University of Kentucky College of Engineering
The University of Kentucky College of Engineering is an ABET accredited, public engineering school located on the campus of the University of Kentucky. The college has eight departments; the college operates the University of Kentucky College of Engineering Extended Campus at Paducah in partnership with West Kentucky Community and Technical College in Paducah, offering bachelor's degrees in chemical engineering and mechanical engineering. The college offers nine undergraduate degrees: biosystems engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, computer engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, materials engineering, mechanical engineering and mining engineering, it offers master's and doctoral degrees in biomedical engineering, biosystems engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, materials engineering, mechanical engineering and mining engineering. A master's degree in manufacturing systems engineering is available online.
Engineering education at the University of Kentucky goes back to the founding of the university as a Land-grant university in 1865. William Benjamin Munson, the University of Kentucky's first graduate in 1869, studied engineering and became a prosperous entrepreneur. John Wesley Gunn, Class of 1890, earned the first awarded engineering degree. Margaret Ingels earned a mechanical engineering degree in 1916, becoming the first woman to receive an engineering degree from the University of Kentucky College of Engineering; when she received a master's degree in mechanical engineering, she made history as the first woman in the United States to earn a graduate degree in engineering. The first African-American student to receive an undergraduate degree from the University of Kentucky was Holloway Fields, Jr. who graduated with an electrical engineering degree in 1951. The college occupies 320,000 square feet of space. College administration resides in the Ralph G. Anderson Building, which opened in 2002.
Thomas W. Lester served as dean from 1990-2012, the longest tenure for any dean at the University of Kentucky in its history. In 2018, the college hired Rudolph G. Buchheit from the College of Engineering at Ohio State to serve as dean. Ralph G. Anderson, founder of Belcan Corporation Matt Cutts, early Google employee and former head of Google's web spam team Margaret Ingels, pioneer of air conditioning technology, advocate for women in engineering Sannie Overly, member of the Kentucky House of Representatives Paul Patton, 59th Governor of Kentucky Murray Raney, American mechanical engineer, developer of Raney nickel Lee Todd, entrepreneur, 11th president of the University of Kentucky William T. Young and philanthropist UK Solar Car Team University of Kentucky College of Engineering
University of Kentucky Arboretum
The Arboretum, State Botanical Garden of Kentucky, 40 hectares or 100 acres, is located at the University of Kentucky in Lexington, United States. It is open to the public from dawn to dusk every day of the year, it contains the Kentucky Children's Garden, a Home Demonstration Garden which includes a Vegetable Garden, Herb Garden, Home Fruit and Nuts Garden, the All America Selection Trials Garden, Perennial Collection, Ground Cover Demonstration, Woody Plant Collection, a "Walk Across Kentucky" that simulates Kentucky's seven regional landscapes: Bluegrass, Appalachian Plateaus, Cumberland Mountains, Mississippian Plateaus and Outer Nashville Basin, Shawnee Hills, Mississippi Embayment and Alluvial Basin. The Arboretum was created in 1991, at which time it was overrun with non-native invasive plants such as honeysuckle and euonymus; the removal of such invasive plants has been and continues to be a major goal of Arboretum staff and volunteers. The Friends of the Arboretum is an organization.
They offer many opportunities for volunteering at the arboretum. As of 2014 the Director of the arboretum, Molly Davis, has set many goals such as expansion of the visitors center and continue to fight against invasive plants. In order to do this the arboretum needs funding. While the government and personal donations are where the funding comes from now, the arboretum still needs more funding to expand on things such as a bigger victors center and an enhanced prairie area. Since the arboretum has been in place, the town of Lexington has seen many changes to their environment; these changes are less runoffs from the rain. As well as less CO2 in the air. Both continue to decrease. Both are good for the city as they are attempting to become a more green city. List of botanical gardens in the United States
Edward Thompson Breathitt Jr. was an American politician from the Commonwealth of Kentucky. A member of one of the state's political families, he was the 51st Governor of Kentucky, serving from 1963 to 1967. After serving in World War II and graduating from the University of Kentucky, Breathitt worked on the presidential campaign of Adlai Stevenson, the senatorial campaign of Alben Barkley, the gubernatorial campaign of Bert T. Combs; when Combs won the governorship in 1959, he appointed Breathitt as personnel commissioner, where he wrote legislation establishing the first merit system for state employees. He continued to hold appointive offices throughout Combs' tenure, in 1962, Combs endorsed Breathitt to succeed him as governor. Breathitt defeated two-time former governor A. B. "Happy" Chandler in the Democratic primary, ending Chandler's political career. He went on to win the general election over Republican Louie B. Nunn. Breathitt continued Combs' work of improving state highways and parks, improving education funding, strengthening regulations on strip mining.
