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, the Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018, were held on February 10, 2019, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s; as the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard.
The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of, they settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. The first award ceremony was held in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, 28 Grammys were awarded; the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. The second Grammy Awards held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971; the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado.
In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, trademarked; the trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast. By February 2009, a total of 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded; the "General Field" are four awards. Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a full album if other than the performer. Song of the Year is awarded to the writer/composer of a single song. Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist; the only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in 1980, Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017.
Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry; because of the large number of award categories, the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast'Premiere Ceremony' earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most important change was the elimination of the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields.
Several categories for instrumental soloists were discontinued. Recordings in these categories now fall under the general categories for best solo performances. In the rock field, the separate categories for hard rock and metal albums were combined and the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category was eliminated due to a waning number of entries. In R&B, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated, they now feature in general Best R&B Album category. In rap, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new Best Rap Performance category; the most eliminations occurred in the roots category. Up to and including 2011, there were separate categories for various regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian music, Native American music and Zydeco/Cajun music. Due to the low number
Badfinger were a Welsh rock band formed in Swansea that were active from the 1960s to the 1980s. Called "Beatlesque", their best-known lineup consisted of Pete Ham, Mike Gibbins, Tom Evans, Joey Molland, they are recognised for their influence on the 1970s power pop genre. The band evolved from an earlier group called the Iveys, formed in 1961, which became the first group signed by the Beatles' Apple label in 1968; the band renamed themselves Badfinger, after the working title for the Beatles' 1967 song "With a Little Help from My Friends". From 1968 to 1973, Badfinger recorded five albums for Apple and toured extensively, before they became embroiled in the chaos of Apple Records' dissolution. Badfinger had four consecutive worldwide hits from 1970 to 1972: "Come and Get It", "No Matter What", "Day After Day", "Baby Blue", their song "Without You" has been recorded many times, including a US number-one hit for Harry Nilsson, decades a UK number-one for Mariah Carey. After Apple Records folded in 1973, Badfinger struggled with a host of legal and financial issues, leading Ham to commit suicide in 1975.
Over the next three years, the surviving members struggled to rebuild their personal and professional lives against a backdrop of lawsuits, which tied up the songwriters' royalty payments for years. Their subsequent albums floundered, as Molland and Evans alternated between cooperation and conflict in their attempts to revive and capitalise on the Badfinger legacy. In 1983, Evans committed suicide; the Iveys formed in 1961 in Swansea, Wales from The Panthers, whose line-up consisted of Pete Ham, Ron Griffiths, David "Dai" Jenkins, Roy Anderson. Playing under various names including The Black Velvets and the Wild Ones, by 1964 they settled on The Iveys, after a street in Swansea called Ivey Place. In March 1965, drummer Mike Gibbins joined The Iveys; the group secured concerts around Swansea area, opening for prominent British groups such as the Spencer Davis Group, The Who, The Moody Blues and The Yardbirds. By June 1966, Bill Collins had started to manage the group. In December 1966 the entire group moved into Collins' home at 7 Park Avenue, Golders Green, sharing space with an act called The Mojos.
The house was terminally overcrowded, so the only place to find any privacy was in a room equipped with a two-track recording machine. The group performed a wide range of cover tunes on the London circuit, from Motown, soul to Top 40, psychedelic pop, Beatles hits, which garnered interest from record labels. Ray Davies of The Kinks auditioned to produce them, recording three of their songs at a 4-track demo studio in London's Old Kent Road on 15 January 1967: "Taxi" and "Sausage And Eggs", songs by Ham. On 8 December 1966, Collins and the group signed a five-year contract giving Collins a 20% share of net receipts, the same as the individual group members, but only after managerial expenses had been deducted. Collins said at the time, "Look, I can't promise you lads anything, except blood and tears"; the group performed occasional concerts backing David Garrick, while performing as The Iveys across the United Kingdom throughout the rest of the decade. In August 1967, Dai Jenkins was asked to leave the group, was replaced by Liverpudlian guitarist Tom Evans of Them Calderstones.
Jenkins' departure was remembered by Griffiths as being "politely asked if he would step down", as Jenkins seemed more interested in girls than the music. After receiving an invitation from Collins, Beatles roadie/assistant Mal Evans and Apple Records' A&R head Peter Asher saw the Iveys perform at the Marquee Club, London, on 25 January 1968. Afterward, Evans pushed their demo tapes to every Beatle until he gained approval from all four to sign the group; the demos were accomplished using a mono "sound-on-sound" tape recorder: two individual tracks bouncing each overdub on top of the last. When Evans signed the Iveys to Apple on 23 July 1968, they became the first non-Beatle recording artists on the label; each of The Iveys' members were signed to Apple Corps' publishing contracts. The Iveys' early sessions for Apple were produced by either Evans; the group's first single, "Maybe Tomorrow", produced by Visconti, was released worldwide on 15 November 1968. It reached the Top Ten in several European countries and Japan, but only number 67 on the US Billboard Hot 100, failed to chart in the UK.
