Cream City brick
Cream City brick is a cream or light yellow-colored brick made from a clay found around Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in the Menomonee River Valley and on the western banks of Lake Michigan. These bricks were one of the most common building materials used in Milwaukee during the mid and late 19th century, giving the city the nickname "Cream City" and the bricks the name "Cream City bricks". Cream City bricks are made from a red clay containing elevated amounts of sulfur; when the bricks are fired, they become creamy-yellow in color. Although light-colored when first made, Cream City bricks are porous, causing them to absorb dirt and other pollutants. Once Cream City bricks absorb pollutants, they are difficult to clean, a problem which restoration experts in Milwaukee have been facing since the 1970s. Sandblasting was attempted. Chemical washes are accepted as the most effective method of cleaning Cream City bricks; the historic Trimborn Farmhouse in Greendale, Wisconsin is an example of brick, cleaned to reveal its original color.
Cream City bricks are well known for their durability. An example of the durability of Cream City brick is Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, built more than 125 years ago. However, since there were numerous brickmakers in the area, brick quality varied and some of the bricks were not manufactured properly: the Big Sable Point Lighthouse was constructed of Cream City brick, but it had degraded so much in 35 years that it had to be encased in iron plating. See Grosse Point Light, which had to be encased in concrete; because the regional headquarters of the United States Lighthouse Board responsible for building lighthouses around Lake Michigan was located in Milwaukee, many of them are built with Cream City bricks, including Kenosha Light, the Eagle Bluff Lighthouse, the McGulpin Point Light, the Old Mackinac Point Light, many others. Cream City bricks were exported, making their way not only to American cities such as Chicago and New York, but to western Europe, including Hamburg, Germany.
A National League baseball team which played in Milwaukee in 1878 was known as the Cream Citys. Pepper, Terry. "The story of Cream City brick". Seeing the Light: Lighthouses of the western Great Lakes. Retrieved 2006-10-04. Paulsen, Eric. "Cream City brick built Milwaukee's name". OnMilwaukee.com Travel and Visitor's Guide. Retrieved 2006-10-04
Frederick Layton was an English-American businessman and art collector. He immigrated to Milwaukee, Wisconsin Territory, with his father in 1843, when the city was still a pioneer village, he played a major role in the creation of Milwaukee's meat packing industry and established a trans-Atlantic business exporting his meat products to Great Britain. During his lifetime, he made 99 trips across the Atlantic pursuing business interests and collecting fine art in London and the other capitals of Europe. Throughout his life, he donated his money to support local charities and Milwaukee's art community. In 1888, he built the Layton Art Gallery on the corner of Mason and Jefferson streets in Milwaukee, one of the nation's earliest single-patron public art galleries. By creating an endowment for the gallery, with donations from the gallery trustees and friends, Layton was able to purchase over 200 works of art for the gallery before dying at the age of 92. Though the original building of the Layton Art Gallery no longer exists, many of Mr. Layton's purchases comprise the founding, core collection of early European and American art at the Milwaukee Art Museum.
The Layton Art Collection Board of Trustees still supports and maintains the historic collection in collaboration with Milwaukee Art Museum staff and volunteers. Layton was born in Little Wilbraham, a village in Cambridgeshire, the only son of Mary and John Layton; the family moved to Great Wilbraham in 1836, where Frederick's father established a small country butcher shop and taught his son the trade. In 1842, father and son immigrated to the United States, they spent the winter in Buffalo, New York, before arriving in Wisconsin in 1843. Mary Layton rejoined the family and immigrated to Milwaukee in 1847. Father and son established their first home in Wisconsin as farmers in the town of Raymond in Racine County, Wisconsin. After two years, they returned to the butcher trade and opened the J&F Layton Meat Market in Milwaukee on East Water Street in 1845. In 1849, John and Frederick purchased farmland near what is now Forest Home Cemetery and built a three-story brick building, constructed for the purpose of a home as well as a hotel for paying guests traveling the Janesville–Milwaukee Plank Road.
