Julio José Iglesias de la Cueva is a Spanish singer and former professional footballer. In 1983, he was celebrated as having recorded songs in the most languages in the world, in 2013 for being the Latin artist with the most records sold in history. Iglesias is recognized as the most commercially successful Continental European singer in the world and one of the top ten record sellers in music history, having sold more than 250 million records worldwide in 14 languages, it is estimated that during his career he has offered more than 5000 concerts, having performed for over 60 million people on five continents. In April 2013 he was awarded in Beijing as the most popular international artist in China. In Brazil, Romania and others, Iglesias is the most successful foreign record seller, while in his home country, Spain, he has sold the most records in history, with 23 million records. During his career, Iglesias has won many awards in the music industry, including the Grammy, Latin Grammy, World Music Award, Billboard Music Award, American Music Award and Lo Nuestro Award.
He has been awarded the Gold Medal for Merit in the Fine Arts of Spain and the Legion of Honour of France. UNICEF named him Special Ambassador for the Performing Arts in 1989, he has been a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame since 1985. In April 2013, Iglesias was inducted into the Hall of Fame of Latin Composers. Iglesias was born in Madrid to Julio Iglesias Sr. a medical doctor from Ourense who became one of the youngest gynecologists in the country, María del Rosario de la Cueva y Perignat. Iglesias's paternal ancestry comes from Galicia, his paternal grandparents were named Manuela Puga Noguerol and Ulpiano Iglesias Sarria, his maternal grandparents were José de la Cueva y Orejuela, Dolores de Perignat y Ruiz de Benavides, a native of Guayama, Puerto Rico. The name "Iglesias" translates as "churches, he alternated playing professional football with studying law at the CEU San Pablo University in Madrid. In the earliest years of his young adulthood, he was a goalkeeper for Real Madrid Castilla in the Segunda División.
His professional football career was ruined when he was involved in a serious automobile accident, due to which he was unable to walk for two years. Afterwards, he said of those years, "I had more courage and attitude than talent." These were sorely tested when he was involved in that car crash—it smashed his lower spine. During his hospitalization after the accident, a nurse named Eladio Magdaleno gave him a guitar so that he could recover the dexterity of his hands. In learning to play, he discovered his musical talent. After his rehabilitation, Iglesias studied for three months at Bell Educational Trust's Language School in Cambridge, UK. After that, he went back to obtain his law degree at Complutense University of Madrid. In 1968, he won the Benidorm International Song Festival, a songwriter's event in Spain, with the song "La vida sigue igual", used in the film La vida sigue igual, about his own life. After this event he signed a deal with Discos Columbia, the Spanish branch of the Columbia Records company, released his first studio album, titled Yo Canto, or I Sing.
The album spent 15 weeks in the Spanish charts, peaked at #3. He represented Spain in the 1970 Eurovision Song Contest, finishing in fourth place behind Ireland's winning entry, performed by Dana, his entry was the song "Gwendolyne." Shortly after, he had a number one hit in many European countries with "Un Canto A Galicia," sung in Galician, in honour of his father, who hailed from Galicia. That single sold 1 million copies in Germany. In 1975, he found success in the Italian market by recording a song in Italian, called "Se mi lasci non vale," or "If You Leave Me, It Can't Be." Notable albums from this decade are A flor de piel, El amor, Soy. He sang in French. In 1979, he moved to Miami, Florida, in the United States, signed a deal with CBS International, started singing in different languages such as English, Portuguese and other languages to his music. Two years in 1981, he released the album De niña a mujer, which he dedicated to his daughter. From it came the first English-language hit of his career, a Spanish cover of "Begin the Beguine" which became number 1 in the United Kingdom.
