Menlo Park is a city at the eastern edge of San Mateo County, in the San Francisco Bay Area of California, in the United States. It is bordered by San Francisco Bay on the north and east. Menlo Park is one of the most educated cities in the state of the United States. Menlo Park had 32,026 inhabitants according to the 2010 United States Census, which had grown to an estimated 34,357 inhabitants by 2017; the city is home to the corporate headquarters of Facebook and where Google and Round Table Pizza were founded. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.4 square miles, of which 9.8 square miles is land and 7.6 square miles is water. The total area is 43.79% water. Menlo Park is narrow on a northeast to southwest axis; the northeast portion borders the San Francisco Bay and includes the Dumbarton Bridge that connects Menlo Park to Fremont on the east side of the bay. The city shoreline includes the city's largest park, Bedwell Bayfront Park 160 acres and the Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge.
San Francisquito Creek marks much of the southeast border of the city. West Menlo Park along Alameda de las Pulgas nearly separates the southwestern part of the city from the rest; the extreme southwest is clipped by Interstate 280. The Bayshore Freeway traverses Menlo Park northwest to southeast near the shoreline and somewhat parallel to it to the southwest is El Camino Real; the intersection of El Camino Real and Santa Cruz Avenue is considered the heart of the city. Nearby, the Menlo Park Civic center is bounded by Ravenswood Avenue, Alma Street, Laurel Street and Burgess Drive, it contains the council offices, police station and Burgess Park which has various recreational facilities. Other major roads include Sand Hill Road in the Sharon Heights area; the residential areas of Menlo Park can be unofficially divided into several neighborhoods. From "east" to "west", they are defined by the Palo Alto Weekly as follows: Belle Haven is the only neighborhood east of Route 101. Between 101 and the parallel Middlefield Road are the neighborhoods of the Willows, Suburban Park, Lorelei Manor, Flood Triangle, Vintage Oaks, South of Seminary.
Between Middlefield and El Camino Real are the Caltrain track and Felton Gables, Linfield Oaks, Park Forest. West of El Camino until the foothills of the Peninsula are the neighborhoods of Downtown Menlo Park, Central Menlo Park, Allied Arts. In the hills are Sharon Heights and Stanford Hills. Several other neighborhoods are associated with Menlo Park but are in unincorporated San Mateo county; the area of Menlo Park was inhabited by the Ohlone people when the Portolá expedition arrived in 1769. In 1795 the Rancho de las Pulgas land grant was made. In 1851 two Irish immigrants, Dennis J. Oliver and his brother-in-law D. C. McGlynn, purchased a 1,700-acre tract of land on the former Rancho de las Pulgas. In 1854, they erected a gate with a wooden arch bearing the inscription "Menlo Park" and the date "August 1854" at the entrance to their property; the word "Menlo" derived from the owners' former home of Menlo in County Galway, is an Anglicized version of the original Irish name of the place, meaning "middle lake."In 1863, the San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road had built the railroad from San Francisco to as far as Mayfield and started running trains to the area.
They named a nearby station "Menlo Park" after the sign. The 1867 station building still stands on the platform of the current Caltrain station, used by the local Chamber of Commerce, it holds the record as the oldest. The town of Menlo Park grew up around this station, becoming a popular home for San Francisco businessmen. A post office arrived in 1870, the city was incorporated in 1874; the original arch which gave its name to the stations and the city, survived until 1922, when the original arch was destroyed in an automobile accident. The origin of the name of Menlo Park, California pre-dates any work done by Thomas Edison in Menlo Park, New Jersey. In 1917/1918 a large portion of Menlo Park was the site of Camp Fremont, a training camp for, at its height, 27,000 men being sent to fight in World War I, it didn't last long, but army engineers paved the first streets in Menlo Park and laid the first water and gas lines. The army did retain the camp hospital, it is now the site of a Veterans Administration hospital off of Willow road in Menlo Park.
In the autumn of 1918 a flu pandemic hit Camp Fremont and killed 147. At the start of World War
George Robert Gayre of Gayre and Nigg was a Scottish anthropologist who founded Mankind Quarterly, a peer-reviewed academic journal, described as a "cornerstone of the scientific racism establishment". An expert on heraldry, he founded The Armorial, produced many books on this subject. Gayre was born as George Robert Gair on 6 August 1907 in Dublin to Robert William Gair, a confectioner, Clara Hull or Hart, in bogus pedigrees recorded in Ireland in 1950 and published between 1952 and 2003, he claimed that his father was the son of William Gillies Gair, a portrait painter born at Greenock in Scotland, but was the illegitimate son of the painter's sister Jessie Gair who, two years after the child's birth became the second wife of William Sutherland, of Glasgow, plasterer, he earned an MA from University of Edinburgh studied at Exeter College, Oxford. Gayre served with the British Expeditionary Force in France in 1939, as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Royal Artillery afterwards becoming Educational Adviser to the Allied Military Government of Italy, based in Palermo, where he fought for the exclusion of left-wing text-books and communist influence from the Italian education system.
