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Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center is a cancer treatment and research institution in New York City, founded in 1884 as the New York Cancer Hospital. MSKCC is the largest and oldest private cancer center in the world, is one of 70 National Cancer Institute–designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers, its main campus is located at 1275 York Avenue, between 68th Streets, in Manhattan. Memorial Hospital was founded on the Upper West Side of Manhattan in 1884 as the New York Cancer Hospital by a group that included John Jacob Astor III and his wife Charlotte, a $100,000 bequest by Arabella Huntington in memory of her late husband Collis Potter Huntington to establish the first cancer research fund in the country, the Huntington Fund for Cancer Research; the hospital appointed William B. Coley as an attending surgeon, who pioneered an early form of immunotherapy to eradicate tumors. Rose Hawthorne, daughter of author Nathaniel Hawthorne, trained there in the summer of 1896 before founding her own order, Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne.

In 1899, the hospital was renamed General Memorial Hospital for the Treatment of Cancer and Allied Diseases. Around 1910 James Ewing, a professor at Cornell University's medical college, established a collaboration with Memorial Hospital with the help and funding of industrialist and philanthropist James Douglas, who gave $100,000 to endow twenty beds for clinical research, equipment for working with radium, a clinical laboratory for that purpose. Douglas' enthusiasm and funding for development of radiation therapy for cancer inspired Ewing to become one of the pioneers in developing this treatment. Ewing soon took over effective leadership of clinical and laboratory research at Memorial. In 1916 the hospital was renamed again, dropping "General" to become known as Memorial Hospital; the first fellowship training program in the US was created at Memorial in 1927, funded by the Rockefellers. In 1931 the then-most-powerful 900k-volt X-ray tube was put into use in radiation-based cancer treatment at Memorial.

In 1931 Ewing was formally appointed president of the hospital, a role he had played until and was featured on the cover of Time Magazine as "Cancer Man Ewing". He worked at the Memorial until his retirement, in 1939. Under his leadership, Memorial became a model for other cancer centers in the United States, combining patient care with clinical and laboratory research, it was said of him that "the relationship of Ewing to the Memorial Hospital can best be expressed in the words of Emerson,'Every institution is but the lengthening shadow of some man.' Dr. Ewing is the Memorial Hospital". In 1934, John D. Rockefeller Jr. donated land on York Avenue for a new location. Two years he granted Memorial Hospital $3,000,000 and the hospital began their move across town. Memorial Hospital reopened at the new location in 1939. In 1945, the chairman of General Motors, Alfred P. Sloan, donated $4,000,000 to create the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research through his Sloan Foundation, Charles F. Kettering, GM's vice president and director of research agreed to oversee the organization of a cancer research program based on industrial techniques.

The independent research institute was built adjacent to Memorial Hospital. In 1948 Cornelius P. Rhoads became the director of Memorial. Rhoads had run chemical weapons programs for the US army in World War II, had been involved in the work that led to the discovery that nitrogen mustards could be used as cancer drugs, he fostered a collaboration between Joseph H. Burchenal, a clinician at Memorial and Gertrude B. Elion and George H. Hitchings at Burroughs Wellcome, who had discovered 6 MP. From the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s Chester M. Southam conducted pioneering clinical research on virotherapy and cancer immunotherapy at MSK, he did this to patients under his care or others' care, to prisoners. In 1963 some doctors objected to the lack of consent in his experiments and reported him to the Regents of the University of the State of New York which found him guilty of fraud and unprofessional conduct, in the end he was placed on probation for a year. Southam's research experiments and the case at the Regents were followed in The New York Times.

In 1960, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center was formed as a new corporation to coordinate the two institutions. At the end of the 1960s, as the field of pediatric oncology began seeing success in treating children with cancer, Memorial opened an outpatient pediatric day hospital to deal with the growing number of cancer survivors. In the early 1970s, Burchenal and Benno Schmidt, a professional investor and trustee of MSK, were appointed to the presidential panel that initiated the U. S. federal government's War on Cancer in the early 1970s. When Congress passed the National Cancer Act of 1971 as part of that effort, Memorial Sloan Kettering was designated as one of only three Comprehensive Cancer Centers nationwide. In 1977, Jimmie C. Holland established a full-time psychiatric service at MSK dedicated to helping people with cancer cope with their disease and its treatment. In 1980 Memorial Hospital and the Sloan-Kettering Institute formally merged into a singular entity

