Alternative rock is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became popular in the 1990s. In this instance, the word "alternative" refers to the genre's distinction from mainstream rock music; the term's original meaning was broader, referring to a generation of musicians unified by their collective debt to either the musical style or the independent, DIY ethos of punk rock, which in the late 1970s laid the groundwork for alternative music. At times, "alternative" has been used as a catch-all description for music from underground rock artists that receives mainstream recognition, or for any music, whether rock or not, seen to be descended from punk rock. Alternative rock broadly consists of music that differs in terms of its sound, social context and regional roots. By the end of the 1980s, magazines and zines, college radio airplay, word of mouth had increased the prominence and highlighted the diversity of alternative rock, helping to define a number of distinct styles such as noise pop, indie rock and shoegaze.
Most of these subgenres had achieved minor mainstream notice and a few bands representing them, such as Hüsker Dü and R. E. M. had signed to major labels. But most alternative bands' commercial success was limited in comparison to other genres of rock and pop music at the time, most acts remained signed to independent labels and received little attention from mainstream radio, television, or newspapers. With the breakthrough of Nirvana and the popularity of the grunge and Britpop movements in the 1990s, alternative rock entered the musical mainstream and many alternative bands became successful. In the past, popular music tastes were dictated by music executives within large entertainment corporations. Record companies signed contracts with those entertainers who were thought to become the most popular, therefore who could generate the most sales; these bands were able to record their songs in expensive studios, their works sold through record store chains that were owned by the entertainment corporations.
The record companies worked with radio and television companies to get the most exposure for their artists. The people making the decisions were business people dealing with music as a product, those bands who were not making the expected sales figures were excluded from this system. Before the term alternative rock came into common usage around 1990, the sort of music to which it refers was known by a variety of terms. In 1979, Terry Tolkin used the term Alternative Music to describe the groups. In 1979 Dallas radio station KZEW had a late night new wave show entitled "Rock and Roll Alternative". "College rock" was used in the United States to describe the music during the 1980s due to its links to the college radio circuit and the tastes of college students. In the United Kingdom, dozens of small do it yourself record labels emerged as a result of the punk subculture. According to the founder of one of these labels, Cherry Red, NME and Sounds magazines published charts based on small record stores called "Alternative Charts".
The first national chart based on distribution called the Indie Chart was published in January 1980. At the time, the term indie was used to describe independently distributed records. By 1985, indie' had come to mean a particular genre, or group of subgenres, rather than distribution status; the use of the term alternative to describe rock music originated around the mid-1980s. Individuals who worked as DJs and promoters during the 1980s claim the term originates from American FM radio of the 1970s, which served as a progressive alternative to top 40 radio formats by featuring longer songs and giving DJs more freedom in song selection. According to one former DJ and promoter, "Somehow this term'alternative' got rediscovered and heisted by college radio people during the 80s who applied it to new post-punk, indie, or underground-whatever music". At first the term referred to intentionally non–mainstream rock acts that were not influenced by "heavy metal ballads, rarefied new wave" and "high-energy dance anthems".
Usage of the term would broaden to include new wave, punk rock, post-punk, "college"/"indie" rock, all found on the American "commercial alternative" radio stations of the time such as Los Angeles' KROQ-FM. Journalist Jim Gerr wrote that Alternative encompassed variants such as "rap, trash and industrial". In December 1991, Spin magazine noted: "this year, for the first time, it became resoundingly clear that what has been considered alternative rock – a college-centered marketing group with lucrative, if limited, potential- has in fact moved into the mainstream"; the bill of the first Lollapalooza, an itinerant festival in North America conceived by Jane's Addiction frontman Perry Farrell, reunited "disparate elements of the alternative rock community" including Henry Rollins, Butthole Surfers, Ice-T, Nine Inch Nails and the Banshees and Jane's Addiction. That same year, Farrell coined the term Alternative Nation. In the late 1990s, the definition again became more specific. In 1997, Neil Strauss of The New York Times defined alternative rock as "hard-edged rock distinguished by brittle,'70s-inspired guitar riffing and singers agonizing over their problems until they take on epic proportions".
