Mercedes-Benz in Formula One

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Coordinates: 52°01′19″N 1°08′42″W / 52.021964°N 1.144899°W / 52.021964; -1.144899

Germany Mercedes
Mercedes AMG F1 logo.png
Full name Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport
Base Brackley, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom[1]
Team principal(s) Niki Lauda
(Non-Executive chairman)
Toto Wolff
(Head of Motorsport)
Andy Cowell
(MD, Powertrains)
Technical Director James Allison
Previous name Brawn GP
2017 FIA Formula One World Championship
Race drivers 44. United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[2]
77. Finland Valtteri Bottas[3]
Test drivers United Kingdom George Russell
Chassis F1 W08 EQ Power+[4]
Engine Mercedes-AMG F1 M08 EQ Power+[4][5]
Tyres Pirelli
Formula One World Championship career
First entry 1954 French Grand Prix
Latest entry 2017 Japanese Grand Prix
Races entered 164
3 (2014, 2015, 2016)
5 (1954, 1955, 2014, 2015, 2016)
Race victories 74
Pole positions 85
Fastest laps 55
2016 position 1st (765 pts)

Mercedes-Benz is currently involved in Formula One as the owners of Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport, a Formula One chassis team, based in Brackley, United Kingdom, using a German licence, and of Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains, a Formula One engine manufacturer, based in Brixworth, United Kingdom. Mercedes-Benz had competed in the pre-war European Championship winning three titles and debuted in Formula One in 1954, running a team for two years, the team is also known by their nickname, the "Silver Arrows".

After winning their first race at the 1954 French Grand Prix, driver Juan Manuel Fangio won another three Grands Prix to win the 1954 Drivers' Championship and repeated this success in 1955. Despite winning two Drivers' Championships, Mercedes-Benz withdrew from motor racing in response to the 1955 Le Mans disaster and did not return to Formula One until rejoining as an engine supplier in association with Ilmor in 1994.

Mercedes-Benz returned as an engine supplier in 1994 in a partnership with Ilmor, a British independent high-performance autosport engineering company later acquired by Mercedes; in addition to its factory team, Mercedes currently supplies engines to Force India and Williams. The manufacturer has collected more than 100 wins as engine supplier and is ranked fourth in Formula One history. Five Constructors' and seven Drivers' Championships have been won with Mercedes-Benz engines, particularly through a successful 20-year long partnership with McLaren.

Mercedes has become one of the most successful teams in recent Formula One history, having achieved consecutive Drivers' and Constructors' Championships from 2014 to 2016; in 2014, Mercedes managed 11 one-two finishes beating McLaren's 1988 record of 10. The record was extended the following year with 12 one-two finishes. Mercedes also collected 16 victories in 2014 and 2015 apiece breaking McLaren (1988) and Ferrari's (2002, 2004) record of 15; in 2016, they extended this record with 19 wins.


Silver Arrows (1930s)[edit]

Mercedes-Benz formerly competed in Grand Prix motor racing in the 1930s, when the Silver Arrows dominated the races alongside rivals Auto Union. Both teams were heavily funded by the Nazi regime, winning all European Grand Prix Championships after 1932, of which Rudolf Caracciola won three for Mercedes-Benz.[6]

Juan Manuel Fangio at the wheel of the W196 at the Nürburgring during the 1954 German Grand Prix

Daimler-Benz AG (1954–1955)[edit]

In 1954, Mercedes-Benz returned to what was now known as Formula One (a World Championship having been established in 1950) under the leadership of Alfred Neubauer, using the technologically advanced Mercedes-Benz W196,[7] the car was run in both the conventional open-wheeled configuration and a streamlined form, which featured covered wheels and wider bodywork. Juan Manuel Fangio, the 1951 champion, transferred mid-season from Maserati to Mercedes-Benz for their debut at the French Grand Prix on 4 July 1954. The team had immediate success and recorded a 1–2 victory with Fangio and Karl Kling, as well as the fastest lap (Hans Herrmann). Fangio went on to win three more races in 1954, winning the championship.