His major accomplishment as governor was the passage of the Kentucky Civil Rights Act, the first desegregation law passed by a southern state. His biggest disappointment was his inability to win approval of a new state constitution. Following his term as governor, Breathitt worked as legal counsel for Southern Railway, became vice-president of public affairs for Norfolk Southern Corporation, he engaged in numerous community service activities and served on political commissions aimed at eliminating poverty. Breathitt collapsed while making a speech at Lexington Community College on October 10, 2003, he was admitted to the University of Kentucky Hospital, but remained comatose after the collapse and died four days later. Breathitt's oral history project is housed at the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History at the University of Kentucky Libraries and is available online. Ned Breathitt was born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, on November 26, 1924, he was the only child of Mary Breathitt. Breathitt's family had a considerable tradition in politics.
A distant relative, John Breathitt had been governor of Kentucky in 1832. James Breathitt, Sr. Ned Breathitt's grandfather, had served as state attorney general from 1907 to 1911, his uncle, James Breathitt, Jr. was lieutenant governor from 1927 to 1932. Breathitt obtained his early education in the public schools of Hopkinsville and graduated from Hopkinsville High School in 1942; that year, he enlisted in the U. S. Army Air Force for service in World War II, serving until 1945. After the war, he matriculated to the University of Kentucky. While there, he served as president of the Omicron Delta Kappa honor society and the Lamp and Cross society. Seeing Breathitt's interest in politics, professors Jack Reeves and Thomas D. Clark asked him to chair the campus campaign supporting a new state constitution. Breathitt accepted, although the proposed constitution failed, he remained committed to seeing the document updated. In 1948, Breathitt earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in business administration.
On December 20, 1948, he married Frances Holleman of Kentucky. The couple had four children: Mary Fran, Linda and Edward III. In 1950, Breathitt earned a Bachelor of Laws degree and returned to Hopkinsville where he joined the law firm of Trimble and Breathitt. In 1951, Breathitt was elected to the first of three consecutive terms in the Kentucky House of Representatives, representing the Ninth District; as a legislator, he was the acknowledged leader of a faction that opposed the programs of Governor A. B. "Happy" Chandler. He supported the state's first legislation regulating strip mining, improved registration and election laws, campaigned for revision of the state constitution, he co-sponsored the Minimum Foundation Program for Education. From 1952 to 1954, Breathitt served as president of the Young Democrats Clubs of Kentucky and as a member of the national committee for the Young Democrats of America, he was chair of the state speaker's bureau for Adlai Stevenson's presidential campaign in 1952, two years he worked on the staff of Senator Alben Barkley's re-election campaign.
Bert T. Combs put Breathitt in charge of his campaign against Wilson Wyatt in the Democratic gubernatorial primary in 1958; when Combs was elected governor in 1959, he appointed Breathitt as State Personnel Commissioner, charging him with writing legislation to create a merit system for state employees. After guiding the legislation through the General Assembly, Breathitt resigned as personnel commissioner to accept an appointment to the Kentucky Public Service Commission, he was served as chair of a failed state constitutional convention in 1960 and was a member of the Governor's Commission on Mental Health. In 1962, two-time former governor and Democratic factional leader Happy Chandler had begun his campaign for a third term as governor; the anti-Chandler faction became concerned that, if they did not name a candidate, Chandler's early announcement would give him an advantage in the 1963 election. Leaders of the faction were solidly behind state Highway Commissioner Henry Ward, but Governor Combs was leaning toward Breathitt.