In 1984, he released 1100 Bel Air Place, the hit album which established him as a star in the English-speaking entertainment industry. It sold over three million albums in the United States alone; the first single, "To All the Girls I've Loved Before," a duet with Willie Nelson, hit #1 on the Country charts and went Top Five in the Billboard Hot 100. It featured "All of You," in vocal duet with Diana Ross, a Top Twenty Pop hit, that climbed to #2 on the Adult Contemporary Chart with the help of a popular video. In 1984, he had recorded and released the mentioned duets with Diana Ross and Willie Nelson. Iglesias won a Grammy Award for Best Latin Pop Album in the 1988 Grammy Awards for the album Un hombre solo, he recorded a duet with Stevie Wonder, "My Love", in his Non Stop album, a crossover success in 1988. In the 1990s, Iglesias returned to h
Natalia Marisa Oreiro Iglesias is a Uruguayan singer and fashion designer. Oreiro began her career in telenovelas. Since 2008 she has switched to work in films. Oreiro has worked on social awareness shows and events for organizations like Greenpeace and UNICEF, the latter of which designated her as ambassador for Argentina and Uruguay in September 2011, she has been included in Esquire magazine's "The Sexiest Woman Alive Atlas" list. Natalia Oreiro, daughter of Carlos Florencio Oreiro Poggio and Mabel Cristina Iglesias Bourié, was born on 19 May 1977. Natalia at twelve started auditioning for advertisements. During her teens she appeared in more than 30 television commercials for such trade marks as Coca-Cola and Johnson & Johnson. At the age of 16 she moved to Argentina to unleash her ambition to be a star, she worked as an MTV VJ and in 1995, she landed a role in the soap opera Dulce Ana. She was cast in the TV series 90-60-90 modelos and next in Ricos y famosos. Next, she starred in the Argentinian film Un Argentino en New York.
After the movie, Natalia launched her first album, Natalia Oreiro and the single "Cambio Dolor" became the opening theme for her next acting project, the prime time show Muñeca Brava. For her performance in Muñeca Brava, Natalia was nominated twice for a Martín Fierro Award as best actress in a leading role. In 1998, Natalia Oreiro recorded the theme "Paths of the Soul" next to Kennedy Choir and with more than 120 Argentine artists under the direction of Instrumental pianist and conductor Nazareno Andorno. In January 2000, Natalia was named "Celebrity of the Century" by E! Entertainment Television, she became popular in Russia and Israel due to the success of Muñeca Brava in that country and was invited to star in a Russian telenovela. In Israel she performed many times on big stages and on many TV shows and won the best telenovela actress award and best theme song "Cambio Dolor" on "VIVA 2000" awards, And in 2002 the Israeli Cable TV had a live competition for finding the Israeli Natalia Oreiro, she was the honor guest of the evening.
She pursued her musical career with the next album Tu Veneno and presentations in Gala de la Hispanidad, Gala de Murcia and Festival de la Calle 8 in Miami. Her most important appearance was in the prestigious Latin television show Sábado Gigante Internacional, hosted by Don Francisco. Natalia's major achievement at this time was her music performance in Chile at Viña del Mar Festival 2000 for which she was crowned Queen of that event; the album scored a Latin Grammy nomination for Best Pop Female Vocal Album, but lost to Christina Aguilera's Mi Reflejo. On 1 June 2002, her third studio album. Turmalina was produced by Latin record producer Kike Santander and is a combination of rhythms such as rock and some sort of reminiscent of the 60's and 50's sounds. On this album, Oreiro write and composed the songs: "Alas De Libertad", inspired by kids she met some time ago in the city of Jujuy, Argentina. Natalia contributed to the lyrics of "Cayendo". "Que Digan Lo Que Quieran" is Turmalina's first single.