The Layton Hotel was a popular choice for farmers transporting wheat: "the roads were in such frightful condition that farmers and other travelers welcomed the opportunity to stay overnight, waiting for daylight to continue their journey."In 1852, Frederick joined John Plankinton to form a partnership for the packing of pork and beef under the name of Layton & Plankinton. With a loan of $3,000 from Samuel Marshall and Charles Ilsley of Marshall and Ilsley Bank, the two built a slaughter and packinghouse in the Menominee Valley of Milwaukee; as business grew, Layton began traveling abroad and created a network of provision wholesalers in Liverpool and London. With the aid of wholesalers Samuel Page and John Hargreaves, Layton products became known in England. Though the Layton & Plankinton business was successful, the two parted ways to form their own firms. In 1861, Frederick and John Layton established their packing plant in the Menominee Valley under the style of Layton & Co. In 1865, Frederick Layton, Samuel Marshall, Charles F. Ilsley, John Plankinton, W. S. Johnson incorporated the Milwaukee Railway Company, absorbing the River and Lake Shore City Railway Company.
With the increasing advancements of the railroad industry, Layton & Co. found new and improved ways to efficiently receive and deliver both their livestock and meat products. John Layton remained head of the plant until his death in 1875, whereupon Frederick took over until his retirement in 1900 at the age of 73; the company continued long until 1935, when it liquidated its assets. In 1999, Frederick Layton was inducted to the Wisconsin Meat Industry Hall of Fame. There are two Milwaukee streets named after Frederick Layton. Layton Avenue was designated by Patrick Cudahy in 1892 when he named the streets of the city of Cudahy. Layton Boulevard, which runs through the Menomonee Valley where the Layton & Co. packing plant once stood, was named through an ordinance adopted by the city of Milwaukee in 1909. In 1851, Layton married Elizabeth Ann Hayman; the daughter of Joel and Mary Hayman and her family immigrated to Oak Creek, from Devonshire, England, in 1836. The wedding was officiated by the Reverend Doctor David Keene of St. John's Episcopal Church.
Keene was an English immigrant who collected engravings and fine rare books. With a common background and interest in art and the Laytons became lifelong friends. In 1865, Frederick and Elizabeth settled in a clapboard house located at 524 Marshall Street, Milwaukee. Although Layton's business was successful and while his contemporaries were moving into larger, more luxurious residences and his wife maintained their home to the end of their days, it was recorded that inside the house were plain, old-fashioned furniture and homemade rag rugs laid on painted wood floors. Frances Stover wrote: "Mr. Layton enjoyed visiting the fine homes of his friends, but for himself, the small square house was sufficient." Frederick and Elizabeth had no children. Elizabeth died on June 3, 1910. Layton and his wife kept their life private as much as possible; when one reporter kept prying, Layton responded: "I have done nothing to cause people to want to know of my private life. Mrs. Layton and I have given when we could in a way that we hoped would be a source of occasional pleasure or benefit to others, but we have had our return in the pleasure of giving and there's no need of talkin
The Milwaukee River is a river in the state of Wisconsin. It is about 104 miles long. Once a locus of industry, the river is now the center of a housing boom. New condos now crowd the downtown and harbor districts of Milwaukee attracting young professionals to the area; the river is ribboned with parks as it winds through various neighborhoods. Kayaks and fishing boats share the river with party boats. An extensive Riverwalk featuring art displays, boat launches and restaurants lines its banks in downtown Milwaukee; the river begins in Fond du Lac County and flows south past Grafton to downtown Milwaukee, where it empties into Lake Michigan. Cedar Creek, the Menomonee River and the Kinnickinnic River are the three main tributaries; the Milwaukee River watershed drains 882 square miles in southeastern Wisconsin, including parts of Dodge, Fond du Lac, Ozaukee, Sheboygan and Waukesha counties. The Milwaukee River watershed is part of the Lake Michigan subbasin; the Milwaukee River area was populated by Native Americans in the time before European settlement.
Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet navigated from Lake Michigan through the Milwaukee River on their way to the Fox River and the Mississippi. In the early 19th century, three towns were formed across the banks of the Milwaukee and Kinnickinnic rivers: Juneautown by Solomon Juneau, Walker's Point by George H. Walker and Kilbourntown by Byron Kilbourn; the quarrel over the formation of a bridge across the Milwaukee River was a key point in the merging of the three towns into the city of Milwaukee in 1846. The Milwaukee River has numerous movable bridges spanning it, allowing for pedestrian and vehicular traffic; these bridges include several different types, including bascule and hydraulically-powered table bridges. There are many fixed bridges, as well as several pedestrian-only and railroad trestles; the following is a partial list of bridges that cross the river, from north to south: Brown Deer Road Bridge Range Line Road Bridge Good Hope Road Bridge Green Tree Road Bridge Bender Road Bridge Silver Spring Drive Bridge Hampton Avenue Bridge I-43 Bridge Port Washington Road Bridge Capitol Drive Bridge Locust Street Bridge North Avenue Bridge |North Avenue Bridge North-Humboldt Pedestrian Bridge Humboldt Street Bridge Holton Street Viaduct Pleasant Street Bridge Cherry Street Bridge McKinley Avenue Bridge aka Knapp Street Bridge Juneau Avenue Bridge Highland Avenue Pedestrian Bridge State Street Bridge |State Street Bridge Kilbourn Avenue Bridge Wells Street Bridge |Wells Street Bridge Wisconsin Avenue Bridge Michigan Street Bridge Clybourn Street Bridge I-794 Bridge Saint Paul Avenue Bridge Water Street Bridge Broadway Bridge aka Milwaukee Street Bridge Hoan BridgeThere are several Union Pacific railroad bridges crossing the Milwaukee River, including: north of Bender Road south of Silver Spring Drive Railroad Swing Bridge #1556 There are several parks on the banks of the Milwaukee River.
These include Gordon, Lincoln, Pere Marquette, Pleasant Valley, Riverside Parks in Milwaukee, Kletzsch Park in Glendale, as well as Hubbard Park and Estabrook Park in Shorewood. There are several dams along the river; the dam in Estabrook Park, Milwaukee County was removed in 2018. List of Wisconsin rivers Milwaukee Riverwalk Milwaukee River Advocates Milwaukee River Basin - Wisconsin DNR Milwaukee Green Map: Watersheds Milwaukee River Preservation Association Milwaukee Riverkeeper River Revitalization Foundation Milwaukee River Basin Partnership Milwaukee Estuary Area of Concern History of Port of Milwaukee Milwaukee River Greenway Coalition
The Menominee are a federally recognized nation of Native Americans, with a 353.894 sq mi reservation in Wisconsin. Their historic territory included an estimated 10 million acres in present-day Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan; the tribe has about 8,700 members. The tribe was terminated in the 1960s under policy of the time. During that period, they brought what has become a landmark case in Indian law to the United States Supreme Court, in Menominee Tribe v. United States, to protect their treaty hunting and fishing rights; the Wisconsin Supreme Court and the United States Court of Claims had drawn opposing conclusions about the effect of the termination on Menominee hunting and fishing rights on their former reservation land. The U. S. Supreme Court determined that the tribe had not lost traditional hunting and fishing rights as a result of termination, as Congress had not ended these in its legislation; the tribe regained federal recognition in 1973 in an act of Congress, re-established its reservation in 1975.
They operate under a written constitution establishing an elected government. Their first government under it took over tribal government and administration from the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1979; the Menominee are part of the Algonquian language family of North America, made up several tribes now located around the Great Lakes and many other tribes based along the Atlantic coast. They are one of the historical tribes of Wisconsin, they are believed to have been well-settled in that territory for more than 1,000 years. By some accounts, they are descended from the Old Copper Culture people and other indigenous peoples, in this area for 10,000 years. Menominee oral history states, their reservation is located 60 miles west of the site of their Creation, according to their tradition. They arose where the Menominee River enters Green Bay of Lake Michigan, where the city of Marinette, Wisconsin has since developed, their name for themselves is Mamaceqtaw, meaning "the people". The name "Menominee" is not their autonym.
It was adopted by Europeans from the Ojibwe people, another Algonquian tribe whom they encountered first as they moved west and who told them of the Menominee. The Ojibwe name for the tribe was manoominii, meaning "wild rice people", as they cultivated wild rice as one of their most important food staples; the Menominee were known to be a peaceful and welcoming nation, who had a reputation for getting along with other tribes. When the Oneota culture arose in southern Wisconsin between AD 800 and 900, the Menominee shared the forests and waters with them; the Menominee are a Northeastern Woodlands tribe. They were encountered by European explorers in Wisconsin in the mid-17th century during the colonial era, had extended interaction with them during periods in North America. During this period they lived in numerous villages; the anthropologist James Mooney in 1928 estimated. The early French explorers and traders referred to the people as "folles avoines", referring to the wild rice which they cultivated and gathered as one of their staple foods.
