SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mercedes Ruehl

Mercedes J. Ruehl is an American screen and stage actor, she is the recipient of several accolades, including an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, a Tony Award, a Drama Desk Award, two Obie Awards and two Outer Critics Circle Awards. Ruehl is known for her leading performance in the play Lost in Yonkers and supporting performance in the film The Fisher King, her other film credits include Big, Married to the Mob, Last Action Hero, Roseanna's Grave and Hustlers. Ruehl was born in Jackson Heights, New York City, the daughter of Mercedes J. Ruehl, a schoolteacher, Vincent Ruehl, an FBI agent, she was raised Catholic. Her father was of German and Irish descent and her mother was of Cuban and Irish ancestry. Ruehl attended College of New Rochelle and graduated in 1969, she is married to painter David Geiser, with whom she adopted Jake. She had another son, whom she gave up for adoption in 1976 when she was 28, she reunited in the late 1990s with Christopher when he turned 21, he became Jake's godfather.

Her brother, Peter Ruehl, moved to Australia in 1987 where he was a popular newspaper columnist until his death in 2011. Ruehl began her career in regional theatre with the Denver Center Theatre Company, taking odd jobs between engagements, her first starring role on Broadway came in 1984's. She went on to win the 1984 Obie Award for her performance in The Marriage of Bette and Boo and twenty years an Obie for Woman Before a Glass, she received a 1991 Tony Award as Best Actress for Neil Simon's Lost in Yonkers and continued her role in the show during its tour with co-star Mercedes McCambridge. Her performances in two other plays earned her two other Tony nominations: in 1995, as Best Actress for a revival of The Shadow Box, her most acclaimed film role was in The Fisher King. Earlier she had won the 1989 National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Married to the Mob, she played KACL station manager Kate Costas in five episodes of Frasier, had a major role in the made-for-TV film All-American Girl: The Mary Kay Letourneau Story.

In 2005, she received the Rita Moreno HOLA Award for Excellence from the Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors. She played the mother of main character Vincent Chase in HBO's Entourage. In 2009, Ruehl returned to the Broadway stage in Manhattan Theater Club's production of Richard Greenberg's The American Plan playing the role of Eva Adler; the production opened at the Samuel J. Friedman Theatre and the limited engagement ran From January 22 until March 22. In his rave review in The New York Times, Ben Brantley called Ruehl's performance "masterly". Ruehl next appeared in the drama/horror film What Ever Happened to Barker Daniels?, released in 2009. In January 2012, Ruehl starred in Sarah Treem's play The How and The Why, directed by Emily Mann at McCarter Theatre of Princeton University. Ruehl appeared in the role of Ma in Harvey Fierstein's revamped and renamed revival of his play Torch Song Off-Broadway at Second Stage Theater; the play began previews on September 26, opened on October 19, 2017.

The production transferred to Broadway. Ruehl is on the faculty of HB Studio in New York City. Mercedes Ruehl at the Internet Broadway Database Mercedes Ruehl at Internet Off-Broadway Database Mercedes Ruehl on IMDb Mercedes Ruehl at the TCM Movie Database Ruehl Rules, a May 2005 Playbill article Brief Encounter with Mercedes Ruehl, a May 2002 Playbill interview

Clarence Luther Herrick

Clarence Luther Herrick was a geologist and neurologist who served as the second president of the University of New Mexico. Clarence Luther Herrick was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota on June 21, 1858, he was the oldest of four sons born to Henry Nathan Anna Strickler. His younger brother, Charles Judson Herrick, was a neurologist. Clarence Herrick married Alice Keith of Minneapolis, on June 25, 1883, they had two daughters. Herrick died in Socorro, New Mexico on September 15, 1904. After graduating from high school in Minneapolis in 1874, he attended the University of Minnesota and received a bachelor's degree with high honors in 1880, he received his masters and Ph. D. from University of Minnesota in 1885 and 1898 respectively. Beginning in 1876, he worked on the Natural History Survey of Minnesota and resulting in the publication of Mammals of Minnesota in 1892. Herrick conducted research at the University of Leipzig from 1891-1892, he held a professorship at Denison University from 1884-1889 and 1892-1894 with interruption as professor of zoology at University of Cincinnati from 1889-1891 and University of Chicago from 1891-1892.