Official Uruguayan 2002 World Cup song "Pasión Celeste" is recorded with Fredy Bessio. "Cuesta arriba, cuesta abajo" was opening song of soap opera Kachorra. Kachorra ended with a rating lower than 20 points in Argentina. In March 2003 she started filming her second film Cleopatra together with Norma Aleandro, Leonardo Sbaraglia and Héctor Alterio, under the direction of Eduardo Mignogna, a co-production with Spain. In the middle of 2003, she started a tour for Latin America. On 1 March 2004 she started filming El Deseo. In 2006 she joined as the female boxer, Esperanza Munoz, the cast of the telenovela Sos mi vida along with her Muñeca brava co-star Facundo Arana, it was directed by Rodolfo Antúnez and Jorge Bechara and broadcast by Canal 13. It began broadcasting on 16 January 2006 and ended 9 January 2007. During its broadcast averaged 26.9 points overall rating, ended as the most watched Argentine television fiction until it was displaced by the 2009, telenovela Valientes. It was written by Ernesto Korovsky and Sebastian Parrotta, won four Martín Fierro Awards and three Clarín Awards.
On 30 April 2008, Oreiro starred in Amanda O, a series of internet television in Argentina and produced by Dori Media Group. It was the first soap opera made for the internet, was seen by 550,000 users over Novebox.com, from Argentina and Paraguay during its first season and beginning of the second. In 2008 she co-starred in the film Las vidas posibles, along with Germán Palacios and Ana Celentano and got nominated for a Silver Condor for best Supporting Actress. In 2009 she starred with Diego Peretti in Música en espera; the film sold 235,000 tickets. During the same year, she visited several international film festivals to present the film Francia directed by Adrián Caetano, including San Sebastian Film Festival among others. In 2010 she starred in the film Miss Tacuarembó, a musical comedy, co-produced by Uruguay and Spain. For her performance, she received the Iris award for the best actress. Oreiro participated in the soundtrack of the film, performing all the songs. During the same year, she presented Se dice de mí, a program that sought to raise awareness about women's rights.
During the first half of 2011, he starred with Daniel Hendler in My First Wedding, a film comedy directed by Ariel Winograd. In 2012 she started in Lynch, a s
Israel the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west and Egypt to the southwest; the country contains geographically diverse features within its small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition. Israel has evidence of the earliest migration of hominids out of Africa. Canaanite tribes are archaeologically attested since the Middle Bronze Age, while the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah emerged during the Iron Age; the Neo-Assyrian Empire destroyed Israel around 720 BCE. Judah was conquered by the Babylonian and Hellenistic empires and had existed as Jewish autonomous provinces.
The successful Maccabean Revolt led to an independent Hasmonean kingdom by 110 BCE, which in 63 BCE however became a client state of the Roman Republic that subsequently installed the Herodian dynasty in 37 BCE, in 6 CE created the Roman province of Judea. Judea lasted as a Roman province until the failed Jewish revolts resulted in widespread destruction, expulsion of Jewish population and the renaming of the region from Iudaea to Syria Palaestina. Jewish presence in the region has persisted to a certain extent over the centuries. In the 7th century CE, the Levant was taken from the Byzantine Empire by the Arabs and remained in Muslim control until the First Crusade of 1099, followed by the Ayyubid conquest of 1187; the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt extended its control over the Levant in the 13th century until its defeat by the Ottoman Empire in 1517. During the 19th century, national awakening among Jews led to the establishment of the Zionist movement in the diaspora followed by waves of immigration to Ottoman Syria and British Mandate Palestine.
In 1947, the United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Palestine recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states and an internationalized Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish Agency, rejected by Arab leaders; the following year, the Jewish Agency declared the independence of the State of Israel, the subsequent 1948 Arab–Israeli War saw Israel's establishment over most of the former Mandate territory, while the West Bank and Gaza were held by neighboring Arab states. Israel has since fought several wars with Arab countries, since the Six-Day War in 1967 held occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and the Gaza Strip, it extended its laws to the Golan East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank. Israel's occupation of the Palestinian territories is the world's longest military occupation in modern times. Efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in a final peace agreement. However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have been signed.