The Menominee have traditionally subsisted on a wide variety of plants and animals, with wild rice and sturgeon being two of the most important. Wild rice has a special importance to the tribe as their staple grain, while the sturgeon has a mythological importance and is referred to as the "father" of the Menominee. Feasts are still held annually at. Menominee customs are quite similar to those of the Chippewa, another Algonquian people, their language has a closer affinity to those of the Kickapoo tribes. All four spoke part of the Algonquian family; the five principal Menominee clans are the Bear, the Eagle, the Wolf, the Crane, the Moose. Each has traditional responsibilities within the tribe. With a patrilineal kinship system, traditional Menominee believe that children derive their social status from their fathers, are born "into" their father's clan. Members of the same clan are considered relatives, so must choose marriage partners from outside their clan. Ethnologist James Mooney wrote an article on the Menominee which appeared in Catholic Encyclopedia, incorrectly reporting that their descent and inheritance proceeds through the female line.
Such as a matrilineal kinship system is common among many other Native American peoples, including other Algonquian tribes. Menominee mythology is rich with ethical meaning, it has many elements in common with the sacred literature and cultures of other Native American peoples. Traditional Menominee believe that the Earth forms a partition between lower worlds; the upper world represents good and the lower world represents evil. These two worlds are divided into the furthest being the most powerful; the Sun is at the highest level in the upper world, followed by the Thunderbird and the Morning Star, the Golden Eagles and other birds, led by the Bald Eagle. The first level below the earth in the lower world is occupied by the Horned Serpent; the succeeding lower levels are the home of the White Deer. The next level is that of the Underwater Panther; the lowest level is ruled by the Great White Bear. Traditional Menominee use dr
Wild rice are four species of grasses forming the genus Zizania, the grain that can be harvested from them. The grain was gathered and eaten in North America and China. While now a delicacy in North America, the grain is eaten less in China, where the plant's stem is used as a vegetable. Wild rice is not directly related to Asian rice, whose wild progenitors are O. rufipogon and O. nivara, although they are close cousins, sharing the tribe Oryzeae. Wild-rice grains have a chewy outer sheath with a tender inner grain that has a vegetal taste; the plants grow in shallow water in slow-flowing streams. The grain is eaten by dabbling other aquatic wildlife, as well as by humans. Three species of wild rice are native to North America: Northern wild rice is an annual plant native to the Great Lakes region of North America, the aquatic areas of the Boreal Forest regions of Northern Ontario, Alberta and Manitoba in Canada and Minnesota, Wisconsin and Idaho in the US. Wild rice an annual, grows in the Saint Lawrence River, the state of Florida, on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States.
Texas wild rice is a perennial plant found only in a small area along the San Marcos River in central Texas. One species is native to Asia: Manchurian wild rice, is a perennial native to China. Texas wild rice is in danger of extinction due to loss of suitable habitat in its limited range and to pollution; the pollen of Texas wild rice can only travel about 30 inches away from a parent plant. If pollen does not land on a receptive female flower within that distance, no seeds are produced. Manchurian wild rice has disappeared from the wild in its native range, but has been accidentally introduced into the wild in New Zealand and is considered an invasive species there; the species most harvested as grain are the annual species: Zizania palustris and Zizania aquatica. The former, though now domesticated and grown commercially, is still gathered from lakes in the traditional manner by indigenous peoples in North America. Native Americans and others harvest wild rice by canoeing into a stand of plants, bending the ripe grain heads with two small wooden poles/sticks called "knockers" or "flails", so as to thresh the seeds into the canoe.
One person vans rice into the canoe while the other paddles or uses a push pole. The plants are not beaten with the knockers, but require only a gentle brushing to dislodge the mature grain; some seeds fall to the muddy bottom and germinate in the year. The size of the knockers, as well as other details, are prescribed in tribal law. By Minnesota statute, knockers must be at most 1 in diameter, 30 in long, 1 lb weight. Several Native American cultures, such as the Ojibwa, consider wild rice to be a sacred component in their culture; the Ojibwa people call this plant manoomin, meaning "harvesting berry". Tribes that are recorded as harvesting Zizania aquatica are the Dakota, Meskwaki, Omaha, Ponca and Winnebago. Native people who utilized Zizania palustris are the Ottawa/Odawa and Potawatomi. Ways of preparing it varied from stewing the grains with deer broth and/or maple syrup, made into stuffings for wild birds, or steaming it into sweets like puffed rice, or rice pudding sweetened with maple syrup.
