In Abrahamic religions, a messiah or messias is a saviour or liberator of a group of people. The concepts of moshiach, of a Messianic Age originated in Judaism, in the Hebrew Bible. Messiahs were not Jewish: the Book of Isaiah refers to Cyrus the Great, king of the Achaemenid Empire, as a messiah for his decree to rebuild the Jerusalem Temple. Ha mashiach referred to as melekh mashiach, is to be a human leader, physically descended from the paternal Davidic line through King David and King Solomon, he is thought to accomplish predetermined things in only one future arrival, including the unification of the tribes of Israel, the gathering of all Jews to Eretz Israel, the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem, the ushering in of a Messianic Age of global universal peace, the annunciation of the world to come. In Christianity, the Messiah is called the Christ, from Greek: χριστός, romanized: khristós, translating the Hebrew word of the same meaning; the concept of the Messiah in Christianity originated from the Messiah in Judaism.

However, unlike the concept of the Messiah in Judaism, the Messiah in Christianity is the Son of God. Christ became the accepted Christian designation and title of Jesus of Nazareth, because Christians believe that the messianic prophecies in the Old Testament were fulfilled in his mission and resurrection; these include the prophecies of him being descended from the Davidic line, being declared King of the Jews which happened on the day of his crucifixion. They believe that Christ will fulfill the rest of the messianic prophecies that he will usher in a Messianic Age and the world to come at his Second Coming. In Islam, Jesus was a prophet and the Masîḥ, the Messiah sent to the Israelites, he will return to Earth at the end of times, along with the Mahdi, defeat al-Masih ad-Dajjal, the false Messiah. In Ahmadiyya theology, these prophecies concerning the Mahdi and the second coming of Jesus have been fulfilled in Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement, the terms'Messiah' and'Mahdi' are synonyms for one and the same person.

In Chabad messianism, Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, sixth Rebbe of Chabad Lubavitch, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, seventh Rebbe of Chabad, are Messiah claimants. Resembling early Christianity, the deceased Schneerson is believed to be the Messiah among some adherents of the Chabad movement. Messiah means "anointed one". In Hebrew, the Messiah is referred to as מלך המשיח The Greek Septuagint version of the Old Testament renders all thirty-nine instances of the Hebrew word for "anointed" as Χριστός; the New Testament records the Greek transliteration Μεσσίας, Messias twice inīḥ is the Arabic word for messiah. In modern Arabic, it is used as one of the many titles of Jesus. Masīḥ is used by Arab Christians as well as Muslims, is written as Yasūʿ al-Masih by Arab Christians or ʿĪsā al-Masīḥ by Muslims; the word al-Masīḥ means "the anointed", "the traveller", or the "one who cures by caressing". The literal translation of the Hebrew word mashiach is "anointed", which refers to a ritual of consecrating someone or something by putting holy oil upon it.

It is used throughout the Hebrew Bible in reference to a wide variety of objects. In Jewish eschatology, the term came to refer to a future Jewish king from the Davidic line, who will be "anointed" with holy anointing oil, to be king of God's kingdom, rule the Jewish people during the Messianic Age. In Judaism, the Messiah is not considered to be a pre-existent divine Son of God, he is considered to be a great political leader. That is why he is referred to as Messiah ben David, which means "Messiah, son of David"; the messiah, in Judaism, is considered to be a great, charismatic leader, well oriented with the laws that are followed in Judaism. He will be the one who will not "judge by what his eyes see" or "decide by what his ears hear". Belief in the eventual coming of a future messiah is a fundamental part of Judaism, is one of Maimonides' 13 Principles of Faith. Maimonides describes the identity of the Messiah in the following terms: And if a king shall arise from among the House of David, studying Torah and occupied with commandments like his father David, according to the written and oral Torah, he will impel all of Israel to follow it and to strengthen breaches in its observance, will fight God's wars, this one is to be treated as if he were the anointed one.

If he succeeded and built the Holy Temple in its proper place and gathered the dispersed ones of Israel together, this is indeed the anointed one for certain, he will mend the entire world to worship the Lord together, as it is stated: "For I shall turn for the nations a clear tongue, so that they will all proclaim the Name of the Lord, to worship H

Shoin University

Shoin University is a private university in Atsugi, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Founded as a women's school in 1941, Shoin became coeducational in 2004, it is a member of the Western Metropolitan Area University Association. The predecessor of the school, a women's school, was founded in 1941, it was chartered as a women's junior college in 1985 and became a four-year college in 2000. In 2004, it became coeducational; the Graduate School of Business was founded in 2006, building upon existing institutional structures. Shoin has four campuses. Atsugi-Morinosato Main Campus Shoin Library Atsugi Station Campus Shimokitazawa Campus Kitazawa Station Campus Faculty of Business Administration and Corporate Culture Department of Finance and Economics (金融経済学科) Department of Business and Law(経営法学科) Department of Business Management(ビジネス・マネージメント学科) Faculty of Communication and Culture(コミュニケーション文化学部) Department of Japanese Culture and Communication(日本文化コミュニケーション学科) Department of Intercultural Communication(異文化コミュニケーション学科) Department of Psychology for Everyday Life(生活心理学科) Faculty of Tourism and Cultural Studies(観光文化メディア学部) Department of Tourism and Cultural Studies(観光文化学科) Department of Media and Information Studies(メディア情報文化学科) Faculty of Nursing(看護学部) Department of Nursing(看護学科) Graduate School of Business(経営管理研究科) The Shoin women's basketball team is one of the most celebrated in the county.

Shoin was the winner of All Japan Intercollegiate Basketball Championship tournament in 2005 and 2013. Shoin has participated in the All Japan Basketball Championship tournament ten times since its creation in 2000. Hiroyuki Yoshiiemember of the house of representatives Izumi Sakai — singer and lyricist, the best-selling female recording artist of the 1990s Shoin Preschool Shoin Junior High School Shoin Senior High School Official website Flickr page

Sclerophrys fuliginata

Sclerophrys fuliginata is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. The specific name fuliginata is Latin for "sooty", in reference to the species' appearance of a more or less diffusely uniform exterior color and pattern, it is known as the Shaba Province toad or sooty toad. It is found in the southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, southeastern Tanzania, northern Zambia. Adult females can reach 65 mm in snout–vent length. Males reach sexual maturity at about 40 mm in snout–vent length; the tympanum is discernible. The parotoid glands are prominent and covered by dark-tipped spines, except in males in full breeding condition; the toes are fully webbed. Skin the limbs, are spinose, but less so in breeding males. Coloration is an uniform hue, without a pronounced patterning. Sclerophrys fuliginata occurs in montane forests and gallery forests and on forest edges at elevations above 1,880 m. Breeding biology is not known but involves aquatic tadpoles; this species is known from isolated records over a wide area.

Specific threats to it are unknown, but it is to be affected by forest loss caused by agriculture, livestock grazing, human settlements, fire. It is present in the Upemba National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in other protected areas