Metropolitan City of Milan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Metropolitan City of Milan
Metropolitan City
Milan's skyline
Milan's skyline
Flag of Metropolitan City of Milan
Flag
Coat of arms of Metropolitan City of Milan
Coat of arms
Location of the Metropolitan City of Milan
Location of the Metropolitan City of Milan
Country Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Region Flag of Lombardy.svg Lombardy
Established 1 January 2015
Capital(s) Milan
Comuni 134
Government
 • Mayor Giuseppe Sala
Area
 • Total 1,575 km2 (608 sq mi)
Population (March 2017)
 • Total 3,222,925
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISTAT 015
Website Metropolitan City of Milan

The Metropolitan City of Milan (Italian: Città Metropolitana di Milano) is a metropolitan city in the Lombardy region, Italy. Its capital is the city of Milan, it replaced the Province of Milan and includes the city of Milan and other 133 municipalities or communes (comuni). It was first created by the reform of local authorities (Law 142/1990) and then established by the Law 56/2014. It has been operative since January 1, 2015.

The Metropolitan City of Milan is headed by the Metropolitan Mayor (Sindaco metropolitano) and by the Metropolitan Council (Consiglio metropolitano), since June 2016 Giuseppe Sala, as mayor of the capital city, has been the mayor of the Metropolitan City.

Metropolitan area[edit]

The spatial spread of the Milan metropolitan area has greatly accelerated over recent decades, since the 1960s, the growth of the numerous settlements around the core of the city has defined the extent and patterns of the metropolitan area, and commuting flows suggest that socioeconomic linkages have expanded even beyond the boundaries of the Metropolitan City.[1][2] A single, large and increasingly widespread conurbation with the city of Milan at its hub defines the metropolitan area; however, its extent can vary greatly depending on the defining source. The Milan metropolitan area is part of the so-called Blue Banana, the area of Europe with the highest population and industrial density.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Milan metropolitan area is one of southern Europe's key transport nodes and one of Italy's most important railway hubs, its five major railway stations, among which the Milan Central station, are among Italy's busiest.[3][4]

The Azienda Trasporti Milanesi (ATM) operates within the metropolitan area, managing a public transport network consisting of an underground rapid transit network and tram, trolley-bus and bus lines. Overall the network covers nearly 1,400 km (870 mi) reaching 86 municipalities. Besides public transport, ATM manages the interchange parking lots and other transportation services including bike sharing and car sharing systems.[5]

Milan Metro is the rapid transit system serving the city, with 4 lines and a total length of more than 90 km (56 mi). The recently opened M5 line is undergoing further expansion and the construction of the M4 line has been approved, the Milan suburban railway service comprises 10 lines and connects the metropolitan area with the city centre through the Milan Passerby underground railway. Commonly referred to as "Il Passante", it has a train running every 6 minutes (and in the city functions as a subway line with full transferability to the Milan Metro).

The city tram network consists of approximately 160 kilometres (99 mi) of track and 17 lines.[6] Bus lines cover over 1,070 km (665 mi). Milan has also taxi services operated by private companies and licensed by the City council of Milan, the city is also a key node for the national road network, being served by all the major highways of Northern Italy.

Milan metropolitan area is served by 3 international airports. Malpensa International Airport, the second busiest in Italy (about 19 million passengers in 2010), is 45 km (28 mi) from central Milan and connected to the city by the "Malpensa Express" railway service. Linate Airport, which lies within the city limits and served over 9 million passengers in 2010.[7]and Orio al Serio Airport (60 km from central Milan), that are mainly used for domestic and short-haul international flights.

Largest municipalities[edit]

Milan's skyline
Rank City Population Area
(km2)
Density
(inhabitants/km2)
Altitude
(mslm)
1st Milan 1,336,879 181.76 7355.2 122
2nd Sesto San Giovanni 81,750 11.74 6963.4 140
3rd Cinisello Balsamo 74,536 12.7 5869 154
4th Legnano 59,492 17.72 3357.3 199
5th Rho 51,033 22.32 2286.4 158
6th Cologno Monzese 47,880 8.46 5659.6 134
7th Paderno Dugnano 47,750 14.1 3386.5 163
8th Rozzano 41,581 13.01 3196.1 103
9th San Giuliano Milanese 37,235 30.71 1212.5 98
10th Pioltello 36,756 13.1 2805.8 156

Metropolitan Council[edit]

The new Metro municipalities, giving large urban areas the administrative powers of a province, are conceived for improving the performance of local administrations and to slash local spending by better coordinating the municipalities in providing basic services (including transport, school and social programs) and environment protection;[8] in this policy framework, the Mayor of Milan is designated to exercise the functions of Metropolitan mayor, presiding over a Metropolitan Council formed by 24 mayors of municipalities within the Metro municipality.

The first Metropolitan Council of the City was elected on 28 September 2014, the current Metropolitan Council of the City (2016-2021) was elected on 9 October 2016:

Group Seats
PD-SI
14 / 24
FI-NCD
6 / 24
LN
2 / 24
M5S
1 / 24
Others
1 / 24

Coordinates: 45°27′51″N 9°11′25″E / 45.4642°N 9.1903°E / 45.4642; 9.1903

References[edit]

  1. ^ OECD Territorial Review - Milan, Italy
  2. ^ http://urbact.eu/fileadmin/subsites/Metrogov/pdf/Milan_s2.pdf Competitiveness of Milan and its metropolitan area
  3. ^ "List of major railway stations in Italy with passenger figures.". Ferrovie dello Stato. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Milano Centrale station official page on Ferrovie dello stato website.". Ferrovie dello Stato. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Carta della Mobilità 2011" (PDF). Azienda Trasporti Milanesi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "world.nycsubway.org/Europe/Italy/Milan (Urban Trams)". World.nycsubway.org. 8 December 2003. Retrieved 13 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "Linate and Malpensa airports: Key Facts". SEA – Società Esercizi Aeroportuali. Archived from the original on June 1, 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  8. ^ Vittorio Ferri (2009). "Metropolitan cities in Italy. An institution of federalism" (PDF). University of Milan-Bicocca. Retrieved 23 May 2011. [dead link]

External links[edit]