He founded the Bulletin of the Scientific Laboratories of Denison University in 1885 and the Journal of Comparative Neurology in 1891. Developing tuberculosis in December 1893, Herrick and his family moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico in July 1894 and purchased a ranch in Socorro County. Herrick became a US Deputy Mineral Surveyor in 1896 president of the University of New Mexico in July of 1897. During his presidency, the University of New Mexico received its first large donation, $10,000, by Mrs. Walter Hadley, for the construction of a laboratory for bacteriological research; this laboratory was known as the Walter C. Hadley Laboratory and Science Hall and was the second building completed on the University of New Mexico campus on February 1, 1900. Due to his health, he resigned from the president position in June of 1901, he went on to manage the Socorro Gold Mining Company's Cat Mountain mine from 1902-1903. Herrick died in Socorro, New Mexico in 1904; the fossilized algae genus Herrickiceras was named for Herrick in recognition of his pioneering geological work in New Mexico.

Mammals of Minnesota Ph. D. Dissertation - A Theory of Somatic Equilibrium with Illustrations of a Possible Mechanism Therefor the Skin Windle WF.. Clarence Luther Herrick and the beginning of neuroscience in America. Experimental Neurology, 49, 1-10

Lucifer (cipher)

In cryptography, Lucifer was the name given to several of the earliest civilian block ciphers, developed by Horst Feistel and his colleagues at IBM. Lucifer was a direct precursor to the Data Encryption Standard. One version, alternatively named DTD-1, saw commercial use in the 1970s for electronic banking. LUCIFER uses a combination of transposition and substitution crypting as a starting point in decoding ciphers. One variant, described by Feistel in 1971, operates on 48-bit blocks; the cipher uses two 4-bit S-boxes. The key selects; the patent describes the execution of the cipher operating on 24 bits at a time, a sequential version operating on 8 bits at a time. Another variant by John L. Smith from the same year uses a 64-bit key operating on a 32-bit block, using one addition mod 4 and a singular 4-bit S-box; the construction is designed to operate on 4 bits per clock cycle. This may be one of the smallest block-cipher implementations known. Feistel described a stronger variant that uses a 128-bit key and operates on 128-bit blocks.

Sorkin described a Lucifer as a 16-round Feistel network on 128-bit blocks and 128-bit keys. This version is susceptible to differential cryptanalysis. IBM submitted the Feistel-network version of Lucifer as a candidate for the Data Encryption Standard, it became the DES after the National Security Agency reduced the cipher's key size to 56 bits, reduced the block size to 64 bits, made the cipher resistant against differential cryptanalysis, at the time known only to IBM and the NSA. The name "Lucifer" was a pun on "Demon"; this was in turn a truncation of "Demonstration", the name for a privacy system Feistel was working on. The operating system used could not handle the longer name; the variant described by Sorkin has 16 Feistel rounds, like DES, but no initial or final permutations. The key and block sizes are both 128 bits; the Feistel function operates on a 64-bit half-block of data, together with a 64-bit subkey and 8 "interchange control bits". The ICBs control a swapping operation; the 64-bit data block is considered as a series of eight 8-bit bytes, if the ICB corresponding to a particular byte is zero, the left and right 4-bit halves are swapped.

If the ICB is one, the byte is left unchanged. Each byte is operated on by two 4×4-bit S-boxes, denoted S0 and S1 — S0 operates on the left 4-bit nibble and S1 operates on the right; the resultant outputs are concatenated and combined with the subkey using exclusive or. This is followed by a permutation operation in two stages; the second stage mixes bits between the bytes. The key-scheduling algorithm is simple; the 128 key bits are loaded into a shift register. Each round, the left 64 bits of the register form the subkey, right eight bits form the ICB bits. After each round, the register is rotated 56 bits to the left. Eli Biham, Adi Shamir. Differential Cryptanalysis of Snefru, Khafre, REDOC-II, LOKI and Lucifer. CRYPTO 1991: pp156–171 Whitfield Diffie, Susan Landau. Privacy on the Line: The Politics of Wiretapping and Encryption. Steven Levy.. Crypto: Secrecy and Privacy in the New Code War. John Savard's description of Lucifer