Defining music as alt
Us and Us Only
Us and Us Only is the sixth album by the British alternative rock band The Charlatans. The album title comes from lyrics in the opening track "Forever", it was released on 18 October 1999. All songs by Blunt/Brookes/Burgess/M. Collins/Rogers. "Forever" – 7:25 "Good Witch, Bad Witch 1" – 0:51 "Impossible" – 5:04 "The Blonde Waltz" – 4:31 "A House Is Not a Home" – 4:50 "Senses" – 4:45 "My Beautiful Friend" – 4:32 "I Don't Care Where You Live" – 2:55 "The Blind Stagger" – 4:56 "Good Witch, Bad Witch 2" – 3:23 "Watching You" – 5:35 "Tony's Bar & Grill" – 1:15Bonus tracks on Japanese version"Your Precious Love" – 3:27 "Sleepy Little Sunshine Boy" – 4:44 "Good Witch, Bad Witch 3" - 5:58European & U. S. releases have "Good Witch, Bad Witch 3" instead of "Good Witch, Bad Witch 1" and don't include "Good Witch, Bad Witch 2" "Your Precious Love" is featured as the B-side on the UK single release of "My Beautiful Friend". "Sleepy Little Sunshine Boy" is featured as the B-side on the UK single release of "Forever".2011 Deluxe Edition Disc 1 "Forever" – 7:25 "Good Witch, Bad Witch 1" – 0:51 "Impossible" – 5:04 "The Blonde Waltz" – 4:31 "A House Is Not a Home" – 4:50 "Senses" – 4:45 "My Beautiful Friend" – 4:32 "I Don't Care Where You Live" – 2:55 "The Blind Stagger" – 4:56 "Good Witch, Bad Witch 2" – 3:23 "Watching You" – 5:35 "Good Witch, Bad Witch 3" - 2:45 "My Beautiful Friend " - 4:43 "My Beautiful Friend " - 5:04 "My Beautiful Friend " - 5:13 * "Tony's Bar & Grill" – 1:15Appears as 11:27.
Includes silence and hidden trackDisc 2 "Forever " - 5:01 "A Great Place To Leave" - 5:05 "When Your Ship Comes In" - 4:56 "Sleepy Little Sunshine Boy" - 4:42 "Scorched" - 4:45 "Your Precious Love" - 3:28 "Don't Go Giving It Up" - 3:33 "You Got It, I Want It" - 4:03 "Impossible " - 5:02 "Senses " - 4:48 "My Beautiful Friend " - 4:42 "The Blind Stagger " - 4:31 "Forever " - 7:19 "Senses " - 4:53 "A House Is Not A Home " - 5:02 Tim Burgess - lead vocals, harmonica Mark Collins - Guitars Tony Rogers - Mellotron, piano, backing vocals Martin Blunt - bass Jon Brookes - drums Us and Us Only at YouTube
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. Three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim—created the service in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion. YouTube allows users to upload, rate, add to playlists, comment on videos, subscribe to other users, it offers a wide variety of corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, other content such as video blogging, short original videos, educational videos. Most of the content on YouTube is uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the BBC, Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can only watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments to videos. Videos deemed inappropriate are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
YouTube and its creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of its videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services offering premium and ad-free music streaming, ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities; as of February 2017, there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of August 2018, the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world, according to Alexa Internet. YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos, its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods, hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent and/or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters, videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections, fluctuating policies on the types of content, eligible to be monetized with advertising.
YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal. Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. According to a story, repeated in the media and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos, shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen commented that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story, digestible". Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from Janet Jackson's role in the 2004 Super Bowl incident, when her breast was exposed during her performance, from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Karim could not find video clips of either event online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.
Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, had been influenced by the website Hot or Not. Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video. YouTube began as a venture capital-funded technology startup from an $11.5 million investment by Sequoia Capital and an $8 million investment from Artis Capital Management between November 2005 and April 2006. YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California; the domain name www.youtube.com was activated on February 14, 2005, the website was developed over the subsequent months. The first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo, shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo; the video was uploaded on April 23, 2005, can still be viewed on the site. YouTube offered the public a beta test of the site in May 2005; the first video to reach one million views was a Nike advertisement featuring Ronaldinho in November 2005.
Following a $3.5 million investment from Sequoia Capital in November, the site launched on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day. The site grew and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day. According to data published by market research company comScore, YouTube is the dominant provider of online video in the United States, with a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos in May 2010. In May 2011, 48 hours of new videos were uploaded to the site every minute, which increased to 60 hours every minute in January 2012, 100 hours every minute in May 2013, 300 hours every minute in November 2014, 400 hours every minute in February 2017; as of January 2012, the site had 800 million unique users a month. It is estimated that in 2007 YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000. According to third-party web analytics providers and SimilarWeb, YouTube is the second-most visited website in the world, as of December 2016.