The success continued into the 1955 season, with Mercedes-Benz developing the W196 throughout the year. Mercedes-Benz again dominated the season,[7] with Fangio taking four races, and his new teammate Stirling Moss winning the British Grand Prix. Fangio and Moss finished first and second in that year's championship, the 1955 disaster at the 24 Hours of Le Mans on 11 June, which killed Mercedes-Benz sportscar driver Pierre Levegh and more than 80 spectators led to the cancellations of the French, German, Spanish, and Swiss Grands Prix.[8] At the end of the season, the team withdrew from motor sport, including Formula One.[7]

Mercedes as an engine supplier (1994–present)[edit]

Mercedes-Benz returned as an engine supplier in 1994 in a partnership with Ilmor, a British independent high-performance autosport engineering company with manufacturing based in Brixworth, Northamptonshire, after acquisition by Mercedes, the company is now called Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains. It supplied Sauber for one season, then switched to McLaren in 1995 for a highly successful 20-year partnership. In 2009, Mercedes also became suppliers of Brawn GP (later acquired to become the Mercedes F1 team) and Force India. A fourth team was added to the supplying program in 2014, Williams, the 20-year long partnership with McLaren ended in advance of the 2015 season. At this time, Mercedes supplied engines to the Lotus F1 team for one season, before switching to Manor in 2016.

The manufacturer has collected more than 100 wins as engine supplier and is ranked fourth in Formula One history. Five Constructors' and seven Drivers' Championships have been won with Mercedes-Benz engines.

Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport (2010–present)[edit]

Mercedes-Benz returned to Formula One for the 2010 season after buying a minority stake (45.1%) in the Brawn GP team with Aabar Investments purchasing 30% on 16 November 2009,[9][10] with Ross Brawn continuing his duties as team principal and the team retaining its base and workforce in Brackley, close to the Mercedes-Benz Formula One engine plant (formerly Ilmor Engineering) in Brixworth.[10] Following the purchase of the team, as well as a sponsorship deal with Petronas,[11] the team was rebranded as Mercedes GP Petronas Formula One Team.[12] The team has a complex history; it can be traced back to Tyrrell Racing, who competed as a constructor from 1970 until 1998, until being bought by British American Tobacco to become British American Racing in 1999. BAR, who had formed a partnership with Honda, eventually became Honda Racing F1 Team in 2006 when BAT withdrew from the sport, it again changed hands in 2008, when Honda withdrew, and was purchased by the team's management, naming it Brawn GP after team principal Ross Brawn.[13] Brawn used engines from Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines, and despite running on a low budget, Jenson Button won six of the first seven races and ultimately the 2009 Drivers' Championship, while Brawn won the Constructors' Championship. It was the first time in the sport's sixty-year history that a team won both titles in its maiden season.

Nico Rosberg scored Mercedes-Benz's first podium finish as a works team since 1955 at the 2010 Malaysian Grand Prix

The team hired German drivers Nico Rosberg, seven-times world champion Michael Schumacher,[14] who returned to Formula One after a three-year absence, and Nick Heidfeld as the test and reserve driver. Of Brawn's 2009 drivers, Jenson Button signed for McLaren, whilst Rubens Barrichello moved to Rosberg's former seat with Williams team for 2010. With the acquisition of Brawn, the team ended its involvement with McLaren, parent company Daimler AG sold back the 40% shareholding in the McLaren Group,[10] while continuing to supply engines to the team.[15]

The team's performance during 2010 was not so competitive as under Brawn, with the team behind the leading three teams of Ferrari, McLaren, and Red Bull. Their best results came from Rosberg finishing on the podium three times, scoring third places at Sepang, Shanghai, and Silverstone. Rosberg eventually finished in seventh place, but Schumacher had a disappointing return, being beaten by his teammate and finishing the season without a single race win, podium, pole position, or fastest lap for the first time since his début season in 1991, he also was involved in a controversy in Hungary after nearly squeezing former Ferrari teammate Rubens Barrichello into the wall at 180 mph (290 km/h). Ultimately, the team finished fourth in the Constructors' Championship, with 214 points.