Breathitt announced his candidacy on May 2, 1962, but many in his party remained skeptical due to his youth and relative inexperience. Combs convinced the anti-Chandler faction to back Breathitt, Ward never became a candidate. During the primary campaign, Chandler focused his attacks on the Combs administration rather than the inexperienced Breathitt. A seasoned campaigner, he bitterly attacked the three percent sales tax enacted durin
Kentucky Wildcats football
The Kentucky Wildcats football program represents the University of Kentucky in the sport of American football. The Wildcats compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Eastern Division of the Southeastern Conference; the Wildcats play their home games at Kroger Field in Lexington and are led by head coach Mark Stoops. Until about 1913, the modern University of Kentucky was referred to as "Kentucky State College" and nearby Transylvania University was known as "Kentucky University". In 1880, Kentucky University and Centre College played the first intercollegiate football game in Kentucky. Kentucky State first fielded a football team in 1881, playing three games against rival Kentucky University; the team was revived in 1891. Both the inaugural 1881 squad and the revived 1891 squad have unknown coaches according to university records in winning two games and losing three; the 1891 team's colors were blue and light yellow, decided before the Centre–Kentucky game on December 19.
A student asked "What color blue?" and varsity letterman Richard C. Stoll pulled off his necktie, held it up; this is still held as the origin of Kentucky's shade of blue. The next year light yellow was changed to white; the 1892 team was coached by A. M. Miller, went 2–4–1; the greatest UK team of this era was the 1898 squad, known to Kentuckians as "The Immortals." To this day, the Immortals remain the only undefeated and unscored upon team in UK football history. The Immortals were coached by W. R. Bass and ended the year a perfect 7–0–0, despite an average weight of 147 pounds per player. Victories came for this squad, as the Immortals raced by Kentucky University, Company H of the 8th Massachusetts, Louisville Athletic Club, Centre, 160th Indiana and Newcastle Athletic Club. Head coach Jack Wright led the team to a 7–1 record in 1903, losing only to rival and southern champion Kentucky University. Fred Schacht died unexpectedly after his second season. J. White Guyn had success leading the Wildcats, posting a 17–7–1 record in his three years.
Edwin Sweetland resigned due to poor health. Sweetland served as Kentucky's first athletics director; the 1909 team upset the Illinois Fighting Illini. Upon their welcome home, Philip Carbusier said that they had "fought like wildcats," a nickname that stuck. John J. Tigert coached Kentucky for two seasons with each season having one loss. 1915 captain Charles C. Schrader was All-Southern; the 1916 team fought the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association co-champion Tennessee Volunteers to a scoreless tie. The year's only a loss, 45 to 0 to the Irby Curry-led Vanderbilt Commodores, was the dedication of Stoll Field. Quarterbacks Curry and Kentucky's Doc Rodes were both selected All-Southern at year's end. Vanderbilt coach Dan McGugin stated "If you would give me Doc Rodes, I would say he was a greater player than Curry."Coach Harry Gamage had a 32–25–5 record during his seven seasons from 1927 to 1933. A. D. Kirwan, who would go on to be the president of the university, coached the Wildcats from 1938 to 1944 and posted a 24–28–4 record in those six seasons.
