Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains is a British Formula One engine manufacturer, owned by Mercedes-Benz. The company supplied Sauber during the 1994 season, McLaren from 1995 to 2014, Force India from 2009 to 2018, Brawn in 2009, the Mercedes factory team since 2010, Williams since 2014, Lotus in 2015, Manor Racing in 2016, Racing Point Force India in 2018 and Racing Point since 2018, their engines have won ten Drivers' Championships. Ilmor was founded by Mario Illien and Paul Morgan in 1983, as an independent British Formula One engine manufacturer; the company name was taken from the surnames of the founders. It started building engines for IndyCars with the money of IndyCar team owner and chassis manufacturer Roger Penske. Daimler-Benz acquired General Motors' 25% share of Ilmor in 1993. In 2002, Daimler AG renamed the company Mercedes-Ilmor. In 2005, Daimler became the sole owner of Ilmor and renamed the company first to Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines to Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines.
In December 2011, the company was renamed to Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains along with the renaming of Mercedes GP to incorporate the Mercedes-AMG brand. At the same time, the small Special Projects part of the company, which between 2003 and 2005 had been contracted to co-develop, arrangement and tune up Honda's IndyCar Series engines until 2011, split away to become a separate company, owned by Mario Illien and Roger Penske; this new company, independent of Mercedes, is once again known as Ilmor Engineering Ltd. In 1991, Ilmor entered Formula One as the engine supplier to the Leyton House team. In 1992, Leyton House continued using Ilmor engines. Ilmor delivered engines to Tyrrell Racing in that year. Powered by an Ilmor V10, Tyrrell scored 8 points, March 3 points. Ilmor had a good name in F1, so the Sauber sportscar-team and Mercedes-Benz that were planning their Formula One entrance together signed a deal with Ilmor to produce racing engines for them. However, Mercedes stepped back from the project with the engines only carrying the slogan "Concept by Mercedes-Benz" and the engines were called "Saubers".
However, after an unexpectedly fast performance in 1993, Sauber convinced Mercedes to enter in 1994. In 1994, Ilmor supplied the new Pacific GP team of Keith Wiggins with the old 1993 spec engines. Pacific only managed to qualify seven times in thirty-two attempts, although the engine was not implicated in this poor display. Ilmor became the engine partner to McLaren in 1995; the partnership took its first win at the 1997 Australian Grand Prix. Mika Häkkinen picked up Drivers' Championships in 1998 and 1999, the team won the Constructors' Championship in 1998. After a winless 2006 season, McLaren bounced back and won the Drivers' Championship in 2008 with Lewis Hamilton. In 2001, Paul Morgan was killed whilst landing his vintage aeroplane at Sywell Aerodrome, Northamptonshire; this led to Mercedes-Benz increasing their financial involvement in Ilmor, with the company being renamed Mercedes-Ilmor Ltd. The new Formula One regulations in 2014 saw Mercedes produce a hybrid 1.6-litre turbocharged V6 engine, which features both a kinetic energy recovery system and a heat energy recovery system.
The Mercedes engine started the season with a clear advantage, with Mercedes-engined cars scoring the majority of the points. Since the introduction of the new engine formula, there have only been 26 occasions where a car with a non-Mercedes power unit achieved pole position; as of the 2019 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, Mercedes-powered cars have won 89 out of 121 races during this period. * Table does not include results of the Mercedes engines which competed in 1954–1955 as these were not made by Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains. Bold indicates a team that uses Mercedes' engines. Ilmor Mercedes-Benz in Formula One Mercedes-Benz in motorsport Official website Profile at Grand Prix Encyclopedia
Google and its subsidiary companies, such as YouTube, have removed or omitted information from its services to comply with its company policies, legal demands, government censorship laws. Google's censorship varies between countries and their regulations, ranges from advertisements to speeches. Over the years, the search engine's censorship policies and targets have differed, have been the source of internet censorship debates. Numerous governments have asked Google to censor. In 2012, Google ruled in favor of more than half of the requests they received via court orders and phone calls; this did not include Iran who had blocked their site entirely. In February 2003, Google stopped showing the advertisements of Oceana, a non-profit organization protesting against a major cruise ship operation's sewage treatment practices. Google cited its editorial policy at the time, stating "Google does not accept advertising if the ad or site advocates against other individuals, groups, or organizations." The policy was changed.