Prior to the 2011 season, Daimler and Aabar purchased the remaining 24.9% stake owned by the team management in February 2011.[16] Using the new MGP W02, the Australian Grand Prix ended when Schumacher and Rosberg both retired due to crash damage on laps 19 and 22 respectively; in Malaysia, Rosberg qualified ninth and Schumacher again failed to make Q3, qualifying eleventh. Schumacher scored the team's first points of the season with a ninth-place finish, whereas Rosberg had a quiet race and finished twelfth; in China, Rosberg and Schumacher showed strong form, with Rosberg finishing fifth as well as leading fourteen laps during the race, while Schumacher ended the race in eighth place. Rosberg added another fifth place in Turkey, while in Spain, Schumacher finished in sixth place, ahead of Rosberg.

After a pointless Monaco Grand Prix, Schumacher equalled his best finish for the team in Canada, finishing fourth after running as high as second; in Valencia, Rosberg finished seventh, and Schumacher seventeenth, after contact with Vitaly Petrov. Rosberg and Schumacher both finished in the points at the following two races in Great Britain and Germany. Gearbox issues stopped Schumacher from scoring at the Hungarian Grand Prix, but Rosberg managed to finish in ninth place, at the Belgian Grand Prix, Schumacher moved from the back of the grid – after losing a wheel in qualifying – to finish fifth, while Rosberg finished sixth, having led the race in its early stages. Again, the team finished fourth in the Constructors' Championship just as in 2010, with 165 points with no wins, podiums, or poles.

Michael Schumacher at the 2012 Monaco Grand Prix

For 2012, the team removed the GP from their name and added the name of AMG, the high performance division of Mercedes-Benz, to their title, the team will be known as Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team. At the start of the season the team was the subject of protest over the use of a "radical" rear wing concept on the Mercedes F1 W03,[17] which was not settled until the third race in China when the stewards unanimously rejected the protest.[18]

At the third race of the season in China, Rosberg took the team's first pole position as a works team since Fangio in 1955; Schumacher finished the session third, but moved up to second after a grid penalty for Lewis Hamilton. The team secured its first win in 57 years when Nico Rosberg finished first in the 2012 Chinese Grand Prix; in addition to that, Rosberg became the first German driver to win a Grand Prix driving a German vehicle since Hermann Lang's victory at the 1939 Swiss Grand Prix.

On 28 September 2012, it was announced that McLaren driver Lewis Hamilton would join the team from the 2013 season onwards, having signed a three-year deal to partner Nico Rosberg in the team.[19] On 26 May 2013 Nico Rosberg capitalised on a pole position to award the team its first win of 2013 at the Monaco Grand Prix. Mercedes then went on to take third place in the Canadian Grand Prix courtesy of Hamilton, followed by another win for Rosberg at the British Grand Prix after the team took 1–2 in qualifying, the team then celebrated their third win of the season after Hamilton took his first victory for the team at the Hungarian Grand Prix, resulting in second place ahead of Ferrari in the Constructors' Championship.

Hamilton and Rosberg at the 2016 Monaco Grand Prix

Both drivers were retained for 2014. Rosberg won the first race of the season in Australia, then in Malaysia, Hamilton completed a grand slam –leading every lap from pole position, with the fastest race lap –while Rosberg completed a 1–2 finish for the team; it ended Hamilton's nine race streak without a podium finish, and was the first 1–2 finish by Mercedes-Benz as a works team since the 1955 Italian Grand Prix. The team repeated the result at the Bahrain, the Chinese, and the Spanish Grands Prix, while Rosberg and Hamilton finished 1–2 respectively at the Monaco and Austrian Grands Prix. At the German Grand Prix, Rosberg became the first German driver driving a German vehicle to win the German Grand Prix since it was achieved by Rudolf Caracciola and Mercedes-Benz at the 1939 German Grand Prix. At the Russian Grand Prix the team won their first Constructors' Championship as a works team. Hamilton won the last race of the season, held in Abu Dhabi, he finished the season 67 points ahead of Rosberg, clinching the World Drivers' Championship.[20] The team finished the 2014 season 296 points ahead of their closest rival Red Bull Racing in the Constructors' World Championship standings, with 18 pole positions, 16 wins and 11 1-2's out of 19 races, Mercedes dominated this first year of the V6 turbo era. For their 16 race victories, the average winning margin to the nearest non-Mercedes competitor was 23.2 seconds.[21]

