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Metro Detroit

The Detroit metropolitan area referred to as Metro Detroit, is a major metropolitan area in the U. S. State of Michigan, consisting of the city of its surrounding area. There are varied definitions of the area, including the official statistical areas designated by the Office of Management and Budget, a federal agency of the United States. Metro Detroit is known for its automotive heritage, entertainment, popular music, sports; the area includes a variety of natural landscapes and beaches, with a recreational coastline linking the Great Lakes. Metro Detroit has one of the largest metropolitan economies in the U. S. with seventeen Fortune 500 companies. The Detroit Urban Area, which serves as the metropolitan area's core, ranks as the 11th most populous in the United States, with a population of 3,734,090 as of the 2010 census and an area of 1,337.16 square miles. This urbanized area covers parts of the counties of Macomb and Wayne; these counties are sometimes referred to as the Detroit Tri-County Area and had a population of 3,862,888 as of the 2010 census with an area of 1,967.1 square miles.

The Office of Management and Budget, a federal agency of the United States, defines the Detroit–Warren–Dearborn Metropolitan Statistical Area as the six counties of Lapeer, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, Wayne; as of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 4,296,250 with an area of 3,913 square miles. The nine county area designated by the OMB as the Detroit–Warren–Ann Arbor Combined Statistical Area includes the Detroit–Warren–Dearborn MSA and the three additional counties of Genesee and Washtenaw, it covers an area of 5,814 square miles. Lenawee County was removed from the CSA in 2000, but added back in 2013. With the adjacent city of Windsor and its suburbs, the combined Detroit–Windsor area has a population of about 5.7 million. When the nearby Toledo metropolitan area and its commuters are taken into account, the region constitutes a much larger population center. An estimated 46 million people live within a 300-mile radius of Detroit proper. Metro Detroit is at the center of an emerging Great Lakes Megalopolis.

Conan Smith, a businessperson quoted in a 2012 article by The Ann Arbor News, stated the most significant reason Washtenaw County, including Ann Arbor, is not included in definitions of Metro Detroit is that there is a "lack of affinity that Washtenaw County as a whole has with Wayne County and Detroit or Oakland County and Macomb". Ann Arbor is nearly 43 miles by car from Downtown Detroit, developed separately as a university city, with its own character. Smith said that county residents "just don't yet see ourselves as a natural part of that region, so I think it feels a little forced to a lot of people, they're scared about it". Detroit and the surrounding region constitute a major center of commerce and global trade, most notably as home to America's'Big Three' automobile companies: General Motors and Chrysler. Detroit's six-county Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of about 4.3 million and a workforce of about 2.1 million. In December 2017, the Department of Labor reported metropolitan Detroit's unemployment rate at 4.2%.

The Detroit MSA had a Gross Metropolitan Product of $252.7 billion as of September 2017. Firms in the region pursue emerging technologies including biotechnology, information technology, hydrogen fuel cell development. Metro Detroit is one of the leading health care economies in the U. S. according to a 2003 study measuring health care industry components, with the region's hospital sector ranked fourth in the nation. Casino gaming plays an important economic role, with Detroit the largest US city to offer casino resort hotels. Caesars Windsor, Canada's largest, complements the MGM Grand Detroit, MotorCity Casino, Greektown Casino in the city; the casino hotels contribute significant tax revenue along with thousands of jobs for residents. Gaming revenues have grown with Detroit ranked as the fifth-largest gambling market in the United States for 2007; when Casino Windsor is included, Detroit's gambling market ranks either fourth. There are about four thousand factories in the area; the domestic auto industry is headquartered in Metro Detroit.

The area is an important source of engineering job opportunities. A rise in automated manufacturing using robotic technology has created related industries in the area. A 2004 Border Transportation Partnership study showed that 150,000 jobs in the Detroit–Windsor region and $13 billion in annual production depend on the city's international border crossing. In addition to property taxes, residents of the City of Detroit pay an income tax rate of 2.50%. Detroit automakers and local manufacturers have made significant restructurings in response to market competition. GM made its initial public offering of stock in 2010, after bankruptcy and restructuring by the federal government. Domestic automakers reported significant profits in 2010, interpreted by some analysts as the beginning of an industry rebound and an economic recovery for the Detroit area; the region's nine-county area, with its population of 5.3 million, has a workforce of about 2.6 million and about 247,000 businesses. Fourteen Fortune 500 companies are based in metropolitan Detroit.

In April 2015, the metropolitan Detroit unemployment rate was 5.1 percent, a rate lower than the New York, Los Angeles and Atlanta metropolitan areas. Metro Detroit has made Michigan's economy a leader in information technology and advanced

Binti (novel)

Binti is a science fiction novella written by Nnedi Okorafor. The novella was published in 2015 by Tor.com. Binti is the first novella in Okorafor's Binti novella series. Binti won multiple prominent literary awards, including the 2016 Hugo Award for Best Novella and the 2016 Nebula Award for the same category. A young woman named Binti is the first member of the Himba ethnic group on Earth to be accepted into the prestigious intergalactic university, Oomza Uni. Upon being notified of her acceptance, Binti runs away from home and boards a transport ship to Oomza Uni. While in transit, the ship is hijacked by the Meduse, a jellyfish-like alien species that have been at war with the Khoush, another human ethnic group. After the Meduse murder all other inhabitants of the ship, Binti retreats into her private living quarters, she subsequently discovers that a piece of ancient technology she had brought with her from Earth, referred to as her edan, enables direct communication with the Meduse, that her otjize, a type of mixed clay made from the soil of her homeland, has healing properties when applied to the tentacles of the Meduse.

She makes a friend in one of the younger, more hot-headed Meduse, named Okwu, subsequently brokers a tentative truce between herself and the hijackers, a truce that entails Binti's profound physical transformation. Upon arrival at the University, she is able to negotiate a short lasting peace between the Meduse and the human race, after which she begins her studies at Oomza Uni in earnest. 2016 Hugo Award winner for Best Novella 2015 Nebula Award winner for Best Novella 2016 BookTube SFF Award winner for Best Novella 2015 BSFA Award finalist for Best Short Story 2016 British Fantasy Award finalist for Best Novella 2016 Locus Award finalist for Best Novella The novella has two sequels. The first, Binti: Home, was released on January 31, 2017; the third and final installment, Binti: The Night Masquerade, was released in January 2018, was nominated for the 2019 Hugo Award for Best Novella

Osinniki

Osinniki, known until 1938 as Osinovka, is a town in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 46,001 . Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality, incorporated as Osinniki Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts; as a municipal division, Osinniki Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Osinnikovsky Urban Okrug. Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №215-ОЗ от 27 декабря 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области», в ред. Закона №131-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований" и Закон Кемеровской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области"». Вступил в силу в день, следующий за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №243, 28 декабря 2007 г.. Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №104-ОЗ от 17 декабря 2004 г.

«О статусе и границах муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №123-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №242, 24 декабря 2004 г