For these groups, the harvest of wild rice is an important cultural event. The Menominee tribe were named Omanoominii by the neighboring Ojibwa after this plant. Many places in Illinois, Manitoba, Minnesota, Ontario and Wisconsin are named after this plant, including Mahnomen, Menomonie, Wisconsin; because of its nutritional value and taste, wild rice increased in popularity in the late 20th century, commercial cultivation began in the U. S. and Canada to supply the increased demand. In 1950, James and Gerald Godward started experimenting with wild rice in a one-acre meadow north of Brainerd, Minnesota, they constructed dikes around the acre, dug ditches for drainage, put in water controls. In the fall, they tilled the soil. In the spring of 1951, they acquired 50 lb of seed from Wildlife Nurseries Inc, they scattered the seed onto the soil, diked it in, flooded the paddy. Much to their surprise, since they were told wild rice needs flowing water to grow well, the seeds sprouted and produced a crop.
They continued to experiment with wild rice throughout the early 1950s and were the first to cultivate the wild crop. In the United States, the main producers are California and Minnesota, it is cultivated in paddy fields. In Canada, it is harvested from natural bodies of water. Wild rice is produced in Hungary and Australia. In Hungary, cultivation started in 1974 on the rice field of Szarvas. Manchurian wild rice, gathered from the wild, was once an important grain in ancient China, it is now rare in the wild, its use as a grain has disappeared in China, though it continues to be cultivated for its stems. The swollen crisp white stems of Manchurian wild rice are grown as a vegetable, popular in East and Southeast Asia; the swelling occurs because of infection
Solomon Laurent Juneau, or Laurent-Salomon Juneau, was a French Canadian fur trader, land speculator, politician who helped found the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was born in Repentigny, Canada to François and Thérèse Galarneau Juneau, his cousin was Joseph Juneau, who founded the city of Alaska. After landing at Fort Michilimackinac in 1816, Juneau worked as a clerk in the fur trade before becoming an agent for the American Fur Company in Milwaukee, he had been summoned to the Milwaukee area by Jacques Vieau, a French-Canadian fur trader and the first permanent white settler in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In 1818 Jacques Vieau hired Solomon Juneau, based on the accounting prowess Juneau had become known for, Juneau's reputation for being able to deal well with the local native Americans. Juneau married one of Vieau's daughters and went on to found what was to become the City of Milwaukee. Juneau settled an area east of the Milwaukee River called Juneautown in 1818, which joined with George H. Walker's Walker's Point and Byron Kilbourn's Kilbourntown to incorporate the City of Milwaukee.
In 1831, Juneau set in motion the naturalization and citizenship process. By 1835, he was selling plots of land in Juneautown, he built Milwaukee's first store and first inn, was recognized for his leadership among newcomers to Milwaukee. In 1837 he started the Milwaukee Sentinel, which would become the oldest continuously operating business in Wisconsin, he was the first mayor of Milwaukee from 1846 until 1847, was appointed its first Postmaster. Solomon Juneau High School, built in 1932, is named after him; the school is located at 6415 West Mount Vernon Avenue in Milwaukee. In 1820, Juneau married Josette, the Métis daughter of Jacques Vieau, a fur trader who had built a trading post overlooking the Menomonee Valley years before, his Menominee wife. Josette was the oldest of 12 children, was Menominee and French by ancestry. Through her alliances to the tribe, the relationships fostered through Juneau's business in fur trading, it is reported that he was popular with the Menominee. After the treaty of 1848 between the United States and the Menominee, Juneau registered his wife and children as half-breeds of the Menominee Nation.