The US manager of Apple Records, Ken Mansfield, ordered 400,000 copies of the single—considered to be a bold move at the time in the music business—and pushed for automatic airplay and reviews from newspapers, which he secured. Mansfield remembered the problems: "We had a great group. We had a great record. We were missing just one thing... the ability to go out and pick up people, convince them to put their money on the counter". A second Tom Evans composition, "Storm in a Teacup", was included on an Apple EP promoting Wall's Ice Cream, along with songs by Apple artists such as James Taylor, Mary Hopkin and Jackie Lomax; the chart success of "Maybe Tomorrow" in Europe and Japan led to a follow-up single release in those markets in July 1969: Griffiths' "Dear Angie" prod
Thomas DeCarlo Callaway, known professionally as CeeLo Green, is an American singer, rapper, record producer, actor. Green came to initial prominence as a member of the Southern hip hop group Goodie Mob and as part of the soul duo Gnarls Barkley, with record producer Danger Mouse. Subsequently he embarked on a solo career spurred by YouTube popularity. Internationally, Green is best known for his soul work: his most popular was Gnarls Barkley's 2006 worldwide hit "Crazy", which reached number 1 in various singles charts worldwide, including the UK. In the United States, "Crazy" reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100, its parent album St. Elsewhere, was a hit, peaked at number 1 on the UK Albums Chart and number 4 on the US Billboard 200 albums chart. Gnarls Barkley's second album, The Odd Couple, charted at number 12 on the Billboard 200. In 2010, Green took a hiatus from working with Danger Mouse, released a solo single titled "Fuck You!", on August 19. The song became a successful single, with the radio-edit version "Forget You", reaching the top spot in the UK and the Netherlands and peaked at number 2 on the US Billboard Hot 100.
Its parent album, The Lady Killer, saw similar success, peaking within the top five of the UK Albums Chart and debuting within the top 10 on the Billboard 200 albums chart, receiving a Gold certification from the BPI in the UK. His next two singles, "It's OK" and "Bright Lights Bigger City" were hits in Europe. From 2011 to 2014, Green was a judge and coach on American reality television singing competition The Voice, appearing on four of its seasons. In 2013, Green reunited with the rest of Goodie Mob, to release their fifth studio album Age Against the Machine, he worked as a voice actor in the animated feature Hotel Transylvania, appeared in a few television programs and films—including his own show, CeeLo Green's The Good Life, on TBS. Green has endorsed 7 Up, Duracell, M&M’s, sake brand TY KU, his work has earned numerous awards and accolades, including five Grammy Awards, a BET Award, a Billboard Award, a Brit Award. Green was born in Georgia, he graduated from high school at Riverside Military Academy, a boarding school for boys in Gainesville, Georgia.
Both of his parents were ordained ministers, he started his music career in church. His father died, his mother, Sheila J. Tyler-Callaway, a firefighter, was paralyzed in a car crash and died two years after the accident when Green was 18. Green has acknowledged being a fan of disgraced British glam rock singer Gary Glitter, but has acknowledged to Q Magazine that he is aware of Glitter's crimes. At the time of his mother's death, Green's career with Goodie Mob had just begun taking off, he sank into a deep depression, which he wrote about in various songs throughout his career, including "Free" by Goodie Mob, "Just a Thought" on St. Elsewhere, "She Knows" and "A Little Better" on The Odd Couple. Green wrote about his mother in the song "Guess Who" from Goodie Mob's album Soul Food. In an excerpt of CeeLo Distilled, a documentary produced by Absolut and The Fader, Green explained that his mother's death was a defining moment that led him toward "crossing that threshold over into a career". Along with Big Gipp, T-Mo, Khujo, Green was an original member of the Atlanta hip hop group Goodie Mob.
He is the youngest of the four. The Goodie Mob was a part of the Atlanta rap collective the Dungeon Family, which included Outkast. Goodie Mob appeared on two tracks on OutKast's 1994 debut album Southernplayalisticadillacmuzik, with Green providing vocals for "Call of da Wild" and "Git Up, Git Out". Goodie Mob released their debut album, Soul Food, in 1995; the album received much critical praise as a pioneering record for the emerging Southern rap scene. It featured a distinctive soulful southern sound by production team Organized Noize. During this time, he contributed backing vocals to TLC's hit 1995 song "Waterfalls"; the group's second album, Still Standing, came out in 1998 and received much critical praise. Its commercial performance was lower than the group's previous effort, however. Green took more creative control on the group's next album, World Party, released in 1999. In around 1999, during the making of the album World Party, Green left the group to pursue a solo career under Arista and the remaining members continued to perform together under the Goodie Mob name with Koch Records.