Longtime athletics director Bernie Shively served as Kentucky's head football coach for the 1945 season. Coach Paul "Bear" Bryant was Kentucky's head football coach for eight seasons. Bear Bryant came to Kentucky from Maryland. Under Bryant's tutelage, the Wildcats won the 1947 Great Lakes Bowl, lost the 1950 Orange Bowl, won the 1951 Sugar Bowl and the 1952 Cotton Bowl Classic. In final AP polls, the Wildcats were ranked No. 11 in 1949, No. 7 in 1950, No. 15 in 1951, No. 20 in 1952 and No. 16 in 1953. The final 1950 poll was taken prior to the bowl games. Bryant won SEC Coach of the Year honors in 1950 and left after eight seasons to accept the head football coach position at Texas A&M. Assistant coaches at Kentucky under Bryant who went on to become head coaches include Paul Dietzel, Frank Moseley, Jim Owens and Phil Cutchin. Notable players who played for Bryant at Kentucky include Howard Schnellenberger, Jim Mackenzie, Jerry Claiborne, Steve Meilinger, George Blanda, Vito Parilli, Bob Gain.
Cleveland Browns assistant Blanton Collier was hired to replace Bryant as head football coach at Kentucky in late 1953. After completing his first season at Kentucky, Collier was named SEC Coach of the Year after posting a 7–2 record. Collier's assistants during his tenure at Kentucky included the likes of Bill Arnsparger, Chuck Knox, Howard Schnellenberger, Don Shula. Despite having a winning record, 41–36–3 in eight seasons, Collier was fired. Collier struggled to recruit for much of his tenure, about which frustrated fans wrote letters of complaint to the university. Collier is the last Kentucky head football coach to leave the Wildcats with a winning record. Charlie Bradshaw, an Alabama assistant under Bear Bryant, was hired to replace the fired Collier. Despite all the hype about being a Bear Bryant assistant, Bradshaw's tenure turned out to be a disappointment, as he was unable to have much success with the Wildcats, he had a 25–41–5 record in seven seasons. Bradshaw is the last Kentucky coach to defeat Tennessee twice in Knoxville, the last Kentucky coach to defeat Auburn twice.
He was the last to defeat a No. 1 ranked team in the country until Rich Brooks in 2007. Bradshaw, a harsh, brutal coach, was the head coach of the infamous Thin Thirty Kentucky team. Kentucky had 88 players when Bradshaw arrived, but b
Cityscape of Lexington, Kentucky
The urban development patterns of Lexington, confined within an urban growth boundary that protects its famed horse farms, include greenbelts and expanses of land between it and the surrounding towns. This has been done to preserve the region's horse farms and the unique Bluegrass landscape, which bring millions of dollars to the city through the horse industry and tourism. Urban growth is tightly restricted in the adjacent counties, with the exception of Jessamine County, with development only allowed inside existing city limits. In order to prevent rural subdivisions and large homes on expansive lots from consuming the Bluegrass landscape and all surrounding counties have minimum lot size requirements, which range from 10 acres in Jessamine to fifty in Fayette; because the farmland in the southern part of the county consisted more of tobacco farms than pastures for raising horses and thus was considered "replaceable", most of Lexington's growth has been concentrated south of the downtown area.
As a result, more than seventy percent of today's population lives south of US 60. Until the mid-1990s, most of the growth occurred in the southwest between US 68 and KY 1974. Today, new development continues to the Madison and Clark County lines in a southeasterly direction along the Interstate 75 and US 60 corridors. Of the surrounding counties, the greatest growth is occurring in the counties through which Interstate 75 and US 27 pass, such as Scott County, Madison County and Jessamine County. Clark County and Woodford County are experiencing moderate growth, Bourbon County is stagnant, with no growth. More growth has begun to leapfrog the adjacent counties, with rapid increases in suburban development in Anderson County, to the west of Woodford County along the Bluegrass Parkway and in the commuter belt of the state capital of Frankfort. In addition to rampant suburban growth, downtown Lexington is seeing a large building boom, with the revitalization of many historical structures and the construction of many new ones.
Much of the development utilizes urban infill techniques such as the filling in of parking lots and high-density or out-of-character structures. Several new projects, such as South Hill Station Lofts and University Lofts, are taking advantage of now-disused tobacco warehouses along the South Broadway corridor. In 1976, the city became a focal point for entertainment and businesses alike when the Lexington Center opened at Vine, High Streets and Broadway. Incorporating a convention center, Rupp Arena, a shopping mall, the Hyatt Regency Hotel into one large development parcel, it was the largest development of its kind in the United States when it was completed. In 1979, the 22 story Kincaid Towers highrise at Vine and Broadway was completed; this modern structure would remain the tallest building in central Kentucky for the next eight years. Upon completion, it was home to Kentucky Central Insurance Companies, but today it houses Central Bank among other corporations. In 1982, the World Trade Center and Radisson Plaza Hotel opened.
