Oberon in 1943
Estelle Merle O'Brien Thompson|
19 February 1911
Bombay, British India
23 November 1979 (aged 68)|
Malibu, California, U.S.
(m. 1939; div. 1945)
(m. 1945; div. 1949)
(m. 1957; div. 1973)
Merle Oberon (born Estelle Merle O'Brien Thompson, 19 February 1911 – 23 November 1979) was an Anglo-Indian actress. She began her film career in British films as Anne Boleyn in The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933). After her success in The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934), she travelled to the United States to make films for Samuel Goldwyn. She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in The Dark Angel (1935). A traffic collision in 1937 caused facial injuries that could have ended her career, but she recovered and remained active in film and television until 1973.
Estelle Merle O'Brien Thompson was born in Bombay, British India on 19 February 1911. Merle was given "Queenie" as a nickname, in honour of Queen Mary, who visited India along with King George V in 1911.
Born to a 12-year-old mother, for most of her lifetime Oberon concealed the truth about her parentage. For many years she claimed that she had been born in Tasmania, Australia, and that her birth records had been destroyed in a fire. Some sources have claimed that Merle's parents were Arthur Terrence O'Brien Thompson, a British mechanical engineer from Darlington, who worked in Indian Railways, and Charlotte Selby, a Eurasian from Ceylon who was also of Māori ancestry. However, Charlotte's 12-year-old daughter Constance was actually Merle's biological mother. Charlotte had given birth to Constance at the age of 14, the result of a relationship with Henry Alfred Selby, an Irish foreman of a tea plantation. Charlotte raised Merle as her own child and as Constance's sister. Charlotte's partner, Arthur Thompson, was listed as the father in Merle's birth certificate, with the forename misspelled as "Arther". Constance eventually married and had four other children, Edna, Douglas, Harry and Stanislaus (Stan) with her husband Alexander Soares. All the siblings reportedly believed Merle to be their aunt (the sister of their mother Constance), when in fact she was their half-sister. Edna and Douglas moved at an early age to the UK and Harry later in life moved to Toronto, Canada, and retained Constance's maiden name, Selby. Stanislaus was the only child to keep his father's last name of Soares; he has resided in Surrey, British Columbia, Canada.
When Harry Selby tracked down Merle's birth certificate in Indian government records in Bombay, he was surprised to discover he was in fact Merle's brother and not her nephew. He attempted to visit her in Los Angeles, but she refused to see him. Harry withheld this information from Oberon's biographer Charles Higham, only eventually revealing it to Maree Delofski, the creator of The Trouble with Merle, a 2002 documentary produced by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, which investigated the various conflicting versions of Merle's origin.
In 1914, Arthur Thompson joined the British Army and later died of pneumonia on the Western Front during the Battle of the Somme. Merle, with Charlotte, led an impoverished existence in shabby flats in Bombay for a few years. Then, in 1917, they moved to better circumstances in Calcutta (now known as Kolkata). Oberon received a foundation scholarship to attend La Martiniere Calcutta for Girls, one of the best private schools in Calcutta. There, she was constantly taunted for her unconventional parentage, eventually leading her to quit school and receive lessons at home.
Oberon first performed with the Calcutta Amateur Dramatic Society. She was also completely enamored of the films and enjoyed going out to nightclubs. Indian journalist Sunanda K. Datta-Ray claimed that Merle worked as a telephone operator in Calcutta under the name Queenie Thomson, and won a contest at Firpo's Restaurant there, before the outset of her film career.
In 1929, Merle met a former actor named Colonel Ben Finney at Firpo's, and she dated him. However, when he saw Oberon's dark-skinned mother (actually her grandmother) one night at her flat, and realised Oberon had mixed ancestry, he decided to end the relationship. However, Finney promised to introduce her to Rex Ingram of Victorine Studios, if she was prepared to travel to France. which she readily did. After packing all their belongings and moving to France, Oberon and her mother found that their supposed benefactor avoided them, although he had left a good word for Oberon with Ingram at the studios in Nice. Ingram liked Oberon's exotic appearance and quickly hired her to be an extra in a party scene in a film named The Three Passions.
This section appears to contradict itself on when Oberon came to Europe.(November 2014)
Oberon arrived in England for the first time in 1928, aged 17. Initially she worked as a club hostess under the name Queenie O'Brien and played in minor and unbilled roles in various films. "I couldn't dance or sing or write or paint. The only possible opening seemed to be in some line in which I could use my face. This was, in fact, no better than a hundred other faces, but it did possess a fortunately photogenic quality," she told a journalist at Film Weekly in 1939. In view of the information discovered since this 1939 article (see preceding section) this should be seen as part of a myth perpetrated by Oberon.
Her film career received a major boost when the director Alexander Korda took an interest and gave her a small but prominent role, under the name Merle Oberon, as Anne Boleyn in The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933) opposite Charles Laughton. The film became a major success and she was then given leading roles, such as Lady Blakeney in The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934) with Leslie Howard, who became her lover for a while.
