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Menindee, New South Wales

Menindee but erroneously spelled "Menindie", is a small town in the far west of New South Wales, Australia, in Central Darling Shire, on the banks of the Darling River, with a sign-posted population of 980 and a 2016 census population of 551. Menindee is the oldest European settlement in western New South Wales, the first town to be established on the Darling River; the first European to visit the area was the surveyor and explorer Major Thomas Mitchell in 1835. He was followed by Charles Sturt in 1844 and the town was the advance base for the Burke and Wills expedition in 1860; the Burke and Wills expedition camped at Menindee on their journey to cross Australia from Melbourne to the Gulf of Carpentaria. They arrived here on 14 October 1860, crossed the Darling River at Kinchega Station and made Camp XXXIV. There was dissent within the party and the deputy-leader George Landells resigned. Robert O'Hara Burke split the party, heading north to Cooper Creek with half the men and animals; the remaining men and animals made a depot camp at Pamamaroo Creek and a sign and cairn mark the site of the camp.

This camp was used for the remainder of 1860 and for most of 1861. While in Menindee, Burke stayed at the Maiden's Hotel, owned by Thomas Pain and was known as Pain's Hotel. Menindee has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 15km south-west: Kinchega Woolshed According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 551 people in Menindee. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 36.1% of the population. 79.3% of people were born in Australia and 84.3% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 35.3% and Roman Catholic 23.6%. Menindee is located. Menindee railway station is serviced by the NSW TrainLink Outback Xplorer passenger train from Sydney to Broken Hill on Monday, returning from Broken Hill to Sydney on Tuesday; the GSR Indian Pacific stops once weekly in each direction on request. The railway line is about 110 kilometres south-east of Broken Hill. Situated on the western edge of town is the Kinchega National Park. A weir on the Darling River near Menindee diverts water from the river into a series of shallow, otherwise dry, overflow lakes.

The Menindee Lakes known as the Menindee Water Storage Scheme, regulate the river flow for irrigation downstream into South Australia. Menindee residents have complained about the town's "putrid" water quality and claim that cotton growers are removing water from the river during the current drought; the health of river systems is reliant on summer rains. Some locals have started carting water from other sources; the WaterNSW advised property owners not to water their stock from the Darling. The river is subject to blooms of blue green algae in summer. Richard Kingsford, Director of the Centre for Ecosystem Science at the University of NSW said the Menindee Lakes had been drained more than in the past. In July 2018, 23 gigalitres of environmental water was delivered to the Darling River which reconnected parts of the river and flushed out algae. In early 2019, up to one million native fish were found dead along a 40-kilometre stretch of the river in Menindee, including the large and critically endangered Murray cod.

The apparent trigger for these deaths was a sudden drop in temperature, causing much of the algae bloom to decompose. Dissolved oxygen fell below the levels required by the fish. Menindee has a desert climate with an annual average rainfall of just 245.8 mm, however rainfall varies from year to year, with the town going without rainfall for months on end, but occasional severe rainstorms can cause falls of over 100 mm in a day, the last time this happened being January 2011. Menindee is tied with Bourke in recording the hottest temperature in New South Wales, with a temperature of 49.7 °C recorded on 10 January 1939. Menindee is served by New South Wales Xplorer services between Sydney and Broken Hill with one train in each direction daily. No major highway runs through Menindee but the Barrier Highway between Adelaide and Nyngan runs nearby to the north through Broken Hill. Burke & Wills Web A comprehensive website containing many of the historical documents relating to the Burke & Wills Expedition.

The Burke & Wills Historical Society The Burke & Wills Historical Society

Cukurova Finance International Ltd v Alfa Telecom Turkey Ltd

Cukurova Finance International Ltd & Anor v Alfa Telecom Turkey Ltd UKPC 19, P. C. UKPC 20, UKPC 2, UKPC 20, UKPC 25 and UKPC 15 were a series of judicial decisions of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, one of, a leading case on the remedy of appropriation for security interests, introduced into United Kingdom law under the Financial Collateral Arrangements Regulations 2003, which implemented the Financial Collateral Arrangements Directive. Together with its related appeals on preliminary and subsequent issues, it has defined the scope of the remedy, as well as what equitable relief may be available; the case came before the Privy Council on no less than six separate occasions. The case has been called "the British Virgin Islands equivalent of Jarndyce v Jarndyce". Before 2003, English law provided that, other than the rules relating to self-dealing, there was no rule in equity which precluded a lender from stipulating for any collateral advantage, provided that the stipulation was not: unfair or unconscionable, in the nature of a penalty clogging the equity of redemption, or inconsistent with or repugnant to the right to redeem.

