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Mercury (automobile)

Mercury is a defunct division of the U. S. automobile manufacturer Ford Motor Company. Marketed as an entry-level premium brand for nearly its entire existence, Mercury was created in 1938 by Edsel Ford to bridge the price gap between the Ford and Lincoln vehicle lines. Throughout its production, the division served a similar role as Buick and Oldsmobile within General Motors and competed most directly against the namesake brand of Chrysler From 1945 to 2010, Mercury formed half of the Lincoln-Mercury division. Lincoln-Mercury saw expansion with the introduction of Edsel and Merkur. To reduce development and production costs, Mercury vehicles shared manufacturing commonality with either Ford or Lincoln, serving as counterparts for vehicles from both divisions. In the summer of 2010, Ford Motor Company announced the discontinuation of the Mercury division as it consolidated its marketing and engineering efforts on the Ford and Lincoln brands. Production of Mercury vehicles ceased in the fourth quarter of 2010.

At the time, Ford sold Mercury vehicles in the United States, Mexico, Puerto Rico, U. S. Virgin Islands, the Middle East; the final Mercury automobile, a 2011 Mercury Grand Marquis, rolled off the assembly line on January 4, 2011. The word MERCURY remains an registered trademark of Ford. During the mid-1930s, despite the continuing success of its new V8-powered product line, Ford Motor Company was again in danger of being left at a competitive disadvantage to both of its largest competitors. While General Motors and upstart Chrysler Corporation both offered a comprehensive line of brands, by 1935, Ford remained with its namesake brand and the cars of Lincoln Motor Company. Aside from the Cadillac V-16, the Packard Eight and Duesenberg Model J, the Lincoln Model K was one of the most expensive vehicles built and sold in the United States; as a solution, in 1936, Ford launched its own version of the 1920s General Motors Companion Make Program. As its first effort to bridge the massive price gap between the standard V8 Ford and the V12 Lincoln Model K, the Lincoln-Zephyr was introduced in 1936 as a competitor for the similar LaSalle, Chrysler Airstream, Packard One-Twenty.

Within a single year, the new model proved successful, with over 15,000 Lincoln-Zephyrs sold. Inside Ford Motor Company, there remained debate whether a medium-price car should be produced under the Ford brand or under a new marque entirely. Following the success of the Lincoln-Zephyr, the company would take both approaches. For 1938, the De Luxe Ford model line was introduced as a higher-price version of the standard Ford V8. To differentiate the two model lines, the De Luxe Ford was given its own trim, a different hood, a model-specific grille. To offer a medium-price car under its own marque, Edsel Ford began Mercury as a separate company within Ford in 1937. Though used on the Chevrolet Mercury for 1933, the Mercury name was selected from over 100 potential model and marque names. In place of a slight restyling, as seen on the De Luxe Ford, the Mercury was an all-new car, with the body design overseen by E. T.'Bob' Gregorie. For the 1939 model year, Mercury made its debut with a namesake vehicle line as a new design.

Sized between Ford and Lincoln, Mercury adopted a 116-inch wheelbase with a body six inches wider than Ford. To streamline production, Mercury did not use a division-specific engine, offering a 239 cubic inches version of the Flathead V8. Over 65,800 1939 Mercurys were sold, at a starting price of $916. Following the popularity of Mercury, after 1940, De Luxe Ford was repackaged, becoming a Ford trim level. For 1941, as part of its first redesign, the Mercury adopted the Mercury Eight nameplate used in sales literature. To consolidate development and production, the Mercury Eight shared much of its bodyshell with Ford, distinguished by its 4-inch longer wheelbase. To further separate the two model lines, the Eight was given a model-specific grille and interior trim, taillamps. For the first time, the Eight was offered as a wood-bodied station wagon. For the shortened 1942 model year, 24,704 Mercury vehicles were produced. Before production was suspended, several major changes were introduced. For the first time, the Flathead V8 was offered with 100 hp in standard form.