The World Trade Center is a 243,000 sq ft. business complex. Two years the Woodlands, an upscale condominium project with a restaurant, was completed. In 1987, the tallest structure in Lexington was completed; the Lexington Financial Center, a 410 feet, 31 floor highrise, completed on a site bounded by South Mill and Vine Streets. It houses the regional headquarters of Fifth Third Bank among other financial institutions and is located between Main and Vine Street. During 1987, Park Plaza, a 202 unit 22 story residential high-rise between Main and Vine Streets, adjacent to Phoenix Park and S. Limestone Street, opened, it is connected to the Lexington Public Library. Park Plaza was completed in 1987 while the five story library was completed in 1988, it was constructed on the site of the former Phoenix Hotel, demolished by Wallace Wilkinson for the World Coal Center. When that idea failed, he constructed what is now the new Phoenix Park. In 1980, the new office and production plant of the Lexington Herald-Leader was completed at the east end of downtown at Midland and East Main streets.
The near-160,000-square-foot facility is on a 6-acre plot, with large windows that offer an interior glimpse at the massive printing presses and other industrial equipment. In 1985, the Lexington Chamber of Commerce relocated to 330 East Main Street along what is now Rose Street; the three-story glass and granite structure, completed for $2.1 million, was a construction project by the Webb Cos.. The West Vine Place office tower was completed that year, featuring a polished granite facade along West Vine Street near the corner of South Limestone. During that year, renovations to an entire block of historic structures was completed. In 1986, Festival Market opened. Today it is known as the Triangle Center. Envisioned as a shopping and dining complex, it now houses offices along with several restaurants and a coffee shop. In 1987, developers announced that the former Ades Dry Goods Building at 249 East Main Street, was to become a mixed-use development parcel; the "experiment in Manhattan-style living" culminated in the renovation of the existing structure.
Renovations began in January 1988 with a $1.2 million Urban Development Action Grant, with th
Patterson School of Diplomacy and International Commerce
The Patterson School of Diplomacy and International Commerce is part of the University of Kentucky located in Lexington, Kentucky. It is a graduate program devoted to the study of international affairs and commerce; the vision to create a school of diplomacy and international commerce came from Dr. James Kennedy Patterson, the first president of the University of Kentucky; the 1898 Spanish–American War convinced Patterson a new school was needed that "shall have for its special object the preparation of young men for the diplomatic and consular service of the United States. It shall provide special training for those who may seek employment in extending upon rational and scientific lines the commercial relations of America." Patterson took as his model the programs he saw being established at Harvard, Chicago and Yale. Patterson understood the United States was becoming a political and commercial world power and believed new institutions were needed to properly prepare Americans for this role.
He had a clear vision about how they should be educated. In 1903, speaking in Washington, DC on "Education and Empire," Patterson declared students must be educated not only as scholars and scientists, but as citizens who will be engaged in shaping the destinies of the world; this philosophy - requiring that students be exposed to both theory and practice - has always been at the core of the Patterson School. Plans for a new institution centered on diplomatic and commercial training ran afoul of an abysmal budget situation at the start of the 20th century; the new state university Patterson led was struggling to survive. Indeed, he tapped his own personal resources to construct the university's first buildings; when he retired in 1910, his dream remained unfulfilled, but not forgotten. A trust established by Patterson's will in 1922 with his entire estate called for the creation of a college of diplomacy, he named the school after his only child, William Andrew Patterson, who died of illness as a young man.