2019 in Egypt

Events of 2019 in Egypt February 27 – Ramses Station rail disaster: A train smashes into a barrier inside Ramses Station in Cairo, causing an explosion and a fire, killing 25 people and injuring 40 others. September 22 – Police crack down on protests against President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. 274 protesters are arrested in Cairo, Suez City, Port Said and other cities after the actor and contractor Mohamed Ali alleges Sisi and top military officers are enriching themselves by building palaces and hotels. May 5 – Hani Shukrallah, Egyptian journalist June 5 – Mohamed Negm, Egyptian actor and comedian June 17 – Mohamed Morsi, 5th President of Egypt July 1 – Ezzat Abou Aouf, Egyptian actor July 21 – Adel Zaky, Egyptian Roman Catholic prelate July 25 – Farouk al-Fishawy, Egyptian actor November 7 – Haitham Ahmed Zaki, Egyptian actor


The Rodło is a Polish emblem used since 1932 by the Union of Poles in Germany. It is a stylized representation of the Vistula River and Kraków as the wellsprings of Polish culture. After Adolf Hitler had seized power in Germany, Nazi emblems were soon nationalized; the swastika became national emblem of the Third Reich and Poles from the Union of Poles in Germany could not use their national symbols anymore, because they were prohibited. Dr. Jan Kaczmarek approached the supreme council with the following proposal: "Our acceptance of the swastika and the German greeting could only signify agreement to total germanisation; therefore we must find a way, without risking the accusation of anti-state activity. The Rodło was invented as a new symbol; the name "rodło" is a portmanteau of "ród" and "godło". The Rodło graphics was conceived in 1930's by graphic designer Janina Kłopocka, who sketched the "emblem of the Vistula River, cradle of the Polish people, royal Kraków, cradle of Polish culture"; the white emblem was placed on a red background – the Polish national colors.

It was adopted in August 1932 by the leadership of the Union of Poles in Germany. The Rodło has since been adopted by other organizations of Poles in Germany, notably the Scouts, who have used it alongside the fleur de lys. After the World War II it was used by organizations working in Poland, on the territories gained from Germany as the result of war. In 1985 the People's Republic of Poland introduced a Rodło Medal. In 1992, after the fall of communism, it was discontinued. Helena Lehr, Edmund Osmańczyk. Polacy spod znaku Rodła. MON, Warszawa 1972 Edmund Osmańczyk. Niezłomny proboszcz z Zakrzewa, rzecz o Księdzu Patronie Bolesławie Domańskim. Warszawa 1989, ISBN 83-07-01992-3 Edmund Osmańczyk. Wisła i Kraków to Rodło. Nasza Księgarnia, Warszawa 1985, ISBN 83-10-08675-X W Wrzesiński. Polski ruch narodowy w Niemczech w latach 1922-1939. Ossolineum 1993 Bogusław Czajkowski. Rodło. KAW, Warszawa 1975 History of Poland

Apeejay School, Nerul

Apeejay School Nerul, Mumbai is one of a number of private schools run K-12 by Apeejay Education Society. The School is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi and is a member of the National Progressive Schools Conference; the school started in 1987. This is part of the Svarn education group. Apeejay School is listed amongst the top schools in Mumbai city in annual survey published by Hindustan Times fore survey for past 8 years; the school was awarded with Best School in Navi Mumbai by Nagrik Seva Samiti in 2000, 2001, 2003 and by CIDCO in 2000. Principal Mr. N. N. Nayyar was honoured with the CBSE Award to Teacher in Maharashtra State on 4 September 2004. Principal Mr. Rakesh Joshi was conferred with the prestigious'Best Teacher' Award by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India in 2015; the institution was commended and awarded at the World Education Awards 2019 in the category ‘Innovation in Pedagogical Practices’ at the two-day'15th World Education Summit 2019' organised by ELETS in Mumbai from November 21–22, 2019.

The institution has been ranked amongst top 500 schools of India by the Brainfeed School Excellence Awards 2019. The School received the Award in the categories of Best CBSE Schools, Innovative Practices, Academic Excellence Schools, Co-Curricular Activities and Life Skills Education for enriching the standards in imparting excellence to the GenNext Learners on December 7, 2019; the institution has been ranked 61st by the Education World India School Rankings 2019, among the Best Day-Schools Category in India, #19th in the State of Maharashtra and #3rd in the city. British Council International School Award The School has become the proud recipient of the prestigious British Council International School Award for the period 2014-17 and the ISA kite mark instituted by the British Council. Education World: The School has been place at 45th position for the year 2015–2016 in a National Survey conducted by the prestigious magazine ‘Education World’. Education World: The prestigious magazine ‘Education World’ has placed the school in 9th position for Academic Reputation in a National Survey.