They did however collaborate in combinations in the Dungeon Family album Even in Darkness. The song "Hold On" from Big Boi of OutKast's Got Purp? Vol. 2 album was the first newly recorded Goodie Mob song with all four members since World Party. Green was one of ten guest musicians. Lauryn Hill wrote "Do You Like The Way", she and Green both provided lead vocals. Green's Arista career was short-lived, his first album, Cee-Lo Green and His Perfect Imperfections, was in the vein of various other Dungeon Family releases, with southern soul/funk/jazz backings produced by Green and boasting appearances by fellow Dungeon Fam members Big Gipp and Backbone. The album did not sell well, but Green achieved some airplay with the single "Closet Freak", his second Arista album, Cee-Lo Green... Is the Soul Machine brought a more branched-out sound and more explored southern rap music; this is evidenced by collaborations with "the biggest hip-hop musicians of all time", including Ludacris, T. I. and Pharrell Williams.
The album peaked at number 2 on the Billboard Top R&B / Hip Hop Album chart. It received critical acclaim and was described as "one of
Melisma is the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between several different notes in succession. Music sung in this style is referred to as melismatic, as opposed to syllabic, in which each syllable of text is matched to a single note. Music of ancient cultures used melismatic techniques to induce a hypnotic trance in the listener, useful for early mystical initiation rites and religious worship; this quality is still found in Arabic music where the scale consists of "quarter tones". Orthodox Christian chanting bears a slight resemblance to this. Middle Eastern melismatic music was developed further in the Torah chanting, as well as by the Masoretes in the seventh or eighth centuries, it appeared in some genres of Gregorian chant, where it was used in certain sections of the Mass, with the earliest written appearance around AD 900. The gradual and the alleluia, in particular, were characteristically melismatic, for example, while the tract is not, repetitive melodic patterns were deliberately avoided in the style.
The Byzantine Rite used melismatic elements in its music, which developed concurrently with the Gregorian chant. In Western music, the term "melisma" most refers to Gregorian chant. However, the term melisma may be used to describe music of any genre, including baroque singing and gospel. Within Jewish liturgical tradition, melisma is still used in the chanting of Torah, readings from the Prophets, in the body of a service. For an examination of the evolution of this tradition, see Idelsohn. Today, melisma is used in Middle Eastern, African and African American music, Fado and various Asian folk and popular musical genres. Melisma is commonly featured in Western popular music. Early in their careers, Ray Charles, Aretha Franklin, Stevie Wonder used it sparingly. Melisma is used by countless pop artists such as Michael Jackson, although this form involves improvising melismata over a simpler melody. During the fadeout of the Beatles' 1966 track "I Want to Tell You", bassist Paul McCartney can be heard singing a high-pitched melisma in the style of classical Indian music.
The use of melisma is a common feature of artists such as Deniece Williams, Stevie Wonder, Luther Vandross, Whitney Houston, Mariah Carey, Beyoncé, Christina Aguilera, among others. The use of melismatic vocals in pop music grew in the 1980s. Deniece Williams topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart in May 1984, with Let's Hear It for the Boy with her melismatic vocals. Although other artists used melisma before, Houston's rendition of Dolly Parton's love song "I Will Always Love You" pushed the technique into the mainstream in the'90s; the trend in R&B singers is considered to have been popularized by Mariah Carey's song "Vision of Love", released and topped the charts at number one in 1990, went on to be certified gold. As late as 2007, melismatic singers such as Leona Lewis were still scoring big hits, but around 2008–2009, this trend reverted to how it was prior to Carey and Houston's success – singers with less showy styles such as Kesha and Cheryl Cole began to outsell new releases by Carey and Christina Aguilera, ending nearly two decades of the style's dominance of pop-music vocals.