As part of an interior redesign, the Eight received a dashboard configured similar to the Lincoln Zephyr. To compete with Fluid Drive and Hydramatic, the 1942 Mercury offered Liquamatic, the first semi-automatic transmission offered by Ford Motor Company. Shared with Lincoln, Liquamatic proved complex and unreliable, with many systems replaced by conventional manual transmissions. Following the rise of Henry Ford II as Ford president, on October 22, 1945, Ford Motor Company merged Mercury and Lincoln Motor Company into a combined Lincoln-Mercury division. In an effort to establish a brand structure within Ford Motor Company, Lincoln-Mercury functioned as a combined division while marketing both namesake model lines. In line with Mercury, Lincoln withdrew the Zephyr nameplate, marketing itself under the division name. On November 1, 1945, the first 1946 Mercury Eights rolled off the assembly line. In line with Lincolns and all American-manufactured vehicles, 1946 production was functionally unchanged from 1942.

The grille underwent a minor red

Upper Sandy Guard Station Cabin

The Upper Sandy Guard Station Cabin is a log and stone building built in 1935. It was funded as part of the Federal work relief Emergency Relief Appropriations Act of that year, by funds from the City of Portland, Oregon, it is "an exceptional expression of a'rugged' Rustic style U. S. Forest Service building", is the only cabin constructed of its particular design. Out of 700 Forest Service administration buildings built in Oregon and Washington during 1933-1942, it is the only one built with both stone and logs as principal materials, it was built in 1935 to house an administrative guard, to prevent intrusions into the area, part of the city of Portland's water supply area. It is located in what is now Mt. Hood National Forest, about 5 miles from Government Camp in Clackamas County, Oregon; the building was listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in September, 2009; the listing was announced as the featured listing in the National Park Service's weekly list of September 18, 2009.

The building was argued to be eligible for NRHP listing by each of several criteria: that it was eligible in the areas "of Conservation for its association with early USDA Forest Service recreation management and its concurrent role in the protection of the Bull Run watershed", in the area of Politics/Government for its association with Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal Programs, in the area of Architecture as a "unique example" of "non-intrusive design philosophy that evolved among land-management agencies during the period of 1933-1942", it was labor-intensive to build and would not have been replicated any time after the onset of World War II. The building "is believed to be the only existing cabin with its unique battered corners and mortared stone extension in the Pacific Northwest."According to the National Park Service: The Upper Sandy Guard Station Cabin, built in 1935, is an exceptional expression of a "rugged" Rustic style U. S. Forest Service building constructed by skilled local carpenters and laborers assisted by men employed under one of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal work relief programs.

Funded by the Emergency Relief Appropriations Act of 1935, cooperating funds from the City of Portland, the cabin was built along the newly constructed Timberline Trail to provide housing for an administrative guard to protect the Bull Run Division watershed, the source of the City of Portland's drinking water supply, from public entry. The guard station is no longer used as an administrative site and is now located within the Mt. Hood Wilderness and is managed by the Zigzag Ranger District of the Mt. Hood National Forest. List of Oregon's Most Endangered Places National Register of Historic Places' 9/18/09 Weekly Highlight: Upper Sandy Guard Station Cabin, Clackamas County, Oregon


PxTone Collage is a freeware music editing program. The program is in development by Daisuke "Pixel" Amaya, it is in the beta stage of development, since 2006. The program is capable of opening other sample formats developed by Pixel as well as some more popular sample formats, such as.wav and.ogg. The primary interface of the program is a piano roll display used to place notes and specify duration, panning and pitch; the tempo of a song can be set. The.pxtone format allows the storage of some additional information, such as song comments and song name. Along with Pxtone Collage are included several programs for creating instrument samples and a small player application. Included are DLL and header files for programming with PxTone. In 1998, Pixel released a small playback application known as PiyoPiyo; this format features three melody tracks with customizable wave samples, a fourth track dedicated to drum samples. The editor interface uses the piano roll that would become standard in all of Pixel's future music editors.

A considerable flaw with the PiyoPiyo design is that its playback is linked to CPU usage, in that a taxed CPU will cause playback to slow down. Some time Pixel developed the Organya format for use in the indie game Cave Story; this format is similar to PiyoPiyo, with the major difference being support for up to 8 melody tracks and 8 drum tracks for 16 simultaneous sounds. Rather than having the specifications of the waveform editable, Organya uses a built-in library of 100 wave "instruments" to choose from. Pxtone was developed as a successor to Organya. Up to 100 voice samples, 50 instrument units, 500,000 events per file Sampling of.wav.ogg.pcm.ptvoice, and.ptnoise Effect groups for echo and overdrive Comment metadata Velocity, Volume, Key Portamento and Key Correct adjustment Exports to.wav Does not support VSTs Does not support 32-bit output sampling Does not support midi import or export List of music software Pixel Development Developer's Website Pxtone Collage Collective Japanese board for posting Pxtone music PiSTON SOURCE A netlabel of PxTone music