As a result, for both legal and practical reasons, the use of foreclosure as a remedy has fallen into disuse. Where a mortgagee seeks an order for foreclosure from the courts, the courts will order judicial sale of the property instead. In 2002, in an effort to standardize the rules relating to financial collateral arrangements and to " for rapid and non-formalistic enforcement procedures in order to safeguard financial stability and limit contagion effects in case of a default of a party to a financial collateral arrangement", the European Union adopted Directive 2002/47/EC, which provided for a remedy of appropriation, it stated that those countries that did not allow such a remedy on the Directive's adoption were not obliged to recognize it. All 25 EU member states advised that they would implement the provision, as it was seen as a significant component of the EU's Lisbon Strategy; the Directive called for mandatory application to agreements between parties that were public sector bodies, supervised financial institutions, central counterparties and clearing houses.

Member states were allowed to extend it to persons other than natural persons, provided that the other party to such agreements were one of the mandatory parties covered. In its implementating Regulations, the United Kingdom opted to extend this remedy to all companies, provided that the arrangement in question allowed for the use of such remedy. In September 2005, Çukurova Holding AS, a large Turkish company, through its subsidiary Cukurova Finance International Ltd, borrowed US$1.352 billion from Alfa Telecom Turkey Ltd. The debt was secured in part by an equitable mortgage, governed by English law, over CFI's 51% interest in a British Virgin Islands company that indirectly held a controlling interest in Turkcell, the leading cellular network in Turkey; the facility agreement for the debt provided for appropriation to be an available remedy in the event of default. In April 2007, ATT advised CFI that, in its view, there had been events of default under the agreement, it demanded immediate repayment in full of the outstanding amount of the loan.

CFI did not repay the full amount by the specified date, ATT sent a letter to CFi stating that it had appropriated the pledged shares of the BVI company. CFI gave five days' notice that it wished to pay the remaining amount owing under the agreement, accordingly tendered. ATT rejected the tender, CFI placed the funds in an escrow account, litigation was commenced in the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court; the defendants raised a preliminary issue as to how a party validly exercised a right of appropriation in law. This preliminary issue would be appealed all the way to the Privy Council, was the first hearing in relation to how one exercised the right. Cukurova alleged that because the companies never updated their share registers to record a change of title to the shares no valid appropriation could have taken place. In November 2007, after hearing opposing expert evidence on English law from Lord Millett and Professor Ross Cranston the BVI court held that Alfa had not in law validly appropriated the shares.

The Eastern Caribbean Court of Appeal allowed Alfa's appeal in April 2008, concluding that it had lawfully appropriated the shares. Cukurova received permission to appeal the decision to the Privy Council. In May 2009, the Board dismissed the appeal and ruled that, as a matter of English law: Appropriation is much closer to sale than it is to foreclosure, it is in effect a sale by the collateral-taker to himself, at a price determined by an agreed valuation process. It is not necessary, for a valid appropriation, for the collateral-taker to become a registered holder of the shares. Commercial practicalities require that there should be an overt act evincing the intention to exercise a power of appropriation, communicated to the collateral-provider. Separately, Cukurova applied to the English Administrative Court to seek permission to impugn the 2003 Regulations on the grounds that they were ultra vires the authority granted under the European Communities Act 1972, as they extended the Directive's application beyond its contemplated purpose.