In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a democratic state. The country has a liberal democracy, with a parliamentary system, proportional representation, universal suffrage; the prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature. Israel is a developed country and an Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member, with the 32nd-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2017; the country benefits from a skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Israel has the highest standard of living in the Middle East, has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Furthermore, Israel ranked 11th in the UN's 2018 World Happiness Report. Upon independence in 1948, the country formally adopted the name "State of Israel" after other proposed historical and religious names including Eretz Israel and Judea, were considered but rejected.
In the early weeks of independence, the government chose the term "Israeli" to denote a citizen of Israel, with the formal announcement made by Minister of Foreign Affairs Moshe Sharett. The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have been used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel and the entire Jewish people respectively; the name "Israel" in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, according to the Hebrew Bible, was given the name after he wrestled with the angel of the Lord. Jacob's twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. Jacob and his sons had lived in Canaan but were forced by famine to go into Egypt for four generations, lasting 430 years, until Moses, a great-great grandson of Jacob, led the Israelites back into Canaan during the "Exodus"; the earliest known archaeological artifact to mention the word "Israel" as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt. The area is known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity and the Bahá'í Faith.
Under British Mandate, the whole region was known as Palestine (Hebre
Cynthia Ann Stephanie Lauper is an American singer, songwriter and activist. Her career has spanned over 40 years, her album She's So Unusual was the first debut album by a female artist to achieve four top-five hits on the Billboard Hot 100—"Girls Just Want to Have Fun", "Time After Time", "She Bop", "All Through the Night"—and earned Lauper the Best New Artist award at the 27th Grammy Awards in 1985. Her success continued with the soundtrack for the motion picture The Goonies and her second record True Colors; this album included the number one single "True Colors" and "Change of Heart", which peaked at number three. Since 1989, Lauper has participated in many other projects. In 2010, Memphis Blues, became Billboard's most successful blues album of the year, remaining at number one on the Billboard Blues Albums chart for 13 consecutive weeks. In 2013, Lauper won the Tony Award for best original score for composing the Broadway musical Kinky Boots, making her the first woman to win the category by herself.
The musical was awarded five other Tonys including Tony Award for Best New Musical. In 2014, Lauper was awarded the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album for the cast recording. In 2016, the West End production won Best New Musical at the Olivier Awards Lauper has sold over 50 million albums and 20 million singles, she has won awards at the Grammys, Tonys, the New York's Outer Critics Circle, MTV Video Music Awards, Billboard Awards, American Music Awards. An inductee into both the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Hollywood Walk of Fame, Lauper is one of the few singers to win three of the four major American entertainment awards. Lauper won the inaugural Best Female Video prize at the 1984 VMAs for "Girls Just Want to Have Fun"; this music video is recognized by MTV, VH1 and Rolling Stone as one of the greatest music videos of the era. She is featured in the Roll Hall of Fame Museum's Women Who Rock exhibit, her debut album is included in Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, while "Time After Time" is included in VH1's list of the 100 Best Songs of the Past 25 years.
VH1 has ranked Lauper No. 58 of the 100 Greatest Women of Roll. Lauper is known for both her distinctive image featuring a variety of hair colors, eccentric clothing and is known for her powerful and distinctive four-octave singing range. Lauper has been celebrated for her humanitarian work as an advocate for LGBT rights in the United States, her charitable efforts were acknowledged in 2013 when she was invited as a special guest to attend U. S. President Barack Obama's second-term inauguration. Lauper was born in New York City to a Catholic family, her father, was of German and Swiss descent. Her mother, Catrine, is Italian American. Lauper's siblings are younger brother Fred, older sister, Ellen. Lauper's parents divorced, her mother divorced again. Lauper grew up in the Ozone Park neighborhood of Queens and, as a child, listened to such artists as The Beatles and Judy Garland. At age 12, she began playing an acoustic guitar given to her by her sister. Lauper expressed herself with a variety of hair colors, eccentric clothing and took a friend's advice to spell her name as "Cyndi" rather than "Cindy" and her unconventional sense of style led to classmates bullying her, with some cruel children throwing stones at her.