Mix 102.3

Mix 102.3 is a commercial radio station in Adelaide, owned by the Australian Radio Network. Mix 102.3 plays current hits and a variety of 1980s and 1990s music targeted at the 25-54 age group. Adelaide's Mix 102.3 is part of the KIIS Network with sister stations in other major Australian cities - KIIS 106.5 Sydney, KIIS 101.1 Melbourne, 97.3 FM Brisbane, 96FM Perth and Mix 106.3 Canberra. Mix 102.3 began its life as AM station 5AD in 1932 owned by the Advertiser Newspapers, who owned local television station ADS-7 from 1959 until 1986. During its early years, 5AD broadcast a wide range of programs, from orchestral concerts to comedies and sporting events; some programs, such as the comedy "Yes, What?" were produced in Adelaide for broadcast by other Major Broadcasting Network stations around Australia. Children's programs included "Search for the Golden Boomerang", the "Kangaroos on Parade", for the Kangaroo Club, a 5AD sponsored children's club noted for support of children's charities. Television was introduced to Adelaide in 1959, bringing major changes to radio programming, signalling the end of the kind of block programming 5AD and other stations had been playing.

5AD moved to music based programming, using a number of marketing slogans: "5AD, Action Radio", "Power Radio 5AD, Where Your Friends Are", among others. 5AD personalities of the 1960s and 1970s included Bob Francis, Alec Macaskill, Keith Conlon, Barry Ion who voiced the hilarious Peter Plus character, Tony Pilkington, Malcolm T. Elliott, Sam Galea, Ken Dickin, John Vincent, Bob Byrne, Dean Jaensch, Jeff Sunderland, Kevin Crease, many others.5AD was instrumental in bringing the Beatles to Adelaide in 1964 and Culture Club in 1984 after both bands had not included the city on their Australian tours. As general manager, Bob Francis took the station into ratings records in the 1980s, he took over the role after his morning show ended in 1976 until stepping down to present the night show for radio 5AA. In the early 1980s 5AD was the number one radio station in Adelaide, spearheaded by the Bazz and Pilko breakfast show, rating at above 30% of the total Adelaide audience; as a top 40 station with its slogan "Rhythm of the City", 5AD was unstoppable as the clear market leader in Adelaide radio.

5AD won all day parts, including mornings with Peter Butler, afternoons with Sam Angelsea and the popular night show for teenagers "Dial a Hit" hosted by Steve Mill and Di Stapleton. But the station's ratings collapsed when its star breakfast duo of Bazz and Pilko defected to rival station 5KA in 1983. In 1985, after a number of poor surveys, 5AD decided to try something new and moved to an Easy Listening format, first as "Easy Listening 5AD today's easy listening 5AD Adelaide's Best Place to Relax". By 1992, 5AD was again the number one station in Adelaide, with its breakfast show "Sundo & Keith" number one for a record 50 consecutive surveys. Due to changes in media ownership laws which meant a newspaper and a TV or radio station could no longer be owned by the same company in the same market, 5AD was sold to Hoyts Media in 1987. In 1991 5AD was sold again to Montclair Investments; the owners of Montclair included former 5DN personality and First Radio Limited investor Jeremy Cordeaux and former 5DN Station Manager Sue Fraser.

In 1992 they made an offer to buy low rating FM radio station X102 from Mount Gambier businessman Alan Scott. The transaction proceeded and 5AD was simulcast on the 102.3 FM frequency from July 1993. It proved to be an instant success in both ratings and advertising terms with the station continuing to simulcast on the AM frequency; however the Australian Government directed the simulcast must end as it provided the station with an unfair advantage in terms of audience reach. As the 5DN call sign remained aligned with the ownership of the FM frequency, 5AD FM's owners decided to place a hybrid talk format on the AM band and so launched Radio 1323 with a number of former 5DN personalities including Jeremy Cordeaux, Nan Witcomb and Bob Byrne; this new station proved challenging and the owners decided to reinvent it as 5DN in 1994 later SEN and Cruise 1323 in 2005. At the end of 2007, the breakfast team of Kym and Dzelde defected to rival radio station, Triple M Adelaide. A new breakfast show was announced consisting of Jodie Blewett & Jason ` Snowy' Carter.