Oberon's career benefited from her relationship with, and later marriage to, Korda. He sold "shares" of her contract to producer Samuel Goldwyn, who gave her good vehicles in Hollywood. Her "mother" stayed behind in England. Oberon earned her sole Academy Award for Best Actress nomination for The Dark Angel (1935) produced by Goldwyn. Around this time she had a serious romance with David Niven, and according to one biographer even wanted to marry him, but he wasn't faithful to her.
She was selected to star in Korda's 1937 film, I, Claudius, as Messalina, but her injuries in a car accident resulted in the film being abandoned.[Note 1] She went on to appear as Cathy in the highly acclaimed film Wuthering Heights (opposite Laurence Olivier; 1939), as George Sand in A Song to Remember (1945) and as the Empress Josephine in Désirée (1954).
According to Princess Merle, the biography written by Charles Higham with Roy Moseley, Oberon suffered damage to her complexion in 1940 from a combination of cosmetic poisoning and an allergic reaction to sulfa drugs. Alexander Korda sent her to a skin specialist in New York City, where she underwent several dermabrasion procedures. The results, however, were only partially successful; without makeup, one could see noticeable pitting and indentation of her skin.
Merle Oberon announced an engagement to American studio executive Joseph M. Schenck in 1934.  She married director Alexander Korda in 1939. Still married, she had a brief affair in 1941 with Richard Hillary, an RAF fighter pilot who had been badly burned in the Battle of Britain. They met while he was on a goodwill tour of the United States. He later became well known as the author of a best-selling book, The Last Enemy.
Oberon became Lady Korda when her husband was knighted in 1942 by George VI for his contribution to the war effort. At the time, the couple were based at Hills House in Denham, England. She divorced him in 1945, to marry cinematographer Lucien Ballard. Ballard devised a special camera light for her to eliminate her facial scars on film. The light became known as the "Obie". She and Ballard divorced in 1949.
Oberon next married Italian-born industrialist Bruno Pagliai in 1957, adopted two children with him and lived in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. In 1973, Oberon met then 36-year-old Dutch actor Robert Wolders while they filmed Interval. Oberon divorced Pagliai and married Wolders, who was 25 years her junior, in 1975.
Oberon retired after Interval, and moved with Wolders to Malibu, California, where she died in 1979, aged 68, after suffering a stroke. Her body was interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California.
Oberon has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (at 6250 Hollywood Boulevard) for her contributions to Motion Pictures.
Michael Korda, nephew of Alexander Korda, wrote a roman à clef about Oberon after her death entitled Queenie. This was also turned into a television miniseries starring Mia Sara. F. Scott Fitzgerald's unfinished novel The Last Tycoon was made into the television series on Amazon Studios, with Jennifer Beals playing Margo Taft, a character based on Oberon.
Oberon is known to have been to Australia only twice. Her first visit was in 1965, on a film promotion. Although a visit to Hobart was scheduled, after journalists in Sydney pressed her for details of her early life, she became ill and shortly afterwards left for Mexico. In 1978, the year before her death, she agreed to visit Hobart for a Lord Mayoral reception. The Lord Mayor of Hobart became aware shortly before the reception that there was no proof she had been born in Tasmania, but to save face, went ahead with the reception. Shortly after arriving at the reception, Oberon, however, to the disappointment of many, denied she had been born in Tasmania. She then excused herself, claiming illness. Whether ill or not, this meant she was unavailable to answer any more questions about her background. On the way to the reception, she had told her driver that as a child she was on a ship with her father, who became ill when it was passing Hobart. They were taken ashore so he could be treated, and as a result she spent some of her early years on the island. This story, too, seems to have been a fabrication. During her Hobart stay, she remained in her hotel, gave no other interviews, and did not visit the theatre named in her honour.