Permission was denied, as the Court held that there was little chance that the application would succeed

Charlie Tygard

Charles "Charlie" Tygard was a member of the Metropolitan Council of Nashville and Davidson County, representing the 35th district. According to the unofficial results for the September 11 general election, he has won a Metro Council at-large seat. Charlie Tygard was first elected to the Metro Council in 1989 and served until 1995, he was re-elected in 2002. In 2006 and 2007, he was the Chair of the Tourism Committee, he worked on the Finance Committee. He finished among the top nine candidates for at-large seats on the Metro Council in the August 2, 2007 election, won a seat on September 11 according to the unofficial election results. Charlie Tygard runs the Accurate Bookkeeping Service, he was the Executive Director of Youth Incorporated. He graduated from Vanderbilt University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Business Administration and Economics. Charlie Tygard held a meeting on January 25, 2003 at Bellevue Middle School to discuss the construction of a new library in Bellevue, he wrote a substitute bill for an ethics bill, which did not require self-employed council members to disclose names of individual clients.

The substitute bill, like one rewrite of the original bill, prohibited members from receiving food and travel expenses worth more than $100 annually from one source. He co-sponsored legislation that would have relaxed restrictions on new car washes. Charlie Tygard proposed an ordinance to the Metro Nashville Council that would attempt to bypass a newly approved state law that would allow law-abiding citizens to carry firearms into restaurants that serve alcohol. Charlie Tygard voted against canceling zoning in Percy Priest Lake, against Sylvan Park historic zoning, for Lower Broadway historic zoning, for a Westin Hotel on Lower Broadway, for rezoning Gaylord Opryland Resort & Convention Center. On the third reading, he voted for the proposal for a new ballpark for the Nashville Sounds, which included provisions for hotels, condos and other businesses on the land adjacent to the stadium. Charlie Tygard voted against raising pay rates for city council members from $6,900 to $15,000, the vice mayoral salary from $8,900 to $17,000, the mayoral salary from $75,000 to $136,500

Ekstra Bladet

Ekstra Bladet is a Danish tabloid newspaper, published by JP/Politikens Hus in Copenhagen. It was founded in 1904 as an evening edition to Politiken. In 1905 the newspaper was established in its own right and has since focused on investigative journalism, news and entertainment. Poul Madsen has been its editor since 6 September 2007; the newspaper began publication 1904 as a supplement to the Politiken newspaper, a year it became a separate newspaper. The headquarters of the paper is in Copenhagen. Victor Andreasen served as the editor-in-chief of the paper for two times, between 1963 and 1967 and between 1971 and 1976. In December 2010 Ekstra Bladet editor-in-chief Poul Madsen threatened to complain to the European Court of Justice after its submission of an application to Apple's App Store was rejected. Madsen claimed the application was deemed offensive, in an editorial described Apple as being an "American nanny". Since 5 October 2012 Tipsbladet, an association football magazine, has been sold with the Friday edition of Ekstra Bladet.

For over 100 years, Ekstra Bladets main competitor has been BT published by Berlingske Media. Ekstra Bladet's readership and circulation has declined in recent years, continues to do so. During the last six months of 1957 the paper had a circulation of 68,178 copies on weekdays; the circulation of the paper was 210,000 copies in 1991, 198,000 copies in 1992 and 185,000 copies in 1993. It fell to 177,000 copies in 1994, to 168,000 in 1995 and to 166,000 copies in 1996. Although its circulation grew to 169,000 copies in 1997, it again decreased and was 159,000 copies in 1998 and 148,000 copies in 1999, it was 134,000 copies in 2000 and 127,000 copies in 2001. The circulation of the paper fell to 119,000 copies in 2002, it was the fourth best selling Danish newspaper in 2003 with a circulation of 110,000 copies. In 2004 the paper had a circulation of 110,000 copies. There is another report giving its 2004 circulation as 106,000 copies. In 2012 the paper had a circulation of 60,000 copies. In January 2012, the paper's website had an Alexa Internet global rank of #2061 and a rank of #5 in Denmark.