In April 2008, Google refused to run ads for a UK Christian group opposed to abortion, explaining that "At this time, Google policy does not permit the advertisement of websites that contain'abortion and religion' ". In April 2014, though Google accepts ads from the pro-choice abortion lobbying group NARAL, they have removed ads for some anti-abortion crisis pregnancy centers. Google removed the Web search ads after an investigation by NARAL found evidence that the ads violate Google's policy against deceptive advertising. According to NARAL, people using Google to search for "abortion clinics" got ads advertising crisis pregnancy centers that were in fact anti-abortion. Google said in a statement that it had followed normal company procedures in applying its ad policy standards related to ad relevance and accuracy in this case. In September 2018, Google has removed from its YouTube website a paid advertisement placed by supporters of Russian opposition urging Russians to participate in a protest set for September 9.
Russia's Central Election Commission earlier sent a request to Google to remove the advertisement, saying it violated election laws that call for a "day of silence" on election matters ahead of voting, but the advertisement was blocked in regions where there is no voting set for September 9 and in regions where authorities have authorized the pension-reform protests. In March 2007 lower resolution satellite imagery on Google Maps showing post-Hurricane Katrina damage in the U. S. state of Louisiana was replaced with higher resolution images from before the storm. Google's official blog of April revealed that the imagery was still available in KML format on Google Earth or Google Maps. In March 2008, Google removed Street View and 360 degree images of military bases per The Pentagon's request. To protect the privacy and anonymity of individuals, Google selectively blurred photographs containing car license number plates and people's faces in Google Street View. Users may request further blurring of images that feature the user, their family, their car or their home.
Users can request the removal of images that feature what Google term "inappropriate content", which falls under their categories of: Intellectual property violations. In some countries it modifies images of specific buildings. In the United States, Google Street View adjusts or omits certain images deemed of interest to national security by the federal government. In the United States, Google filters search results to comply with Digital Millennium Copyright Act-related legal complaints, such as in 2002 when Google filtered out websites that provided information critical of Scientology. In the United Kingdom, it was reported that Google had'delisted' Inquisition 21st century, a website which claims to challenge moral authoritarian and sexually absolutist ideas in the United Kingdom. Google released a press statement suggesting Inquisition 21 had attempted to manipulate search results. In Germany and France, a study reported that 113 white nationalist, anti-semitic, Islamic extremist and other websites had been removed from the German and French versions of Google.
Google has complied with these laws by not including sites containing such material in its search results. However, Google does list the number of excluded results at the bottom of the search result page and links to Lumen for explanation; as of April 18, 2010, Google censors the term "lolicon" on its search results, stopping users from finding meaningful results regarding lolicon material if the user types words along with the term which would lead to explicit content results. As of December 12, 2012, in the U. S. U. K. Australia and some other countries Google removed the option to turn off the SafeSearch image filter forcing users to enter more specific search queries to get adult content. Prior to the change three SafeSearch settings—"on", "moderate", "off"—were available to users. Following the change, two "Filter explicit results" settings—"on" and "off"—were newly established; the former and new "on" settings are similar, exclude explicit images from search results. The new "off" setting still permits explicit images to appear in search results, but users need to enter more specific search requests, no direct equivalent of the old "off" setting exists following the change because adding additional explicit search terms alters the search results.