In 1854, Juneau and family relocated to Dodge County, where they founded the village of Theresa, named after Juneau's French-Canadian mother. Josette died there in 1855, he died in the arms of Benjamin Hunkins, his "faithful friend and constant nurse." Six Menominee chiefs served as pallbearers at his funeral. He is buried at Calvary Cemetery, Wisconsin. Juneau's grandson Paul O. Husting would be elected as a member of the United States Senate; the property, believed to have once been the site of Juneau's residence is now the site of the Mitchell Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. SS Solomon Juneau Juneau Monument Solomon Juneau Business High School Mack, Edwin S.. The Founding of Milwaukee. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Fox, Isabella. Solomon Juneau: a biography with sketches of the Juneau family. Milwaukee, Wis.: Evening Wisconsin Printing Co. Obituary. Milwaukee Sentinel. 28 January 1858. Solomon Juneau at Find a Grave Wisconsin Historical Society Josette and Solomon Juneau Urban spelunking: Solomon Juneau's cabin
Father Jacques Marquette S. J. sometimes known as Père Marquette or James Marquette, was a French Jesuit missionary who founded Michigan's first European settlement, Sault Ste. Marie, founded St. Ignace, Michigan. In 1673, Father Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to explore and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River Valley. Jacques Marquette was born in Laon, France, on June 1, 1637, he came of an ancient family distinguished for its military services. Marquette joined the Society of Jesus at age 17, he studied and taught in France for several years, the Jesuits assigned him to New France in 1666 as a missionary to the indigenous peoples of the Americas. Arriving at Quebec he was at once signed to Trois-Rivières on the Saint Lawrence, where he assisted Gabriel Druillettes and, as preliminary to further work, devoted himself to the study of the local languages, became fluent in six different dialects. In 1668 Father Marquette was moved by his superiors to missions farther up the St. Lawrence River in the western Great Lakes region.
That year he helped Gabriel Druillettes found the mission at Sault Ste. Marie in present-day Michigan. Other missions were founded at St. Ignace in 1671, at La Pointe, on Lake Superior near the city of Ashland, Wisconsin. At La Pointe he encountered members of the Illinois tribes, who told him about the important trading route of the Mississippi River, they invited him to teach their people, whose settlements were farther south. Because of wars between the Hurons at La Pointe and the neighboring Lakota people, Father Marquette left the mission and went to the Straits of Mackinac. Leave was granted, in 1673 Marquette joined the expedition of Louis Jolliet, a French-Canadian explorer, they departed from St. Ignace on May 17, with two canoes and five voyageurs of French-Indian ancestry, they followed Lake Michigan up the Fox River, nearly to its headwaters. From there, they were told to portage their canoes a distance of less than two miles through marsh and oak plains to the Wisconsin River. Many years at that point the town of Portage, Wisconsin was built, named for the ancient path between the two rivers.
From the portage, they ventured forth, on June 17 they entered the Mississippi near present-day Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. The Joliet-Marquette expedition traveled to within 435 miles of the Gulf of Mexico but turned back at the mouth of the Arkansas River. By this point they had encountered several natives carrying European trinkets, they feared an encounter with explorers or colonists from Spain, they followed the Mississippi back to the mouth of the Illinois River, which they learned from local natives provided a shorter route back to the Great Lakes. They reached Lake Michigan near the site of modern-day Chicago, by way of the Chicago Portage. In September Marquette stopped at the mission of St. Francis Xavier, located in present-day Green Bay, while Jolliet returned to Quebec to relate the news of their discoveries. Marquette and his party returned to the Illinois Territory in late 1674, becoming the first Europeans to winter in what would become the city of Chicago; as welcomed guests of the Illinois Confederation, the explorers were feasted en route and fed ceremonial foods such as sagamite.
In the spring of 1675, Marquette traveled westward and celebrated a public mass at the Grand Village of the Illinois near Starved Rock. A bout of dysentery which he had contracted during the Mississippi expedition sapped his health. On the return trip to St. Ignace, he died at age 37 near the modern town of Michigan. A Michigan Historical Marker at this location reads: The Ojibway Museum on State Street in downtown St. Ignace is in a building, constructed adjacent to Marquette's gravesite during urban development. Father Marquette is memorialized in the names of many towns, geographical locations, parks, a major university, other institutions: Marquette County, Marquette County, Wisconsin The communities of Marquette, Michigan. Marquette Transportation Company, a towboat company using a silhouette of the Pere in his canoe as their emblem. Marquette Building in Chicago, Illinois Marquette Elementary School, Illinois Marquette Park, Illinois Marquette Road, IllinoisIn addition, statues in Marquette's honor have been erected in several places, including the Prairie du Chien Post Office.
Other types of memorials were erected, including those at his birthplace in France. The Legler Branch of the Chicago Public Library displays "Wilderness, Winter River Scene," a restored mural by Midwestern artist R. Fayerweather Babcock; the mural depicts Father Jacques Native Americans trading by a river. Commissioned for Legler Branch in 1934, the mural was fu