As of July 2018, the site held ranks of #3359 globally and #9 in Denmark. Official website

John Schickel

John Schickel is an American Republican politician. He is a member of the Kentucky State Senate, being first elected in 2008. Schickel earned an M. P. A. degree from Northern Kentucky University. A retired law enforcement officer, he served as a Florence police officer for over a decade, the Boone County jailer from 1987 through 2001, a U. S. marshal for the Eastern District of Kentucky from 2002 through 2008. Senator Schickel has filed suit to overturn a $1000 limit on undisclosed gifts to elected officials in Kentucky—as a violation of the First and Fourteenth Amendments of the U. S. Constitution. Senate District 11: Senator John Schickel at Kentucky Legislature

Standard Motor Products

Standard Motor Products, Inc. is a manufacturer and distributor of automotive parts in the automotive aftermarket industry. The company was founded in 1919 as a partnership by Elias Fife and Ralph Van Allen and incorporated by Fife in 1926, it is headquartered in Long Island City, New York, trades on the New York Stock Exchange. Standard Motor Products, Inc. sells its products to warehouse distributors and auto parts retail chains around the world, under its own brand names such as Standard, BWD Automotive, Blue Streak Automotive, Blue Streak Wire, TechSmart, Factory Air, Four Seasons, as well as under private labels for key customers. Standard Motor Products was founded in Manhattan in 1919 as a partnership between Elias Fife, a Jewish immigrant from Lithuania, Ralph Van Allen; the company specialized in ignition and electrical parts. In 1920 Van Allen opened a Standard Motor Products branch in Seattle. In 1921 the company moved to the Long Island City section of Queens; the partnership dissolved in 1925 and in 1926 the company was incorporated with Fife as the sole proprietor.

Van Allen operated a separate company in Los Angeles under the same name and logo until selling it to Fife in 1936. That year the company moved into the Art Deco building where it is still headquartered. SMP has grown with the automative age, evolving from ten employees to 3,500; the Blue Streak line of premium ignition parts was introduced in the 1930s. In 1947 Standard acquired Hygrade Products Co; the product line was expanded to include speedometer cables, carburetor repair parts, shock-absorber parts, fuel pumps. In 1950 Standard introduced the Hygrade System, simplified carburetor kits for tune-ups and light overhauls. Standard Motor Products had its Initial public offering in 1960 and was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 1977. In 1963 it entered the wholesale parts market with Marathon Parts. Beginning in the late 1960s under Lawrence "Larry" Sills, Fife's grandson, Standard acquired several rival businesses. In July 1997 it exchanged its brake business for Cooper Industries' temperature control business.

The company funded acquisitions by selling stock. In the financial crisis of the late 2000s, the company had to retrench and sold its headquarters building for $40.6 million. The space was a manufacturing site producing items like distributor caps, but because of modern engine designs the workforce there dwindled over the years; the remaining Long Island City manufacturing operations were moved to its plant in Reynosa and Independence, Kansas. On July 29, 2009 Chairman Sills rang the closing bell at the New York Stock Exchange to celebrate the company's 90th anniversary. In January 2014, the company acquired the assets of Pensacola Fuel Injection; the company has two operational segments, an Engine Management segment that produces parts for fuel systems and emissions, ignition wires, battery cables, a Temperature Control Segment that manufactures and refurbishes air-conditioning, engine cooling system, windshield washer parts, air-conditioning compressors, power window accessories. Its subsidiaries include Four Seasons Europe S.

A. R. L. Marathon Auto Parts and Products, Inc. Motortronics, Inc. SMP Motor Products Limited, Standard Motor Products Holdings Limited, Standard Motor Products Limited, Standard Motor Products de Mexico; the company sells to automotive wholesalers. It manufactures half of the parts it sells; some Standard products are sold under private labels, including CARQUEST, Cold Power, Duralast Gold, Import Direct, Master Pro, Mileage Plus, NAPA. The company's own brands include Standard, BWD/NIEHOFF, Intermotor, OEM, LockSmart, TechSmart, GP Sorensen for engine management and Four Seasons, Factory Air, EVERCO, ACi, Imperial, COMPRESSORWORKS, TORQFLO, Hayden for temperature control. Standard Motor Products was listed as one of Crain's New York Business' top 250 publicly held companies for 2012, as number 94 in the Forbes list of America's best small companies in 2013; that year the company's earnings were $969 million with 4% sales growth and 61% earnings per share growth. The company received a positive review that year for its cash conversion cycle from an analyst at The Motley Fool.

SMP Corporate Standard BWD Blue Streak Automotive Blue Streak Wire TechSmart Parts Intermotor Factory Air 4Seasons