The change brings image
The Marungu highlands are in the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the west of the southern half of Lake Tanganyika. The highlands are divided by the Mulobozi River; the northern section reaches an altitude of 2,100 metres while the larger southern part reaches 2,460 metres. Mean annual rainfall is around 1,200 millimetres falling between October and April; the soil is low in nutrients. A sublacustrine swell extends from the Marungu plateau under the southern basin of Lake Tanganyika, subdividing it into the Albertville and Zongwe basins; the Zongwe trough holds the deepest part of the lake, at 1,470 metres below the present lake level. Alluvial cones from the rivers that drain the Marungu Plateau are present in the foot of the Zongwe trough, there are many V-shaped valleys below the lake level; these features indicate that during the Quaternary the lake level has varied at times being much lower than is now. The explorer Henry Morton Stanley noted this feature when he visited the region in his journey of 1874–77.
He wrote, "Kirungwé Point appears to be a lofty swelling ridge, cut straight through to an unknown depth. There seems ground for believing that this ridge was once a prolongation of the plateau of Marungu, as the rocks are of the same material, both sides of the lake show similar results of a sudden subsidence without disturbance of the strata." The higher parts of the highlands are Miombo woodland savannas, with scrub plants on the slopes and some dense forest in the ravines, remains of riparian forest along the streams. Forest plants include Parinari excelsa, Teclea nobilis, Polyscias fulva, Ficus storthophylla and Turrea holstii in ravines, Syzygium cordatum, Ficalhoa laurifolia and Ilex mitis by the water. Hyperolius nasicus is a small, slender tree frog with a markedly pointed snout, a poorly known member of the controversial Hyperolius nasutus group, it is known only from its type locality in the Marungu highlands at 2,300 metres. The greater double-collared sunbird is found only in the riparian forest of this area.
The sunbird is found in only a few areas of riparian forest. It has been recorded from Kasiki, the Lufoko River, Matafali and Sambwe, it is one of 25 bird species in Zaire that were considered threatened in 1990. A 1990 book recommended conservation measures in the Highlands focusing on endemic plants; the Marungu Highlands riparian forest patches are in great danger of destruction from logging and from stream bank erosion by cattle. There have been proposals to conserve the forests that border the Mulobozi River and Lufuko River above 1,500 metres within nature preserves. Prehistoric stone tools, facies with rare bifaces, have been found in the region dating from the Early Pleistocene to the present Holocene epoch. During that period the climate alternated several times between semi-arid and pluvial; the English explorer Richard Francis Burton visited the region in 1857–59. At that time Marungu was one of the sources of slaves collected by the Arabs and taken to the great slave market at Ujiji.
The Watuta had earlier plundered the land and wiped out the cattle of the inhabitants. A merchant from Oman who had lived in the region for five months told Burton it was divided into three distinct provinces. There were Karungu in the center and Urungu in the south. Burton heard of a Western Marungu, divided from the eastern by the Runangwa River. Burton was somewhat skeptical about the name, which he thought was more that of a race than a country. Burton reported, they are a a wild and uncomely race. Amongst these people is observed a custom which connects them with the Wangindo and the slave races dwelling inland from Kilwa, they pierce the upper lip and enlarge the aperture till the end projects in a kind of bill beyond the nose and chin, giving to the countenance a peculiar duck-like appearance. The Arabs, who abhor this hideous vagary of fashion, scarify the sides of the hole and attempt to make the flesh grow by the application of rock-salt; the people of Marungu, are little valued as slaves.
Stanley visited Marungu in 1876. He wrote, "Though the mountains of Marungu are steep and craggy, the district is populous. Through the chasms and great cañons with which the mountains are sometimes cleft, we saw the summits of other high mountains 2500 feet above the lake, occupied by villages, the inhabitants of which, from the inaccessibility of the position they had selected, were evidently harassed by some more powerful tribes to the westward."Joseph Thomson visited the region in 1878–80. He reported that there was no head-chief in Marunga, divided into three independent chieftainships that sometimes engaged in warfare. From north to south these were called Movu and Masensa; the chiefs were Manda and Kapampa. The people were "most excitable and suspicious", Thomson had difficulty in obtaining permission to travel through the country. Thomson wrote: The people of Marungu are in every respect different from the Waitawa, partaking much of the wild and savage character of the scenery, they are black, sooty savages, with thick everted lips and bridgeless noses.
Clothing was for the most part eschewed.