The French carol tune "Gloria" arranged by Edward Shippen Barnes in 1937, to which the hymn "Angels We Have Heard on High" is sung, contains one of the most melismatic sequences in popular Christian hymn music, on the "o" of the word "Gloria", held through 16 different notes. "Ding Dong Merrily on High", arranged by George Ratcliffe Woodward, contains an longer melisma of 31 notes on the "o" of "Gloria". George Frideric Handel's Messiah contains numerous examples of melisma, as in the following excerpt from the chorus "For Unto Us a Child Is Born"; the soprano and alto lines engage in a 57-note melisma on the word "born". Play Melisma is used, though and in the music of Jethro Tull: examples include the eponymous track of the album Songs From the Wood and the song "Skating Away". One of the most striking instances in recent pop music occurs in Bruce Springsteen's "The Ties that Bind", in which the "I" in "bind" is iterated 13 times. A striking example is found in Bohemian Rhapsody by Queen, in which melisma on the syllables'-co' and'go' forms part of the dramatic structure of the song.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart uses melisma in his Requiem Mass in D minor in the Kyrie sequence, with the "e" in "eleison" being elaborately sung in various notes. Arabic maqam American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language entry on "melisma" Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary entry on melisma
Lauren Bennett is an English singer and model. She is best known as a member of the girl group G. R. L.. She is known for her work with the Paradiso Girls, CeeLo Green, Robin Antin of the Pussycat Dolls, most notably with LMFAO, where she was featured on the 2011 summer hit "Party Rock Anthem," achieving her first number one single in the United Kingdom and United States. Bennett was part of a girl group called the Paradiso Girls; the group consisted of seven members at their formation in 2007, but had dropped to five by 2008. Each member comes from a different country: Chelsea Korka from the United States, Aria Crescendo from France, Kelly Beckett from Barbados, Shar Mae Amor from the Philippines, Bennett from England; the band was signed to Interscope Records. Their debut single, "Patron Tequila", featuring Lil Jon and Eve, was released on 12 May 2009 and reached No. 3 on the Hot Dance Club Play Chart and No. 82 on the Canadian Hot 100. After their second single, "Who's My Bitch", was unsuccessful, the group disbanded in 2010.
Bennett went on to pursue a solo career. She was featured in a remix of will.i.am's "I Got It from My Mama". She joined in the Party Rock Tour with LMFAO; that year, she met CeeLo Green and was featured on his album The Lady Killer on the song "Love Gun". The following year, she was featured on LMFAO's international hit "Party Rock Anthem", which sold over 5,000,000 digital downloads in the United States and reached No. 1 in the United States for six weeks, becoming Bennett's first number one single on the US Billboard Hot 100. Bennett works with Robin Antin and is featured in the Pussycat Dolls' second fitness DVD, her debut solo single. The track was produced by David Schuler. While talking to Billboard.com on the red carpet at the American Music Awards, Bennett confirmed herself as a part of the newly regrouped recording group. This made her the first member of a brand new line-up that creator Robin Antin confirmed to Billboard was in the process of being built. "We're figuring out who's in the group and we're working on an album," Bennett says of the new group, which at the time was slated to be the revamped Pussycat Dolls.
In 2011 it was announced that a new line-up of the "sexy brand" would debut in February 2012 during a GoDaddy Super Bowl commercial. Bennett was featured and included in the original line-up along with Paula van Oppen and three others who were cut from the group for various reasons. Simone Battle, Emmalyn Estrada, Natasha Slayton joined and G. R. L. Debuted their hit single "Vacation" on The Smurfs 2 soundtrack. G. R. L. found international success and was featured with artists such as Pitbull on his hit single "Wild Wild Love". The group went on to release a self-titled EP, G. R. L. in which its lead single Ugly Heart peaked at 2 on the Australian charts. G. R. L. were on their way to mainstream success when group member Simone Battle died in September 2014. In January 2015, the group released a single in honor of Battle titled "Lighthouse", dedicated themselves to raising awareness for mental health issues. On 2 June 2015, the group disbanded. On 8 April 2016, a dance track featuring Bennett and produced by Greek DJ Nick Martin titled "Reality" was released.
On 8 May 2016, Bennett announced and released her new single "Hurricane" via her Instagram, adding "After G. R. L. Ended I had no idea what was going to happen next, everything fell apart pretty fast. That's. After seeing my mother suffer with mental struggles for years I lost a friend to this, it has always affected my life in some way. We all have yourself; this is a story to show from my eyes what it feels like to suffer from this but the other perspective to lose someone to this." It was announced on Twitter that a portion of the proceeds from the single would be donated to The Campaign to Change Direction, an organization dedicated to change the culture of mental health in America. On 15 June 2016, over a year after G. R. L. announced their breakup, it was reported that the group has plans to reform under new representation with UK based agency Loco Talent. In June, the group's new agent, Matt Wynter, stated that the G. R. L. is back via Loco Talent's website. Bennett is one of the two original members returning under the new lineup.
The group's lead single. In 2017 along with her brother Ryan, the siblings formed BENNETT, a folk, country and rock duo, their debut single "It's All Good" was released on 2 June 2017. Official website