Lauper went to Richmond Hill High School, but was expelled, although she earned her GED. She left home at 17, intending to study art, her journey took her to Canada, where she spent two weeks in the woods with her dog Sparkle, trying to find herself. She traveled to Vermont, where she took art classes at Johnson State College and supported herself working odd jobs. In the early 1970s, Lauper performed as a vocalist with various cover bands. One, called Doc West, covered disco songs as well as Janis Joplin. A band, was active in the New York metropolitan area, singing hits by bands including Bad Company, Jefferson Airplane and Led Zeppelin. Although Lauper was performing on stage, she was not happy. In 1977, Lauper took a year off from singing, she was told by doctors that she would never sing again, but regained her voice with the help of vocal coach Katie Agresta. In 1978, Lauper met saxophone player John Turi through her manager Ted Rosenblatt. Turi and Lauper formed a band recorded a demo tape of original music.
Steve Massarsky, manager of The Allman Brothers Band, liked Lauper's voice. He became their manager. Lauper received recording offers as a solo artist, but held out, wanting the band to be included in any deal she made. Blue Angel was signed by Polydor Records and released a self-titled album on the label in 1980. Lauper hated the album cover, saying that it made her look like Big Bird, but Rolling Stone magazine included it as one of the 100 best new wave album covers. Despite critical acclaim, the album sold poorly and the band broke up; the members of Blue Angel fired him as their manager. He filed an $80,000 suit against them, which forced Lauper into bankruptcy. After this Lauper temporarily lost her voice due to an inverted cyst in her vocal cord. After Blue Angel broke up, Lauper spent time, due to her financial problems, working in retail stores, waitressing at IHOP (which she quit after being demoted to hostess when the manager sexually harassed he
Alicia Augello Cook, known professionally as Alicia Keys, is an American singer-songwriter, record producer and philanthropist. A classically-trained pianist, Keys was composing songs by age 12 and was signed at 15 years old by Columbia Records. After disputes with the label, she signed with Arista Records, released her debut album, Songs in A Minor, with J Records in 2001; the album was critically and commercially successful, producing her first Billboard Hot 100 number-one single "Fallin'" and selling over 12 million copies worldwide. The album earned Keys five Grammy Awards in 2002, her second album, The Diary of Alicia Keys, was a critical and commercial success, spawning successful singles "You Don't Know My Name", "If I Ain't Got You", "Diary", selling eight million copies worldwide. The album garnered her an additional four Grammy Awards, her duet "My Boo" with Usher became her second number-one single in 2004. Keys released her first live album and became the first woman to have an MTV Unplugged album debut at number one.
Her third album, As I Am, produced the Hot 100 number-one single "No One", selling 5 million copies worldwide and earning an additional three Grammy Awards. In 2007, Keys made her film debut in the action-thriller film Smokin' Aces. She, along with Jack White, recorded "Another Way To Die", her fourth album, The Element of Freedom, became her first chart-topping album in the UK, sold 4 million copies worldwide. In 2009, Keys collaborated with Jay Z on "Empire State of Mind", which became her fourth number-one single and won the Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. Girl on Fire was her fifth Billboard 200 topping album, spawning the successful title track, won the Grammy Award for Best R&B Album. In 2013, VH1 Storytellers was released as her second live album, her sixth studio album, became her seventh US R&B/Hip-Hop chart topping album. Keys has received numerous accolades throughout her career, including 15 competitive Grammy Awards, 17 NAACP Image Awards, 12 ASCAP Awards, an award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame and National Music Publishers Association.