Who We Touch
Who We Touch is the eleventh album by British alternative rock band The Charlatans, released on 6 September 2010. It was released in a standard version, a two disc version which contained a second CD of early demos and alternative mixes of tracks from the standard album, plus some recordings that didn't make it on to the album; the album charted at #21 in the UK album charts. This is the Charlatans' final studio album to feature the drummer Jon Brookes, absent from the band to supporting the album's tour, for the treatment of his brain surgery, he was replaced by The Verve members Peter Salisbury, Brooke died on 2013. All songs written by The Charlatans, except "I Sing the Body Eclectic" written by The Charlatans and Penny Rimbaud. Love Is Ending – 3:48 My Foolish Pride – 4:09 Your Pure Soul – 5:39 Smash the System – 3:34 Intimacy – 5:12 Sincerity – 6:28 Trust in Desire – 5:09 When I Wonder – 3:39 Oh! – 5:56 You Can Swim – 13:02*Includes 2 hidden tracks, "On the Threshold" and "I Sing the Body Eclectic".
The CharlatansTim Burgess – lead vocals, mixing Mark Collins – guitars Martin Blunt – bass guitar Jon Brookes – drums Tony Rogers – keyboards, backing vocalsAdditional personnelJay Shulman – viola Jonathon Talbott – violin Penny Rimbaud – poem, vocals on "I Sing the Body Eclectic"ProductionYouth – production Tim Bran, Clive Goddard – engineering Cameron Jenkins, Henry Hirsch – mixing Chris Theis – Pro Tools engineer Nigel Walton – mastering Jazz Summers, Tim Parry – management Gee Vaucher – cover art and design Tom Sheehan – band photo Who We Touch at YouTube
The Charlatans (English band)
The Charlatans are an English rock band formed in West Midlands in 1989. The line-up comprises lead vocalist Tim Burgess, guitarist Mark Collins, bassist Martin Blunt and keyboardist Tony Rogers. All the band's thirteen studio albums have charted in the top 40 of the UK Albums Chart, three of them being number ones, they have had twenty-two top 40 singles and four top 10 entries in the UK Singles Chart, including the hits "The Only One I Know" and "One to Another". The band were formed in the West Midlands by bassist Martin Blunt, who recruited fellow West Midlanders Rob Collins, Jon Brookes, Jon Day and singer/guitarist Baz Ketley. Although the Charlatans would become popularly associated with the Madchester scene, the band's early demos recorded in 1988 in Birmingham and Dudley evidenced the sound that the band became famous for, dominated by Collins's Hammond organ but underpinned by the driving rhythm section of Blunt's powerful running bass and Brookes's drumming. With their sound – fusing 1960s soul, R&B and garage rock – inherited from Blunt's earlier 1982 band Makin' Time, the band saw themselves in the West Midlands tradition of hard-edged soul and R&B that included Birmingham bands The Spencer Davis Group and early Dexys Midnight Runners.
Although the name The Charlatans was being used when the original members of the band were still located in the West Midlands, many sources state that they formed in Northwich, Cheshire. This is because the band relocated to the home town of new lead singer Tim Burgess before the 1990 release of The Charlatans' debut single "Indian Rope", on the band's own Dead Dead Good Records label, thus based on the definition of hometown used by Guinness World Records the band was formed in Northwich, Northwich is recorded as their home town in such publications as British Hit Singles & Albums. The debut single "Indian Rope" proved to be an indie hit and the group soon found a major label in Beggars Banquet offshoot Situation Two in time for the release of "The Only One I Know", which reached the Top 10 in the UK Singles Chart. A further single "Then" and their debut album Some Friendly were released that year. Around this time The Charlatans were forced to add UK to their name for an American tour due to competing claims by a 1960s rock band known as The Charlatans.
Baker left the band. The band brought in producer Flood for their second album Between 11th. Released in early 1992, the album failed to reach the Top 20 in the UK Albums Chart, but the Top 20 success of lead single "Weirdo" and a double weekend of gigs in Blackpool and Brighton together with Ride would keep them in the public eye; the band suffered a major setback that year, when Rob Collins was charged with armed robbery after a friend had robbed an off licence while he was waiting in the car outside. Collins claimed to have no foreknowledge of the robbery until he heard a gunshot inside the shop and his friend exited, although he admitted that he should not have picked up his friend after he had realised what he had done. In court he pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of "assisting an offender after an offence" and served four months in prison, their third album Up To Our Hips reached number 8 in the UK Albums Chart. In 1995 the release of the band's self-titled fourth album saw them become major UK stars again, topping the UK albums chart and spawning the Top 20 single "Just When You're Thinkin' Things Over".
Keyboard player Rob Collins was killed in a traffic accident on 22 July 1996, during the recording of the band's fifth album Tellin' Stories. The Charlatans decided to continue, drafting in the Primal Scream and former Felt keyboardist Martin Duffy until a permanent replacement for Collins could be found for The Charlatans' support slot at Oasis' Knebworth concerts in mid-1996. Tellin' Stories was released in 1997, featuring contributions from Duffy; the group had their biggest UK hits to date in the singles "One to Another", "North Country Boy" and "How High". After the release of the career-spanning compilation Melting Pot the band's contract with Beggars Banquet was up, they signed to Universal Records. Relations with the Beggars label remained strong however, the band helped put together the B-sides collection Songs From The Other Side and the DVD Just Lookin' 1990–1997, which showcased all their promotional videos and a selection of live recordings from that era. Us And Us Only was the start of a new era for The Charlatans.