For the 2015 season, the team retained both Hamilton and Rosberg,[22] at the 2015 Russian Grand Prix the team won their second Constructors' Championship as a works team[23] and Hamilton won his second consecutive Drivers' Title at the 2015 United States Grand Prix, finishing 59 points ahead of Rosberg. Mercedes continued their domination in this second year of the V6 turbo era, improving on their impressive numbers from 2014 with 18 pole positions, 16 wins and 12 1-2's in 19 races. Of their 16 race victories, the average winning margin to the nearest non-Mercedes competitor was 19.7 seconds, down from 23.2 seconds in 2014.[24]

In the 2016 season, Mercedes won the Constructors' Championship for the third consecutive season, winning 19 of the 21 races held.[25] Rosberg won his only Drivers' Championship, finishing 5 points ahead of Hamilton, before announcing his retirement shortly after winning the title.[26]

On 16 January 2017, Valtteri Bottas was announced as Rosberg's replacement for the 2017 season[3] and British GP3 driver George Russell was incorporated into the junior team.[27]

Junior Team[edit]

As of 22 January 2017, there are three young drivers linked to Mercedes F1:

Driver Years Current Series Titles
Germany Pascal Wehrlein 2014–17 Formula One DTM
ADAC Formel Masters
France Esteban Ocon 2015–17 Formula One GP3 Series
FIA European Formula 3 Championship
United Kingdom George Russell[28] 2017 GP3 Series BRDC Formula 4 Championship


In December 2009, the team suffered an early setback when it was discovered that a planned £80m sponsorship arrangement that had been signed by Brawn with Henkel in July was invalid.[29] Henkel claimed they were unaware of the deal and had no interest in Formula One; the deal allegedly was made by a former Henkel employee on stolen company stationery for the purposes of defrauding the company. On 22 December, Henkel announced that the dispute with the team had been resolved with a mutual agreement and that legal action would not be pursued, although the team would work with the German prosecutor's office to clarify the matter.[30]

On 21 December, the team confirmed that the number one Malaysian oil supplier Petronas would join the team as title sponsor. Petronas were based in Kuala Lumpur where the Sepang International Circuit (SIC) is located.[31] From 2010 the team competed under the full title of Mercedes GP Petronas Formula One Team.[32] According to some reports,[33] the arrangement is valued at €30m each year.

On 25 January 2010, the team's livery was unveiled publicly at the Mercedes-Benz museum in Stuttgart,[34] with Schumacher and Rosberg in attendance,[35] the cars race in the traditional silver colours of Mercedes-Benz and retains Brawn GP sponsor MIGfx. In 2013, the team signed a multi-year deal with mobile company BlackBerry which ended after the 2015 season, the team also had other major partners such as Monster Energy, Puma, Swissquote (till 2014). Qualcomm, UBS, Epson, Bose & Hugo Boss were added as sponsors in 2015, while Wihuri joined Mercedes together with Bottas in 2017. Before the 2017 Bahrain Grand Prix, Mercedes added software company Tibco as one of their partners.

Racing record[edit]

(Bold indicates championships won.)

Year Name Car Engine Tyres No. Drivers Points WCC
1954 Germany Daimler-Benz AG W196 M196 2.5 L8 C N/A[N 1] Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
West Germany Hans Herrmann
West Germany Karl Kling
West Germany Hermann Lang
N/A[N 2]
1955 Germany Daimler-Benz AG W196 M196 2.5 L8 C N/A[N 1] Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
West Germany Hans Herrmann
West Germany Karl Kling
United Kingdom Stirling Moss
France André Simon
Italy Piero Taruffi
N/A[N 2]
1956 – 2009: Mercedes-Benz did not compete.
2010 Germany Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team MGP W01 FO 108X 2.4 V8 B 3.
Germany Michael Schumacher
Germany Nico Rosberg
214 4th
2011 Germany Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team MGP W02 FO 108Y 2.4 V8 P 7.
Germany Michael Schumacher
Germany Nico Rosberg
165 4th
2012 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W03 FO 108Z 2.4 V8 P 7.
Germany Michael Schumacher
Germany Nico Rosberg
142 5th
2013 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W04 FO 108F 2.4 V8 P 9.
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
360 2nd
2014 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W05 Hybrid PU106A Hybrid 1.6 V6 t P 6.
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
701 1st
2015 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W06 Hybrid PU106B Hybrid 1.6 V6 t P 6.
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
703 1st
2016 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W07 Hybrid PU106C Hybrid 1.6 V6 t P 6.
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
765 1st
2017 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport F1 W08 EQ Power+ M08 EQ Power+ 1.6 V6 t P 44.
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Valtteri Bottas
540* 1st*