To make his vision a reality, the funds had to be invested for decades. While the endowment was not large enough to fund Patterson's ambitious vision, by 1959 it had increased enough - with additional funding from the Commonwealth of Kentucky - to launch the Patterson School of Diplomacy and International Commerce. From the beginning, the Patterson School program was designed for graduate students. Both masters and doctoral degrees were offered. In 1970, the decision was made to concentrate on training at the master's degree level for students seeking professional careers in international affairs. From three jointly appointed faculty members in 1960, the Patterson School acquired its first core faculty in 1972 and began a strengthening of its interdisciplinary nature that continues to this day; the program was housed on campus in a surplus army barracks, but moved to the Patterson Office Tower after its construction in 1969 where it remains today. Professor Amry Vandenbosch, 1959-1966 Professor Richard Butwell, 1966-1967 Professor Vincent Davis, 1971-1993 Professor John Stempel, 1993-2003 Professor Michael C.
Desch, 2003-2004 Professors George C. Herring and Karen Mingst, 2005 Ambassador Carey Cavanaugh, 2006–2016 Professor Karen Mingst, 2016 Professor Kathleen Montgomery, 2017-present The 30-hour program culminates in a M. A. in Diplomacy and International Commerce with a concentration in one of the following four areas: Diplomacy International Commerce / Trade International Security and Intelligence International organizations and DevelopmentIn addition, concurrent degree programs are offered with the University of Kentucky College of Law and the Gatton College of Business and Economics and the Department of Modern and Classical Languages. Ambassador Carey Cavanaugh, Professor Dr. Kathleen Montgomery, Interim Director and Associate Professor Dr. Robert Farley, Senior Lecturer Dr. Gregory Hall, Associate Professor Dr. John Charalambakis Senator Max Wise Ying-Juan Rogers Dr. Juste Codjo Dr. Michael Stanaitis Dr. Michael Cairo Dr. John Stempel Ambassador George Herring Dr. Karen MingstIn addition to classes taught by core faculty members, students in the program draw upon graduate-level courses offered across the full range of University of Kentucky departments including Law, Agricultural Economics, Marketing Management, History, Political Science, Public Health, Communications and Geography.
The Patterson School homepage
The Basketbowl was a college basketball game between Michigan State University and the University of Kentucky held on December 13, 2003 at Ford Field, a domed American football stadium in Detroit, Michigan. Kentucky won the game 79–74, never trailing throughout the contest; the announced crowd of 78,129 set a record for verified attendance at a basketball game in history. While the record was broken at the 2010 NBA All-Star Game, which drew 108,713 to Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, the Basketbowl still holds the record for attendance at a college basketball game; the NCAA was so impressed with the massive size of the crowd that they decided in 2008 to expand the seating capacity for the Men's Division I Basketball Championship to a minimum of 70,000 starting with the 2009 Final Four, which would be held in that stadium. Both schools entered into the contest with significant on-court accomplishments. Combined, both schools had made 18 Final Four appearances. Michigan State and Kentucky had met 20 times with Kentucky holding an 11–9 advantage.
Michigan State had defeated Kentucky 71–67 the previous year at Rupp Arena. The basketball court for the game was moved from Michigan State's Breslin Center and reassembled on the 50 yard line of Ford Field, giving the promotional title "Basketbowl: Hoops on the 50!" This is the same court. In addition, the entire court was raised off the field by a custom stage deck installed by SGA Production Staging, Inc. to improve sight lines for those sitting in the upper bowl of the stadium. The previous record of 75,000 was held by the Harlem Globetrotters during their exhibition game at Berlin, Germany's Olympic Stadium; the 2010 NBA All-Star Game at Cowboys Stadium drew a crowd of 108,713, which shattered the all-time attendance record for the sport set by Michigan State and Kentucky in 2003. It was announced on April 15, 2008 that Ford Field would host "BasketBowl II" between the Spartans and North Carolina as part of the ACC–Big Ten Challenge on December 3 of that year. North Carolina won the game 98–63.
The game was televised on ESPN. The two teams met again in Ford Field four months this time for the 2009 NCAA Tournament Championship. North Carolina defeated the Spartans in the championship as well