She has sold over 65 million records worldwide. Considered a musical icon, Keys was named by Billboard the top R&B artist of the 2000s decade and placed number 10 on their list of Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years. VH1 included her on their 100 Greatest Artists of All Time and 100 Greatest Women in Music lists, while Time has named her in their 100 list of most influential people in 2005 and 2017. Keys is acclaimed for her humanitarian work and activism, she co-founded and is the Global Ambassador of the nonprofit HIV/AIDS-fighting organization Keep a Child Alive. Alicia Augello Cook was born on January 25, 1981, in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of New York City's Manhattan borough, she is the only child of Teresa, a paralegal and part-time actress, one of three children of Craig Cook, a flight attendant. Keys' father is African her mother is of Sicilian and either Scottish or Irish descent. Named after her Puerto Rican godmother, Keys expressed that she was comfortable with her multiracial heritage because she felt she was able to "relate to different cultures".
Keys' father left when she was two and she was subsequently raised by her mother during her formative years in Hell's Kitchen. Keys said her parents never had a relationship, her father was not in her life. Although she did not like to speak about her father in order to not feed stereotypes, Keys remarked in 2001: "I'm not in contact with him. That's fine; when I was younger, I minded about that. Made me angry, but it helped show me what a strong woman my mother was, made me want to be strong like her. It was better for me this way." Keys and her mother lived in a one-room apartment. Her mother worked three jobs to provide for Keys, who "learned how to survive" from her mother's example of tenacity and self-reliance. From a young age, Keys struggled with self-esteem issues, "hiding" little by little when her differences made her vulnerable to judgement, uninvited sexual attention. Living in the rough neighborhood of Hell's Kitchen, she was, from an early age exposed to street violence, drugs and subjected to sexual propositions in the sex trade- and crime-riddled area.
"I saw a variety of people growing up, lifestyles and highs. I think it makes you realise right away what you want and what you don't want", Keys said. Keys recalled feeling fearful early on of the "animal instinct" she witnessed, feeling "high" due to recurrent harassment, her experiences in the streets had led her to carry a homemade knife for protection. She became wary guarded, she began wearing gender-neutral clothing and what would become her trademark cornrows. Keys explained that she is grateful for growing up where she did as it prepared her for the parallels in the music industry as she was a teenager starting out, she credits her "tough" mother for anchoring her on a right path as opposed to many people she knew who ended up on the wrong path and in jail. Keys attributed her unusual maturity as a young girl to her mother, who depended on her to be responsible while she worked to provide for them and give Keys as many opportunities as possible. Keys loved singing from early childhood.
She recalled her mother playing jazz records of artists like Thelonious Monk, Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong on Sunday mornings, early musical moments Keys considers i
Yugoslavia national basketball team
The SFR Yugoslavian national basketball team represented Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1943 until 1992 in international basketball matches and was controlled by the Basketball Federation of Yugoslavia. After the World War II, the team improved their rankings and came to be one of dominant forces of the world basketball in the 1970s and the 1980s, along with the United States and Soviet Union, capturing 5 Olympic medals and 8 World Cups, 13 medals in total, along with another 13 on continental level. After the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, national teams of the successor countries Serbia and Montenegro/Serbia, continued the strong performance in international competitions. Ten FIBA Hall of Fame members emerged from the Yugoslavian national team: Krešimir Ćosić, Dražen Dalipagić, Ivo Daneu, Mirza Delibašić, Vlade Divac, Dragan Kićanović, Radivoj Korać, Toni Kukoč, Dražen Petrović and Zoran Slavnić. At the Summer Olympic Games, Yugoslavia captured one gold medal, took the silver medal on three occasions and captured the bronze medal once.