* Season still in progress.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Individual driver numbers were not allocated at the time, as numbers differed by event.
  2. ^ a b The Constructors' Championship was not awarded until the 1958 season.


  1. ^ "Brackley". Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Parkes, Ian (20 May 2015). "Lewis Hamilton and Mercedes announce three-year new F1 deal". Haymarket Publications. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Bottas to Mercedes, Massa to re-join Williams". Formula One World Championship Ltd. 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport launches W08 EQ Power+". Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Mercedes-AMG F1 M08 EQ Power+ Technical Specification". Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "De geschiedenis van Mercedes-Benz in de Grand Prix-racerij". 20 November 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c "Mercedes-Benz profile". Inside F1. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Lang, Mike (1981). Grand Prix! Vol 1. Haynes Publishing Group. p. 82. ISBN 0-85429-276-4. 
  9. ^ Straw, Edd (16 November 2009). "Mercedes takes over Brawn". Haymarket Media. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  10. ^ a b c "Mercedes-Benz to take over Brawn GP". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  11. ^ "February debut, Petronas backing for Mercedes". Formula One Administration. 21 December 2009. Archived from the original on 24 December 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  12. ^ "Mercedes takes over Brawn F1 team". BBC News. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  13. ^ "F1 Teams: Brawn GP". F1 Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  14. ^ "Michael Schumacher signs up for F1 return with Mercedes". BBC Sport. BBC. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  15. ^ Benson, Andrew (16 November 2009). "Mercedes takes over Brawn F1 team". BBC News. Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  16. ^ Noble, Jonathan (28 February 2011). "Daimler completes team takeover". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  17. ^ Noble, Jonathan (15 March 2012). "Mercedes F1 team's rear wing concept deemed legal by FIA". Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  18. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (12 April 2012). "Lotus protest against Mercedes wing rejected by FIA". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  19. ^ Benson, Andrew (28 September 2012). "Lewis Hamilton to leave McLaren after signing Mercedes contract". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  20. ^ "Formula 1 2014 Results". BBC Sport. BBC. 23 November 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "VIDEO: WHY THE MERCEDES WAS THE DOMINANT F1 CAR OF 2014 AND HOW THEY MADE IT FASTER". James Allen on F1. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  22. ^ "How the 2015 grid is shaping up". ESPN. ESPN. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  23. ^ "2015 Constructors Standings". Formula One World Championship Limited. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  24. ^ "How does Mercedes' dominance of F1 compare to previous eras?". Autosport. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  25. ^ "2016 Constructors Standings". Formula One World Championship Limited. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  26. ^ Benson, Andrew (2 December 2016). "Nico Rosberg retires: World champion quits Formula 1 five days after title win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  27. ^ "George Russell: World champions Mercedes sign teenager from King's Lynn". BBC Sport. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "George Russell: World champions Mercedes sign teenager from King's Lynn". BBC Sport. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  29. ^ "Henkel says Mercedes deal is invalid". 14 December 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  30. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (22 December 2009). "Henkel settles dispute with Brawn GP". Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  31. ^ "Mercedes GP signs long-term agreement with PETRONAS". Brawn GP. 21 December 2009. [dead link]
  32. ^ "Mercedes GP picks up Petronas". 21 December 2009. 
  33. ^ Allen, James (21 December 2009). "Mercedes lands €30 million Petronas sponsorship". Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  34. ^ "Mercedes GP launches new era for Silver Arrows". 25 January 2010. 
  35. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (25 January 2010). "Mercedes GP unveils car colours". Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
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Formula One Constructors' Champion
Succeeded by
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Succeeded by
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