Their first release for Universal saw new keyboard player Tony Rogers make his Charlatans album debut, having toured in support of Tellin' Stories and contributing to B-sides "Keep It to Yourself" and "Clean Up Kid" from the "How High" single. The band took on a country sound influenced by Burgess's love of Bob Dylan; the soul influenced Wonderland followed in 2001. The album Up At The Lake was released in 2004; the band released their ninth full-length album on 10 April 2006, their first for new label Sanctuary Records. Titled Simpatico, the reggae and dub tinged album was produced by Jim Lowe, included fan favourite "NYC" and first single "Blackened Blue Eyes"; the single charted at number 28, whilst the album reached the top 10 in its first week of release, before dropping out of the charts shortly after. Their follow-up to Simpatico was the ca
Some Friendly is the debut album by British alternative rock band The Charlatans, released in 1990. Recorded at The Windings near Wrexham, Wales in 1990, the sessions proved somewhat fraught - the band fell out with the owners of the studio. Rob and Martin were up to their old tricks, smashing stuff up and that" said singer Tim Burgess later. However, lack of songs proved to be the major problem. Having been together for less than a year, the band hadn't had the opportunity to stockpile songs; the album suffered as a result, featuring a few tracks that "had to go on there just to make up the numbers". The band felt that some songs were overproduced, with the bass being lost in the mix and that the whole album sounded rather'thin'. Both "The Only One I Know" and "Then" provided the Charlatans with hit singles, peaking at #9 and #12 in the pop charts. In the UK the record went straight in at #1 in the album charts; the original vinyl release of Some Friendly did not include "The Only One I Know", as it was the band's wish to take only one single from each album.
A two disc Remastered Deluxe Edition of the album was released on 17 May 2010. The track listing for this release included a remastered version of the original album as well as a disc of outtakes, radio sessions and B-sides. All tracks written by Baker, Brookes, Collins. Note Tracks 1–3 on the bonus disc were released on the single The Only One I Know. "Opportunity Three" is a remix of "Opportunity" from the original album. "Some Friendly" is an early version of "You're Not Very Well". Note For contractual reasons, the digital release of this reissue omits the BBC session recordings: however, it adds four additional versions which were omitted from the CD at the band's request: Tim Burgess – vocals, harmonica John Baker – guitars Rob Collins – Mellotron, piano, backing vocals Martin Blunt – bass Jon Brookes – drums Album Single Willis, D; the Charlatans: the Authorised history, Virgin Books, 1999. ISBN 0-7535-0194-5http://www.reaxmusic.com/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=75260 Some Friendly at Discogs Official website
Forever: The Singles
Forever. The Singles. is a greatest hits album featuring selected singles released by the British band The Charlatans spanning their entire career from 1990 to 2006. The album was released on 13 November 2006, it is available as a limited edition two-CD set containing a bonus CD of rarities as well as a separate DVD release featuring selected music videos and live performances. It is the band's second greatest hits package following 1998's Melting Pot. "Indian Rope" "The Only One I Know" "Weirdo" "Can't Get Out Of Bed" "Just When You're Thinkin' Things Over" "One to Another" "North Country Boy" "How High" "Tellin' Stories" "Forever" "My Beautiful Friend" "Impossible" "Love Is The Key" "A Man Needs To Be Told" "Up At The Lake" "Try Again Today" "Blackened Blue Eyes" "You're So Pretty – We're So Pretty" "Always In Mind" - John Peel Show 20.3.90 "Polar Bear" - John Peel Show 20.3.90 "Between 10th & 11th" - John Peel Show 22.1.91 " Not Even The Rain" - Mark Goodier Show 5.10.91 "Autograph" - Mark Radcliffe Show 7.7.94 "Up To Our Hips" - Steve Lamacq show 14.3.94 "Another Rider Up In Flames" - Steve Lamacq Show 14.3.94 "Crashin' In" - Mark Radcliffe Show - 31.7.95 "A Man Needs To Be Told" - Live Lounge, Jo Whiley 18.11.01 "Feel The Pressure" "Wave The World Goodbye" "See How Clear It Is" "Try Again Today"Tracks 1-9: The Charlatans Live at the BBC Tracks 10-13: Up At The Lake Demos Album info Forever: The Singles at YouTube