At the FIBA World Cup, Yugoslavia captured three gold medals, three silver medals and two bronze medals. At the EuroBasket, Yugoslavia captured the gold medal five times, were silver medalists on five occasions, captured the bronze medal four times. FIBA World Cup MVP Ivo Daneu – 1967 Ljubodrag Simonović – 1971 Dragan Kićanović – 1974 Dražen Dalipagić – 1978 Dražen Petrović – 1986 Toni Kukoč – 1990 FIBA EuroBasket MVP Radivoj Korać – 1961 Krešimir Ćosić – 1971, 1975 Dražen Dalipagić – 1977 Dražen Petrović – 1989 Toni Kukoč – 1991 FIBA World Cup All-Tournament Team Radivoj Korać – 1967 Ivo Daneu – 1967 Krešimir Ćosić – 1970, 1978 Vinko Jelovac – 1974 Dražen Dalipagić – 1978 Dragan Kićanović – 1978, 1982 Dražen Petrović – 1986 Vlade Divac – 1990 Toni Kukoč – 1990 FIBA EuroBasket All-Tournament Team Krešimir Ćosić – 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1979 Ivo Daneu – 1969 Dražen Dalipagić – 1975, 1977, 1981 Dragan Kićanović – 1979, 1981 Dražen Petrović – 1985, 1989 Žarko Paspalj – 1989 Dino Rađa – 1989 Vlade Divac – 1991 Toni Kukoč – 1991 Yugoslavia made its European championship debut in EuroBasket 1947, the fifth edition of the tournament.
The team placed 13th out of 14 teams in the competition, losing to the Soviet Union and Hungary in the preliminary round, beating the Netherlands but losing to Italy in the semifinal round, defeating Albania in the 13th/14th classification match. Yugoslavia's second appearance was at EuroBasket 1953 in Moscow, they dropped an early 27–25 decision against Bulgaria but finished at 3–1 in their preliminary group. In the three-way tie-breaker with Bulgaria and Israel, Yugoslavia ended up in second place to advance to the final round. There, they lost 4 to take 6th place overall in the 17-team tournament. Yugoslavia again advanced to the final round at EuroBasket 1955 in Budapest, this time in sole second place with a 3–1 record in the preliminary round pool, their final round performance was riddled with 6 losses in 7 games, but did include the high point of a 52–49 victory over eventual silver medallist Czechoslovakia on Yugoslavia's way to an 8th-place finish of the 18 entrants. Yugoslavia's appearance at the EuroBasket 1957 tournament in Sofia resulted in a 2–1 record for the preliminary round and advancement to the final round robin.
There, they proved capable of two wins, defeating Poland and France to finish at 2–5 for 6th place in the tournament. The Yugoslav national team of the late 1980s and early 1990s featured what was the greatest generation in the history of Yugoslav basketball. A common quip about basketball is: "The Americans invented it, the Yugoslavs perfected it." With such players as Dražen Petrović, Vlade Divac, Toni Kukoč, Dino Rađa, Predrag Danilović, Žarko Paspalj and Jure Zdovc the country was responsible for a wave of international NBA players in the 1990s. Many of the former Yugoslav players of this era were a part of the under-21 national team that won the FIBA World Junior Championships in 1987, defeating the U. S. both in the final. The 1991 team is regarded by Antonello Riva as the best team in European history. For 1992 onwards, as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: see Serbia and Montenegro national basketball team 1947–1950 – Stevica Čolović 1950–1953 – Nebojša Popović 1954–1965 – Aleksandar Nikolić 1965–1972 – Ranko Žeravica 1973–1976 – Mirko Novosel 1977–1978 – Aleksandar Nikolić 1979 – Petar Skansi 1980 – Ranko Žeravica 1981 – Bogdan Tanjević 1982 – Ranko Žeravica 1983 – Josip Gjergja 1984 – Mirko Novosel 1985–1987 – Krešimir Ćosić 1988–1991 – Dušan Ivković After the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia in 1991, five new countries were created: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, FR Yugoslavia and Slovenia.
In 2006, Montenegro became an independent nation and Serbia became the legal successor of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2008, Kosovo declared independence from Serbia and became a FIBA member in 2015. Here is a list of men's national teams on the SFR Yugoslavia area: Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia North Macedonia Serbia and Montenegro Montenegro Serbia Kosovo Slovenia None of these teams is an inheritor of the results the SFR Yugoslavia national basketball team had accomplished. After the breakup of Yugoslavia in
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each. Each player uses a tennis racket, strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court; the object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player, unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will. Tennis is played at all levels of society and at all ages; the sport can be played by anyone. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis, it had close connections both to various field games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport today called real tennis. During most of the 19th century, in fact, the term tennis referred to real tennis, not lawn tennis; the rules of modern tennis have changed little since the 1890s. Two exceptions are that from 1908 to 1961 the server had to keep one foot on the ground at all times, the adoption of the tiebreak in the 1970s.