The school has received the Hindustan Times Top School Award for being the Best CBSE School of Mumbai on multiple occasions. The School has been ranked the 13th position in the Top Schools in West India by Digital Learning. Mridula Subramaniam, a student of Apeejay School, was chosen as the Times NIE Star Correspondent and was awarded with the Times NIE Star Correspondents' badge and a Certificate of Honour at the TIMES NIE NEWS MAKERS' MEET in 20.15 The institution was commended and received awards at the World Education Awards 2019 in the category ‘Innovation in Pedagogical Practices’ at the two-day'15th World Education Summit 2019' organised by ELETS in Mumbai from November 21–22, 2019. Apeejay School website

Jim Rantz

James John Rantz is an American former professional baseball player and executive. He was the Minnesota Twins' farm system director from 1986–2012, holding the title of "Director of Minor Leagues." When he retired after his 27th consecutive season in the post, Rantz was one of the longest-tenured farm system directors in Major League Baseball. From 1971 through 1985, Rantz was assistant minor league director under George Brophy; as such, during his career, he sent multiple generations of home-grown players to the Twins, contributed materially to the team's 1987 and 1991 world titles and its run of playoff teams during the first decade of the 21st century. A 5 ft 10 in, 175 lb right-handed relief pitcher, Rantz attended Washington High School in St. Paul and walked on at the University of Minnesota where he pitched and played hockey. Despite never having started a game in his collegiate career, Rantz pitched a complete game in the Gophers 2-1, 10 inning victory which gave Minnesota the 1960 College World Series title over the University of Southern California.

He signed with the original Washington Senators in 1960 — a year before the franchise shifted to Minnesota. Rantz compiled a 22–16 won–loss mark with a 3.64 earned run average in five minor-league seasons. After serving as manager for the St. Cloud Rox, the Twins' affiliate in the Class A Northern League, for one season, he moved into the club's front office in 1965. Hired by Brophy as an intern in the Twins' Media Relations department during the 1965 World Series, Rantz moved over four years to work under Brophy. Other than a one-year stint in 1977 as manager of the Wisconsin Rapids Twins of the Class A Midwest League, Rantz worked for Brophy for the next 16 years. Following Brophy's retirement from the Twins in 1985 due to health problems, Rantz was promoted to succeed him as Director of Minor League Operations. In recognition of his accomplishments as the team's player development boss for 22 years, Rantz was inducted into the Minnesota Twins Hall of Fame in 2007. On October 15, 2012, the Twins announced that Rantz would retire from his post at the end of the calendar year, after 53 years with the organization

Scott Colcombe

Scott Colcombe is an English former professional footballer. Colcombe began his career as an apprentice with his local side West Bromwich Albion, turning professional in July 1990, he was released without making his league debut at the end of the following season, joining Torquay United in August 1991. He made his debut on the opening day of the following season, playing in Torquay's 3–1 win at home to Hartlepool United, he played in the following game, a 3–0 defeat away to Preston North End, but was substituted and replaced by Paul Holmes for the next game. He established himself in the second half of the season, but was only on the bench as the 1992–93 season began. Three games into the season he dislodged Arron Davis from the Torquay side and had a run in the side at left-back, he began the following season as first choice at left-back in the Torquay side and played 27 times as Torquay reached the play-offs, losing in controversial circumstances against Preston North End. He played just ten times in the 1994–95 season, kept out of the Torquay side by Scott Stamps and Gregory Goodridge, was released at the end of the season.

He joined Doncaster Rovers, along with fellow Torquay players Duane Darby and Darren Moore, on a free transfer in July 1995. His two seasons at Doncaster were plagued by injuries and he was released in May 1997 having played only 42 times for Rovers, he joined Telford United on 18 July 1997, but struggled to establish himself in their Conference side. He moved on to Stourbridge on a free transfer the following summer and to Blakenall during the 1999–2000 season. In June 2000, he left Blakenall to join Redditch United and despite being linked with Bromsgrove Rovers the following close season remained with Redditch for the start of the 2001–02 season, he was revealed to be involved with Sky Sports presenter and Torquay United fan Helen Chamberlain in September 2001. He joined Willenhall Town the following week, he struggled with injuries over an 18-month spell, but returned to the side for the start of the 2004–05 season. After a series of injuries he attempted to resume his football career and played one cup game for Chasetown in the 2007–08 season.

Scott Colcombe at Soccerbase