In January 2015, Mix 102.3 rebranded with a new logo, along with sister stations in Sydney and Brisbane. Mix 102.3 website 5AD radio comedy'Yes, What' was added to the National Film and Sound Archive's Sounds of Australia registry in 2013. 34°54′26″S 138°35′35″E On Air Schedule: 6:00am-9:00am: Jodie & Soda 9:00am-3:00pm: Michelle Murphy 3:00pm-4:00pm: 3pm pickup 4:00pm-6:00pm: Will & Woody 6:00pm-7:00pm: The Kyle & Jackie O Hour Of Power 8:00pm-10:00pm: Jase & PJ At Night

Frederick Clive Newcome

Frederick Clive Newcome, was an English Landscape painter, chiefly in watercolours. Frederick Clive Newcome was christened Frederick Harrison Suker but adopted Newcome to distinguish him from his brother Arthur Suker and father John Suker who were painters, he studied at the Mount Street School of Art under John Finnie. Frederick received his fair share of recognition during his lifetime, the famous art critic and pre-raphaelite champion John Ruskin applauded Newcome's painting The Head of a Highland Glen exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1875, exclaiming'the best study of torrent, including distant and near water, that I find in the rooms' before adding'the rest of this mountain scene by Mr. Newcome is carefully studied, right and good.'Newcome's earliest sketching-ground was at Bettws-y-Coed in Wales, he afterwards worked in Scotland, Warwickshire and the Lake District. The last was his favourite, in 1880 he made Keswick, Cumbria his headquarters, before moving to Coniston, Lancashire where he died in 1894.

He exhibited prolifically at all the major exhibitions including: The Royal Society of Artists, Birmingham Manchester City Art Gallery The Royal Academy, London The Royal Scottish Academy

Baldwin Kho

Baldwin Kho is a Filipino visual artist and Humanitarian. He was the founder of Center for Inc.. KAPAYAPAAN International Children's Art Festival in 2009, he is the International Humanitarian of Peace awardee of Peace Pals International. Kho was born on January 29, 1971 in Binondo, the eldest among the 4 siblings in the family of Ronnie Ching and Lily Kho, he had his early education at Chiang Kai Shek College, studied Management Information Technology at AMA Computer College, he went to study at the College of St. Benilde - De La Salle University taking the course Painting under Prof. Religioso, he is an individual with epilepsy. In the year 1993, he first organized his first Crafts Workshop in Binondo Chinese Parish, he is an active supporter of the Autism of the Philippines. He is the caretaker of the century-old image of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, a cultural heirloom of the Dominican Order of Preachers and ethnic Chinese – Filipino Catholic community in Binondo, he published his first colouring book for children in the year 2004.

He opened his own studio called the Orange Artspace, located in Binondo, Manila. In 2009, he launched the Art as Therapy for Children campaign. In the same year, he established the Kapayapaan International Children's Art Festival and the Center Developmental Arts Manila, Inc. In the year 2011, together with 58 CDAM Kids, Kho received the International Peace Award from Peace Pals International, he the first ethnic Chinese-Filipino individual to receive the 57th Peace Pole from World Peace Prayer Society. In 2013, he celebrated his 20th anniversary at the Kaisa Heritage Center, he celebrated his 25th anniversary with a solo art exhibit entitled "What Lies Beneath" at the Kaisa - Angelo King Heritage Center in Intramuros, Manila in 2018. Center for Development Art Manila, Inc. was established in 2009. In 2010, CDAM was incorporated recognized by the Security Exchange Commission as an institution promoting peace through children's art, he launched the Brent Sia Art Awards, the grand prix of the Kapayapaan International Children's Art Festival is a festival gathering art pieces made by children from the Philippines and the world.

A project in collaboration with Peace Pals Art Awards of the World Peace Prayer Society that aims to promote world peace through visual art, the awarding for Peace that give tribute to Brent Sia, a young artist who fought cancer of the lymph nodes bravely whose during his lifetime is a boy of peace. Kho is one of the Board of Directors of Kaisa Para sa Kaunlaran, a cause-oriented non-government organization that advocates proactive and sustainable participation of the Tsinoy community in local and national development