A recent addition to professional tennis has been the adoption of electronic review technology coupled with a point-challenge system, which allows a player to contest the line call of a point, a system known as Hawk-Eye. Tennis is played by millions of recreational players and is a popular worldwide spectator sport; the four Grand Slam tournaments are popular: the Australian Open played on hard courts, the French Open played on red clay courts, Wimbledon played on grass courts, the US Open played on hard courts. Historians believe that the game's ancient origin lay in 12th century northern France, where a ball was struck with the palm of the hand. Louis X of France was a keen player of jeu de paume, which evolved into real tennis, became notable as the first person to construct indoor tennis courts in the modern style. Louis was unhappy with playing tennis outdoors and accordingly had indoor, enclosed courts made in Paris "around the end of the 13th century". In due course this design spread across royal palaces all over Europe.
In June 1316 at Vincennes, Val-de-Marne and following a exhausting game, Louis drank a large quantity of cooled wine and subsequently died of either pneumonia or pleurisy, although there was suspicion of poisoning. Because of the contemporary accounts of his death, Louis X is history's first tennis player known by name. Another of the early enthusiasts of the game was King Charles V of France, who had a court set up at the Louvre Palace, it wasn't until the 16th century that rackets came into use, the game began to be called "tennis", from the French term tenez, which can be translated as "hold!", "receive!" or "take!", an interjection used as a call from the server to his opponent. It was popular in England and France, although the game was only played indoors where the ball could be hit off the wall. Henry VIII of England was a big fan of this game, now known as real tennis. During the 18th and early 19th centuries, as real tennis declined, new racket sports emerged in England. Further, the patenting of the first lawn mower in 1830, in Britain, is believed to have been the catalyst, for the preparation of modern-style grass courts, sporting ovals, playing fields, greens, etc.
This in turn led to the codification of modern rules for many sports, including lawn tennis, most football codes, lawn bowls and others. Between 1859 and 1865 Harry Gem, a solicitor and his friend Augurio Perera developed a game that combined elements of racquets and the Basque ball game pelota, which they played on Perera's croquet lawn in Birmingham, United Kingdom. In 1872, along with two local doctors, they founded the world's first tennis club on Avenue Road, Leamington Spa; this is. After Leamington, the second club to take up the game of lawn tennis appears to have been the Edgbaston Archery and Croquet Society in Birmingham. In Tennis: A Cultural History, Heiner Gillmeister reveals that on December 8, 1874, British army officer Walter Clopton Wingfield wrote to Harry Gem, commenting that he had been experimenting with his version of lawn tennis “for a year and a half”. In December 1873, Wingfield designed and patented a game which he called sphairistikè, was soon known as "sticky" – for the amusement of guests at a garden party on his friend's estate of Nantclwyd Hall, in Llanelidan, Wales.
According to R. D. C. Evans, turfgrass agronomist, "Sports historians all agree that deserves much of the credit for the development of modern tennis." According to Honor Godfrey, museum curator at Wimbledon, Wingfield "popularized this game enormously. He produced a boxed set which included a net, rackets, balls for playing the game – and most you had his rules, he was terrific at marketing and he sent his game all over the world. He had good connections with the clergy, the law profession, the aristocracy and he sent thousands of sets out in the first year or so, in 1874." The world's oldest annual tennis tournament took place at Leamington Lawn Tennis Club in Birmingham in 1874. This was three years before the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club would hold its first championships at Wimbledon, in 1877; the first Championships culminated a significant debate on. In the U. S. in 1874 Mary Ewing Outerbridge, a young socialite, returned from Bermuda with a sphairistikè set. She became fascin