He was thereafter Director of Education to the Allied Control Commission for Italy, based in Naples. After the war he spent a considerable amount of time in India where he was instrumental in the establishment of the Italo-Indian Institute. Both Gayre and Sir Thomas Innes of Learney were authors of books on heraldry; as Chief of Clan Gayre, Gayre appended "of Gayre and Nigg" becoming Grand Almoner, Hereditary Commander of Lochore, of the Order of Saint Lazarus. His 1959 book Heraldic Standards and Other Ensigns: Their development and history is considered an important work on the subject, he contributed on the topic to Encyclopædia Britannica. Gayre was one of the founders and an editor of Mankind Quarterly from 1960 to 1978, was honorary editor-in-chief thereafter; the magazine has been called a "cornerstone of the scientific racism establishment" and a "white supremacist journal", "scientific racism's keepers of the flame", a journal with a "racist orientation" and an "infamous racist journal", "journal of'scientific racism'".
In 1968 he testified on behalf of members of the Racial Preservation Society who were charged under the Race Relations Act for publishing racialist material. They prevailed in their defence. In his evidence to the court Gayre described blacks as being "feckless" and he maintained that scientific evidence showed that blacks "prefer their leisure to the dynamism which the white and yellow races show." Previous generations of Gayre's ancestors all used the spelling "Gair" as far back as the 17th century. Gayre's university degree in the mid-1920s was issued with the "Gair" spelling, but he began spelling it "Gayre" at least as early as 1943. In 1957, after the death of his father, he changed his surname to "Gayre of Gayre and Nigg", a title that had never before been used. Gayre claimed to be the Chief of "Clan Gayre" and "Clan Gayre and Nigg". In 1947, he wrote a book titled Gayre's Booke: Being a History of the Family of Gayre in which, without mentioning his illegitimate descent, he presented an ancestry that established his claim to be the chieftain of the Clan of Gayre.
World Orders of Knighthood and Merit by Guy Stair Sainty refers to Gayre as "...the late Robert Gayre...". The Glasgow Herald Newspaper, on 14 June 1975, wrote "Robert Gayre, of Gayre and Nigg, is singular among genealogists and the like, if only for the reason that, alone among them, he has been able to create a Scottish clan from scratch, providing it with traditions, rituals and privileges..."In 1967 Gayre established a Commandery of the Order of St Lazarus. In 1971 he bought St Vincent's Church, it became the seat of the Commandery of Lochore. It was the first church to have been acquired by the Order of St Lazarus since the reformation. Gayre claimed to be "Baron of Lochoreshire"; this was not a title that Gayre inherited or was bestowed but rather one that he assumed after he purchased the seat of the feudal Barony of Lochore. Nor was the feudal Barony previously described as "Lochoreshire". Other titles and honours that he said he had include being Chamberlain to the Prince of Lippe, Knight of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George of Naples, Knight Commander of the Cross of Merit of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Knight Commander of the House Order of Lippe, Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem and Knight Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown of Italy.
In the early 1960s, Gayre was appointed "Commissioner-General of the English Tongue" of the Order of Saint Lazarus, one of the many neo-chivalrous self-styled orders that arose in the early-20th century. In 1964, Gayre formed the International Commission on Orders of Chivalry, an ostensibly academic but non-authoritative panel whose purpose was to review and approve of or reject claimed Orders of Chivalry; the Commission included many holders of legitimate titles and honours, but when it became
Professor Sue Bale, OBE, FRCN, RGN, NDN, RHV is a British nurse with a special interest in wound healing. She received her PhD degree from the University of Glamorgan in 2003, she works Director of Research & Development in Aneurin Bevan Health Board. Bale was part of the original team that established a unique wound healing service in the Wound Healing Research Unit based at the University of Wales College of Medicine, she has written a range of articles on wound care. She is a founder member of the Wound Care Society. Professor Bale is a fellow of the Royal College of Nursing. Bale, Sue. Wound Care Nursing, 2nd Edition - A Patient-Centered Approach. Mosby Ltd. ISBN 0-7234-3344-5. Bale, Sue. J. Jones. Price. "The benefits of implementing a new skin care protocol in nursing homes". Journal of Tissue Viability. 14: 44–50. PMID 15114926. Bale, Sue. "A topical metronidazole gel used to treat malodorous wounds". British Journal of Nursing. 13: S4–11. PMID 15218439. Jones, V.. G. Harding. Acute and chronic wound healing.
In "Wound Care Essentials Practice" (S. Baronowski & E. A. Ayello, eds. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. ISBN 1-58255-274-6