- The Three Passions (1928)
- A Warm Corner (1930)
- Alf's Button (1930)
- Never Trouble Trouble (1931)
- The W Plan (1931)
- Fascination (1931)
- For the Love of Mike (1932)
- Reserved for Ladies (1932)
- Ebb Tide (1932)
- Aren't We All? (1932)
- Wedding Rehearsal (1932)
- Men of Tomorrow (1932)
- Strange Evidence (1933)
- The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933)
- The Battle (1934)
- The Private Life of Don Juan (1934)
- The Broken Melody (1934)
- The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934)
- Folies Bergère de Paris (1935)
- The Dark Angel (1935)
- These Three (1936)
- Beloved Enemy (1936)
- I, Claudius (1937) (unfinished)
- The Divorce of Lady X (1938)
- The Cowboy and the Lady (1938)
- Wuthering Heights (1939)
- Over the Moon (1939)
- The Lion Has Wings (1939)
- 'Til We Meet Again (1940)
- That Uncertain Feeling (1941)
- Affectionately Yours (1941)
- Lydia (1941)
- Forever and a Day (1943)
- Stage Door Canteen (1943)
- First Comes Courage (1943)
- The Lodger (1944)
- Dark Waters (1944)
- A Song to Remember (1945)
- This Love of Ours (1945)
- Night in Paradise (1946)
- Temptation (1946)
- Night Song (1948)
- Berlin Express (1948)
- The Lady from Boston (1951)
- Dans la vie tout s'arrange (1952), a French version of The Lady from Boston
- 24 Hours of a Woman's Life (1952)
- All Is Possible in Granada (1954)
- Désirée (1954)
- Deep in My Heart (1954)
- The Price of Fear (1956)
- Of Love and Desire (1963)
- The Oscar (1966)
- Hotel (1967)
- Interval (1973)
- "Screen Snapshots Series 16, No. 4" (1936)
- "Hollywood Goes to Town" (1938)
- "Assignment: Foreign Legion" (1956/7 TV episodes)
|1946||Screen Guild Players||This Love of Ours|
|1946||Screen Guild Players||Wuthering Heights|
- In July 1937, United Press correspondent Dan Rogers noted: "Beautiful Merle Oberon has two scars from her recent automobile accident, but movie fans will never see them. She is completely recovered, is entertaining again at her home … and will start a new picture here this month. … One [injury] was a slight cut on the left eyelid; it left no mark at all. The most serious hurt was to the back of her head; it left a scar but of course it is hidden by her thick hair. Just in front of her left ear is a fine perpendicular white line a half-inch long. So skillfully did surgeons do their job that this scar is invisible except at a range of a yard or less, in strong light."
- Merle Oberon: Hollywood's Face of Mystery
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 24.
- "£5,000 Damages for Merle Oberon." The Glasgow Herald, 5 May 1938. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 25.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 21.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, 18.
- "Merle Oberon." merleoberon.net. Retrieved: 16 July 2009.
- "ABC TV documentary: The Trouble With Merle", Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- Higham and 1983, pp. 25–26.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 28.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 30.
- Datta-Ray, Sunanda K. "More than skin-deep." Business Standard, New Delhi, 4 July 2009. Retrieved 16 July 2009.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, pp. 33–34.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 37.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 38.
- Freebooksvampire White Lies, Author:Witi Ihimaera, 3. Merle Oberon was a Maori Archived 10 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- Screenz 6 October 2014 BSS 2014: on Māori filmmaking – Keith Barclay
- Auckland Actors Whale Rider producer & novelist reteam for Medicine Woman – Taken from Screen Daily, by Sandy George
- Film Weekly, May 1939, p. 7.
- Higham and Mosley 1983, P. 94.
- Munn 2010, p. 70.
- "Star's injuries halt production of film." The Tuscaloosa News|, 25 March 1937. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Graham, Sheilah. "Hollywood gadabout." Milwaukee Journal, 4 April 1937. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Rogers, Dan. "Merle Oberon ready for work after accident; scars will not mar beauty." Corpus Christi Times (United Press), 7 July 1937. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Higham and Moseley 1983.[page needed]
- Kahn, Salma. "Hollywood's first Indian actress: Merle Oberon." SAPNA Magazine, Winter 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 100.
- Template:Cite newspaper Chicago Tribune
- "No. 35719". The London Gazette. 25 September 1942. p. 4175.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 161.
- "Villa Arabesque", the luxurious house where Mohammed Reza Pahlevi didn't actually live (in Spanish)."[permanent dead link] exonline.com. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- "Merle Oberon.' findagrave.com. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Korda 1999, pp. 446–447.
- Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 291.
- Pybus 1998, p. 161.
- "Oberon, Cotten Star on "Guild"." Harrisburg Telegraph, 14 December 1946, p. 17, via Newspapers.com. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 42 (3): 34. Summer 2016.
- Bowden, Tim. The Devil in Tim: Penelope's Travels in Tasmania. London: Allen & Unwin, 2008. ISBN 978-1-74175-237-3.
- Casey, Bob. Merle Oberon: Face of Mystery. Hobart, Tasmania, Australia: Masterpiece@IXL, 2008. ISBN 978-0-98054-822-8.
- Higham, Charles and Roy Moseley. Princess Merle: The Romantic Life of Merle Oberon. New York: Coward-McCann Inc., 1983. ISBN 978-0-69811-231-5.
- Korda, Michael. Another Life: A Memoir of Other People. New York: Random House, 1999. ISBN 0-67945-659-7.
- Munn, Michael. David Niven: The Man Behind the Balloon. London: JR Books, 2010. ISBN 1-9-0677-967-8.
- Pybus, Cassandra. Till Apples Grow on an Orange Tree. St Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland Press, 1998. ISBN 978-0-70222-986-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Merle Oberon.|
- Merle Oberon on IMDb
- Merle Oberon at the TCM Movie Database
- Merle Oberon at the BFI's Screenonline
- Classic Movie Favorites website
- Photographs of Merle Oberon and bibliography
- Merle Oberon at Find a Grave – Note 1917 birthyear on headstone
- Merle Oberon in pose for The Dark Angel in Vanity Fair portrait by Cecil Beaton
- Guy, Randor (1 August 2008). "From Bombay to Beverly Hills". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- The Trouble With Merle (Australian documentary) – investigation of her origins